References of "Spitz, E"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’estime ressentie en accomplissant le rôle d’aidant naturel et ses déterminants psychosociaux
Bucki, Barbara UL; Spitz, E.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in La pratique: un lieu de théorie (2011)

Avec l’augmentation des accidents vasculaires cérébraux (AVC), améliorer le bien-être des aidants naturels (AN) est devenu une priorité. Quels sont les déterminants psychosociaux de l’estime ressentie par ... [more ▼]

Avec l’augmentation des accidents vasculaires cérébraux (AVC), améliorer le bien-être des aidants naturels (AN) est devenu une priorité. Quels sont les déterminants psychosociaux de l’estime ressentie par les AN en accomplissant ce rôle ? Méthodologie. Sur une période de 12 mois, les personnes victimes d’un AVC deux ans auparavant, dont le diagnostic a été confirmé, vivant au Luxembourg et ayant donné leur consentement, ont désigné leur AN principal. Etude nationale transversale menée au domicile. Instruments : - Caregiver Reaction Assessment : estime de l’aide, manque de soutien familial, impacts financier, sur l’emploi du temps, sur la santé générale. - Carer Satisfaction of Community Services : services socio-sanitaires et éducatifs - Aides à domicile utilisées : soins corporels, repas, ménage, sorties, courses Résultats. Taux participation 26,5 % ; 48 AN (59,5 ±12,3 ans). Régression multiple (R²ajusté=.230) : une estime élevée est associée à un faible impact de l’aide sur la santé (β=.479***) et un recours important aux aides à domicile (β=.351**). Discussion. Il est possible de valoriser le rôle d’AN en motivant les aidants à utiliser les services disponibles pour les soulager dans leurs tâches quotidiennes. Les soutiens psychologiques peuvent également intégrer le concept de « health capability » pour renforcer l’acquisition de cette estime. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 241 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial support and subsequent premature mortality, gender disparities and role of potential confounders.
Chau, N.; Otero-Sierra, C.; Ravaud, J. F. et al

in Psychology & Health (2010), suppl

To assess the association between social support and subsequent premature mortality (PM) (<70 years), gender difference, and the confounding role of age, occupation, health-related behaviors, obesity, and ... [more ▼]

To assess the association between social support and subsequent premature mortality (PM) (<70 years), gender difference, and the confounding role of age, occupation, health-related behaviors, obesity, and diseases. Methods: 4118 subjects (2189 men, 1929 women), aged >15 years, randomly selected in north-eastern France, completed in 1996 a postal questionnaire gathering characteristics, smoking, alcohol abuse, obesity, social support from colleagues/family/friends, and physician-diagnosed diseases. The cohort was followed-up until 2008 (12.5 years). Data were analyzed using Poisson models. Results: There were 165 PM (115 men, 50 women) during the follow-up. For all the cohort, social support was strongly associated with PM: crude relative risk (RR) 2.09 (95%CI 1.53-2.85). It decreased to 1.52 (1.11-2.09) when adjusted for age, 1.46 (1.06-2.00) with further adjustment for occupation, 1.44 (1.04-1.98) with further adjustment for smoking, alcohol abuse and obesity, and 1.28 (0.92-1.78) when diseases (cancer, diabetes, mental, nervous-system, cardiovascular, respiratory, genitourinary and musculoskeletal diseases) were taken into account. Similar results were found for men: crude RR 2.46 decreasing to 1.81, 1.70, 1.60, 1.45 respectively. But not for women: close-to-significant crude RR 1.57 (small number of PM). Conclusions: Social support influenced PM in men but not in women. Occupation, health behaviours, and diseases play a role. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial disparities and correlates of domestic accidents.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Spitz, E.; Ravaud, J. et al

in Psychology & Health (2009)

Domestic accidents are a public health problem. This study assessed the disparities between socioeconomic positions and the confounding role of gender, age, education, living alone, income, poor health ... [more ▼]

Domestic accidents are a public health problem. This study assessed the disparities between socioeconomic positions and the confounding role of gender, age, education, living alone, income, poor health, obesity, current tobacco use, alcohol abuse, fatigue/sleep disorders, and physical, sensorial and cognitive disabilities. Methods: 6,198 people aged ≥15, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire including domestic accident(s) during the last two years. The data were analyzed via logistic models. Findings: Domestic accidents affected 3.1% of subjects. Manual workers and clerks had higher risks (age-gender adjusted OR 1.6, 95%CI 1.1-2.6 and 1.5, 1.0-2.4) compared with the other socioeconomic groups. These differences became non significant when controlling for all covariates of which those significant were: sex, current tobacco use, alcohol abuse, and fatigue/sleep disorders (adjusted odds ratios 1.48-1.88). Discussion: There are social disparities in domestic accidents, and they are confounded by sex, substance use, and fatigue/sleep disorders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial inequalities and correlates of alcohol abuse among young adults.
Spitz, E.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2008), 23(suppl. 1), 242

