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See detailThe Europeanisation of the Lithuanian party system: an uneven and limited process
Pigeonnier, Anne-Sylvie UL

Scientific Conference (2012, September 12)

The paper deals with the Europeanisation of the Lithuanian political parties from 1995 until today. The research question is to evaluate whether the European Union (EU) had an impact on the party system ... [more ▼]

The paper deals with the Europeanisation of the Lithuanian political parties from 1995 until today. The research question is to evaluate whether the European Union (EU) had an impact on the party system in Lithuania: How did the Lithuanian parties develop contacts with their European counterparts? Do they have one or several visions of the “Return to Europe”? How do they use the EU dimension in the internal arena? Are some parties more “Eurosceptic”? Presenting a framework for the analysis on Europeanisation and party systems, Ladrech (2002) identified five areas: (1) policy/programmatic content, (2) organisation, (3) patterns of party competition, (4) party-government relations, and (5) relations beyond the national party system. This paper focuses on the topics 1 and 5. First, it is explained, how the Lithuanian party system has integrated into the pan-European political parties’ networks. The “traditional” Lithuanian parties, established in the 1990s, have developed deep and stable contacts with their European counterparts. The “new” parties, founded in the beginning of the 2000s, have waited until Lithuania’s EU accession to take position in the European arena. Secondly, the paper analyses the content of the parties’ manifestos on the EU dimension in the pre- and post-accession period. From 2000, most of Lithuanian parties take into consideration the EU as a new environment. Their manifestos present a uniform and consensual vision of the European integration. After 2004, the EU almost disappears from the manifestos prepared for national elections. Lithuanian parties focus on the defense of national interests and seek to Europeanise the energy issue, in order to break Lithuania’s energy dependence towards Russia. All in all, the investigation of these two areas reveals that the EU has a small impact on the Lithuanian party system, mainly because of the strong consensus in the elite on the EU matters. [less ▲]

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See detailThe adaptation of the Baltic parliaments to the EU multilevel governance: The case of Lithuania
Pigeonnier, Anne-Sylvie UL

Presentation (2011, October 14)

While there is no lack of academic literature on national parliaments and European integration, empirical studies on the impact of the European Union on domestic legislatures are rare. This article is a ... [more ▼]

While there is no lack of academic literature on national parliaments and European integration, empirical studies on the impact of the European Union on domestic legislatures are rare. This article is a case study about the adaptation of the Baltic parliaments to the EU multilevel governance. In the 1990s, the Baltic States wishing to join the EU, their parliaments had to face the simultaneous challenges of democratisation, Europeanisation and modernisation. During the pre-Accession period they were involved in the EU matters through the transposition of the EU law and the monitoring of the Accession negotiations. Inter-parliamentary contacts with their European counterparts were developed. This facilitated the learning of “good practices” and rules established in the EU Member States parliaments. Just after the EU Accession, the legal frameworks of the Baltic Parliaments were reinforced according to the Scandinavian model of parliamentary scrutiny system on EU affairs. Legally speaking today the Baltic parliaments are more powerful actors, but some limits to their real effectiveness still exist. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailQuel avenir pour le nucléaire en Lituanie ?
Pigeonnier, Anne-Sylvie UL

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailLes élections municipales 2011 en Lituanie : des élections sans vainqueur ?
Pigeonnier, Anne-Sylvie UL

Article for general public (2011)

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