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See detailHow should rural policy be evaluated if it aims to foster community involvement in environmental management?
Prager, Katrin; Nienaber, Birte UL; Neumann, Barbara et al

in Journal of Rural Studies (2015), 37

This paper brings together different theoretical perspectives to propose an evaluation framework for policies which have the explicit aim to foster community involvement in the management of their natural ... [more ▼]

This paper brings together different theoretical perspectives to propose an evaluation framework for policies which have the explicit aim to foster community involvement in the management of their natural environment in the context of sustainable rural development, such as the EU LEADER programme, Australia's Caring for Our Country, and UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Previous policy evaluations have over-simplified the complex social-ecological systems on which these policies are supposed to act, have lacked specification of the policy level they address and were predicated on the assumption that policies can be designed to produce predictable outcomes.Based on a concept of 'complex realities' we developed a framework to guide the evaluation of policy effectiveness in socialecological systems. This comprehensive framework provides the conceptual and theoretical context in which individual evaluation exercises for policy review and future programme design can be embedded. It goes beyond existing frameworks by allowing the identification of factors that explain how and why a policy tool was effective. It provides a structure within which data sets from different sources, relevant stakeholders and relationships can be identified and analysed in a multi-level and multi-scale context. However, we emphasise that policy makers and evaluators' mindsets would have to change to accept uncertainty and the validity of various stakeholders' perceptions and evaluations. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Böden der Großregion SaarLorLux
Neumann, Barbara; Kubiniok, Jochen; Pauly, Michel UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2011)

Böden sind nicht nur die verwitterte und durch verschiedenste Prozesse überprägte oberste Schicht der Erdkruste, sie sind vor allem Standort für Pflanzen und damit – neben den Umweltkompartimenten Wasser ... [more ▼]

Böden sind nicht nur die verwitterte und durch verschiedenste Prozesse überprägte oberste Schicht der Erdkruste, sie sind vor allem Standort für Pflanzen und damit – neben den Umweltkompartimenten Wasser und Luft – die Grundlage des terrestrischen Lebens auf der Erde. Die Karte der "Böden der Großregion" zeigt als Ausschnitt der European Soil Database (ESDB) die typischen Bodentypen der Großregion in einer einheitlichen Klassifikation. Kartographisch abgebildet sind hier aufgrund gleicher Eigenschaften abgrenzbare bodengeographische Einheiten und ihre dominierenden Bodentypen. Deren Verbreitungsmuster, Eigenschaften und auch Probleme werden hier vorgestellt. [less ▲]

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See detailRenewable energy resource as an indicator of the change in rural areas
Nienaber, Birte UL; Neumann, Barbara

in Proceedings, International Conference "Studying, Modeling and Sense Making of Planet Earth (2008)

The rural countryside performs a variety of ecosystem and living space functions. At the same time it undergoes a high anthropogenic impact pressure. Today a considerable increase in the cultivation of ... [more ▼]

The rural countryside performs a variety of ecosystem and living space functions. At the same time it undergoes a high anthropogenic impact pressure. Today a considerable increase in the cultivation of biomass as a renewable energy resource can be observed. It is inspired by national and European strategies for climate protection and securing energy supply. With the currently noticeable increase in the area under cultivation, amongst others on marginal lands and set-asides, an increase in the intensity of land use is associated. Often this is assessed as a positive impulse for the rural areas. Nevertheless, this change and intensification of rural land use due to bioenergy production will have strong impacts on the human and natural environment. Besides pressures exerted on ecosystem functions, goods and services, effects on the social and economic lifeworld must be expected. Moreover, other European and national regulations and frameworks aiming at environment/nature conservation on the one hand, and rural development on the other hand may even be foiled. Against this background, the change rural regions are currently undergoing is critically analysed and activities for a sustainable socio-ecological land use and development of rural areas, under special consideration of the cultivation of renewable energy products (biomass), are identified. Taking into account synergy and feedback effects between social and natural environment, a draft for a sustainability analysis of case study regions that can be applied to other regions shall be presented and measures towards securing sustainability are deducted. The research is conducted as an interdisciplinary socio-ecological research project by natural and social scientists. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 UL)