References of "Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza". Sectiunea Sociologie si Asistenta Sociala = Scientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University. Sociology and Social Work Section"
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See detailHealth capability: An attempt to clarify an alternative approach for health sociology
Bucki, Barbara UL

in Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza". Sectiunea Sociologie si Asistenta Sociala = Scientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University. Sociology and Social Work Section (2014), 7(1), 19-31

Understanding health is a major issue for humanities and social sciences. As its traditional definition dates back to 1948, there is a need to rethink this concept. The capability approach questions what ... [more ▼]

Understanding health is a major issue for humanities and social sciences. As its traditional definition dates back to 1948, there is a need to rethink this concept. The capability approach questions what people are actually able to do and be given their real opportunities. In the domain of health, researchers in health ethics and health economics have begun to take a capability approach to study the capacity to make informed choices, or to find broader indicators for the economic evaluation of health interventions. Finally, the recent « Health Capability Paradigm » (Ruger 2010) draws on the philosophical, political and economic theories which have attempted to uncover the dimensions which underlie the capability to achieve a state of optimal health. Paradoxically, despite the undeniable importance of this concept, no research has enabled its operationalization. Our aims are to present the capability approach by describing its general principles, describe a selection of studies based on this approach in the domain of health, analyse Ruger’s Health Capability Paradigm and suggest possible research perspectives to this paradigm. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical and mental health, substance abuse and preventive behaviour: disparities between Central/Eastern versus Western European first-year university students in social sciences
Ionescu, Ion; Bucki, Barbara UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza". Sectiunea Sociologie si Asistenta Sociala = Scientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University. Sociology and Social Work Section (2014), 7(1), 96-115

Background: Students at many European universities are in poor health and have unhealthy lifestyles. This study assessed and compared physical and mental health, substance use and preventive behaviour ... [more ▼]

Background: Students at many European universities are in poor health and have unhealthy lifestyles. This study assessed and compared physical and mental health, substance use and preventive behaviour among Polish and Romanian students versus students from France, a longer-standing member of the European Union. Methods: Four months after the beginning of the academic year, 934 French (Metz), 480 Polish (Katowice), and 195 Romanian (Iasi) first-year students of human and social sciences volunteered to complete an online self-reported questionnaire in their native language. The data were analysed using the age and sex adjusted odds ratios (OR) computed with logistic models and analysis of variance controlling for age and sex. Results: 41.9% of French students, 79.2% of Polish students and 48.2% of Romanian students were aged 20 years or over, and 58%, 82% and 87% respectively were female. Compared with French students, Romanian and Polish students experienced more stress/psychological distress, received less social support, and smokers smoked more intensively (ORs about 2.3). Drunkenness, impaired physical health or morale and suicidal ideation were more frequent (ORs 1.5-1.8) while tobacco use was less frequent (0.34) among Polish than among French students. Being uneasy, wanting to cry, having financial problems, and impaired physical health or morale were more frequent (ORs 1.5-4.9) among Romanian than among French students, in contrast to drunkenness (0.43). Both not using a motorcycle/cycle helmet and drink driving were less frequent among Polish students (ORs 0.06 and 0.47, respectively). Romanian students less frequently used tranquillisers (0.07) but were more likely not to use a condom during sexual intercourse (2.06). Finally, French students more frequently reported feeling isolated or dissatisfied with their integration into university. Conclusion: Poor health, substance use and lack of support were common but the risks greatly differed between Polish, Romanian and French students. There is a need to help students solve their integration problems and material difficulties. Health promotion on campus should provide appropriate advice, particularly for individuals at risk that takes account of the socio-economic and cultural context. [less ▲]

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See detailHarmonie et divergences des couples sur les repercussions familiales et sociales apres la survenue d’un accident vasculaire cerebral.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Bucki, Barbara UL

in Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza". Sectiunea Sociologie si Asistenta Sociala = Scientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University. Sociology and Social Work Section (2012), 5(1), 155-173

Deux ans après la survenue d’un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC), l’harmonie et la divergence entre les déclarations des patients et des conjoints ont été analysées auprès de 51 couples vivant au ... [more ▼]

Deux ans après la survenue d’un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC), l’harmonie et la divergence entre les déclarations des patients et des conjoints ont été analysées auprès de 51 couples vivant au Luxembourg à l’aide d’un entretien mené à leur domicile. « L’AVC a créé des bouleversements considérables dans ma famille » et « au début, personne ne savait quelle attitude avoir avec la personne AVC »; ces retentissements sont, pour les couples, indiscutables. D’autres effets les affectent: « le caractère de la personne AVC a changé complètement depuis son AVC », ils estiment que « c’est sur le plan psychologique que cela a été le plus difficile ». Malgré les changements intervenus, les voyages demeurent un sujet qui les mobilise. Les besoins « d’information concernant l’aide financière » et « d’aide pour faire des demandes administratives, d’allocations ou de services » sanitaires et socio-éducatifs sont des priorités communes. Ils sont attentifs au fait que « les services et l’équipement fournis soient de bonne qualité » et dispensés à « des moments de la journée qui conviennent ». Les personnes victimes d’un AVC sont plus nombreuses que leurs aidants à reconnaître que « lorsqu’on a un AVC, on se sent dévalorisé ». Cette différence entre les attitudes des patients et des conjoints est une forme de stigmatisation du handicap dont souffrent les victimes confrontées à une image qui n’est plus celle qu’ils avaient d’eux avant l’accident. Avec le vieillissement de la population, une conception de la prise en charge par couple devrait être pensée dans le cadre du maintien à domicile. De nouvelles perspectives de recherche en sociologie médicale pourraient être développées. [less ▲]

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See detailSanté et employabilité des étudiants
Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza". Sectiunea Sociologie si Asistenta Sociala = Scientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University. Sociology and Social Work Section (2010), (3), 139-153

The main aims of European universities today are to ensure that students have the skills and knowledge (the so called competences) they need, and to prepare them for sustainable employment. This mission ... [more ▼]

The main aims of European universities today are to ensure that students have the skills and knowledge (the so called competences) they need, and to prepare them for sustainable employment. This mission, underpinned by reforms initiated under the umbrella of the Bologna process and the creation of the European Higher Education Area, is central to their activities. In this article, we try to illustrate the changing roles of universities, highlighting the importance of the concept of evolution of competences and reporting the first use of the scale ‘Students' QuAlity of Life and Employability Skills’ (SQALES) among students entering their first year of social sciences study at three universities, one each in Luxembourg, Belgium and Romania. This project shows that evaluation of competences is possible and can even be recommended as a guide to adjusting curricula and to implementing programmes of assistance tailored to identified student needs [less ▲]

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