References of "Zaagsma, Gerben 50013341"
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See detailThe ‘Jewish Freedom Fighter’. The legacy of Naftali Botwin and the construction of a transnational cult of Jewish heroes
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in Royer, Clara; Balazs (Eds.) Cult of Heroes in Central Europe from the 1880s to the Second World War – Transnational and Transdisciplinary Aspects. (in press)

This article discusses the transnational heroic cult that developed in Yiddish communist circles around the figure of Naftali Botwin, a young Polish-Jewish communist who was executed by Polish authorities ... [more ▼]

This article discusses the transnational heroic cult that developed in Yiddish communist circles around the figure of Naftali Botwin, a young Polish-Jewish communist who was executed by Polish authorities in the city of Lwów, following a trial in which he was convicted for assassinating a police infiltrator in the ranks of the Polish Communist Party (KPP). The discussion highlights how Botwin’s legacy was appropriated in multiple, and sometimes contrasting, ways in the decades following his death, especially within the context of the creation of the Botwin Company in the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War. In doing so it will also highlight the transnational nature of this cult, as his memory lived on through poems, plays and publications that circulated through the worldwide networks and communicative spaces of Jewish (leftist) émigrés. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction: Integrating Digital Humanities
Birkholz, Julie; Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in DH Benelux Journal (2019), 1

Introduction to the inaugural issue of the DH Benelux Journal which explores the theme of Integrating Digital Humanities.

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See detailDigital History and the Politics of Digitization
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, July 10)

This paper will present the first findings of an ongoing research project. It is about the digital resources we work with as historians; in the first place with regard to what is being digitized, the ... [more ▼]

This paper will present the first findings of an ongoing research project. It is about the digital resources we work with as historians; in the first place with regard to what is being digitized, the sources and data, and to a lesser degree the metadata, notwithstanding the latter’s profound political aspects and effects, e.g. with regard to access. To avoid misunderstandings: it is not about the politics of digital humanities more broadly conceived; e.g. about addressing claims that it is incumbent upon DH to fulfil a political mission or become a more self-critical discipline by consciously investigating its own gender, diversity and other biases. [less ▲]

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See detailRound table Coding Europe: decoding its history
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, June 27)

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See detailDoing History in the Digital Age - On Hybridity, Hermeneutics and the Politics of Digitisation
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, May 09)

This talk centers around the changing practice of doing history in the digital age, seen within the broader historical context of developments in the so-called digital humanities. It argues that there is ... [more ▼]

This talk centers around the changing practice of doing history in the digital age, seen within the broader historical context of developments in the so-called digital humanities. It argues that there is too much emphasis on tools and data while too little attention is being paid to how the practice of doing history is changing as a result of the digital turn. It will also contextualise and historicise what we mean by ‘digital turn’ and, indeed, ‘digital history’; the current buzz around digital humanities notwithstanding, computers have been used in humanities research since at least the late 1940s. And as long as they have existed, the question of their uptake in humanist and historical research practices has been debated. So what, then, is new? In his talk, Zaagsma will focus on three key points that are relevant to debates about digital history. First of all, he will argue that in many ways hybridity is the new normal, and in fact has been for a much longer time than is often suggested. Nonetheless, we still need a more conscious hybrid approach to historical research that combines ’traditional’ with digital hermeneutical approaches in a new practice of doing history. Secondly, he will discuss how such digital hermeneutical approaches can be seen, in light of the often-voiced scepticism that ‘classic’ hermeneutical approaches are undermined by supposedly new, digital quantitative and/or positivist methodologies. And thirdly, he will address the broader issue of how digitisation affects historical research, and the stories we can and cannot tell, in ways that historians are only beginning to understand. [less ▲]

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See detailDer hybride Historiker. Geschichtsforschung im digitalen Zeitalter
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2019, February 18)

Dieser Vortrag argumentiert für einen hybriden Ansatz der historischen Forschung, der "traditionelle" mit digitalen hermeneutischen Ansätzen in einer neuen geschichtswissenschaftlichen Praxis kombiniert ... [more ▼]

