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See detailInvestigation on Localized States in GaN Nanowires
Polenta, L. UL; Rossi, M.; Cavallini, Anna et al

in ACS Nano (2008), 2

GaN nanowires with diameters ranging between 50 and 500 nm were investigated by electrical and photoinduced current techniques to determine the influence of their size on the opto-electronic behavior of ... [more ▼]

GaN nanowires with diameters ranging between 50 and 500 nm were investigated by electrical and photoinduced current techniques to determine the influence of their size on the opto-electronic behavior of nanodevices. The conductivity, photoconductivity, and persistent photoconductivity behavior of GaN nanowires are observed to strongly depend on the wire diameter. In particular, by spectral photoconductivity measurements, three main sub-band-gap optoelectronic transitions were detected, ascribed to the localized states giving rise to the characteristic blue, green, and yellow bands of GaN. Photoconductivity with below-band-gap excitation varies orders of magnitude with the wire diameter, similarly to that observed for near-band-edge excitation. Moreover, yellow-band-related signal shows a superlinear behavior with respect to the band-edge signal, offering new information for the modeling of the carrier recombination mechanism along the nanowires. The photoconductivity results agree well with a model which takes into account a uniform distribution of the localized states inside the wire and their direct recombination with the electrons in the conduction band. [less ▲]

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