References of "2019"
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See detailNew Migration of Families from Greece to Europe and Canada – Experiences and Interpretations of Family Members within the Context of Different Migration Societies and Educational Systems
Chatzidaki; Kirsch, Claudine UL; Panagiotopoulou, Argyro et al

Book published by Springer - Reihe Inklusion Bildung Migration (2019)

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See detailChallenges in completing EMU: asymmetric competition vs fiscal harmonisation. A case study of the Benelux countries
Danescu, Elena UL

in Journal of Contemporary European Research [=JCER] (2019)

This paper aims to investigate the concept, context and socio-economic consequences of fiscal competition in the integrated economic space of EMU in completion, to pinpoint the positive and negative ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to investigate the concept, context and socio-economic consequences of fiscal competition in the integrated economic space of EMU in completion, to pinpoint the positive and negative factors at work via a case study of the Benelux countries – both founder members of the EU and pioneers of EMU – and to examine the impact on European and international regulations in the field. In particular, it will endeavour to provide a comprehensive interpretation of fiscal policy in the Benelux countries via a comparative approach and from a historical perspective. It will look at the development of respective domestic fiscal policies, driven by national interests and by membership of a Community that is subject to requirements in terms of harmonisation and taxation, but also by constant contact (and frequent clashes) with the multilateral international environment. [less ▲]

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See detailTheir ‘Apple of Discord’ or the Apple of Their Eye: How the British Secured Eastern Mediterranean and Western European Security, 1947-1948
Paravantis, Spero UL

in Kamouzis, Dimitris; Nafpliotis, Alexandros (Eds.) Αnglo-Hellenic relations in the 20th Century (2019)

This chapter examines the role the British policy in Greece played in the shift in American foreign policy that was manifested in 1947-48, that led directly to these alliances, namely the Western European ... [more ▼]

This chapter examines the role the British policy in Greece played in the shift in American foreign policy that was manifested in 1947-48, that led directly to these alliances, namely the Western European Union and NATO. To achieve this shift (which also included support of British strategic interests in the Eastern Mediterranean) this chapter argues that the British used Greece, first as a way to draw the United States further into European affairs, and then as a way to anchor the United States in Europe, achieving a guarantee of security for the Eastern Mediterranean and for Western Europe. Drawing on both published and unpublished British and American sources, this chapter will also examine perceptions of the conflicts in and about Greece, and what it represented for Western European and Eastern Mediterranean security, and Western ideas of democracy when confronted with supporting a right-wing Greek government. In so doing, it clarifies how American foreign policy changed from its pre-war focus on non-intervention, to the cold-war politics of containment and intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailTraffic Management and Networking for Autonomous Vehicular Highway Systems
Rubin, Izhak; Baiocchi, Andrea; Sunyoto, Yulia et al

in Ad Hoc Networks (2019), 83

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See detailPromoting multilingualism and multiliteracies through storytelling: a case-study on the use of the app iTEO in preschools in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Breuer, Esther; Lindgren, E; Stavans, A (Eds.) et al Multilingual Literacy (2019)

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See detailSimultaneous finite element analysis of circuit-integrated piezoelectric energy harvesting from fluid-structure interaction
Ravi, Srivathsan; Zilian, Andreas UL

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2019), 114

Flow-driven piezoelectric energy harvesting is a strongly coupled multiphysics phenomenon that involves complex three-way interaction between the fluid flow, the electromechanical effect of the ... [more ▼]

Flow-driven piezoelectric energy harvesting is a strongly coupled multiphysics phenomenon that involves complex three-way interaction between the fluid flow, the electromechanical effect of the piezoelectric material mounted on a deformable substrate structure and the controlling electrical circuit. High fidelity computational solution approaches are essential for the analysis of flow-driven energy harvesters in order to capture the main physical aspects of the coupled problem and to accurately predict the power output of a harvester. While there are some phenomenological and numerical models for flow-driven harvesters reported in the literature, a fully three-dimensional strongly coupled model has not yet been developed, especially in the context of flow-driven energy harvesting. The weighted residuals method is applied to establish a mixed integral equation describing the incompressible Newtonian flow, elastic substrate structure, piezoelectric patch, equipotential electrode and attached electric circuit that form the multiphysics fluid-structure interaction problem. A monolithic numerical solution method is derived that provides consistent and simultaneous solution to all physical fields as well as to fluid mesh deformation. The approximate solution is based on a mixed space-time finite element discretization with static condensation of the auxiliary fields. The discontinuous Galerkin method is utilized for integrating the monolithic model in time. The proposed solution scheme is illustrated in the example of a lid driven cavity with a flexible piezoelectric bottom wall, demonstrating quantification of the amount of electrical energy extractable from fluid flow by means of a piezoelectric harvester device. The results indicate that in order to make reliable predictions on the power output under varying operational states, the realization of strong multiphysics coupling is required for the mathematical model as well as the numerical solution scheme to capture the characteristics of flow-driven energy harvesters. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentity of women in intercultural intimate relationships
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Natalie, Buendgen

