References of "Ottersten, Björn 50002797"
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See detailHybrid Analog-Digital Transceiver Designs for Cognitive Radio Millimiter Wave Systems
Tsinos, Christos UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Hybrid Analog-Digital Transceiver Designs for Cognitive Radio Millimiter Wave Systems (in press)

Recent advances in Milimeter wave (mmWave) band mobile communications may provide solutions to the increasing traffic demand in modern wireless systems. Even though mmWave bands are scarcely occupied, the ... [more ▼]

Recent advances in Milimeter wave (mmWave) band mobile communications may provide solutions to the increasing traffic demand in modern wireless systems. Even though mmWave bands are scarcely occupied, the design of a prospect transceiver should guarantee the efficient coexistence with the incumbent services in these bands. To that end, in this paper, two underlay cognitive transceiver designs are proposed based on a hybrid Analog/Digital transceiver architecture that enables the mmWave spectrum access while controlling the interference to the incumbent users with low hardware complexity and power consumption. The first cognitive solution designs a codebook free cognitive hybrid pre-coder by maximizing the mutual information between its two ends subject to interference, power and hardware constraints related to the analog counterpart. The second solution is codebook based and exhibits less complexity than the first one at the cost of inferior spectral efficiency. A novel codebook free solution for the post-coder at the cognitive receiver part is further proposed, based on a hardware constrained Minimum Mean Square Error criterion. Simulations study the performance of both the proposed hybrid approaches and compare it to the one of a fully digital solution for typical wireless environments. [less ▲]

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See detailPower Allocation for In-Band Full-Duplex Self-Backhauling
Lagunas, Eva UL; Lei, Lei UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP), Barcelona, Spain, July 2017 (2017, July)

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See detailSpatial PAPR Reduction in Symbol-level Precoding for the Multi-beam Satellite Downlink
Spano, Danilo UL; Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE SPAWC 2017 (2017, July)

In this work, a novel symbol-level precoding scheme is proposed, for managing the multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. Besides exploiting the ... [more ▼]

In this work, a novel symbol-level precoding scheme is proposed, for managing the multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. Besides exploiting the constructive interference effect, the proposed scheme aims at improving the robustness of the transmitted signals to the non-linear distortions of practical satellite systems. This is done by reducing the imbalances between the instantaneous power transmitted by the multiple antennas, which are detrimental in non-linear systems. More specifically, this work proposes a symbol-level precoding scheme performing the minimization of the spatial peak-to-average power ratio, under Quality-of-Service constraints. An iterative algorithm is proposed to solve the related optimization problem. Numerical results are presented to assess the performance of the proposed scheme, which outperforms the state of the art symbol-level precoding techniques in terms of spatial peak-to-average power ratio across the transmitting antennas. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy-Efficient Design for Edge-caching Wireless Networks: When is Coded-caching beneficial?
Vu, Xuan Thang UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Abstract book of 2017 IEEE 18th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC) (2017, July)

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See detailFinite-SNR analysis for partial relaying cooperation with channel coding and opportunistic relay selection
Vu, Xuan Thang UL; Duhamel, Pierre; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing (2017)

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See detailOn the Diversity of Partial Relaying Cooperation with Relay Selection in Finite-SNR Regime
Vu, Xuan Thang UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE International Conference on Communications (2017, May)

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See detailDiscrimination of Angle-Doppler Signatures using Arbitrary Phase Center Motion for MIMO Radars
Hammes, Christian UL; Nijsure, Yogesh UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

A novel Phase Center Motion (PCM) based technique for discriminating angle-Doppler signatures within Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) radars using Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) has been ... [more ▼]

