References of "Weiler, Michael 50003314"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExperimental and numerical analysis of early age behavior in non-reinforced concrete
Nguyen, Thanh Tung UL; Weiler, Michael UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL

in Construction and Building Materials (2019), 210

An approach combining numerical simulations and experimental techniques is proposed to investigate the early-age properties of non-reinforced concrete. Both thermo-mechanical and fracture behaviors are ... [more ▼]

An approach combining numerical simulations and experimental techniques is proposed to investigate the early-age properties of non-reinforced concrete. Both thermo-mechanical and fracture behaviors are studied, providing a deep insight into the hydration process. This work makes an important step in understanding the effects of hydration on the performance of cement-based materials. More specifically, in the first part, the shrinkage and fracture properties of a non-reinforced concrete have been experimentally considered, along with the characterization of several material parameters. The experimental results exhibit a high risk of early-age cracking for this kind of concrete. Especially, the fracture phenomena are complex, including multi-evolution-stages, initiation, propagation, stop-growing, and re-growing. In the second part, the computational modeling based on the phase field method of failure mechanism is applied to simulate the thermal, mechanical and fracture behavior due to early-age hydration. A detailed discussion on the identification of model/material parameters and the construction of numerical model including the boundary conditions is given. We provide the following comparison between predictions of the numerical simulation with the experimental observations. An excellent predictive capability of the computational model is noted. More importantly, this work demonstrates the performance of the proposed approach, which requires only a few tests to identify the model inputs. Most of the chemo-thermal parameters can be theoretically determined based on the concrete mix and the chemical/mineral compositions of the cement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (26 UL)
Full Text
See detailInvestigation of crack development in a fairfaced replacement screed based on fiber-reinforced concrete
Weiler, Michael UL

Doctoral thesis (2017)

In the present study, a design concept for unreinforced, cement-bound concrete floors is presented. The work concentrates on cracking caused by shrinkage of the concrete used. The central components of ... [more ▼]

In the present study, a design concept for unreinforced, cement-bound concrete floors is presented. The work concentrates on cracking caused by shrinkage of the concrete used. The central components of the work are a numerical model (Finite element model) which, taking into account all time-dependent material parameters and with the aid of a simple calculation approach, is able to predict crack paths on sharp edges. In addition, with the help of the model, it is possible to simulate the curling of the corners of a float mounted concrete floor. For this purpose, the required material parameters (static elastic modulus, uniaxial tensile strength) were investigated under laboratory conditions and compared with prognosis values of an available prognosis software and with the analytical prognosis approach of DIN EN 1992-1-1: 2011-01. In a first step, the crack formation and crack development on a small, H-shaped concrete sample were examined and a crack path was calculated using a first numerical approach. This first numerical approach was subsequently validated on large-scale surfaces. On the basis of the large-scale experiments, the numerical model was further developed with regard to curling of concrete floors. All experiments were calculated with the approach of element failure method (EFM) using the commercial finite element software ANSYS. The design concept is completed by a parameter study. By means of this parameter study, it is possible to identify the parameters which decisively influences cracking. The present work thus makes an important contribution to the numerical modelling of damage in unreinforced concrete structures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (17 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConcept to predict crack initiation and crack development in fairfaced concrete screeds
Weiler, Michael UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL

in Beushausen, Hans (Ed.) Performance-based approaches for concrete structures (2016, November)

Within a research project of the Laboratory of Solid Structures of the University of Luxemburg, a design concept to predict cracks in various concrete structures will be developed. The current paper ... [more ▼]

Within a research project of the Laboratory of Solid Structures of the University of Luxemburg, a design concept to predict cracks in various concrete structures will be developed. The current paper presents the numerical investigation of crack initiation and crack development of an unreinforced cementitious fairfaced concrete floor. Thereby cracking of concrete is divided into cracking of an early stage and into cracking of a later stage. The present study deals with cracking of an early stage. Taking into account shrinkage and the chronological strength development of the used C20/25 concrete and with the use of the Element Failure Method (EFM) it will be possible to predict, within a Finite Element Analysis, a possible crack path spatial as well as temporal. For this purpose a finite element model, based on a commercial FE-Software is developed. The program is tested on H-shaped concrete specimen with an unfavorable size ratio between surface and volume. Besides, shrinkage on this specimen is hindered so that unplanned restrain forces has to occur. Using an algorithm the finite element program is able to calculate the model gradually for several load steps within a loop. Furthermore the net dependency of the EFM can be excluded by the use of suitable load steps. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 179 (43 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUntersuchung der Rissentwicklung an zementgebundenen Sichtestrichen
Weiler, Michael UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL

in Beton (2016), (66), 248-252

Detailed reference viewed: 319 (103 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInvestigation of crack development in a fairfaced concrete floor
Weiler, Michael UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL

in Concrete - Innovation and Design (2015)

The present work shows the crack behaviour of fairfaced concrete floors and the accurate prediction of cracking. The causes for cracking are various and can be divided into cracking of an early stage ... [more ▼]

The present work shows the crack behaviour of fairfaced concrete floors and the accurate prediction of cracking. The causes for cracking are various and can be divided into cracking of an early stage concrete and cracking of concrete of a later stage. Here the cracking of the concrete at an early stage due to shrinkage taking into account the strength evolution during hardening, will be analysed. Shrinkage causes a reduction of the structures’ volume, it tries to constringe. If the boundary conditions are inconvenient, it may cause cracks. Besides, there are thermal causes based on hydration. As a consequence thereof, the strength of concrete develops in the first days after pouring, too. When the concrete starts to cool down, strains may occur which leads to cracking. For that reason, an experimental investigative program is achieved. With the use of a large climate chamber, in which temperature and humidity can be varied, special specimen with a large surface to volume ratio is stored. An available prognosis software program will give the resulting strengths and internal temperatures at different locations and different instants of time of the investigated elements. These results will be implemented into the finite element models [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 211 (72 UL)
See detailSystemwände
Weiler, Michael UL

Speeches/Talks (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (15 UL)