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2019)

Due to the increasing fluctuation between countries and the ongoing emergence of intercultural intimate relationships, the purpose of our study was to investigate how cultural transition affects the ... [more ▼]

Due to the increasing fluctuation between countries and the ongoing emergence of intercultural intimate relationships, the purpose of our study was to investigate how cultural transition affects the identity of women, who migrated out of love to settle permanently with their culturally diverse partner in Germany. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed by using qualitative content analysis. The sample consists of five women originally from Ireland, Peru, Poland and the United States, who all married a German and have lived in Germany between 8 and 50 years. The results show that cultural transition can affect identity in both positive and negative ways, which supports the perception of bicultural identity being at once both a blessing and a burden. [less ▲]

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See detailLove in intercultural relationships: Affection, commitment, romantic beliefs and conflicts
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Mathes, Magali

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2019)

Differences in culture and mother tongue can have an important impact on the dynamics of an intercultural relationship. In this study the focus lies on the influence of culture and language on expressing ... [more ▼]

Differences in culture and mother tongue can have an important impact on the dynamics of an intercultural relationship. In this study the focus lies on the influence of culture and language on expressing love and affection and on other factors like commitment and romantic beliefs in intercultural romantic relationships, and the conflicts that might occur due to the cultural and linguistic differences in intercultural romantic relationships. Two intercultural couples participated in this study. They were interviewed using a semi-structured approach and were recorded. These were transcribed and coded with the coding scheme based on the Grounded Theory. The findings suggest that culture and language have a quite significant influence on expressing love and affection in intercultural romantic relationships. Furthermore, cultural and linguistic differences can have an influence on becoming committed to another person. The expression of romantic beliefs can also be influenced by the different cultural backgrounds. Cultural and linguistic differences can predict conflicts in intercultural romantic relationships. In this study, barriers in communication, differences in religion and different perspectives on concepts such as homosexuality are at the core of these conflicts. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of humor in intimate intercultural relationships
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Nadine, Thomas

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2019)

Current humor research tends to accentuate the positive and neglect the negative. Often, the healing power is in the center of humor research; however, less is reported about the negative effects humor ... [more ▼]

Current humor research tends to accentuate the positive and neglect the negative. Often, the healing power is in the center of humor research; however, less is reported about the negative effects humor can have if not used adequately. In particular, less is known about the appropriate and in-appropriate use of humor in an intercultural context. The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to bridge this lack in humor research by trying to identify the fine line between appropriate and in-appropriate humor. If humor is used appropriately, it can have a huge power to bridge cultural divides. Thus, this thesis aimed as well to investigate the use of humor as a coping strategy in intimate intercultural couples. Thirdly, additional functions of humor shall be explored. Semi-structured, focused interviews were conducted with two intimate intercultural couples. Participants were of Irish, Luxembourgish, German and French-Canadian nationality. Interview data was then analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results revealed that the appropriate use of humor depends on personal, linguistic, and cultural factors. Overall, self-deprecating humor seems to be the safest type of humor, whereas sarcasm can be experienced as hurtful even if not intended to be. Ethnic humor can have positive effects, too, if it is directed versus the own culture and not versus foreign cultures. Moreover, results revealed that humor mainly serves two functions in intimate intercultural relationships: the one of bonding and the one of coping. Humor as a coping strategy can be used internally, hence related to relationship issues, as well as externally, thus related to external stressors. One can conclude that the function of bonding and coping cannot be clearly distinguished. Consequently, it proves that humor can be a useful tool in bridging intercultural and interpersonal divides. Limitations of the study clearly lie in its sample size, which does not allow to draw any generalizations. In the future, similar studies with a larger sample size as well as with non-Western cultures would be interesting to investigate in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture planning of intercultural couples: A case study of a couple migrating to New Zealand
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; David, Flechsig

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2019)

There has not yet been any research done on future planning in international and intercultural couples. The purpose of this case study is to give a first insight into the process of future planning in ... [more ▼]