A novel Phase Center Motion (PCM) based technique for discriminating angle-Doppler signatures within Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) radars using Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) has been explored in this work. The PCM technique induces angle dependent Doppler shifts in the back-scattered signal, wherein a modified Doppler post processing for FMCW leads to joint angle-Doppler processing. Specifically, we intend to design unique spatialtemporal motion of the phase center on each individual MIMO radar channel in an effort to synthesize nearly orthogonal angle- Doppler signatures. Subsequently, we also develop a MIMO radar receiver design, which would be capable of discriminating between these induced angle-Doppler signatures. The asymptotic investigation provides a Bessel function characteristic. Simulation results demonstrate a significant side-lobe suppression of 8:5 dB for an individual PCM trajectory and 7 dB over distinct PCM trajectories, in an attempt towards realization of nearly orthogonal MIMO radar channels. [less ▲]

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See detailCarrier Allocation for Hybrid Satellite-Terrestrial Backhaul Networks
Lagunas, Eva UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Lei, Lei UL et al

in ICC Workshop on Satellite Communications: Challenges and Integration in the 5G ecosystem, Paris, France, May 2017 (2017, May)

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See detailSpectral-Efficient Model for Multiuser Massive MIMO: Exploiting User Velocity
Vu, Xuan Thang UL; Trinh, Anh Vu; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE international Conference on Communications (2017, May)

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See detailFaster-than-Nyquist Spatiotemporal Symbol-level Precoding in the Downlink of Multiuser MISO Channels
Alodeh, Maha UL; Spano, Danilo UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in The 42nd IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (2017, March)

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See detailVideo-Based Feedback for Assisting Physical Activity
Baptista, Renato UL; Goncalves Almeida Antunes, Michel UL; Aouada, Djamila UL et al

in 12th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (VISAPP) (2017)

In this paper, we explore the concept of providing feedback to a user moving in front of a depth camera so that he is able to replicate a specific template action. This can be used as a home based ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we explore the concept of providing feedback to a user moving in front of a depth camera so that he is able to replicate a specific template action. This can be used as a home based rehabilitation system for stroke survivors, where the objective is for patients to practice and improve their daily life activities. Patients are guided in how to correctly perform an action by following feedback proposals. These proposals are presented in a human interpretable way. In order to align an action that was performed with the template action, we explore two different approaches, namely, Subsequence Dynamic Time Warping and Temporal Commonality Discovery. The first method aims to find the temporal alignment and the second one discovers the interval of the subsequence that shares similar content, after which standard Dynamic Time Warping can be used for the temporal alignment. Then, feedback proposals can be provided in order to correct the user with respect to the template action. Experimental results show that both methods have similar accuracy rate and the computational time is a decisive factor, where Subsequence Dynamic Time Warping achieves faster results. [less ▲]

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See detailWeak Interference Detection with Signal Cancellation in Satellite Communications
Politis, Christos UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Tsinos, Christos UL et al

in The 42nd IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2017 (2017)

Interference is identified as a critical issue for satellite communication (SATCOM) systems and services. There is a growing concern in the satellite industry to manage and mitigate interference ... [more ▼]

Interference is identified as a critical issue for satellite communication (SATCOM) systems and services. There is a growing concern in the satellite industry to manage and mitigate interference efficiently. While there are efficient techniques to monitor strong interference in SATCOM, weak interference is not so easily detected because of its low interference to signal and noise ratio (ISNR). To address this issue, this paper proposes and develops a technique which takes place on-board the satellite by decoding the desired signal, removing it from the total received signal and applying an Energy Detector (ED) in the remaining signal for the detection of interference. Different from the existing literature, this paper considers imperfect signal cancellation, examining how the decoding errors affect the sensing performance, derives the expressions for the probability of false alarm and provides a set of simulations results, verifying the efficiency of the technique. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Energy-Efficiency of Hybrid Analog-Digital Transceivers for Single- and Multi-carrier Large Antenna Array Systems
Tsinos, Christos UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas In Communications (2017)

Hybrid Analog-Digital transceivers are employed with the view to reduce the hardware complexity and the energy consumption in millimeter wave/large antenna array systems by reducing the number of their ... [more ▼]

