References of "Theodorsson, E"
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See detailAn epithelial-dependent contracting factor induced by calcium influx in guinea-pig trachea
Bertrand, C.; Da Silva, A.; Landry, Y. et al

in Pulmonary Pharmacology (1993), 6(1), 69-76

The effects of epithelium removal were studied on the contraction induced by Ca2+ in K(+)-depolarizing solution, and by the calcium ionophore A 23187 in guinea-pig isolated tracheal strips. Epithelium ... [more ▼]

The effects of epithelium removal were studied on the contraction induced by Ca2+ in K(+)-depolarizing solution, and by the calcium ionophore A 23187 in guinea-pig isolated tracheal strips. Epithelium removal reduced the maximal response to Ca2+ in K(+)-depolarizing solution and caused a significant shift to the right of the Ca2+ concentration-response curves. The contraction induced by the calcium ionophore A 23187 (10(-6) M) was also markedly reduced by epithelium removal. These results suggest the occurrence of an epithelium-derived contracting factor. The effects of hexamethonium, atropine, spantide and thiorphan showed that acetylcholine and neurokinins play a minor role in the Ca(2+)-induced contraction. The epithelium-dependent potentiation of the calcium- and of the A 23187-induced contractions was inhibited by an antibody selective for rat calcitonin gene-related peptide (rCGRP alpha). Therefore, CGRP-like immunoreactive material may be part of the epithelium-dependent contracting factor of guinea-pig trachea. Comparison of concentration-response curves for rCGRP alpha in epithelium-free and in intact guinea-pig tracheal strips suggests that an epithelium-dependent contracting factor may be mobilized by CGRP. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for the involvement of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the epithelium-dependent contraction of guinea-pig trachea in response to capsaicin
Tschirhart, Eric UL; Bertrand, C.; Theodorsson, E. et al

in Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (1990), 342(2), 177-81

Capsaicin (10(-9) to 10(-5) M) contracted guinea-pig tracheal strips. Epithelium-containing tracheal strips developed a maximum active tension which was significantly higher than that observed in ... [more ▼]

Capsaicin (10(-9) to 10(-5) M) contracted guinea-pig tracheal strips. Epithelium-containing tracheal strips developed a maximum active tension which was significantly higher than that observed in epithelium-free strips. Anti-CGRP (calcitonin gene-related peptide) serum blocked the epithelium-dependent potentiation of the capsaicin-induced contraction in the intact tracheal strips, without affecting the response of the epithelium-free strips. This result suggests the occurrence of an epithelium-dependent release of CGRP. This same serum markedly reduced the contraction induced by exogenous rat CGRP in both intact and epithelium-free tracheal strips. In epithelium-free tracheal strips, capsaicin-induced contraction was abolished by spantide (10(-6) and 10(-5) M), a substance P antagonist, but, in intact tracheal strips, spantide did not abolish the capsaicin-induced contraction, showing that both CGRP and substance P release are directly induced by capsaicin. Moreover, the contractile responses to rat CGRP of intact tracheal strips from guinea pig suggest that CGRP itself might be able to release a contracting factor from the airway epithelium. Therefore, CGRP originating from the airway epithelium may play a major role in the control of airway smooth muscle tone. [less ▲]

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