References of "Munsch, Simone"
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See detailNahrungsvermeidung versus Nahrungsaversion bei restriktiven Essstörungen.
Garcia-Burgos, David; Wilhelm, Peter; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie (2019), 67(1), 1-9

The terms food avoidance and food aversion are often used interchangeably in the eating disorders (EDs) literature. However, they represent two different (but closely related) constructs that are the ... [more ▼]

The terms food avoidance and food aversion are often used interchangeably in the eating disorders (EDs) literature. However, they represent two different (but closely related) constructs that are the result of different processes. In patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and avoidant / restrictive food intake disorder, food avoidance / restriction is usually assumed to be motivated by fear / anxiety (e. g., “intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat” or “being afraid to eat after a frightening episode of choking”). In contrast, studies show that taste aversion often leads to food avoidance. Unlike fear-motivated avoidance in which the flavour of food becomes a signal for danger, avoidance produced by taste aversions involves a reduction in the amount consumed due to a hedonic downshift. Here the attractiveness of the flavour changes by its association with a nauseogenic event. It is noteworthy that both sources of food avoidance exhibit different behavioural characteristics, contents of learning, and activate different brain regions and neuromodulators. This is especially important for the understanding and treatment of the EDs and their most serious behavioural manifestation: the life-threatening food refusal. Finally, the clinical implications of such a distinction and promising future research directions are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailHow does food taste in anorexia and bulimia nervosa? A protocol for a quasiexperimental, cross-sectional design to investigate taste aversion or increased hedonic valence of food in eating disorders
Garcia-Burgos, David; Maglieri, Sabine; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in Frontiers in Psychology (2018), 9

Background. Despite on-going efforts to better understand dysregulated eating, the olfactory-gustatory deficits and food preferences in eating disorders (ED), and the mechanisms underlying the perception ... [more ▼]

Background. Despite on-going efforts to better understand dysregulated eating, the olfactory-gustatory deficits and food preferences in eating disorders (ED), and the mechanisms underlying the perception of and responses to food properties in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) remain largely unknown; both during the course of the illness and compared to healthy populations. It is, therefore, necessary to systematically investigate the gustatory perception and hedonics of taste in patients with AN and BN. To this end, we will examine whether aversions to the taste of high-calorie food is related to the suppression of energy intake in restricting-type AN, and whether an increased hedonic valence of sweet, caloric-dense foods may be part of the mechanisms triggering binge-eating episodes in BN. In addition, the role of cognitions influencing these mechanisms will be examined. Method. In study 1, four mixtures of sweet-fat stimuli will be presented in a sensory two-alternative forced-choice test involving signal detection analysis. In study 2, a full-scale taste reactivity test will be carried out, including psychophysiological and behavioural measures to assess subtle and covert hedonic changes. We will compare the responses of currently-ill AN and BN patients to those who have recovered from AN and BN, and also to those of healthy normal-weight and underweight individuals without any eating disorder pathology. Discussion. If taste response profiles are differentially linked to ED types, then future studies should investigate whether taste responsiveness represents a useful diagnostic measure in the prevention, assessment and treatment of EDs. The expected results on cognitive mechanisms in the top-down processes of food hedonics will complement current models and contribute to the refinement of interventions to change cognitive aspects of food aversions, to establish functional food preferences and to better manage food cravings associated with binge-eating episodes. No trial registration was required for this protocol, which was approved by the Swiss ethics committee (CER-VD, nº2016-02150) and the Ethics Review Panel of the University of Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailVariants of early-onset restrictive eating disturbances in middle childhood
Kurz, Susanne; Van Dyck, Zoé UL; Dremmel, Daniela et al

in International Journal of Eating Disorders (2015), 49(1), 102-106

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See detailEarly-onset restrictive eating disturbances in primary school boys and girls
Kurz, Susanne; Van Dyck, Zoé UL; Dremmel, Daniela et al

in European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (2014)

This study sought to determine the distribution of early-onset restrictive eating disturbances characteristic of the new DSM-5 diagnosis, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) in middle ... [more ▼]

