References of "2018"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailGermany, Greece and Poland: The Complicated story of Reparations and their impact on European (dis?) Integration,
Paravantis, Spero UL

in Paravantis, Spero (Ed.) BENELUX, Europe and the Cold War: Asymmetrical cold war power relations in the Integration process of Europe (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (4 UL)
See detailPierre Werner and Europe: The Family Archives Behind the Werner Report.
Danescu, Elena UL

Book published by Palgrave Macmillan (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (25 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGenome-wide mega-analysis identifies 16 loci and highlights diverse biological mechanisms in the common epilepsies
The International League Against Epilepsy Consortium on Complex Epilepsies; Krause, Roland UL

in Nature Communications (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 UL)
See detail‘Curriculizing’ Multilingualism? Language Curricula and the Construction of Identity in Multilingual Societies: the example of Luxembourg
Sattler, Sabrina UL

Presentation (2018, December 10)

In addition to its historically and contextually determined multilingualism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to numerous immigrant languages, and today almost 48% of the population are foreigners ... [more ▼]

In addition to its historically and contextually determined multilingualism, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to numerous immigrant languages, and today almost 48% of the population are foreigners (STATEC, 2018). Beside the three official languages, French, German and Luxembourgish, other languages are used in everyday contexts. Educational policy thus has to integrate pupils of non-Luxembourg origin into the inherently trilingual school system. The 2009 reform of primary education is accordingly to be understood, among other things, as an educational policy response to the linguistic diversification of society. One of its goals was to respond more forcefully to the didactic and pedagogic challenges of this extremely heterogeneous and multilingual social composition. The existing 1912 law governing primary education was replaced, and the organisation of teaching and the curriculum were adapted. In terms of cultural history, this goes hand in hand with an educationalization of social problems (Smeyers & Depaepe, 2008), that is to say, the idea, paradigmatic for the modern age, that concrete social challenges are delegated so that they fall within the remit of education (see ibid., 2). In this process it is the curriculum that serves as the core of ideas of intervention. The curriculum, as a road map for a strategy of national and supranational education policy and as a pedagogic reaction to, or intervention in, social and historical change, is thus ascribed a role in constructing identity. In this connection the curriculum, as an instrument of socialisation, cannot be limited merely to directives for teaching. By definition, the curriculum has a hidden agenda, since it meshes with specific, usually also provisional, conceptions of a society. Taking this definition as its starting-point, the paper works with a broad concept of curriculum, on the basis of which school programmes represent the universal attempt at social engineering. Following from this idea, the curriculum becomes a ‘cultural construction of the child and the future citizen’ (Tröhler, 2014, p. 60). This cultural construction becomes evident when one realizes that meaning is produced through historical processes that create common sense and which are stabilized through certain social or cultural practices (see Popkewitz, 2011, p. 164; see also Popkewitz, 2008). Such distinct practices and cultural connotations are in Luxembourg specifically linked to the use of language. In the light of these reflections, the paper tackles the central question, to what extent multilingualism and, with it, distinct conceptions of identity in Luxembourg are ‘curriculized’. Of interest here is the historical question, which ideas about a constructed linguistic identity were dominant before and after the primary education reform of 2009 and what the direction of travel is. Here I introduce the concept, first formulated at the beginning of the 20th century, of a Luxembourgian Mischkultur (mixed culture: Weber, 1909) and discuss the extent to which this idea conflicts with contemporary tendencies in educational planning. The paper will show that Luxembourg, as a kind of laboratory because of developing processes of globalisation and migration, is relevant to other multilingual contexts in general and curricular development in particular. [less ▲]

Full Text
See detailLe Mouvement écologique dans les longues années 1960
Scuto, Denis UL

Article for general public (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailLes “petites classes moyennes” se vivent comme les suivants sur la liste des victimes
Chauvel, Louis UL

Article for general public (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLSRepair: Live Search of Fix Ingredients for Automated Program Repair
Liu, Kui UL; Koyuncu, Anil UL; Kim, Kisub UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018, December 07)

Automated program repair (APR) has extensively been developed by leveraging search-based techniques, in which fix ingredients are explored and identified in different granularities from a specific search ... [more ▼]

Automated program repair (APR) has extensively been developed by leveraging search-based techniques, in which fix ingredients are explored and identified in different granularities from a specific search space. State-of-the approaches often find fix ingredients by using mutation operators or leveraging manually-crafted templates. We argue that the fix ingredients can be searched in an online mode, leveraging code search techniques to find potentially-fixed versions of buggy code fragments from which repair actions can be extracted. In this study, we present an APR tool, LSRepair, that automatically explores code repositories to search for fix ingredients at the method-level granularity with three strategies of similar code search. Our preliminary evaluation shows that code search can drive a faster fix process (some bugs are fixed in a few seconds). LSRepair helps repair 19 bugs from the Defects4J benchmark successfully. We expect our approach to open new directions for fixing multiple-lines bugs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (3 UL)
See detailArchives du Web, « le dur » à l’épreuve de la durée
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2018, December 04)

