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See detailObituary: Dieter Ferring (1958-2017)
Albert, Isabelle UL; Boll, Thomas UL; Lang, Frieder R.

in GeroPsych: Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry (in press)

Memorializes Dieter Ferring, who contributed to life-span developmental psychology, geropsychology, and cultural psychology in academic science, teaching, and professional practice. His life work centered ... [more ▼]

Memorializes Dieter Ferring, who contributed to life-span developmental psychology, geropsychology, and cultural psychology in academic science, teaching, and professional practice. His life work centered on life circumstances that included threats to people's well-being and on identifying and implementing solutions for such aversive conditions. His scientific approach was characterized by analysing phenomena in their micro and macro context, by interdisciplinarity, by emphasis on cognitive and semiotic mediation, and by using mixed-method approaches to data collection and analyses. Dieter Ferring had been much engaged in productive cooperations with researchers from other countries in Europe and in disseminating his insights and findings to study programs beyond his own field as well as to the general public. [less ▲]

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See detailCultural psychology of transgenerational family relations: Investigating ambivalences
Albert, Isabelle UL; Abbey, Emily; Valsiner, Jaan UL

Book published by IAP (2018)

The present volume deals with the experience of ambivalence in family relations - a well-known phenomenon that has inspired more and more research and theorizing in the last years but that is however ... [more ▼]

The present volume deals with the experience of ambivalence in family relations - a well-known phenomenon that has inspired more and more research and theorizing in the last years but that is however sometimes difficult to capture. Bringing together junior and senior researchers from different parts of the world, ideas on theory and research are elaborated following qualitative and quantitative approaches. This book thus contributes to theory-building as well as outlining research results and helping to develop measurement in interpersonal and intergenerational relations. [less ▲]

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See detail“It is in giving that we receive, isn’t it?” – Intergenerational family solidarity, reciprocity and subjective well-being in the context of migration.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July 17)

Research on intergenerational relations has underlined the importance of reciprocity in the regulation of support exchange. The VOC study has demonstrated cross-cultural differences in reciprocity and ... [more ▼]

Research on intergenerational relations has underlined the importance of reciprocity in the regulation of support exchange. The VOC study has demonstrated cross-cultural differences in reciprocity and effects on subjective well-being. Less is known regarding migrant families as intergenerational support patterns could differ from host families due to specific needs or depending on different value orientations and family norms. Here, we focus therefore on the role of reciprocity in intergenerational family support in a sample of altogether N = 152 Luxembourgish and Portuguese (young) adults and their parents, all living in Luxembourg. In general, parents reported providing more social support for their children than they receive; but PT compared to LUX children reported providing as much social support as they receive from their parents. Results will be discussed within an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging (multi-)cultural contexts through the lense of the receiving society
Murdock, Elke UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in 9th European IACCP Conference - Program and the book of abstracts (2017, July 17)

Using the natural laboratory of Luxembourg with a foreign population of 47% as case study example, we outline the diversification of diversity. The immigrant population is increasingly heterogeneous in ... [more ▼]

Using the natural laboratory of Luxembourg with a foreign population of 47% as case study example, we outline the diversification of diversity. The immigrant population is increasingly heterogeneous in terms of countries of origin, length of stay/ generation status, economic participation and acculturation choices. Who is a Luxembourger is increasingly difficult to define and minority or majority becomes ever more fluid. Empirical findings concerning the attitude of the receiving society towards multiculturalism will be presented including implications for national identification. We aim to shed light on inter-individual differences in terms of views on immigration among the receiving society, also taking into consideration regional demographic differences. We draw on two different samples, one from the center of Luxembourg (N = 507), where the native population is in the minority and a more regionally diversified sample (N = 238). Similarities and differences will be highlighted and implications discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relationship regulation in the light of migration and ageing: The case of (young) adult children and their parents from Portuguese immigrant and Luxembourgish families.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July 14)

The negotiation of autonomy and relatedness in the relations between children and their parents constitutes a key topic of intergenerational relationship regulation over the whole family life cycle. In ... [more ▼]

