References of "Puschel, A. W"
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See detailSeparate elements cause lineage restriction and specify boundaries of Hox-1.1 expression.
Puschel, A. W.; Balling, Rudi UL; Gruss, P.

in Development (1991), 112(1), 279-87

The Hox genes are a class of putative developmental control genes that are thought to be involved in the specification of positional identity along the anteroposterior axis of the vertebrate embryo. It is ... [more ▼]

The Hox genes are a class of putative developmental control genes that are thought to be involved in the specification of positional identity along the anteroposterior axis of the vertebrate embryo. It is apparent from their expression pattern that their regulation is dependent upon positional information. In a previous analysis of the Hox-1.1 promoter in transgenic mice, we identified sequences that were sufficient to establish transgene expression in a specific region of the embryo. The construct used, however, did not contain enough regulatory sequences to reproduce all aspects of Hox-1.1 expression. In particular, neither a posterior boundary nor a restriction of expression to prevertebrae was achieved. Here we show correct regulation by Hox-1.1 sequences in transgenic mice and identify the elements responsible for different levels of control. Concomitant with the subdivision of mesodermal cells into different lineages during gastrulation and organogenesis, Hox-1.1 expression is restricted to successively smaller sets of cells. Distinct elements are required at different stages of development to execute this developmental programme. One position-responsive element (130 bp nontranslated leader) was shown to be crucial for the restriction of expression not only along the anteroposterior axis of the embryo, setting the posterior border, but also along the dorsoventral axis of the neural tube and to the lineage giving rise to the prevertebrae. Thus, Hox-1.1 expression is established in a specific region of the embryo and in a specific lineage of the mesoderm by restricting the activity of the promoter by the combined effect of several regulatory elements. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailPosition-specific activity of the Hox1.1 promoter in transgenic mice.
Puschel, A. W.; Balling, Rudi UL; Gruss, P.

in Development (1990), 108(3), 435-42

During development, positional values have to be assigned to groups of cells. The murine Hox genes are a class of genes that are predicted to be involved at some stage in this process. During ... [more ▼]

During development, positional values have to be assigned to groups of cells. The murine Hox genes are a class of genes that are predicted to be involved at some stage in this process. During embryogenesis they are expressed in distinct overlapping region- and stage-specific patterns and therefore must be regulated in response to positional information. In this study, we have analysed the activity of Hox1.1 promoter sequences in transgenic mice. The use of lacZ as a marker allows a detailed analysis of expression at the single cell level during early embryonic development. We show that 3.6 kbp of promoter and 1.7 kbp of 3' sequences provide sufficient regulatory information to express a transgene in a spatial and temporal manner indistinguishable from the endogenous Hox1.1 gene during the period of development when Hox1.1 expression is established. The activation occurs in a strict order in specific ectodermal and mesodermal domains. Within each of these domains the transgene is activated over a period of four hours apparently randomly in single cells. In a following second period, Hox1.1 and transgene expression patterns diverge. In this period, transgene expression persists in many mesodermally derived cells that do not express Hox1.1 indicating the absence of a negative regulatory element in the transgene. The anterior boundary of transgene expression is identical to that of Hox1.1. However, no posterior boundary of transgene expression is set, suggesting that a separate element absent from the transgene specifies this boundary. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (1 UL)