Avec 336 milliards de pages Web collectées depuis 1996, la fondation Internet Archive propose un voyage temporel dans la Toile du passé qui a de quoi impressionner le chercheur et n’a rien à envier à la ... [more ▼]

Avec 336 milliards de pages Web collectées depuis 1996, la fondation Internet Archive propose un voyage temporel dans la Toile du passé qui a de quoi impressionner le chercheur et n’a rien à envier à la masse de tweets récupérés par la Library of Congress suite à un accord avec Twitter en 2010. Au plan national aussi nos institutions d’archivage - la Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) et l’Institut national de l’audiovisuel (Ina), collectent des volumes impressionnants (plus de 20 milliards de tweets archivés à la suite des attentats de novembre 2015 par l’Ina), invitant les chercheurs à penser des lectures et analyses outillées par des moyens informatiques afin d’approcher ces masses de données. Après avoir montré dans quelle mesure chercheurs et institutions d’archivage ont pu proposer un virage vers la lecture distante en matière d’archives du Web, nous interrogerons les enjeux et limites du traitement de ces sources nativement numériques par des méthodes computationnelles ou encore des outils relevant des humanités numériques. Entre archives enfermées dans les enceintes des bibliothèques en vertu du dépôt légal, opacité de certaines collectes, lacune des fonds et division du travail de collecte et d’analyse, singularité des corpus et difficulté à les pérenniser ou encore à les partager, il s’agira enfin de proposer des pistes à la question : « Faut-il et le cas échéant où durcir les analyses liées aux archives du Web ? ». [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailJewish responses to anti-Semitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s as European Jewish political history
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in Bajohr, Frank; Löw, Andrea; Wirsching, Andreas (Eds.) Right-Wing Politics and the Rise of Antisemitism in Europe 1935-1941 (2018)

This article compares Jewish responses to antisemitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s, when antisemitism was on the rise in both France and the United Kingdom. There were striking similarities in ... [more ▼]

This article compares Jewish responses to antisemitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s, when antisemitism was on the rise in both France and the United Kingdom. There were striking similarities in these responses, yet local contexts and circumstances dominate the historiographies of both cases. The main aim of this article, then, is not so much to offer new insights into the individual cases (both of which have been abundantly analyzed in historical research), but rather to fill a gap by examining the broader factors that account for these similarities. On the one hand, the article examines the nature of Jewish self-identification in the post-Emancipation era and its effects on the political cultures, practices, and identifications of the actors that were involved; on the other, it explores the way in which these practices were also shaped by migration and transnational aspects. Ultimately, this case study will argue for a comparative and transnational approach to Jewish political history in order to arrive at a better understanding of its diverse configurations and permutations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNumerical check of the Meyerhof bearing capacity equation for shallow foundations
Van Baars, Stefan UL

in Innovative Infrastructure Solutions (2018), 3(9), 1-13

Most geotechnical design codes and books use the equations of Meyerhof or Terzaghi to calculate shallow foundations. These equations are based on the failure mechanism published by Prandtl for shallow ... [more ▼]

Most geotechnical design codes and books use the equations of Meyerhof or Terzaghi to calculate shallow foundations. These equations are based on the failure mechanism published by Prandtl for shallow strip foundations. The common idea is that failure of a footing occurs in all cases according to a Prandtl-wedge failure mechanism. To check the failure mechanism and the equations of the currently used bearing capacity factors and correction factors, a large number of finite-element calculations of strip and circular footings have been made. The finite-element calculations show that in cases of soils with high friction angles, soils without cohesion or a surcharge, footings with inclined loading or circular footings, not the Prandtl-wedge failure mechanism, but other failure mechanisms occur. In addition, the currently used equations for the bearing capacity factors and correction factors are too high. Therefore, new equations have been presented in this article. For some correction factors, for example, the inclination factors and the cohesion slope factor, an analytical solution is found. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (8 UL)
See detailBENELUX, Europe and the Cold War: Asymmetrical Cold War Power Relations and the Integration Process of Europe
Paravantis, Spero UL

Book published by IB Tauris (2018)

What was/is European security in the context of the Cold War? How was and is it conceived? What role did “non-powers” play in European security, and how did they help define it? These were the main ... [more ▼]

What was/is European security in the context of the Cold War? How was and is it conceived? What role did “non-powers” play in European security, and how did they help define it? These were the main questions discussed during the conference held by the C²DH in March 2017. This edited volume brings together the final, peer-reviewed contributions of the participants, and brings them together in a common publication. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial Change for Sustainable Localized Food Sovereignty. Convergence between Prosumers and Ethical Entrepreneurs.
Reckinger, Rachel UL

in Sociologia del Lavoro (2018), 152(4),

Recently, some resourceful community-driven initiatives for local food production and retail have arisen in Luxembourg, where low organic agricultural rates are paradoxically paired with high consumer ... [more ▼]