The negotiation of autonomy and relatedness in the relations between children and their parents constitutes a key topic of intergenerational relationship regulation over the whole family life cycle. In the context of migration, an acculturation gap between parents and their adult children might lead to different identity constructions and mutual expectations with regard to intergenerational solidarity and support. These differences in expectations and beliefs can affect relationship quality between the family members from different generations as well as their well-being. In the present study, we focus on a sample of altogether N = 152 Luxembourgish and Portuguese (young) adults and their parents from immigrant and Luxembourgish families, all living in Luxembourg. Portuguese adult children were born resp. had grown up in Luxembourg. First results show a high cohesion in both Portuguese immigrant and luxembourgish families; however, enmeshment and normative expectations regarding adult children’s support for their ageing parents were higher in Portuguese families. The findings further suggest that ambivalence might be experienced in particular when individual striving for independence seems difficult to reconcile with norms of family obligation. Implications for well-being of family members from both generations will be discussed taking into account an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailMulticulturalism in Luxembourg: Challenges and opportunities.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Lorente, Sandy; Hoffmann, Martine et al

Scientific Conference (2017, July 14)

An unprecedented number of first generation immigrants will approach retirement age. Two projects from Luxembourg are presented: the FNR-funded project on "Intergenerational Relations in the light of ... [more ▼]

An unprecedented number of first generation immigrants will approach retirement age. Two projects from Luxembourg are presented: the FNR-funded project on "Intergenerational Relations in the light of Migration and Ageing” with focus on the ageing Portuguese migrants, and a pilot field project focusing on bringing together elderly people with different social and cultural background by an Intercultural walking group. [less ▲]

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See detailAmbivalenzerfahrungen im Kontext der Individuation im jungen Erwachsenenalter: Autonomie und Verbundenheit in portugiesischen und luxemburgischen Familien in Luxemburg.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, June 23)

Es wird im Allgemeinen angenommen, dass Phasen des Übergangs in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen besonders von Ambivalenzerfahrungen geprägt sein können. Das junge Erwachsenenalter als eine solche Phase der ... [more ▼]

Es wird im Allgemeinen angenommen, dass Phasen des Übergangs in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen besonders von Ambivalenzerfahrungen geprägt sein können. Das junge Erwachsenenalter als eine solche Phase der Transition ist dabei gekennzeichnet durch die Aushandlung von Autonomie und Verbundenheit, die gerade im Zusammenhang mit einem verlängerten Übergang vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter, wie er durch das Konzept der «emerging adulthood» (Arnett 2000) beschrieben wird, an Bedeutung gewinnt. Ein wichtiges Ereignis stellt hier zweifelsohne der Auszug aus dem Elternhaus dar, der aber nicht unbedingt mit einer vollständigen finanziellen oder emotionalen Unabhängigkeit einhergehen muss. Im Rahmen des vom FNR geförderten Projekts IRMA («Intergenerational Relations in the light of Migration and Ageing») wurden insgesamt 20 qualitative Interviews mit im Grossherzogtum Luxemburg lebenden luxemburgischen und portugiesischen Eltern-Kind-Dyaden im jungen Erwachsenenalter durchgeführt. Die portugiesischen jungen Erwachsenen waren in Luxemburg aufgewachsen, wohingegen ihre Eltern in früheren Jahren eingewandert waren. Anhand der Analyse einer Interviewsequenz, die sich mit dem Auszug aus dem Elternhaus befasst, konnten in einer Inhaltsanalyse mehrere Themenbereiche herausgearbeitet werden, nämlich Bedürfnisse nach Autonomie und Verbundenheit, Kontakthäufigkeit nach dem Auszug, geographische Nähe oder Distanz sowie die Kohäsion innerhalb der Familie. Dabei stellte sich heraus, dass Unterschiede zwischen portugiesischen und luxemburgischen Familien in der Art der Beziehungsregulation bestehen, die auch mit einem unterschiedlichen Auftreten von Ambivalenzen verbunden sein könnten. Die Ergebnisse werden im Hinblick auf die Rolle von Ambivalenz als Katalysator für die Beziehungsregulation sowie mögliche Kulturunterschiede im Erleben und Umgang mit Ambivalenzen zwischen jungen Erwachsenen und ihren Eltern diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily cultures in the context of migration and ageing
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

in Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science (2017), 51(2), 205-222

Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and ... [more ▼]

Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and relatedness, or support exchange and reciprocity, and which may vary inter- and intraculturally. Migrant families undoubtedly face a special situation as values and expectations from the culture of origin and from the host cultural context might differ. Not much is known yet about how migrant families adapt their family cultures to the host cultural context. The present article will focus on aspects of intergenerational family regulation by taking into account family cultures of migrant compared to non-migrant families in a life span perspective. We will illustrate our theoretical outline by presenting first results from the IRMA-study comparing Luxembourgish and Portuguese immigrant families living in Luxembourg. We focus on issues of family cohesion, enmeshment and normative expectations regarding adult children’s support for their ageing parents, by drawing both on quantitative questionnaire as well as qualitative interview data. Implications for the experience of ambivalence and conflicts as well as well-being of family members from both generations will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Family Relations over the Life Course
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2016, May 23)

The present course will focus on intergenerational family relations over the life-span from the perspective of developmental psychology. In the first section, we will have a closer look at central ... [more ▼]

The present course will focus on intergenerational family relations over the life-span from the perspective of developmental psychology. In the first section, we will have a closer look at central definitions, models and concepts from life-span developmental psychology–for instance, life-span models of development, structuring the life course, developmental tasks, normative and non-normative life events, and the concept of generation. In the second part, we will focus on key concepts in the study of intergenerational family relations, such as intergenerational solidarity, conflict and ambivalence. Further, specific research evidence regarding intergenerational relations over the life span (including adolescent-parent, adult child-parent as well as grandchild-grandparent relations) will be presented and discussed, also taking into account cross-cultural aspects and intergenerational relations in the context of migration. [less ▲]

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See detailAdult Child-Parent Relations in the Context of Migration
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2016, April 07)

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries today, as a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s are currently approaching retirement age. In this context, also ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries today, as a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s are currently approaching retirement age. In this context, also questions regarding the intergenerational relations and intergenerational solidarity between first generation parents and their adult children - who have grown up in the host country - have gained high importance. Although the idea of return migration might often be well present in the lives of ageing migrants, an actual permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted more seldom, especially when the own children have settled down permanently in the receiving country. It is therefore of prime importance to learn more about the particular needs and resources of older migrants and their families. Ageing migrants face undoubtedly a special situation: The acculturation situation may result in an increased need for social support due to fewer sociocultural resources in the host country. Within migrant families, an acculturation gap between first and second generation might further lead to different expectations regarding intergenerational solidarity and support, and this can cause intergenerational strain and have negative effects on well-being of the different family members. The present training session will address issues of relationship quality (such as solidarity, conflict, ambivalence) as well as aspects of intergenerational value transmission between ageing first generation parents and their adult children in the context of migration. Both theoretical considerations as well as results from a recent study on Portuguese immigrant families in Luxembourg (IRMA – Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing, funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg) will be presented and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Family Relations in Luxembourg: Adult Children and their Ageing Parents in Migrant and Non-Migrant Families
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Roland-Lévy, Christine; Denoux, P.; Voyer, B. (Eds.) et al Unity, diversity and culture: Research and Scholarship Selected from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (2016)

Whereas most studies in the context of acculturation research have focused so far on family relations between first generation parents and their second generation children in adolescence, the present ... [more ▼]

Whereas most studies in the context of acculturation research have focused so far on family relations between first generation parents and their second generation children in adolescence, the present study draws its attention on immigrant families at later stages in the family life cycle. This study is part of the FNR-funded project on “Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing – IRMA” in which a cross-cultural comparison of altogether N = 120 Portuguese and Luxembourgish triads of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, is envisaged. The aims of this project are, firstly to examine similarities and differences in family values, internalized norms and mutual expectations of older parents and their adult children in migrant and non-migrant families; secondly, to analyze in how far an acculturation gap respectively a generation gap might have an impact on the relationship quality between parents and their adult children; thirdly and related to this, to explore subjective well-being (SWB) of all involved family members. Results are discussed in the framework of an integrative model of intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailAltern in Luxembourg: Portugiesische Migrantinnen und Migranten in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Karl, Ute UL; Ramos, Anne Carolina UL

in Forum für Politik, Gesellschaft und Kultur in Luxemburg (2016), 363

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See detailFuture plans and the regulation of well-being of older Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Social Inquiry into Well-Being (2016), 2(1), 70-78

