References of "Schmidt, Ulrich"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailConfronting the Represetantive Consumer with Household-Size Heterogeneity
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schroeder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

Report (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (5 UL)
See detailConfronting the Representative Consumer with Household-Size Heterogeneity
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schroeder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

Report (2010)

Much analysis in macroeconomics empirically addresses economy-wide incentives behind consumer/investment choices by using insights from the way a single representative household would behave ... [more ▼]

Much analysis in macroeconomics empirically addresses economy-wide incentives behind consumer/investment choices by using insights from the way a single representative household would behave. Heterogeneity at the micro level can jeopardize attempts to back up the representative consumer construct with microfoundations. One complex aspect of micro-level heterogeneity is household size, as individuals living in multi-member households have the potential to share goods within the household, benefiting from household-size economies. Theoretically, we show that validating the role of a representative consumer would require that the way individuals benefit from intra-household sharing is strictly aligned across the rich and the poor: once expenditures for subsistence needs are subtracted from disposable household income, household-size economies the remainder (discretionary) household incomes entail must be the same across the rich and the poor. We have designed a survey method that allows the testing of this stringent property of intra-household sharing and find that it holds. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNon-Market Household Time and the cost of Children
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schröder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

in Journal of Business and Economic Statistics (2009), 27(1), 42-51

Raising children demands a considerable amount of parental time, obliging working parents either to reduce their leisure time further or to buy childcare services in the market. Parents may face ... [more ▼]

Raising children demands a considerable amount of parental time, obliging working parents either to reduce their leisure time further or to buy childcare services in the market. Parents may face additional opportunity costs upon deciding to participate in the labor market, but these are difficult to measure. Using a survey instrument in Belgium and Germany, we estimate the income compensation needed to maintain family well-being when adults work versus when they do not enter the labor market. In both countries we find that full-time working parents face extra child costs and require higher labor market participation compensation compared with childless adults. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 142 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailArbeitslosengeld II: Arbeitsanreize und Verteilungsgerechtigkeit
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schröder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

in Wirtschaftsdienst (Hamburg, Germany : 1949) (2008), 88(7), 461-466

Die Zusammenlegung von Arbeitslosen- und Sozialhilfe hatte unter anderem das Ziel, die Arbeitsanreize für arbeitsfähige Leistungsempfänger zu stärken. Wie sind die Anreizwirkungen zu bewerten? Wirkt ... [more ▼]

Die Zusammenlegung von Arbeitslosen- und Sozialhilfe hatte unter anderem das Ziel, die Arbeitsanreize für arbeitsfähige Leistungsempfänger zu stärken. Wie sind die Anreizwirkungen zu bewerten? Wirkt der durch Arbeitslosengeld II erreichbare Lebensstandard negativ bei der Entscheidung für eine Arbeitsaufnahme? Werden kinderreiche Familien bei den ALG-II-Leistungen benachteiligt? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)
See detailFamily-Type Subsistence Incomes
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schroeder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

Report (2006)

Different family types may have a fixed flow of consumption costs, related to subsistence needs. We use a survey method in order to identify and estimate such a fixed component of spending for different ... [more ▼]

Different family types may have a fixed flow of consumption costs, related to subsistence needs. We use a survey method in order to identify and estimate such a fixed component of spending for different families. Our method involves making direct questions about the linkup between aggregate disposable family income and well-being for different family types. Conducting our survey in six countries, Germany, France, Cyprus, China, India and Botswana, we provide evidence that fixed costs of consumption are embedded in welfare evaluations of respondents. More precisely, we find that the formalized relationship between welfare-retaining aggregate family incomes across different family types, suggested by Donaldson and Pendakur (2005) and termed “Generalized Absolute Equivalence Scale Exactness,” is prevalent and robust in our data. We use this relationship to identify subsistence needs of different family types and to calculate income inequality. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the Income Dependence of Equivalence Scales
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schröder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

in Journal of Public Economics (2005), 89(5-6), 967-996

Household consumption exhibits economies of scale as the number of household members increases. We collect survey data from two countries, Germany and France, in order to obtain direct subjective ... [more ▼]

Household consumption exhibits economies of scale as the number of household members increases. We collect survey data from two countries, Germany and France, in order to obtain direct subjective estimates of household consumption economies of scale, and, in particular, to examine an additional dimension: whether household consumption economies of scale change as living standards go up. Our data from both countries indicate strongly that household economies of scale increase as the living standard goes up. We discuss the robustness of our survey method and compare our results to these of alternative estimation methods in the literature. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProperties of Equivalence Scales in Different Countries
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schröder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

in Journal of Economics (2005), 86

Recent studies in high-income industrialized countries have shown that equivalence scales are income-dependent. We investigate whether this dependence also holds in poorer, services oriented countries, by ... [more ▼]

Recent studies in high-income industrialized countries have shown that equivalence scales are income-dependent. We investigate whether this dependence also holds in poorer, services oriented countries, by considering the example of Cyprus. We also examine whether household economies of scale and relative children costs differ. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (2 UL)
See detailOn the Income Dependence of Equivalence Scales
Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Schroder, Carsten; Schmidt, Ulrich

Report (2004)

We suggest a simple survey method for obtaining direct subjective estimates of equivalence scales, also appropriate for testing whether equivalence scales depend on reference-household income. We ... [more ▼]

We suggest a simple survey method for obtaining direct subjective estimates of equivalence scales, also appropriate for testing whether equivalence scales depend on reference-household income. We implement our approach in two countries, Germany and France. In both countries independence of base is rejected. In particular, we find that equivalence scales depend negatively on reference income, an indication of increasing economies of scale in household consumption as living standards go up. Our estimation method is non-parametric, and it allows us to test generalized equivalence-scale exactness, which is not rejected in any of our samples. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (1 UL)