Hybrid Analog-Digital transceivers are employed with the view to reduce the hardware complexity and the energy consumption in millimeter wave/large antenna array systems by reducing the number of their Radio Frequency (RF) chains. However, the analog processing network requires power for its operation and it further introduces power losses, dependent on the number of the transceiver antennas and RF chains, that have to be compensated. Thus, the reduction in the power consumption is usually much less than it is expected and given that the hybrid solutions present in general inferior spectral efficiency than a fully digital one, it is possible for the former to be less energy efficient than the latter in several cases. Existing approaches propose hybrid solutions that maximize the spectral efficiency of the system without providing any insight on their energy requirements/efficiency. To that end, in this paper, a novel algorithmic framework is developed based on which energy efficient hybrid transceiver designs are derived and their performance is examined with respect to the number of RF chains and antennas. Solutions are proposed for fully and partially connected hybrid architectures and for both single- and multi-carrier systems under the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) modulation. Simulations and theoretical results provide insight on the cases where a hybrid transceiver is the most energy efficient solution or not. [less ▲]

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See detailCoded Caching and Storage Planning in Heterogeneous Networks
Vu, Xuan Thang UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in 2017 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC) (2017)

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See detailUnsupervised Vanishing Point Detection and Camera Calibration from a Single Manhattan Image with Radial Distortion
Goncalves Almeida Antunes, Michel UL; Barreto, Joao P.; Aouada, Djamila UL et al

in IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2017 (2017)

The article concerns the automatic calibration of a camera with radial distortion from a single image. It is known that, under the mild assumption of square pixels and zero skew, lines in the scene ... [more ▼]

The article concerns the automatic calibration of a camera with radial distortion from a single image. It is known that, under the mild assumption of square pixels and zero skew, lines in the scene project into circles in the image, and three lines suffice to calibrate the camera up to an ambiguity between focal length and radial distortion. The calibration results highly depend on accurate circle estimation, which is hard to accomplish, because lines tend to project into short circular arcs. To overcome this problem, we show that, given a short circular arc edge, it is possible to robustly determine a line that goes through the center of the corresponding circle. These lines, henceforth called Lines of Circle Centres (LCCs), are used in a new method that detects sets of parallel lines and estimates the calibration parameters, including the center and amount of distortion, focal length, and camera orientation with respect to the Manhattan frame. Extensive experiments in both semi-synthetic and real images show that our algorithm outperforms state- of-the-art approaches in unsupervised calibration from a single image, while providing more information. [less ▲]

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See detailPer-antenna Power Minimization in Symbol-Level Precoding
Spano, Danilo UL; Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE GLOBECOM 2016 (2016, December)

This paper investigates the problem of the interference among multiple simultaneous transmissions in the downlink channel of a multi-antenna wireless system. A symbol-level precoding scheme is considered ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the problem of the interference among multiple simultaneous transmissions in the downlink channel of a multi-antenna wireless system. A symbol-level precoding scheme is considered, where the data information is used, along with the channel state information, in order to exploit the multi-user interference and transform it into useful power at the receiver side. In this framework, it is important to consider the power limitations individually for each transmitting antenna, since a common practice in multi-antenna systems is the use of separate per-antenna amplifiers. Thus, herein the problem of per-antenna power minimization in symbol-level precoding is formulated and solved, under Quality-of-Service constraints. In the proposed approach, the precoding design is optimized in order to control the instantaneous power transmitted by the antennas, and more specifically to limit the power peaks, while guaranteeing some specific target signal-to-noise ratios at the receivers. Numerical results are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, which outperforms the existing state of the art techniques in terms of reduction of the power peaks and of the peak-to-average power ratio across the transmitting antennas. [less ▲]

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See detailReliability problems and Pareto-optimality in cognitive radar (Invited paper)
Soltanalian, M.; Mysore, R.B.S.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO), 2016 24th European (2016, December)

Cognitive radar refers to an adaptive sensing system exhibiting high degree of waveform adaptivity and diversity enabled by intelligent processing and exploitation of information from the environment. The ... [more ▼]