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries, as an unprecedented number of first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age. A permanent return to the ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries, as an unprecedented number of first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age. A permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted more seldom after retirement than initially envisaged, a phenomenon referred to as “myth of return”. Instead, a third alternative seems to gain interest for ageing migrants, namely commuting between host country and country of origin. The present paper addresses future plans regarding preferred country of residence after retirement and the regulation of well-being of middle-aged and older first generation immigrants. The sample included N = 109 Portuguese first generation immigrants (49.5% female; average age: M = 55.35, SD = 7.42) who had been living in Luxembourg for about M = 30.69 (SD = 8.55) years. Analyses show that only one-fifth of participants plan to return to Portugal, whereas almost one-half prefer to stay in Luxembourg, one-quarter choose to commute, the remainder still being undecided. No differences in life-satisfaction were found, but those who plan to return used fewer self-regulatory strategies compared to those who want to stay or commute; in the STAY group, positive reappraisal strategies were related most strongly to their life-satisfaction, whereas for those who plan to commute both primary and secondary control were beneficial. Interestingly, lowering aspirations was positively related with life-satisfaction for those who plan to return to their country of origin after retirement. Results are discussed taking into consideration aspects of integration and migration experiences over the life-span. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction to the Special Issue on “Aging and Migration in Europe”
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Lang, Frieder R.

in GeroPsych: Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry (2016), 29(2), 53-55

Aging and migration have become key issues in many European societies today, as an unprecedented number of first-generation immigrants of the big immigration waves of the 1960s and 1970s are currently ... [more ▼]

Aging and migration have become key issues in many European societies today, as an unprecedented number of first-generation immigrants of the big immigration waves of the 1960s and 1970s are currently approaching retirement age. This special issue on aging and migration serves to raise the awareness on this important topic in modern societies. It brings together researchers in aging and migration from four different European countries characterized by a large share of immigrants in their population, namely, the UK, Estonia, Denmark, and Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationelle Ambivalenz in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter: Theoretische Reflexionen und Möglichkeiten der quantitativen Analyse
Albert, Isabelle UL; Steinhoff, Annekatrin

in Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation = Journal for Sociology of Education and Socialization (2016), 36(2), 178-194

With reference to various theoretical approaches and empirical studies that focus on parent-child relationships, we describe the relevance of ambivalence experiences for processes of relationship ... [more ▼]

With reference to various theoretical approaches and empirical studies that focus on parent-child relationships, we describe the relevance of ambivalence experiences for processes of relationship formation and identity development during adolescence and young adulthood. We outline the desideratum of an (process-oriented) investigation of ambivalences during these stages of life. Based on this background, we discuss the options and implications of direct and indirect measures of ambivalences, followed by the various analytic strategies used in quantitative ambivalence re-search. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecial Issue on Aging and Migration in Europe
Albert, Isabelle UL

in GeroPsych: Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry (2016), 29(2),

Europe is experiencing demographic and social challenges unprecedented in its history. Migration flows, though not a new phenomenon, represent one of these challenges. Migration as the movement of social ... [more ▼]