Recently, some resourceful community-driven initiatives for local food production and retail have arisen in Luxembourg, where low organic agricultural rates are paradoxically paired with high consumer demands. This niche of social innovators is combining agro-ecology with circular economy practices. Four cases of alternative food networks are of interest – studied with qualitative interviews and participant observation. One has been established since the 1980s with 200 employees, partly in social insertion measures. The more recent and smaller initiatives are characterized by a cooperative governance, a community-supported agricultural outlook, hands-on workshops and time-banks, all enabled by social media. These initiatives are more radical in their agro-ecological or permaculture practices, focusing on regenerative land use without relying on imports and fostering the integration of consumers with varying degrees of prosumer involvement, as a politicized step further than mere (possibly industrialized) organic production. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSequential Resource Distribution Technique for Multi-User OFDM-SWIPT based Cooperative Networks
Gautam, Sumit UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018, December)

In this paper, we investigate resource allocation and relay selection in a dual-hop orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM)-based multi-user network where amplify-and-forward (AF) enabled relays ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate resource allocation and relay selection in a dual-hop orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM)-based multi-user network where amplify-and-forward (AF) enabled relays facilitate simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) to the end-users. In this context, we address an optimization problem to maximize the end-users’ sum-rate subjected to transmit power and harvested energy constraints. Furthermore, the problem is formulated for both time-switching (TS) and power-splitting (PS) SWIPT schemes.We aim at optimizing the users’ SWIPT splitting factors as well as sub-carrier–destination assignment, sub-carrier pairing, and relay–destination coupling metrics. This kind of joint evaluation is combinatorial in nature with non-linear structure involving mixed-integer programming. In this vein, we propose a sub-optimal low complex sequential resource distribution (SRD) method to solve the aforementioned problem. The performance of the proposed SRD technique is compared with a semi-random resource allocation and relay selection approach. Simulation results reveal the benefits of the proposed design under several parameter values with various operating conditions to illustrate the efficiency of SWIPT schemes for the proposed techniques. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPower and Load Optimization in Interference-Coupled Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access Networks
Lei, Lei UL; You, Lei; Yang, Yang UL et al

in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM) 2018 (2018, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (9 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOsiris: Hunting for Integer Bugs in Ethereum Smart Contracts
Ferreira Torres, Christof UL; Schütte, Julian; State, Radu UL

in 34th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference (ACSAC ’18), San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA, December 3-7, 2018 (2018, December)

The capability of executing so-called smart contracts in a decentralised manner is one of the compelling features of modern blockchains. Smart contracts are fully fledged programs which cannot be changed ... [more ▼]

The capability of executing so-called smart contracts in a decentralised manner is one of the compelling features of modern blockchains. Smart contracts are fully fledged programs which cannot be changed once deployed to the blockchain. They typically implement the business logic of distributed apps and carry billions of dollars worth of coins. In that respect, it is imperative that smart contracts are correct and have no vulnerabilities or bugs. However, research has identified different classes of vulnerabilities in smart contracts, some of which led to prominent multi-million dollar fraud cases. In this paper we focus on vulnerabilities related to integer bugs, a class of bugs that is particularly difficult to avoid due to some characteristics of the Ethereum Virtual Machine and the Solidity programming language. In this paper we introduce Osiris – a framework that combines symbolic execution and taint analysis, in order to accurately find integer bugs in Ethereum smart contracts. Osiris detects a greater range of bugs than existing tools, while providing a better specificity of its detection. We have evaluated its performance on a large experimental dataset containing more than 1.2 million smart contracts. We found that 42,108 contracts contain integer bugs. Be- sides being able to identify several vulnerabilities that have been reported in the past few months, we were also able to identify a yet unknown critical vulnerability in a couple of smart contracts that are currently deployed on the Ethereum blockchain. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 157 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLuxembourg - The Constitution of Luxembourg in the Context of EU and International Law as ‘Higher Law’
Gerkrath, Jörg UL

in Bardutzky, Samo; Albi, Anneli (Eds.) National constitutions in European and Global Governance: Democracy, Rights, the rule of law (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 136 (24 UL)
See detailQualitätskonstruktionen - Zur Verarbeitung divergierender Qualitätsanforderungen in der Jugendarbeit
Biewers, Sandra UL

Book published by Beltz Juventa (2018)

Formale Verfahren zur Sicherung von Qualität in sozialpädagogischen Organisationen stehen meist in einem engen Zusammenhang mit Fragen der Wirtschaftlichkeit. Ob sie auch in der pädagogischen Praxis ... [more ▼]

Formale Verfahren zur Sicherung von Qualität in sozialpädagogischen Organisationen stehen meist in einem engen Zusammenhang mit Fragen der Wirtschaftlichkeit. Ob sie auch in der pädagogischen Praxis nutzbringend zur Anwendung kommen und aus ihnen auch fachliche Innovationen hervorgehen, steht aber häufig in Zweifel. Das vorliegende Buch befasst sich mit dieser Frage aus der Perspektive der sozialpädagogischen Praxis. Vorgestellt wird eine empirische Studie, die mit Rekurs auf neoinstitutionalistische Theoriekonzepte untersucht, anhand welcher Strategien Fachkräfte in der Offenen Jugendarbeit die meist von staatlicher Seite definierten Qualitätskriterien und -regeln in ihrem Praxisalltag aufgreifen und ob bzw. inwiefern sie diese nach professionellen Anforderungen reinterpretieren und transformieren [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 UL)