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See detailLe rôle des acteurs locaux dans l’accueil des demandeurs d’asile et des réfugiés au Luxembourg
Oesch, Lucas UL; Lemaire, Léa UL; Vianelli, Lorenzo

Article for general public (2019)

La recherche sur l’accueil des réfugiés, en Europe et de par le monde, porte une attention croissante au rôle des acteurs dits locaux. Jusqu’à peu, l’accueil était considéré comme une question quasi ... [more ▼]

La recherche sur l’accueil des réfugiés, en Europe et de par le monde, porte une attention croissante au rôle des acteurs dits locaux. Jusqu’à peu, l’accueil était considéré comme une question quasi exclusivement nationale. Il est vrai que les Etats centraux gardent toute leur importance, notamment en ce qui concerne les processus de décision. Cependant, l’accueil se joue aussi à une échelle locale, en particulier pour la mise en oeuvre des politiques. Quel est donc le rôle des acteurs locaux dans l’accueil des demandeurs et bénéficiaires de protection internationale au Luxembourg ? [less ▲]

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See detailNational report on the governance of the asylum reception system in Luxembourg
Vianelli, Lorenzo; Oesch, Lucas UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2019)

The national report on the governance of the reception system in Luxembourg is one of the seven country reports that are produced within Work Package 3 of the H2020 project CEASEVAL. The report provides ... [more ▼]

The national report on the governance of the reception system in Luxembourg is one of the seven country reports that are produced within Work Package 3 of the H2020 project CEASEVAL. The report provides an overview of the Luxembourgish reception system. More specifically, it focuses on recent transformations that have affected the system, processes of implementation at the national and local levels, and sources of heterogeneity within the national system. It is based on document analysis as well as on 19 semi-structured interviews with a range of different stakeholders who are directly or indirectly involved in the Luxembourgish reception system. The report first provides some historical background on the reception of asylum seekers in Luxembourg by paying specific attention to the main legislative instruments that shaped the initial design of the national reception system. Then, the main revisions that affected the system in the period 2009-2018 are explored alongside their related decision-making processes. This paves the way for an overview of the formal structure of the Luxembourgish reception system. After the discussion of the formal organisation of reception policies in the country, the report moves on to explore the actual functioning of the reception system by investigating implementation practices at the national and local levels. Finally, some examples of heterogeneity in the current provision of reception are discussed, in an attempt to identify drivers of convergence and divergence in the implementation of reception policies. [less ▲]

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See detailAsylum seekers and refugees’ lived experiences of borders and (im)mobility. The Case of Luxembourg
Paraschivescu, Claudia UL; Oesch, Lucas UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Scientific Conference (2019)

The mobility of people influences the (re)creation of borders through bordering practices. Conversely, borders and bordering practices affect the management of mobility and thus peoples’ migratory ... [more ▼]

The mobility of people influences the (re)creation of borders through bordering practices. Conversely, borders and bordering practices affect the management of mobility and thus peoples’ migratory trajectories. Based on in-depth qualitative interviews with refugees conducted for the H2020 project CEASEVAL, this paper explores the ways in which borders at various levels (spatial, legal, economic and social) influence migrants’ mobility before, during and after arrival in Luxembourg. As such, by focusing on the interrelations between border studies and mobility studies, it brings together two fields which have rarely been studied together, particularly when focused on refugees. This is of particular interest both empirically (given the multiple flows of people arriving in Luxembourg) and conceptually (as bordering practices relate to both practices of mobility and border making, as well as border crossing, from an institutional and experiential perspective). With 2,322 asylum applications in 2017, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is home to one asylum application per 254 people. This is far more that the EU-28 average, which is one application for every 787 people. Despite this, academic research depicting the everyday experiences of refugees in Luxembourg is lacking. This paper will first provide an overview of the Luxembourgish context with regards to asylum seekers and refugees. It will then analyse how bordering practices are experienced when carried out by traditional actors such as border agents. Lastly, it will shed light on the participants’ everyday experiences of borders by (non) traditional actors, such as ‘citizens’ and housing/labour market agents. It seeks to explore the ways in which the Luxembourgish politics of belonging influence the respondents’ feelings of belonging, which can further affect their (im)mobilities. [less ▲]

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See detailRefugee reception within a common European asylum system: looking at convergences and divergences through a local-to-local comparison
Glorius, Birgit; Oesch, Lucas UL; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

in Erdkunde (2019), 73(1), 19-29

Research on the governance of refugees has until recently remained conceptualized with the national perspective as a starting point. This article compares asylum governance at the local level between ... [more ▼]