Europe is experiencing demographic and social challenges unprecedented in its history. Migration flows, though not a new phenomenon, represent one of these challenges. Migration as the movement of social and national groups within as well as into Europe includes several motivations and objectives. Depending on these motivations, migrants are considered as welcome asset or as not-wanted claiming benefits of the national social security systems. What can we learn from earlier migration waves? Currently, a large number of first-generation immigrants of the big immigration waves of the 1960s and 1970s are approaching retirement age in many European countries. Contrary to earlier expectations, studies have shown that only a part of these aging migrants return to their countries of origin after retirement, whereas a larger part decides to stay permanently in the receiving country or to commute between both countries. Growing old in the context of migration has thus become a hot topic for many societies. Based on research from several European countries with large shares of immigrants, namely UK, Estonia, Denmark and Luxembourg, the special issue aging and migration focuses on some key questions regarding aging migrants. For instance, what do we know about cultural and ethnic identities of older migrants and how these are related to their transnational family relationships? How can social networks and intergenerational family solidarity of older migrants be described? What are specifics of care in the context of acculturation? The present contributions give some first answers to these questions, taking also into account how subjective well-being of aging migrants and their families might be enhanced. [less ▲]

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See detailCulture, Migration and Aging: European Perspectives
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2015, November 18)

In the next years, a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s will approach retirement age in many European countries. As a permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted ... [more ▼]

In the next years, a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s will approach retirement age in many European countries. As a permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted more seldom by today’s immigrants after retirement than in the past, aging and migration have become key issues in many receiving societies. The present symposium has the aim to address the impact of earlier migration experiences and further life choices on the process of aging and in particular on well-being of older immigrants, and to identify particular needs and resources of older migrants and their families. It brings together researchers from four different European countries which are characterized by a large share of immigrants in their population, namely Germany, UK, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. Contributions focus on several country specific immigrant (and national) groups, and different life domains are addressed (the situation of older workers; the roles of ethnic identity, acculturative stress, social networks and family relations for different aspects of well-being; future plans and preferences of immigrants regarding future care arrangements). Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies are applied. The presented studies will be integrated with respect to similarities and differences between immigrant groups and acculturation contexts, and it will be discussed how Europe-specific findings might be transferable to the US context. Implications for policies regarding aging and migration will be considered. Further, lacks in current knowledge will be addressed and suggestions for future research activities will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailPast Experiences and Future Orientations of Portuguese Immigrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2015, November 18)

In the next years Luxembourg will be confronted with an unprecedented number of older persons with migrant background. The present study has the aim to 1) explore the migration experiences and future ... [more ▼]

In the next years Luxembourg will be confronted with an unprecedented number of older persons with migrant background. The present study has the aim to 1) explore the migration experiences and future plans of Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg who are close to retirement age, and 2) to compare them to their Luxembourgish counterparts regarding future orientations and preferences for control strategies. The sample included n = 94 Portuguese first generation immigrants (52.1% female; average age: M = 57.05, SD = 6.84) and n = 102 Luxembourgish nationals (56.3% female, average age: M = 56.87, SD = 7.39). Preliminary results show that the majority of Portuguese immigrants plan to stay in Luxembourg after retirement. Regarding control strategies, Portuguese compared to Luxembourgish participants scored higher on lowering aspirations. Also, different correlational patterns between control strategies and future orientations were found. Results will be discussed taking into consideration cross-cultural differences and migration experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailThe roles of religiosity and affluence for adolescents’ family orientation: Multilevel analyses of 18 cultures
Mayer, Boris; Trommsdorff, Gisela; Friedlmeier, Mihaela et al

in Italian Journal of Sociology of Education (2015), 7(3), 47-88

Recent sociological and psychological debates concern the nature of the relation between changing religious beliefs and changing significance of the family. The current study analyzes multilevel relations ... [more ▼]

Recent sociological and psychological debates concern the nature of the relation between changing religious beliefs and changing significance of the family. The current study analyzes multilevel relations between religiosity (personal and culture-level) and several aspects of family orientation for n = 4902 adolescents from 18 nations/areas from diverse cultural contexts covering a number of religious denominations with data from the Value-of-Children-Study (Trommsdorff & Nauck, 2005). In addition, cultural values from the World Values Survey representing religious versus secular values as well as survival versus self-expression values are examined at the cultural level of analysis as a joint effect with nation-level economic development. Results showed that religiosity/religious values were positively related to all aspects of adolescents’ family orientation at the individual as well as the cultural level, while societal affluence was only related to a loss of importance of the traditional and hierarchical aspects of family orientation. Postmaterialist self-expression values were unrelated to adolescents’ family orientation. [less ▲]

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