is a public health problem. This study assessed social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults and whether they were mediated by psychological and social characteristics. Methods: 1,905 people ... [more ▼]

is a public health problem. This study assessed social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults and whether they were mediated by psychological and social characteristics. Methods: 1,905 people aged 18-34, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire. The data were analyzed via logistic models. Findings: Alcohol abuse was common: 18.7%. Compared with upper/intermediate professionals, significant OR adjusted for sex were found for manual workers (159, 95%CI 1.05-2.42) and employees (1.55, 1.02-2.37) but not for other professionals, students, housewives, and unemployed people. Adjusting for all confounders did not reduce the OR for manual workers (1.48) and employees (1.56). The significant confounders were: sex, living alone, poor health, hearing/cognitive disabilities, being not-sociable, aggressive, and low income (1.28≤OR≤4.25). Discussion: There are social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults, but they are slightly mediated by individual confounders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDétresse psychologique et stratégies de coping des étudiants en première année universitaire
Spitz, E.; Constantini, ML.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Revue Francophone du Stress et du Trauma (2007), 7(3), 215-225

Detailed reference viewed: 330 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDo male and female adolescents differ in the effect of individual and family characteristics on their use of psychotropic drugs?
Spitz, E.; Chau, N.; Predine, R. et al

in Abstract book of 10th European Congress of Psychology (2007)

Objectives. To assess the effects of individual and family characteristics on psychotropic drug use among male and female adolescents. Design and methods. The sample included 2,396 subjects attending two ... [more ▼]

Objectives. To assess the effects of individual and family characteristics on psychotropic drug use among male and female adolescents. Design and methods. The sample included 2,396 subjects attending two middle schools and two high schools. Respondents completed self-administered questionnaires covering gender, age, body mass index, smoking, alcohol use, illicit drug use, tiredness during the daytime, self-reported personality traits, family conditions, and psychotropic drug use. The data were analyzed using logistic models. Results. The prevalence of frequent psychotropic drug use (for headache, tiredness, nervousness/anxiety, insomnia) was 43.0% overall; twice as high among girls than boys. In girls, frequent psychotropic drug use was associated with frequent tiredness during the daytime (adjusted odds ratio OR 2.03, 95%CI 1.61-2.57), smoking (2.02, 1.50-2.71), alcohol use (1.34, 1.04-1.74), higher body mass index (18 kg/m2, 1.54, 1.16-2.04), poor family atmosphere (1.33, 1.03-1.72), and being worried (1.93, 1.53-2.43) or easily becoming irritable (1.28, 1.01-1.62). In boys the factors with significant ORs were frequent tiredness during the daytime (2.21, 1.67-2.93), alcohol use (1.52, 1.15-2.01), and being worried (1.70, 1.28-2.26) or easily becoming irritable (1.42, 1.06-1.89); univariate analysis revealed a significant relationship with smoking and family atmosphere. An association was also observed for illicit drug in both sexes and for age17 years in girls. Conclusions. Individual and family characteristics have marked influences on psychotropic drug use among both male and female adolescents. This finding may be useful for the psychologists, the physicians, the parents and the school staff to be more aware of the risks and to find remedial measures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssociations between multiple deprivation and tobacco, alcohol, and psychotropic drug use
Baumann, Michèle UL; Spitz, E.; Chau, N.

in Proceedings of 10th European Congress
of Psychology
(2007)

Objectives. To assess the relationships of multiple deprivation and gender differences towards tobacco, alcohol and psychotropic drug use. Design and methods. The sample included 6,216 subjects, aged 15 ... [more ▼]

Objectives. To assess the relationships of multiple deprivation and gender differences towards tobacco, alcohol and psychotropic drug use. Design and methods. The sample included 6,216 subjects, aged 15 years, randomly selected in north-eastern France who completed a mailed questionnaire. Data were analyzed with the logistic model. Results. Multiple deprivation (noted MD, defined by the cumulative number of: low educational level, manual worker, unemployment, living alone, nationality (other than Western Europe), low income, and non-home-ownership) concerned many people: 37.4% for MD1, 21.2% for MD2, 10.0% for MD≥3. Tobacco and excess alcohol use was more frequent in men than in women (30.2% vs. 21.9%, 12.5% vs. 3.3%, p<0.001) contrarily to frequent psychotropic drug use (for headache, tiredness, nervousness/anxiety, insomnia, 23.8% vs. 41.0%, p<0.001). The MD was strongly related to tobacco use (odds ratio 1.16, 95%CI 1.00-1.34 for MD1; 1.49, 1.27-1.74 for MD2; 1.93, 1.59-2.35 for MD≥3; vs. MD0) as well as to excess alcohol use (1.19, 0.94-1.52 for MD1; 1.32, 1.01-1.73 for MD2; 1.80, 1.32-2.46 for MD≥3; vs. MD0) and to frequent psychotropic drug use (1.26, 1.11-1.44 for MD1; 1.51, 1.30-1.75 for MD2; 1.91, 1.58-2.30 for MD≥3; vs. MD0). Marked relationships were observed between the MD and the use of those substances in active/non-retired inactive men and women (except for excess alcohol use in female). In retired people, the MD was associated with tobacco and psychotropic use in men only. Conclusion. Multiple deprivation may favour tobacco, alcohol and psychotropic drug use. The psychologists may find gender differences remedial measures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEtude comparative sur la santé des étudiants.
Ionescu; Spitz, E.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Caiete Sociologice (2007), 5