Dieser Vortrag argumentiert für einen hybriden Ansatz der historischen Forschung, der "traditionelle" mit digitalen hermeneutischen Ansätzen in einer neuen geschichtswissenschaftlichen Praxis kombiniert. Da der "digital turn" den gesamten historische Forschungsprozess betrifft und verändert, ist dies eine dringende Herausforderung für alle Historiker, nicht nur für diejenigen, die an "big data" Projekten beteiligt sind. Tatsächlich ist Hybridität "the new normal", sowohl Chance als Herausforderung. Doch während die meisten Historiker in der Phase der Informationsbeschaffung schon digital arbeiten (oft ohne bewusste Reflexion), verzichten sie oft auf digitale Ansätze in der Verarbeitungs- und vor allem in der Analysephase. Digitale Ansätze erweitern aber das methodische Repertoire, das durch “traditionelle” close reading bereitgestellt wird. Hybride Ansätze erweitern so unseren intellektuellen Möglichkeitsraum und das analytische Potential, das wir auf unsere Quellen anwenden. Als Beispiel wird im Vortrag auch kurz erläutert, wie digital Ansätze in die Arbeit an den Tagebüchern von Anne Frank eingeflossen wurden und zeigt somit den Mehrwert ihrer Einbeziehung digitaler Ansätze in alle Phasen der historischen Forschung. [less ▲]

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See detailForum Z: "Who is afraid of the Digital?"
Tatarinov, Juliane UL; Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

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See detailDigital Resources and Tools in Historical Research
Zaagsma, Gerben UL; Wieneke, Lars UL

in Kollmann, Stefanie; Müller, Lars; Reh, Sabine (Eds.) et al Picture archives and the emergence of visual history of education. ISCHE 40 pre-conference workshop. 3rd workshop "Pictura Paedagogica Online: educational knowledge in images (2018, December 21)

One of the characteristic features of modern life is the omnipresence of images - in public life as well as in the private surroundings. At latest with coining the term "Visual history" at the beginning ... [more ▼]

One of the characteristic features of modern life is the omnipresence of images - in public life as well as in the private surroundings. At latest with coining the term "Visual history" at the beginning of the nineteen nineties historical disciplines are dealing with this ever growing pool of pictorial sources. This is also true for educational history - especially when keeping in mind that the use of images in an educational context is common practice since early modern ages. This concerns the presentation practices, the design of didactic visual media and their use in educational practice as well as the illustrated traces of historical educational practice and historical educational knowledge (e.g. photographs of school buildings or educational scenes). There are various digital picture archives to address the research questions of many historical disciplines. These databases, though, differ widely in purpose and design - and of course they cannot serve every scientific demand. According to Gerhard Paul there should be at least four layers of information evaluation when analysing historical images (reality of depiction, genesis, use and impact). Thus, building up a corpus of image sources with sufficient accompanying information can be quite challenging. As major topic the Pre-Conference Workshop will focus on the impact of the discipline on developing and maintaining of a picture archive. (DIPF/Orig.) [less ▲]

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See detailJewish responses to anti-Semitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s as European Jewish political history
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in Bajohr, Frank; Pohl, Dieter (Eds.) Right-Wing Politics and the Rise of Antisemitism in Europe 1935-1941 (2018)

This article compares Jewish responses to antisemitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s, when antisemitism was on the rise in both France and the United Kingdom. There were striking similarities in ... [more ▼]

This article compares Jewish responses to antisemitism in Paris and London in the late 1930s, when antisemitism was on the rise in both France and the United Kingdom. There were striking similarities in these responses, yet local contexts and circumstances dominate the historiographies of both cases. The main aim of this article, then, is not so much to offer new insights into the individual cases (both of which have been abundantly analyzed in historical research), but rather to fill a gap by examining the broader factors that account for these similarities. On the one hand, the article examines the nature of Jewish self-identification in the post-Emancipation era and its effects on the political cultures, practices, and identifications of the actors that were involved; on the other, it explores the way in which these practices were also shaped by migration and transnational aspects. Ultimately, this case study will argue for a comparative and transnational approach to Jewish political history in order to arrive at a better understanding of its diverse configurations and permutations. [less ▲]

