References of "Abankwa, Daniel 50027086"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHigh-throughput amenable fluorescence-assays to screen for calmodulin-inhibitors
Manoharan, Ganesh Babu UL; Kopra, Kari; Eskonen, Ville et al

in Analytical Biochemistry (2019), 572

The KRAS gene is highly mutated in human cancers and the focus of current Ras drug development efforts. Recently the interface between the C-terminus of K-Ras and calmodulin (CaM) was proposed as a target ... [more ▼]

The KRAS gene is highly mutated in human cancers and the focus of current Ras drug development efforts. Recently the interface between the C-terminus of K-Ras and calmodulin (CaM) was proposed as a target site to block K-Ras driven cancer cell stemness. We therefore aimed at developing a high-throughput amenable screening assay to identify novel CaM-inhibitors as potential K-Ras stemness-signaling disruptors. A modulated time-resolved Förster resonance energy transfer (mTR-FRET)-assay was developed and benchmarked against an identically designed fluorescence anisotropy (FA)-assay. In both assays, two CaM-binding peptides were labeled with Eu(III)-chelate or fluorescein and used as single-label reporter probes that were displaced from CaM upon competitor binding. Thus, peptidic and small molecule competitors with nanomolar to micromolar affinities to CaM could be detected, including a peptide that was derived from the C-terminus of K-Ras. In order to detect CaM-residue specific covalent inhibitors, a cell lysate-based Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-assay was furthermore established. This assay enabled us to measure the slow, residue-specific, covalent inhibition by ophiobolin A in the presence of other endogenous proteins. In conclusion, we have developed a panel of fluorescence-assays that allows identification of conventional and covalent CaM-inhibitors as potential disruptors of K-Ras driven cancer cell stemness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTargeting prohibitins at the cell surface prevents Th17-mediated autoimmunity.
Buehler, Ulrike; Schulenburg, Katharina; Yurugi, Hajime et al

in The EMBO journal (2018), 37(16),

T helper (Th)17 cells represent a unique subset of CD4(+) T cells and are vital for clearance of extracellular pathogens including bacteria and fungi. However, Th17 cells are also involved in ... [more ▼]

T helper (Th)17 cells represent a unique subset of CD4(+) T cells and are vital for clearance of extracellular pathogens including bacteria and fungi. However, Th17 cells are also involved in orchestrating autoimmunity. By employing quantitative surface proteomics, we found that the evolutionarily conserved prohibitins (PHB1/2) are highly expressed on the surface of both murine and human Th17 cells. Increased expression of PHBs at the cell surface contributed to enhanced CRAF/MAPK activation in Th17 cells. Targeting surface-expressed PHBs on Th17 cells with ligands such as Vi polysaccharide (Typhim vaccine) inhibited CRAF-MAPK pathway, reduced interleukin (IL)-17 expression and ameliorated disease pathology with an increase in FOXP3(+)-expressing Tregs in an animal model for multiple sclerosis (MS). Interestingly, we detected a CD4(+) T cell population with high PHB1 surface expression in blood samples from MS patients in comparison with age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. Our observations suggest a pivotal role for the PHB-CRAF-MAPK signalling axis in regulating the polarization and pathogenicity of Th17 cells and unveil druggable targets in autoimmune disorders such as MS. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTailored Approaches in Drug Development and Diagnostics: From Molecular Design to Biological Model Systems
Sahlgren, C; Meinander, A; Zhang, H et al

in Advanced Healthcare Materials (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 119 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOpposite feedback from mTORC1 to H-ras and K-ras4B downstream of SREBP1
Posada, IMD; Lectez, B; Siddiqui, FA et al

in Scientific Reports (2017)

As a major growth factor transducer, Ras is an upstream activator of mTORC1, which further integrates nutrient and energy inputs. To ensure a contextual coupling of cell division via Ras/MAPK-signalling ... [more ▼]

As a major growth factor transducer, Ras is an upstream activator of mTORC1, which further integrates nutrient and energy inputs. To ensure a contextual coupling of cell division via Ras/MAPK-signalling and growth via mTORC1-signalling, feedback loops from one pathway back to the other are required. Here we describe a novel feedback from mTORC1, which oppositely affects oncogenic H-ras- and K-ras-signalling output, and as a consequence stemness properties of tumourigenic cells. Amino acid stimulation of mTORC1 increases the processed form of SREBP1, a major lipidome regulator. We show that modulation of the SREBP1 levels downstream of S6K1 has opposite effects on oncogenic H-ras and K-ras nanoscale membrane organisation, ensuing signalling output and promotion of mammospheres expressing these oncogenes. Our data suggest that modulation of phosphatidic acid, a major target of SREBP1 controlled lipid metabolism, is sufficient to affect H-ras and K-ras oppositely in the membrane. Thus mTORC1 activation increases H-ras-, but decreases K-ras-signalling output in cells transformed with the respective oncogene. Given the different impact of these two Ras isoforms on stemness, our results could have implications for stem cell biology and inhibition of cancer stem cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailrapalogs can promote cancer cell stemness in vitro in a Galectin-1 and H-ras-dependent manner
Posada, IMD; Lectez, B; Sharma, M et al

in Oncotarget (2017), Vol. 8((No. 27)), 44550-44566

Currently several combination treatments of mTor- and Ras-pathway inhibitors are being tested in cancer therapy. While multiple feedback loops render these central signaling pathways robust, they ... [more ▼]

Currently several combination treatments of mTor- and Ras-pathway inhibitors are being tested in cancer therapy. While multiple feedback loops render these central signaling pathways robust, they complicate drug targeting. Here, we describe a novel H-ras specific feedback, which leads to an inadvertent rapalog induced activation of tumorigenicity in Ras transformed cells. We find that rapalogs specifically increase nanoscale clustering (nanoclustering) of oncogenic H-ras but not K-ras on the plasma membrane. This increases H-ras signaling output, promotes mammosphere numbers in a H-ras-dependent manner and tumor growth in ovo. Surprisingly, also other FKBP12 binders, but not mTor-inhibitors, robustly decrease FKBP12 levels after prolonged (>2 days) exposure. This leads to an upregulation of the nanocluster scaffold galectin-1 (Gal-1), which is responsible for the rapamycin-induced increase in H-ras nanoclustering and signaling output. We provide evidence that Gal-1 promotes stemness features in tumorigenic cells. Therefore, it may be necessary to block inadvertent induction of stemness traits in H-ras transformed cells by specific Gal-1 inhibitors that abrogate its effect on H-ras nanocluster. On a more general level, our findings may add an important mechanistic explanation to the pleiotropic physiological effects that are observed with rapalogs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 124 (4 UL)