Research on the governance of refugees has until recently remained conceptualized with the national perspective as a starting point. This article compares asylum governance at the local level between Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, focusing on the often sensitive and highly debated issue of reception and accommodation. The central idea is to determine convergences and divergences of local reception structures and efforts, and how they are linked to the governance levels situated above them. Despite municipalities having been greatly affected by, and having shaped in practice, reception and integration processes of asylum seekers and refugees, so far there has been little in terms of comparative research across countries in Europe. Our findings emerging from the comparison suggest that top-down implementations of asylum reception have created numerous problems and protest on the ground, especially when the local population and local stakeholders were not involved in the decision-making process. On the one hand, the case studies show that within each national setting, the local regimes and agencies can shape divergent reception outcomes in terms of integrative or disintegrative policies. On the other hand, converging developments in the local cases across national contexts, such as the impact of the local political climate, suggest the crucial impact of local reception regimes and agencies, notwithstanding varying regulatory frameworks and procedures. We thus underline the importance of local-to-local comparison, and not only national-to-national, when it comes to analysing refugee reception. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourgish implementation of the Common European Asylum System: Insights from a small-scale country
Paraschivescu, Claudia UL; Oesch, Lucas UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Scientific Conference (2018)

Within the so-called migration crisis, the focus of media and research has been mainly on Mediterranean countries, which were the first impacted by the arrival of refugees, as well as big recipients of ... [more ▼]

Within the so-called migration crisis, the focus of media and research has been mainly on Mediterranean countries, which were the first impacted by the arrival of refugees, as well as big recipients of asylum seekers such as Germany. Less attention has been directed toward small-scale countries such as Luxembourg, where the number of registered refugees arriving has more than doubled in 2015 and 2016 compared to 2014. In 2016, Luxembourg had 3582 registered first time applicants, which represents one of the highest numbers relative to its population in the European Union. Against this background, this presentation will focus on how Luxembourg has dealt with the implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and the ways in which it has been affected by the so-called migration crisis. This paper will particularly focus on the question of reception of asylum seekers and refugees. Given the large number of applicants relative to the small size of the country, and the limited number of administrative levels, how was reception implemented, and what are the lesson to be learned? It will do so by mapping the main actors involved in the refugee scene. It will then move on to the contextualization of the reception of refugees in the housing and employment market. Finally, it will critically examine the stakeholders’ involvement in order to find the gaps in the asylum seeker/refugee reception. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Politics of Temporariness and the Materiality of Refugee Camps
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Meeus, Bruno; Arnaut, Karel; van Heur, Bas (Eds.) Arrival Infrastructures: Migration and Urban Social Mobilities (2018)

The aim in this chapter is to analyze the temporality of arrival in refugee camps. The prolonged stay of refugees in a number of camps calls into question the widespread notion that refugees’ arrival is ... [more ▼]

The aim in this chapter is to analyze the temporality of arrival in refugee camps. The prolonged stay of refugees in a number of camps calls into question the widespread notion that refugees’ arrival is bounded in time. It is argued that in many camps, arrival does not end, but evolves in varied forms within the framework of a “lasting temporariness.” Drawing from the case of the Al-Hussein Palestinian refugee camp in Jordan, the chapter shows that the alternative ways in which “arrival” may be understood are induced by shifting meanings of temporariness; in the camp, it is a field of political struggle in which multiple actors—such as residents, state authorities, international organizations, landowners, and political movements—are involved. Furthermore, conceptions of temporariness impact on, and can be read from, the material interventions which take place in the built environment of camps. [less ▲]

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See detailH2020 PROJECT CEASEVAL. Evaluation of the Common European Asylum System under Pressure and Recommendations for Further Development
Nienaber, Birte UL; Vianelli, Lorenzo UL; Paraschivescu, Claudia UL et al

Poster (2018)

Within CEASEVAL, the University of Luxembourg leads Work Package 4 (WP4) on “Borders and the Mobility of Migrants”. The aim of WP4 is to develop a framework to analyse the interactions between borders and ... [more ▼]

Within CEASEVAL, the University of Luxembourg leads Work Package 4 (WP4) on “Borders and the Mobility of Migrants”. The aim of WP4 is to develop a framework to analyse the interactions between borders and the mobility of migrants (asylum seekers, refugees and irregular migrants), thus also addressing the relation between asylum systems and Schengen regime. In order to do so, WP4 investigates the functioning of the internal and external EU borders in the governance of migrants’ mobility by looking specifically at the ways in which bordering processes are implemented when confronted with the mobility of migrants. The research draws from an extensive empirical study in 7 different countries: France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Luxembourg, Spain and Turkey. Qualitative interviews with migrants (asylum seekers, refugees and irregular migrants) and institutional actors (border agents, policymakers, representatives of institutions, etc.), as well as ethnographic observations of border agencies and border points are conducted in these case studies. The objectives of this qualitative fieldwork are to identify mobility trajectories, understand how these are shaped by border policies, and compare bordering processes. The work package will result in 7 country reports (one for each case study), a comparative report, a policy brief, and an online interactive map. [less ▲]