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See detail#DHJewish - Jewish Studies in the Digital Age
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

in Medaon: Magazin für Jüdisches Leben in Forschung und Bildung (2018), 23

This article discusses the intersection of Jewish Studies and Digital Humanities (DH). It investigates the specific characteristics of Jewish Studies, in terms of both subject matter and sources, and ... [more ▼]

This article discusses the intersection of Jewish Studies and Digital Humanities (DH). It investigates the specific characteristics of Jewish Studies, in terms of both subject matter and sources, and reflects on how digital approaches can be harnessed to address them. What common digital challenges do Jewish Studies scholars face, if these can indeed be defined, and in what ways can the field benefit from developments in the area of DH? Even though Jewish Studies is arguably an umbrella term (as is DH), this article suggests that the field of Jewish Studies has several characteristics that are broadly shared by all the (sub-)disciplines that it incorporates. Conceptualising the encounter between Jewish Studies and DH is thus first and foremost about translating these characteristics into specific digital challenges. As will be argued, the key task is information retrieval and analysis from dispersed, multilingual and multiscriptual sources. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (4 UL)
See detailWorkshop 'Strategies for Using Digital Sources in the Classroom
Randolph, John; Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2018, October 26)

Given the current abundance of available digital resources for historians (retro-digitized as well as born-digital materials), there is an urgent question of how to engage with these resources in the ... [more ▼]

Given the current abundance of available digital resources for historians (retro-digitized as well as born-digital materials), there is an urgent question of how to engage with these resources in the history classroom. How do we teach the differences between "online" and "offline" materials and they ways in which historians can approach them? How do we deal with issues of decontextualization and the changes brought about in historical research practices by working with digital objects? The SourceLab project tackles these issues by letting students create digital editions of historical artefacts and thereby engage them in the making of history. The Ranke.2 project provides lessons that teaches students what digital source criticism is. In this workshop we will discuss in what ways teachers use digital resources in the classroom, and what strategies, if any, they use to sensitize their students to the specificities of online materials as opposed to those found in the archive. The outcome could be a working paper which discusses the pros and cons of various approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital picture archives in historical research and the visual history of education
Zaagsma, Gerben UL; Wieneke, Lars UL

Presentation (2018, August 28)

This proposal will discuss the use of digital picture archives and associated tools in historical research from the perspective of digital history with a focus on resources for the history of education ... [more ▼]

This proposal will discuss the use of digital picture archives and associated tools in historical research from the perspective of digital history with a focus on resources for the history of education. Our starting point will be threefold: • digital picture archives need to be seen as part of a wide range of digital resources that are currently available for historical research; while certain methodological, epistemological and technical questions are specific for digital picture archives, many pertain to digital resources in general; • similarly: discussing the prerequisites for a picture archive on educational history implies, first, to address the broader question of what prerequisites should be considered for digital archives more generally; and addressing the question of whether or not such general prerequisites can be formulated at all given the wide range of research questions and use cases researchers bring to the table With this broader contextualisation in mind we will focus on the possibilities and limitations of digital picture archives for the history of education through a brief discussion of the following points: • what are the characteristics of digital picture archives; technical and otherwise, and within that context, digital archives for the history of education; can specific characteristics be observed with regard to the latter or not? • what layers of information are currently embedded in digital picture archives for the history of education (taking Gerhard Paul‘s differentiation as a starting point); how can we improve the design, annotation and classification of images through metadata etc, to build corpuses that meet researcher‘s requirements? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (6 UL)
See detailRoundtable 'Humanities in the mirror: writing Jewish history in a digital key'
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2018, July 15)

Participation in a roundtable discussion on Jewish History and digital Humanities.