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDo male and female adolescents differ in the effect of individual and family characteristics on their use of psychotropic drugs?
Baumann, Michèle UL; Spitz, E.; Predine, R. et al

in European Journal of Pediatrics (2007), 166(1), 29-35

This study assesses the effects of individual and family characteristics on psychotropic drug use among male and female adolescents. The sample included 2,396 subjects attending two middle schools and two ... [more ▼]

This study assesses the effects of individual and family characteristics on psychotropic drug use among male and female adolescents. The sample included 2,396 subjects attending two middle schools and two high schools. Respondents completed self-administered questionnaires covering gender, age, body mass index, smoking, alcohol use, illicit drug use, tiredness during the daytime, selfreported personality traits, family conditions, and psychotropic drug use. The data were analyzed using logistic models. The prevalence of frequent psychotropic drug use (for headache, tiredness, nervousness, anxiety, insomnia) was 43.0% overall; twice as high among girls than boys. Among the girls, frequent psychotropic drug use was associated with frequent tiredness during the daytime (adjusted odds ratio OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.61–2.57), smoking(2.02, 1.50–2.71), alcohol use (1.34, 1.04–1.74), higher body mass index (>18 kg/m2, 1.54, 1.16–2.04), poor family atmosphere (1.33, 1.03–1.72), and being worried (1.93, 1.53–2.43) or easily becoming irritable (1.28, 1.01–1.62). In boys the factors with significant ORs were frequent tiredness during the daytime (2.21, 1.67–2.93), alcohol use (1.52, 1.15–2.01), and being worried (1.70, 1.28–2.26) or easily becoming irritable (1.42, 1.06–1.89); univariate analysis revealed a significant relationship with smoking and family atmosphere. An association was also observed for illicit drugs in both sexes and for age≥17 years in girls. Individual and family characteristics have marked influence on psychotropic drug use among both male and female adolescents. Preventive measures should be taken to make adolescents and their parents more aware of the risks and to improve their living conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDéveloppement et validation d'un questionnaire de qualité de vie spécifique de l'arthrose de hanche et de genou: l'AMIQUAL (Arthrose des Membres Inférieurs et QUALité de vie)
Rat, A. C.; Pouchot, J.; Coste, J. et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2006), 73(12), 1364-1372

Développer un instrument de qualité de vie (QV) spécifique de l’arthrose du genou et de la hanche (AMIQUAL) et étudier sa validité et sa reproductibilité. Méthodes. – Soixante-dix-neuf patients et 28 ... [more ▼]

Développer un instrument de qualité de vie (QV) spécifique de l’arthrose du genou et de la hanche (AMIQUAL) et étudier sa validité et sa reproductibilité. Méthodes. – Soixante-dix-neuf patients et 28 professionnels de la santé ont participé à des entretiens individuels ou de groupe. L’analyse de contenu des entretiens a permis d’extraire une liste de 80 items potentiels. Quarante-six de ces 80 items ont été sélectionnés sur leur contenu pour former la version 1.0 de l’AMIQUAL. Les propriétés psychométriques de l’instrument ont été étudiées chez des patients suivis pour coxarthrose ou gonarthrose définies selon les critères d’Altman. Résultats. – L’analyse psychométrique de l’AMIQUAL (1.0) complété par 263 patients a permis d’exclure trois items supplémentaires pour aboutir à une version 2.3 du questionnaire. L’analyse en composantes principales a identifié quatre facteurs : « Activités Physiques », « Santé Mentale », « Activités Sociales » et « Soutien Social ». Une dimension « Douleur » a secondairement été individualisée. L’analyse des dimensions a montré que la reproductibilité, la validité de construction et les capacités discriminantes de l’instrument étaient satisfaisantes. Les réponses moyennes standardisées étaient proches de 1 pour les dimensions « Douleur » et « Activités Physiques » et de 0,7 pour la dimension « Santé Mentale » témoignant d’une bonne validité longitudinale après mise en place d’une prothèse. Conclusions. – L’AMIQUAL est le premier instrument de QV spécifique de l’arthrose des membres inférieurs. Il est capable de capturer les aspects spécifiques de la QV des patients et possède les propriétés psychométriques requises pour être utilisé dans des études longitudinales. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (0 UL)