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See detailThe refugee camp as a space of multiple ambiguities and subjectivities
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Political Geography (2017), 60

Analyses of refugee camps have criticised Agamben's conceptualisation of exception, understood as the juridical production of ‘bare life’ by the sovereign. They have emphasised the multiplicity of actors ... [more ▼]

Analyses of refugee camps have criticised Agamben's conceptualisation of exception, understood as the juridical production of ‘bare life’ by the sovereign. They have emphasised the multiplicity of actors and exclusionary dynamics involved in the production of exception, as well as the politicisation of space. This scholarship has however stayed framed around an ‘exclusionary paradigm’. This article proposes a complementary way to move beyond Agamben's analysis of the camp by reconsidering the idea of a ‘zone of indistinction’ between exclusion and inclusion. It refers to Palestinian refugee camps in Jordan, where many dwellers have a dual status of ‘refugee-citizen’. It analyses how the subject and citizenship are ambiguously constructed as simultaneously excluded and included – and not solely included through an exclusion. To explore these complex spatial dynamics of exclusion and inclusion, the analysis addresses the exercise of three forms of power – sovereignty, discipline and government – by focusing on the materiality of the camp and the practices of authorities managing space. These powers are ambiguously contributing to the inclusion of the camp and its dwellers in the territory of the Jordanian state, as well as in the neoliberal city of Amman, while maintaining the character of the camp as an excluded humanitarian and temporary space. Through this process, camp dwellers are recast not only as assisted subjects and beneficiaries, but also as autonomous and productive subjects, as well as entrepreneurs and consumers. This article therefore argues that the camp needs to be re-considered as a space of multiple ambiguities and subjectivities aimed at creating a differentiation in the city. [less ▲]

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See detailLes camps de réfugiés palestiniens au Proche-Orient: un provisoire qui dure
Achilli, Luigi; Oesch, Lucas UL

Book published by BSN press (2016)

Ce volume s’inscrit à la suite de plusieurs publications récentes de réflexions collectives qui ont traité, en totalité ou en partie, des réfugiés palestiniens au Proche-Orient, en abordant également la ... [more ▼]

Ce volume s’inscrit à la suite de plusieurs publications récentes de réflexions collectives qui ont traité, en totalité ou en partie, des réfugiés palestiniens au Proche-Orient, en abordant également la question des camps. Nous proposons ainsi de poursuivre les débats, en réfléchissant explicitement à la question du temporaire qui se prolonge, et qui a tendance à se normaliser, et sur ses différents impacts politiques, socioéconomiques et urbains affectant les camps et les réfugiés palestiniens au cours de la période récente. Les articles de ce volume vont ainsi aborder plusieurs thèmes essentiels à cette compréhension : la cristallisation du provisoire dans les camps, et de ses effets, les questions de l’organisation politique et de la gouvernance dans les camps, du développement urbain, de l’habitat et des conditions de vie dans les camps et leurs alentours. Au final, les articles mettent en évidence que « le provisoire qui dure » ne fait pas des camps de réfugiés palestiniens au Proche-Orient des espaces d’exception figés, que ce soit au niveau de leur gouvernance ou organisation politique, de leurs caractéristiques urbaines, démographiques et socioéconomiques, ou encore au niveau de l’engagement politique de leurs habitants. [less ▲]

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See detailEntre exception et ordinaire
Achilli, Luigi; Oesch, Lucas UL

in A Contrario (2016), (23), 3-16

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See detailDes espaces d’ambiguïté: les camps de réfugiés palestiniens en Jordanie
Achilli, Luigi; Oesch, Lucas UL

in A Contrario (2016), (23), 17-36

This article looks at the evolution of Palestinian refugee camps in Jordan. To understand the complexity of refugees’ experience, it is necessary to move beyond the discussion of whether refugee camps are ... [more ▼]