This study sought to determine the distribution of early-onset restrictive eating disturbances characteristic of the new DSM-5 diagnosis, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) in middle childhood, as well as to evaluate the screening instrument, Eating Disturbances in Youth-Questionnaire (EDY-Q). A total of 1,444 8- to 13-year-old children were screened in regular schools (3rd to 6th grade) in Switzerland using the self-report measure EDY-Q, consisting of 12 items based on the DSM-5 criteria for ARFID. 46 children (3.2 %) reported features of ARFID in the self-rating. Group differences were found for body mass index, with underweight children reporting features of ARFID more often than normal and overweight children. The EDY-Q revealed good psychometric properties, including adequate discriminant and convergent validity. Early-onset restrictive eating disturbances are commonly reported in middle childhood. Because of possible negative short- and long-term impact, early detection is essential. Further studies with structured interviews and parent reports are needed to confirm this study’s findings. [less ▲]

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See detailEssprobleme im Kindesalter: Screening in der allgemeinen Bevölkerung
Van Dyck, Zoé UL; Bellwald, Laura; Kurz, Susanne et al

in Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie (2013), 21(2), 91-100

Since eating disorders in childhood and adolescence have increased significantly, their early identification is of importance. Besides the “typical” eating disorders, there are a number of eating ... [more ▼]

Since eating disorders in childhood and adolescence have increased significantly, their early identification is of importance. Besides the “typical” eating disorders, there are a number of eating disturbances that typically present in middle childhood, characterized by avoidance or restriction of intake, that are not currently classified in the DSM-IV system. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the occurrence of these disturbances in a general, school-based population, and to report psychometric properties of a brief self-report screening questionnaire assessing avoidant or restrictive food intake. A total of 730 children aged 8–13 years were assessed with the Eating Disturbances in Childhood – Questionnaire (EDCh-Q). Altogether, 29.8 %of the children reported avoidant or restrictive eating behavior. Item characteristics were overall favourable. The four-factorial solution was replicated, however, with poor internal consistencies of the subscales. Underweight children reported more symptoms of food avoidance emotional disorder (FAED). Avoidant or restrictive eating behavior is common in school-aged children. The EDCh-Q is a diagnostically orientated screening questionnaire to identify these eating disturbances in middle childhood. A larger study is warranted to validate the EDCh-Q in community and clinical samples. [less ▲]

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See detailPrävalenz von atypischen Essstörungen in der mittleren Kindheit
Kurz, Susanne; Van Dyck, Zoé UL; Dremmel, Daniela et al

Scientific Conference (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (3 UL)
See detailEating disturbances in childhood and early adolescence: Screening in the general population
Van Dyck, Zoé UL; Bellwald, Laura; Dremmel, Daniela et al

in Psychology & Health (2012), 27

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See detailEssstörungen im Kindesalter: Die Vermeidend/Restriktive Essstörung im Selbstbericht
Bellwald, Laura; Van Dyck, Zoé UL; Dremmel, Daniela et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailFamily structure, body mass index and eating behaviour
Hasenböhler, Kathrin; Munsch, Simone; Meyer, Andrea H. et al

in International Journal of Eating Disorders (2009), 42

Objective: To explore associations between family structure, children’s body mass index (BMI), and eating behaviors of children and their mothers. Method: Fifty-seven mothers and their children took part ... [more ▼]

Objective: To explore associations between family structure, children’s body mass index (BMI), and eating behaviors of children and their mothers. Method: Fifty-seven mothers and their children took part in an experimental study. BMI of children was measured. Mothers were asked to provide self- report data on sociodemographic back- ground, mental health, and eating behaviors about themselves and their children. Parent-child-dyads represented their family structure using the Family System Test. Results: We found negative associations in typical family situations between family hierarchy and children’s BMI, mothers’ emotional eating and mothers’ restrained eating. Family cohesion and restrained eating of the children were also negatively correlated. We obtained positive associa- tions in typical and conflict family situa- tions between family cohesion and external eating of the children. Discussion: We found indications that family structure is associated with overweight and with eating behavior in children and their mothers. VC 2008 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [less ▲]

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