There has not yet been any research done on future planning in international and intercultural couples. The purpose of this case study is to give a first insight into the process of future planning in intercultural couples. A qualitative case study with two participants, one from New Zealand and one from Belgium who are immigrating to New Zealand. One interview with each participant was held before the couple moved to New Zealand for three months and one more interview with each participant after they returned. Results are plentiful. A clear sign that different cultural backgrounds influence future planning seems to exist. Further the couple reported multiple projects and events in which decision making, goal hierarchy and future planning existed. Not all results have been analysed and are available for further use.This case study offers a first insight into future planning of international and intercultural couples. The next step would be to try to support the findings with quantitative data. [less ▲]

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See detailChild-rearing practices in intercultural marriages
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Natasha, Sousa Almeida

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2019)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of culture on child-rearing practices in intercultural marriage. Four participants, respectively two intercultural couples with at least one child ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of culture on child-rearing practices in intercultural marriage. Four participants, respectively two intercultural couples with at least one child in common participated in this study. One couple consisted of a Hungarian woman and Luxembourgish man. The other couple consisted of a Portuguese woman and her husband is Macedonian. Qualitative research methods were used for this study, more specifically semi-structured interviews. These were audio-taped and transcribed afterwards. Grounded theory was used for the analysis of this study. There were no significant results. Cultural influence in child-rearing practices in intercultural marriages could not be fully shown. There is a minimal positive influence but concerning languages In addition, it could not be fully confirmed that parents who come from countries who are considered to be more individualistic value autonomy in their children and parents who come from countries considered to be more collectivistic value more relatedness and conformity. More research is needed in order to obtain significant results. [less ▲]

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See detailExperiencing Culture in Intimate Intercultural Relationships
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

Book published by Information Age Publications (2019)

I introduce the book starting by my own personal experience of growing up in a mixed family and being myself in a mixed marriage. I describe the structure of the book by building up my own method: how I ... [more ▼]

I introduce the book starting by my own personal experience of growing up in a mixed family and being myself in a mixed marriage. I describe the structure of the book by building up my own method: how I chose this topic, who were the people I interviewed, how (interviews, stories, and objects) and why was the single-but-critical instances analysis important. I focus on the richness of the interaction I had with the interviewees. I underlie the phenomenological stories of struggles, trust and vulnerability. The chapters resolve around power relations, expressing affection, in-depth communication, child rearing, conflict resolution strategies, empathy, female identity, future planning, the role of humor, the biggest cultural and linguistic challenges and opportunities. The focus is on the phenomenon captured in single-but-critical instances in participants' stories. I conclude by describing what significance culture has in intimate intercultural relationships. [less ▲]

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See detailInterculturality in intimate relationships: Conflicts and conflict regulation
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Dasch, Hannah Katharina

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2019)

It is commonly known that experiencing conflict can have negative impact on an individuals’ physical and mental health. Especially in intimate relationships, conflict has great influence on the well-being ... [more ▼]

It is commonly known that experiencing conflict can have negative impact on an individuals’ physical and mental health. Especially in intimate relationships, conflict has great influence on the well-being of both partners. Since intercultural intimate relationships are associated with both exceptional obstacles and benefits, conflict behavior in those relationships is of substantial interest in this research project. The aim of this study is to investigate how conflicts in intimate relationships are affected by the partners’ cultural backgrounds and linguistic barriers. It further seeks to unravel how conflict resolution is approached in order to provide a broader knowledge base in this field. For the purpose of this research, four semi-structured interviews with two couples were conducted individually. Each couple was interviewed by a different researcher. Ensuing, the interviews were transcribed and afterwards the data was analyzed implementing qualitative content analyses. The results provide insight into different levels of relationship functioning, sources of conflict as well as conflict resolution. Therefore, the findings of this study may have important implications for clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailA Pedagogical Note on Risk Sharing Versus Instability in International Financial Integration: When Obstfeld Meets Stiglitz
Boucekkine, Raouf; Zou, Benteng UL

in Open Economies Review (2019)

The pure risk sharing mechanism implies that financial liberalization is growth enhancing for all countries as the world portfolio shifts from safe low-yield capital to riskier high-yield capital. This ... [more ▼]

The pure risk sharing mechanism implies that financial liberalization is growth enhancing for all countries as the world portfolio shifts from safe low-yield capital to riskier high-yield capital. This result is typically obtained under the assumption that the volatilities for risky assets prevailing under autarky are not altered after liberalization. We relax this assumption within a simple two-country model of intertemporal portfolio choices. By doing so, we put together the risk sharing effect and a well defined instability effect. We identify the conditions under which liberalization may cause a drop in growth. These conditions combine the typical threshold conditions outlined in the literature, which concern the deep characteristics of the economies, and size conditions on the instability effect induced by liberalization. [less ▲]

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See detailClimate politics: how public persuasion affects the trade-off between environmental and economic performance
Prieur, Fabien; Zou, Benteng UL

in Mathematical Social Sciences (2019)