This article looks at the evolution of Palestinian refugee camps in Jordan. To understand the complexity of refugees’ experience, it is necessary to move beyond the discussion of whether refugee camps are « spaces of exception » or « ordinary spaces », and examine how exceptionality and ordinariness are dimensions ultimately interconnected in the camp. The authors argue here that the concept of « spaces of ambiguity » is the analytical category best suited to grasp the complex nature of refugee camps and the crucial role that they have played to the very political stability of Jordan. To show this, the article will explore the institution of this ambiguity, its spatialisation and its re-production within the camps. It will do so by looking at the management of camps and the main actors involved. [less ▲]

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See detailL’amélioration des conditions de vie dans les camps de réfugiés palestiniens à Amman ou la dé-théâtralisation de l’urbanisme jordanien
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Articulo (2015), (Special issue 7),

By analysing urban development in Palestinian refugee camps in Amman, this article highlights the heterogeneity of urban planning strategies and discourses that exist in Jordan. Despite the fact that some ... [more ▼]

By analysing urban development in Palestinian refugee camps in Amman, this article highlights the heterogeneity of urban planning strategies and discourses that exist in Jordan. Despite the fact that some camps have been established more than 60 years ago, the official discourse of institutions in charge of these spaces emphasises above all their temporary character. This claim appears at first sight inconsistent with the principles of urban planning. The aim of the latter is to plan long term spaces which will last in the future. Nevertheless, my argument is that even in a situation where officially urban development does not exist, some form of “humanitarian” urban planning has taken place. It was driven by the invention of a discourse revolving around the improvement of living conditions. There, the transformation of the habitat of Palestinian refugees was “unstaged” compared to the “staging” of the dominant Jordanian urban planning aimed at neoliberal restructuring of central and western areas in Amman. The urban planning of camps is nonetheless not completely disconnected from this process. Nevertheless, the storytelling associated with their planning has neutralised the debate about it by limiting its scope to only technical and humanitarian dimensions. This “unstaging” of the urban narrative represents an ingenious compromise that was necessary to maintain the features of the camps –half-neighbourhoods, half-temporary places– while allowing a form of development and integration of these spaces in the modern and neoliberal city of Amman. [less ▲]

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See detailLe gouvernement des camps palestiniens en Jordanie à la croisée de différentes rationalités
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Bennafla, Karine (Ed.) Acteurs et pouvoirs dans les villes du Maghreb et du Moyen-Orient (2015)

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See detailThe Ambiguous Encampment of the World
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Jadaliyya (2015)

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See detailThe Urban Planning Strategy in Al-Hussein Palestinian Refugee Camp in Amman: Heterogeneous Practices, Homogeneous Landscape
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Hanafi, Sari; Hilal, Leila; Takkenberg, Lex (Eds.) UNRWA and Palestinian Refugees: From Relief and Works to Human Development (2014)

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See detailConference report
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Crisyr (Carnet de recherche) (2014)

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See detailMobility as a Solution
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Forced Migration Review (2014), (47), 44

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See detailGouverner le provisoire: le dispositif d’aménagement urbain des camps de réfugiés palestiniens et des quartiers informels à Amman (Jordanie)
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Carnets de géographes (2013), (6),

Although they remain officially temporary areas, and despite the fragmentation in their statutes and their formal management, Palestinian refugee camps in Amman and the informal settlements surrounding ... [more ▼]

Although they remain officially temporary areas, and despite the fragmentation in their statutes and their formal management, Palestinian refugee camps in Amman and the informal settlements surrounding them have developed over 60 years. Far from representing simple spaces of exception, today they resemble other working-class neighborhoods of the city with which they are interwoven. This research deals with the logic and constraints underpinning this urban planning, and the light it sheds on the ways the inhabitants of these areas are “governed” in Jordan. Due to the fact that no “plan” as such was ever drawn up, the heterogeneous practices carried out by various professional actors and institutions are studied thanks to the notion of apparatus. The use of this concept in the Foucauldian sense makes it possible to explain the strategic arrangement characterizing the interventions of development, improvement or planning that have followed over the last 30 years, and which were conducted according to principles for improving living conditions in camps and informal settlements. This specific form of planning, which responds in part to political considerations related to the place of refugees in the kingdom and the consequences of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, has been possible not only thanks to the gradual transformation of the meaning of a “temporary” stay, but also to an ambiguous governmentality of Palestinian refugees in Jordan, which fluctuated between principles of differentiation, on the one hand, and integration on the other. [less ▲]

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See detailUn urbanisme sans ‘histoires’ : l’amélioration des conditions de vie dans l’habitat des réfugiés palestiniens à Amman
Oesch, Lucas UL

in Matthey, Laurent; Mager, Christophe; Gaillard, David (Eds.) et al Faire des histoires ? Du récit d’urbanisme à l’urbanisme fictionnel (2013)

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