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (3 UL)
See detailOnline Storytelling & Webdesign
Lucchesi, Anita UL; Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2018, June 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (7 UL)
See detail"Chosen Fighters of the Jewish People": Jewish volunteers in the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2018, April 05)

During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) around 35000 volunteers from many countries fought in the so-called International Brigades that were created and organised by the Communist International. Roughly ... [more ▼]

During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) around 35000 volunteers from many countries fought in the so-called International Brigades that were created and organised by the Communist International. Roughly 4000 of these volunteers were of Jewish descent. In december 1937, the Jewish Naftali Botwin company was formed within the 13th Polish Dombrowski Brigade as a result of lobbying efforts by Polish-Jewish migrant communists in Paris. In their daily newspaper, Naye Prese, the company’s existence became an important part of the propaganda battle waged on the ‘Jewish street’ in Paris in support of the Comintern’s post-1935 Popular Front tactic. But while the propaganda was unmistakably communist, the subtext became increasingly Jewish in the course of the war. Indeed, against a background of age-old allegations of ‘Jewish cowardice’, Naye Prese consistently emphasised that the fight of Jewish volunteers, symbolised by the Botwin Company, had an emancipatory dimension: Jews were worthy and equal fighters. Their participation simultaneously served as a model of Jewish action to be emulated by Jewish migrants in France as they sought to negotiate increasingly difficult living circumstances. After World War II and the Holocaust, the memory of Jewish volunteers became decisively shaped by debates on Jewish responses to fascism and Nazism; their participation was inscribed in a broader narrative of Jewish resistance that aimed to counter the myth of Jewish passivity in the face of the Nazi onslaught. To put it succinctly: ‘Spain’ served to prove that Jews did not go like “sheep to the slaughter” but already resisted Hitler in Spain. Based upon my scholarship on Jewish volunteers in the International Brigades, the aim of this paper, then, is to analyze the symbolic meaning of their participation, and show the various ways in which the qualification ‘Jewish’ was and has been imbued with meaning, both during and after the Spanish Civil War. Ultimately, I will show how volunteers of Jewish descent during the Spanish Civil War became Jewish volunteers after the Holocaust. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (18 UL)
See detailHybrid approaches to historical research: analysing the Anne Frank diaries with digital tools
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2017, November 28)

This paper argues for a hybrid approach to historical research that combines ’traditional’ with digital hermeneutical approaches in a new practice of doing history. As the digital turn alters and affects ... [more ▼]

This paper argues for a hybrid approach to historical research that combines ’traditional’ with digital hermeneutical approaches in a new practice of doing history. As the digital turn alters and affects all parts of the historical research process, this is a pressing challenge and need for all historians, not just for those engaged in ‘big data’ projects. Indeed, hybridity is, and should be, the new normal. Yet while most historians are accustomed to deploying digital approaches in the information gathering stage of their research, they often refrain from ‘going digital’ in its processing and especially analysis stages. Describing a number of digital tools used in work done on the diaries of Anne frank, the paper critically analyses and demonstrates the added value of incorporating them in all stages of historical research. Digital approaches enhance the methodological repertoire furnished by ‘traditional’ close reading practices. Hybrid approaches thus expand our intellectual horizons and the analytical power we bring to bear upon our sources. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (8 UL)
See detailOpening remarks: From Tablet to Tablet – workshop Jewish Studies & Digital Humanities, Hamburg, 4-6 September 2017
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Presentation (2017, September 05)

This is the written version of opening remarks I gave at From Tablet to Tablet, a workshop on Jewish Studies and Digital Humanities supported by the Rothschild Foundation Hanadiv Europe in co-operation ... [more ▼]

This is the written version of opening remarks I gave at From Tablet to Tablet, a workshop on Jewish Studies and Digital Humanities supported by the Rothschild Foundation Hanadiv Europe in co-operation with the Institute for the History of the German Jews that took place in Hamburg between 4-6 September 2017. [less ▲]

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See detailJewish Volunteers in the International Brigades: What Drove Them?
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Article for general public (2017)

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See detailJewish volunteers, the international brigades and the Spanish Civil War
Zaagsma, Gerben UL

Book published by Bloomsbury Academic (2017)

This book examines the participation of Jewish volunteers in the international brigades during the Spanish Civil War "--

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (22 UL)