References of "Toulemonde, Eric"
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See detailOn monopolistic competition and optimal product diversity: workers' rents also matter
Picard, Pierre M. UL; Toulemonde, Eric

in Canadian Journal of Economics (2009), 42(4), 1347-1360

In the Dixit-Stiglitz model of monopolistic competition, entry of rms is socially too small. Other authors have shown that excess entry is also a possibility with other preferences for diversity. We show ... [more ▼]

In the Dixit-Stiglitz model of monopolistic competition, entry of rms is socially too small. Other authors have shown that excess entry is also a possibility with other preferences for diversity. We show that workers rents also contribute to explain excess entry through a general equilibrium mechanism. Larger wages indeed raises the aggregate earnings and rms sales and pro ts, which entices too many rms to enter. We discuss the possibility of over-provision of varieties by comparing the equilibrium to unconstrained and constrained social optima and to other regulatory framework where wages are not controlled. [less ▲]

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See detailUnions and Firms Agglomeration
Toulemonde, Eric; Picard, Pierre M UL

in European Economic Review (2006), 50(3), 669-694

Economic geography models predict the agglomeration of manufacturing activies only if the workforce is mobile. Still, as the E.U.’s experience shows, core–periphery patterns exist even though the ... [more ▼]

Economic geography models predict the agglomeration of manufacturing activies only if the workforce is mobile. Still, as the E.U.’s experience shows, core–periphery patterns exist even though the workforce is rather immobile. The paper provides a theoretical explanation for such core–periphery patterns through the effect that unions have on firms’ incentive to agglomerate in a region. The paper offers fully analytical results about location equilibria and some interesting welfare properties. [less ▲]

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See detailEndogenous Qualifications and Firms' Agglomeration
Toulemonde, Eric; Picard, Pierre M UL

in Journal of Urban Economics (2004), 55(3), 458-477

This paper analyzes firms' location when workers endogenously choose to qualify for professional skills but when they remain uncertain about the potential match between their personal abilities and/or ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes firms' location when workers endogenously choose to qualify for professional skills but when they remain uncertain about the potential match between their personal abilities and/or affinities and the firms' specific production tasks. By qualifying in a region where firms agglomerate, workers benefit from higher prospects of good match. At the equilibrium, we show that firms may locate in a single cluster, symmetric clusters or even asymmetric clusters. Comparative statics with respect to product market demand and labor supply parameters are provided. [less ▲]

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See detailRegional Asymmetries: Economies of Agglomeration Versus Unionized Labor Markets
Picard, Pierre M UL; Toulemonde, Eric

in Regional Science & Urban Economics (2003), 33(2), 223-49

We study the geographical location of a unionized manufacturing industry under technological externalities. When firms benefit from locating in the vicinity of similar firms, we show that they locate in ... [more ▼]

We study the geographical location of a unionized manufacturing industry under technological externalities. When firms benefit from locating in the vicinity of similar firms, we show that they locate in symmetric, partially asymmetric or single clusters.We examine the effects of changes in the productivity parameters, in the product demand parameters and in the union characteristics. Finally, we explore the possibility of hysteresis in firm location and we analyze the welfare implication of a change in union power. [less ▲]

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See detailTaxation and Labor Markets
Picard, Pierre M UL; Toulemonde, Eric

in Journal of Economics (2002), 78(1), 29-56

We exploit the common features of models such as union-firm wage bargaining, search and efficiency wage models to develop a framework that can be used for analyzing the effects of any budget-neutral tax ... [more ▼]

We exploit the common features of models such as union-firm wage bargaining, search and efficiency wage models to develop a framework that can be used for analyzing the effects of any budget-neutral tax reform on employment in these models. We show that taxes paid by workers are not equivalent to taxes paid by firms when taxes are non linear. Moreover, increasing progressivity is good for employment in these models. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Equivalence of Taxes Paid by Employers and Employees
Picard, Pierre M UL; Toulemonde, Eric

in Scottish Journal of Political Economy (2001), 48(4), 461-70

In this paper we study the employment effects of a budget neutral restructuring of taxes levied on employers and employees. We derive conditions for taxes levied on workers to have the same employment ... [more ▼]

In this paper we study the employment effects of a budget neutral restructuring of taxes levied on employers and employees. We derive conditions for taxes levied on workers to have the same employment effects as taxes levied on firms under standard processes of wage determination. [less ▲]

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