This paper aims at studying the impact of public persuasion, through information dissemination, on environmental and economic performance. A differential game in which opposite interest groups compete for ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at studying the impact of public persuasion, through information dissemination, on environmental and economic performance. A differential game in which opposite interest groups compete for bringing the majority’s environmental concern closer to their views is developed. The results show a strong asymmetry in the impact of public persuasion. It may bring the median voter economy closer to the social optimum in the long run, thereby reducing environmental and economic distorsions. But this only occurs when the environmental group exhibits a radical ideology and people are initially closer to the industrialists’ views. By contrast, economies where industrial groups are powerful and strongly opposed to environmental protection never benefit from the outcome of the game of persuasion. This may explain why the US have failed to take action on global warming up to now. [less ▲]

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See detailTo MigrateWith orWithout Ones’ Children in China - That is the Question
Chen, Yiwen UL; Fromentin, Vincent; Zou, Benteng UL

in Annals of Eceonomcis and statistics (2019)

Where should Chinese internal migrant parents locate their school-aged children: migrate with them or leave them behind? And should they invest in private education of their children? We investigate ... [more ▼]

Where should Chinese internal migrant parents locate their school-aged children: migrate with them or leave them behind? And should they invest in private education of their children? We investigate whether migrant parents can afford to take their children to migrate and thus provide theoretical optimum that maximizes migrant parents’ utility which includes the children’s educational performance. Depending on the educational investment parents make and the relocation cost of children, we provide necessary and sufficient conditions under which migrant parents should take their children to migrate and conditions under which migrant parents should provide their children with private education. [less ▲]

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See detailReductions of elliptic curves
Perucca, Antonella UL

in Proceedings of the Roman Number Theory Association (2019), 4

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See detailAssessing binge-watching behaviors: Development and validation of the “Watching TV Series Motives” and “Binge-Watching Engagement and Symptoms” questionnaires
Flayelle, Maèva UL; Canale, Natale; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in Computers in Human Behavior (2019), 90

The widespread practice of binge-watching (i.e. watching multiple episodes of a TV series in one session) recently generated concerns about associated negative outcomes. Its psychological investigation ... [more ▼]

The widespread practice of binge-watching (i.e. watching multiple episodes of a TV series in one session) recently generated concerns about associated negative outcomes. Its psychological investigation, however, remains fragmentary. Based on the previous phenomenological investigation of TV series watching, we developed and validated two original assessment instruments, assessing TV series watching motives and binge-watching engagement and symptoms, respectively. Preliminary items were created for each questionnaire, and a focus group with TV series viewers was conducted and analyzed to generate the final instruments. The questionnaires were then administered via an online survey (N=6556), together with complementary measures of affect, problematic Internet use and substance use. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, along with correlational analyses, were performed to examine both structural and external validity of the scales. The factorial analyses resulted in a 4-factor model (i.e. emotional enhancement, enrichment, coping-escapism and social) for the Watching TV Series Motives Questionnaire (WTSMQ), and in a 7-factor model (i.e. engagement, positive emotions, desire-savoring, pleasure preservation, binge-watching, dependency and loss of control) for the Binge-Watching Engagement and Symptoms Questionnaire (BWESQ). The results suggest good psychometric properties for both scales. The current study thus provides theoretically-driven and psychometrically sound instruments for further research on binge-watching behaviors [less ▲]

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See detailSprachliche Voraussetzungen
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kiel, Ewald; Herzig, Bardo; Maier, Uwe (Eds.) et al Handbuch Unterrichten in allgemeinbildenden Schulen (2019)

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See detailStriking a balance between competitiveness and social fairness: what can we expect from the European Pillar of Social Rights?
Muñoz, Susana UL

in Chiocchetti, Paolo; Allemand, Frédéric (Eds.) Competitiveness and Solidarity in the European Union: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (2019)

The solemnly proclaimed European Pillar of Social Rights provides a meaningful response to the process of building a deeper, fairer European Union in the aftermath of the crisis. This chapter aims to ... [more ▼]

The solemnly proclaimed European Pillar of Social Rights provides a meaningful response to the process of building a deeper, fairer European Union in the aftermath of the crisis. This chapter aims to provide a critical assessment of the nature, scope, rationale, purpose, content and effectiveness of the Pillar in the light of its potential contribution to foster social fairness and competitiveness in the EU. The Pillar complements and develops the EU’s social acquis and reinforces standards which may provide a fairer and more socially-balanced competitiveness in the EU. Progress has been made, but further efforts are needed to build a sense of common purpose to strengthen the social foundations of the Union. [less ▲]

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