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See detailBiodiversität und nachhaltige Landnutzung in Großschutzgebieten
Job, Hubert; Woltering, Manuel; Warner, Barbara et al

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2016), 74(6), 481-494

Land-use systems and biodiversity in Germany can be investigated using the network of protected areas. This issue focuses on nature parks, national parks and biosphere reserves that are confronted with ... [more ▼]

Land-use systems and biodiversity in Germany can be investigated using the network of protected areas. This issue focuses on nature parks, national parks and biosphere reserves that are confronted with various problems related to competition for land and acceptance. The working group “Biodiversity and sustainable land use in protected areas” of the Academy for Spatial Research and Planning (ARL) has tackled this topic. This paper reviews the research questions that are debated in this special issue of “Raumforschung und Raumordnung”. These questions include the influence of different land-use systems on the state of ecosystem services, how the different types of protected areas should be evaluated in terms of their individual contributions to the conservation and development of biodiversity, the role played specifically by woods and forestry management with regard to biodiversity and sustainable land use, and the patterns of conflict that exist due to competing land uses. Attention is also paid to concrete governance approaches in protected areas against the background of competition for land and the question of how experience gained in protected areas can be transferred to ‚normal‘ landscapes. The paper also provides basic definitions relevant to the topic. Finally, from the perspective of various disciplines, the working group calls for policy and planning actors to support the sustainable development of protected areas in Germany. Here the focus is not only on a stringent strengthening of the status of protected areas on the federal level combined with appropriate administrative structures, but also on promoting improved quality assurance and quality development of the protected areas. Of further relevance to these calls for action is the field of tension between the necessity for strengthened process protection and the intensification of agriculture in the context of EU Common Agricultural Policy. [less ▲]

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See detailGroßschutzgebiete, Biodiversität und räumliche Planung. Ein Positionspapier aus der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung
Heiland, Stefan; Jedicke, Eckhardt; Job, Hubert et al

in Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung (2016), 48(9),

Zu Fragen einer Förderung der Biodiversität und nachhaltiger Landnutzung in Groß­schutzgebieten hat ein gleichnamiger Arbeits­kreis2 der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) ein ... [more ▼]

Zu Fragen einer Förderung der Biodiversität und nachhaltiger Landnutzung in Groß­schutzgebieten hat ein gleichnamiger Arbeits­kreis2 der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) ein Positionspapier vorgelegt. Neben sieben Thesen fordert der Arbeitskreis als Fazit eine „Bund­Länder­Gemeinschaftsaufgabe Groß­schutzgebiete“. [less ▲]

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See detailGroßschutzgebiete, Biodiversität und räumliche Planung
Heiland, Stefan; Jedicke, Eckhard; Job, Hubert et al

in Positionspapier aus der Akademie fuer Raumforschung und Landesplanung (2016), 107

Positionen 1 Stellenwert von Großschutzgebieten in der räumlichen Planung stärken 2 Zuständigkeiten von Großschutzgebieten klarer regeln und administrative Struk-turen harmonisieren 3 Monitoring und ... [more ▼]

Positionen 1 Stellenwert von Großschutzgebieten in der räumlichen Planung stärken 2 Zuständigkeiten von Großschutzgebieten klarer regeln und administrative Struk-turen harmonisieren 3 Monitoring und Qualitätsmanagement von Großschutzgebieten sicherstellen 4 Neben klassischem Naturschutz mehr Prozessschutz: Dynamik in Großschutz-gebieten zulassen 5 Großschutzgebiete bundesweit einheitlich zonieren 6 Ökosystemleistungen von Großschutzgebieten stärker für Kommunikation und räumliche Planung nutzen 7 Neue Strategien für den Umgang mit aktuellen Herausforderungen wie demo-graphischem Wandel, Klimawandel und Bodenspekulation in Großschutzgebieten ent-wickeln [less ▲]

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See detailAkzeptanz als Rahmenbedingung für das erfolgreiche Management von Landnutzungen und biologischer Vielfalt in Großschutzgebieten
von Ruschkowski, Eick; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2016), 74(6), 525-540

Local acceptance and the resolution of conflicts that arise from conservation objectives are important tasks for the successful management of large protected areas. This paper focuses on the distinct ... [more ▼]

Local acceptance and the resolution of conflicts that arise from conservation objectives are important tasks for the successful management of large protected areas. This paper focuses on the distinct genesis of acceptance research for German large protected areas compared to the global context where the comprehensive term “park-people relationships” prevails. Using multiple tasks and roles assigned to national parks and biosphere reserves, we illustrate the overall diversity of conflict potential. Four explorative case studies, based on media analysis and selected expert interviews, are used to elaborate on the individual local conditions that foster conflict or co-existence in Germany. Berchtesgaden National Park is currently mainly free of conflicts, but unforeseen events such as barkbeetle infestations could unsettle the situation. On the contrary, private land ownership and conflicts over zoning in the Senne-Teutoburger Wald-Eggegebirge region have halted plans to establish a national park. In the Bliesgau Biosphere Reserve, conflicts arose around conflicting land uses and overlapping planning responsibilities during the designation process, while in the Pfälzerwald Biosphere Reserve region, the development of renewable energies – mainly wind turbines – have shown to bear a specific conflict potential. The paper concludes with suggestions related to spatial and environmental planning, such as widening the mainly local focus on “acceptance” to active stakeholder management, including integrated, adaptive management approaches, in the sense of the term park-people relationships. [less ▲]

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See detailZwischen Akzeptanz und Widerstand – Konfliktpotenziale in und um deutsche Großnaturschutzgebiete
Nienaber, Birte UL; von Ruschkowski, Eick

Scientific Conference (2015, October 01)

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