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See detailDSTBC based DF cooperative networks in the presence of timing and frequency offsets
Nasir, A.A.; Mehrpouyan, H.; Durrani, S. et al

in Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), 2013 IEEE 14th Workshop on (2013)

In decode-and-forward (DF) relaying networks, the received signal at the destination may be affected by multiple impairments such as multiple channel gains, multiple timing offsets (MTOs), and multiple ... [more ▼]

In decode-and-forward (DF) relaying networks, the received signal at the destination may be affected by multiple impairments such as multiple channel gains, multiple timing offsets (MTOs), and multiple carrier frequency offsets (MCFOs). This paper proposes novel optimal and sub-optimal minimum mean-square error (MMSE) receiver designs at the destination node to detect the signal in the presence of these impairments. Distributed space-time block codes (DSTBCs) are used at the relays to achieve spatial diversity. The proposed sub-optimal receiver uses the estimated values of multiple channel gains, MTOs, and MCFOs, while the optimal receiver assumes perfect knowledge of these impairments at the destination and serves as a benchmark performance measure. To achieve robustness to estimation errors, the estimates statistical properties are exploited at the destination. Simulation results show that the proposed optimal and sub-optimal MMSE compensation receivers achieve full diversity gain in the presence of channel and synchronization impairments in DSTBC based DF cooperative networks. [less ▲]

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See detailTransceiver design for distributed STBC based AF cooperative networks in the presence of timing and frequency offsets
Nasir, A.A.; Mehrpouyan, H.; Durrani, S. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2013), 12(61), 3143-3158

In multi-relay cooperative systems, the signal at the destination is affected by impairments such as multiple channel gains, multiple timing offsets (MTOs), and multiple carrier frequency offsets (MCFOs ... [more ▼]

In multi-relay cooperative systems, the signal at the destination is affected by impairments such as multiple channel gains, multiple timing offsets (MTOs), and multiple carrier frequency offsets (MCFOs). In this paper we account for all these impairments and propose a new transceiver structure at the relays and a novel receiver design at the destination in distributed space-time block code (DSTBC) based amplify-and-forward (AF) cooperative networks. The Cramér-Rao lower bounds and a least squares (LS) estimator for the multi-parameter estimation problem are derived. In order to significantly reduce the receiver complexity at the destination, a differential evolution (DE) based estimation algorithm is applied and the initialization and constraints for the convergence of the proposed DE algorithm are investigated. In order to detect the signal from multiple relays in the presence of unknown channels, MTOs, and MCFOs, novel optimal and sub-optimal minimum mean-square error receiver designs at the destination node are proposed. Simulation results show that the proposed estimation and compensation methods achieve full diversity gain in the presence of channel and synchronization impairments in multi-relay AF cooperative networks. [less ▲]

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