Cognitive radar refers to an adaptive sensing system exhibiting high degree of waveform adaptivity and diversity enabled by intelligent processing and exploitation of information from the environment. The next generation of radar systems are characterized by their application to scenarios exhibiting non-stationary scenes as well as interference caused by use of shared spectrum. Cognitive radar systems, by their inherent adaptivity, seem to be the natural choice for such applications. However, adaptivity opens up reliability issues due to uncertainties induced in the information gathering and processing. This paper lists some of the reliability aspects foreseen for cognitive radar systems and motivates the need for waveform designs satisfying different metrics simultaneously towards enhancing the reliability. An iterative framework based on multi-objective optimization is proposed to provide Pareto-optimal waveform designs. [less ▲]

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See detailMax-min transmit beamforming via iterative regularization
Gharanjik, Ahmad UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Soltanalian, Mojtaba et al

in 50th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, November 2016 (2016, November)

This paper introduces an iterative optimization framework to tackle the multi-group multicast Max-Min transmit beamforming problem. In each iteration, the optimization problem is decomposed into four sub ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces an iterative optimization framework to tackle the multi-group multicast Max-Min transmit beamforming problem. In each iteration, the optimization problem is decomposed into four sub-problems, all of which can be solved using computationally efficient algorithms. The advantage of proposed method lies in its ability to handle different types of signal constraints like total power and unimodularity; a feature not exhibited by other techniques. The proposed technique outperforms the well-known semidefinite relaxation method in terms of quality of solutions [less ▲]

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See detailMulticast multigroup precoding for frame-based multi-gateway satellite communications
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Pennanen, Harri UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 14th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC), 2016 8th (2016, October 24)

The present work focuses on the forward link of fixed multibeam broadband satellite systems which employ aggressive frequency reuse patterns in the user-link. For such scenarios, the state-of-the art ... [more ▼]

The present work focuses on the forward link of fixed multibeam broadband satellite systems which employ aggressive frequency reuse patterns in the user-link. For such scenarios, the state-of-the art frame based precoding methods can improve the system performance, exploiting the super framing structure of the latest physical layer evolutions in satellite communications. Nevertheless, the limitations of feeder link need to be considered. Since the increase of the user link capacity leads to a proportional increase in the capacity requirements of the point-to-point feeder link, the deployment of multiple gateways to feed the satellite is examined. The main concept lies in each earth station being dedicated to serve a cluster of beams. In this context, the performance degradation due to inter-cluster interference is quantified. Since inter-cluster interference is expected to primarily affect cluster-edge users, the chosen performance metric is system fairness. Next, coordination between the multiple gateways is proposed as a means to mitigate interference between the different clusters and thus increase the minimum SINR over the coverage. Consequently, the gains in terms of system availability, a crucial metric in satellite communications, are exhibited via numerical system level simulations. The energy efficiency of the proposed system is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailPeak Power Minimization in Symbol-level Precoding for Cognitive MISO Downlink Channels
Alodeh, Maha UL; Spano, Danilo UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Digital Signal Processing Conference (2016, October 16)

This paper proposes a new symbol-level precoding scheme at the cognitive transmitter that jointly utilizes the data and channel information to reduce the effect of nonlinear amplifiers, by reducing the ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a new symbol-level precoding scheme at the cognitive transmitter that jointly utilizes the data and channel information to reduce the effect of nonlinear amplifiers, by reducing the maximum antenna power under quality of service constraint at the cognitive receivers. In practice, each transmit antenna has a separate amplifier with individual characteristics. In the proposed approach, the precoding design is optimized in order to control the instantaneous power transmitted by the antennas, and more specifically to limit the power peaks, while guaranteeing some specific target signal-to-noise ratios at the receivers and respecting the interference temperature constraint imposed by the primary system. Numerical results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, which outperforms the existing state of the art techniques in terms of reduction of the power peaks. [less ▲]

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