References of "Vainikainen, Mari-Pauliina"
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See detailA need for cognition scale for children and adolescents: Structural analysis and measurement invariance
Keller, Ulrich UL; Strobel, Anja; Wollschläger, Rachel UL et al

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2016), advance online publication

Need for Cognition (NFC) signifies “the tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy thinking” (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982, p. 116). Up to now, no scale of sufficient psychometric quality existed to ... [more ▼]

Need for Cognition (NFC) signifies “the tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy thinking” (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982, p. 116). Up to now, no scale of sufficient psychometric quality existed to assess NFC in children. Using data from three independent, diverse cross-sectional samples from Germany, Luxembourg, and Finland, we examined the psychometric properties of a new NFC scale intended to fill in this gap. In all samples, across grades levels ranging from 1 to 9, confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the hypothesized nested factor structure based on Mussel’s (2013) Intellect model, with one general factor Think influencing all items and two specific factors Seek and Conquer each influencing a subset of items. At least partial scalar measurement invariance with regard to grade level and sex could be demonstrated. The scale exhibited good psychometric properties and showed convergent and discriminant validity with an established NFC scale and other non-cognitive traits such as academic self-concept and interests. It incrementally predicted mostly statistically significant but relatively small portions of academic achievement variance over and above academic self-concept and interest. Implications for research on the development of NFC and its role as an investment trait in intellectual development are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIndividual differences in complex problem solving skills. How they evolve and what they imply.
Wüstenberg, Sascha; Greiff, Samuel UL; Vainikainen, Mari-Pauliina et al

in Journal of Educational Psychology (2016), 108(7), 1028-1044

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See detailNeed for Cognition bei Kindern und Jugendlichen: Korrelate und Zusammenhänge mit Intelligenz und schulischer Leistung
Strobel, Anja; Luong, Cäcilia; Greiff, Samuel UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, September)

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See detailKomplexes Problemlösen und sein Bezug zu Need For Cognition
Rudolph, Julia UL; Hardt, Katinka UL; Preckel, Franzis et al

Scientific Conference (2014, September)

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See detailDie Vorhersage von Lehrereinschätzungen und Lehrererwartungen in Finnland: Ein mehrebenenanalytischer Ansatz
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele; Preckel, Franzis; Greiff, Samuel UL et al

Scientific Conference (2014, September)

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See detailHow gender influences performance assessment. Teacher-student gender interaction in focus.
Krkovic, Katarina UL; Greiff, Samuel UL; Kupiainen, Sirkku et al

Scientific Conference (2014, August)

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See detailTeacher evaluation of student ability: what roles do teacher gender, student gender, and their interaction play?
Krkovic, Katarina UL; Greiff, Samuel UL; Kupiainen, Sirkku et al

in Educational Research (2014)

Background: Recent decades have been marked by an extensive movement to analyze bias in people’s thinking, especially in gender-related issues. Studies have addressed the question of gender bias in ... [more ▼]

Background: Recent decades have been marked by an extensive movement to analyze bias in people’s thinking, especially in gender-related issues. Studies have addressed the question of gender bias in classrooms on different levels—the use of gender in books, learning opportunities determined by students’ gender, or teachers’ gender preferences. Purpose: In this study, we aim to answer the question of whether and under which circumstances the interaction between teacher gender and student gender positively or negatively influences teachers’ evaluations of students’ performance, while controlling for objective measures of students’ performance. For instance, it could be possible that a teacher with the same gender as a student evaluates the student as better than opposite-gender students, independent of their objective performance. Sample: The sample consisted of n > 1,500 Finnish 6th grade students (Mage= 12.67) and their respective class teachers. Design and methods: Students completed several academic skills tests, including a mathematical thinking test, reading comprehension test, and scientific reasoning test. Furthermore, teachers provided their evaluation of each student, evaluating students’ performance in different school subjects and answering questions regarding their probability of academic success. To test whether the teacher-student gender interaction had an effect on the criterion variable, i.e. teachers’ evaluation of the students’ performance, multilevel analyses accounting for between- and within-class effects were applied. Thereby, the effect of students’ objective performance on teachers’ evaluation of the students and main effects of gender were controlled for as covariates. Results: The main results indicated that the interaction between student and teacher gender did not influence teachers’ evaluation of the students. However, regardless of their gender, teachers tended to evaluate girls as better than boys in first language performance (i.e. Finnish language) and potential for success in school. Teacher gender did not influence the evaluation. Conclusions: The results of the study suggest that the interaction between teacher and student gender is unlikely to be a source of possible bias in the evaluations of students in the Finnish educational system. [less ▲]

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