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See detailDynamic regulation of microRNA expression following interferonγ- induced gene transcription
Reinsbach, Susanne UL; Nazarov, P. V.; Philippidou, Demetra UL et al

in RNA Biology (2012), 9(7), 987-989

MicroRNAs are major players in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Even small changes in miRNA levels may have profound consequences for the expression levels of target genes. Hence, miRNAs themselves ... [more ▼]

MicroRNAs are major players in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Even small changes in miRNA levels may have profound consequences for the expression levels of target genes. Hence, miRNAs themselves need to be tightly, albeit dynamically, regulated. Here, we investigated the dynamic behavior of miRNAs over a wide time range following stimulation of melanoma cells with interferonγ (IFNγ), which activates the transcription factor STAT1. By applying several bioinformatic and statistical software tools for visualization and identification of differentially expressed miRNAs derived from time-series microarray experiments, 8.9% of 1105 miRNAs appeared to be directly or indirectly regulated by STAT1. Focusing on distinct dynamic expression patterns, we found that the majority of robust miRNA expression changes occurred in the intermediate time range (24-48 h). Three miRNAs (miR-27a, miR-30a and miR-34a) had a delayed regulation occurring at 72 h while none showed significant expression changes at early time points between 30 min and 6 h. Expression patterns of individual miRNAs were altered gradually over time or abruptly increased or decreased between two time points. Furthermore, we observed coordinated dynamic transcription of most miRNA clusters while few were found to be regulated independently of their genetic cluster. Most interestingly, several "star" or passenger strand sequences were specifically regulated over time while their "guide" strands were not. © 2012 Landes Bioscience. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation and characterization of the C3b-binding entity of C3b-receptor from human erythrocytes.
Mussel, H. H.; Ehlen, T.; Schmitt, Michèle UL et al

in Immunology letters (1982), 4(1), 1-6

Applying 2 M KBr, membranes of Ehu were solubilized. By C3-affinity chromatography an activity could be isolated that inhibited the immune adherence reaction and C3b-dependent rosette formation. Since ... [more ▼]

Applying 2 M KBr, membranes of Ehu were solubilized. By C3-affinity chromatography an activity could be isolated that inhibited the immune adherence reaction and C3b-dependent rosette formation. Since this material did not agglutinate EAC14oxy23b we termed it monovalent C3b receptor (mC3bR). PAGE and SDS-PAGE and staining with Coomassie brilliant blue and PAS reagent revealed a single glycoprotein band with a mol. wt. of 55,000-60,000 daltons and an electrophoretic mobility comparable to ovalbumin. This mC3bR proved to be antigenetically related to gp 205 [17]. The potential of mC3bR to react with C3b-carrying particles was not destroyed by heat and trypsin treatment but by neuraminidase or periodic acid treatment suggesting that mC3bR reacted by its carbohydrate moiety with C3b. As by mC3bR, immune adherence could be inhibited by D-glucose and D-galactose but not by their optical antipodes, L-glucose and L-galactose. [less ▲]

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