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See detailModernismen in Luxembourg: Modernismes au Luxembourg
Millim, Anne-Marie UL; De Toffoli, Ian

Book published by Centre national de littérature (2018)

Der vorliegende Band versteht sich als Beitrag zu den internationalen Modernismus-Studien. Zum ersten Mal werden Spannungen, Interaktionen und Friktionen in der kulturellen Welt sowie die Koexistenz von ... [more ▼]

Der vorliegende Band versteht sich als Beitrag zu den internationalen Modernismus-Studien. Zum ersten Mal werden Spannungen, Interaktionen und Friktionen in der kulturellen Welt sowie die Koexistenz von Tradition und Innovation im Luxemburger Kontext in einem interdisziplinären Sammelband mit einander in Verbindung gebracht. Die Beiträge thematisieren Gleichzeitigkeiten und Interaktionen zwischen den verschiedenen Kunstfeldern Architektur, Kunst und Literatur auf. Mit Beiträgen in vier Sprachen, Luxemburgisch, Deutsch, Französisch und Englisch, spiegelt der Band die mehrsprachige Realität des Luxemburger Forschungskontextes wieder und richtet sich sowohl an ein Luxemburger als auch an ein internationales Publikum. Diskussionen zur Natur der Moderne in spezifischen Kontexten bewegen sich häufig innerhalb der Dualität ›modern vs. traditionell‹, wobei die Tradition oft mit Rückständigkeit assoziiert wird. Werke, die in einem Kontext als innovativ und schrankenbrechend gelten, werden in anderen Zusammenhängen als verstaubt und epigonal angesehen. Wenn wir die Relevanz und Qualität der Luxemburger Literatur und Kunst vorrangig anhand ihrer Korrespondenzen zu ausländischen Meisterwerken messen, so laufen wir notwendigerweise das Risiko sie zu unterschätzen und misszuverstehen. Anliegen dieses Bandes ist deshalb radikal innovative Werke des Luxemburger Kontextes sichtbar zu machen, sowie auch Traditionen als Formen der Innovation zu verstehen. Einige der Fragen, die die Beiträger dieses Bandes aufwerfen: wann geschieht die Moderne in Luxemburg? Wie, und in Beziehung wozu, wird sie definiert? Wer definiert sie, mit welchem Anliegen und in welchem Kontext? Die Beiträger bezeugen verschiedene Herangehensweisen an die Thematik: die Artikel reichen von longue durée Studien, zu close readings von Stil, Themen und Formen, zu Untersuchungen des formativen Einflusses kultureller Faktoren. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is Modernism?
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Millim, Anne-Marie (Ed.) Modernismen in Luxemburg: Traditionen, Variationen, Brüche (2018)

Despite different recent publications investigating global and lesser-known modernisms, Luxembourg remains a blank spot on the map of modernism studies. To some extent, this is surprising. As Gast Mannes ... [more ▼]

Despite different recent publications investigating global and lesser-known modernisms, Luxembourg remains a blank spot on the map of modernism studies. To some extent, this is surprising. As Gast Mannes notes in his seminal work Luxemburgische Avantgarde of 2007, the underrepresentation of Luxembourgish authors and artists in the history of high modernism is not altogether justified, due to the fact that »individual authors, partly due to bilingualism, played a special role in the transfer of ideas between France and Germany«—a fact that is little known, both in Luxembourg and abroad. To a similar extent, Luxembourg’s absence from modernism studies is unsurprising. One significant factor is that, for many years, the Luxembourgish public, cultural institutions, and creators have placed more value on works of international renown than on Luxembourgish art and literature. This article argues that understanding the invention, management, and rejection of traditions in parallel to avant-garde works is important as it valorises literary and artistic production that could be categorised as »juste milieu«, as moderately modernist, as significant, even revolutionary, in its context, even if not necessarily so from an international perspective. [less ▲]

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See detailWriting in the Age of William IV
Millim, Anne-Marie UL; McCue, Maureen; Butler, Rebecca

in Yearbook of English Studies (2018), 48

This volume explores the literary, cultural, social and political climate in Britain during the reign of William IV (1830–37). Rarely discussed by scholars searching to define the ‘Romantic’ period, and ... [more ▼]

This volume explores the literary, cultural, social and political climate in Britain during the reign of William IV (1830–37). Rarely discussed by scholars searching to define the ‘Romantic’ period, and overshadowed by Queen Victoria, William IV’s reign signifies an important moment within the long nineteenth century, one whose literary output is marked by experimentation and generic instability. Rather than simply blurring the boundaries between the Romantic and Victorian periods, this diverse collection of essays demonstrates how the spirit of reform, creative experimentation, and an increasingly politically active middle-class readership produced a peculiar literary and material culture of its own. Responding to a wide range of print culture, including periodicals, albums, graphic satires, novels, poetry, travel writing and guidebooks, by canonical and non-canonical authors, such as Catherine Gore, James Hogg, John Ruskin, Mariana Starke, Thomas Hosmer Shepherd and Thomas Pringle, the essays in this volume map a complex network of conversation, personal and national identities, radical and conservative ideologies, and contested domestic and public spaces, both in Britain and abroad. By addressing various aspects of this remarkable period’s material culture and aesthetic innovations, the essays in this collection complicate our contemporary understanding of the long nineteenth century in Britain and open up new spaces for discussion. [less ▲]

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See detailLiterary Histories, National Literatures, and Early Conceptions of World Literature in the Athenaeum, 1833-1838.
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Yearbook of English Studies (2018), 48

The reign of William IV represents a period concerned with questions of national identity, not only in a national context, but also in a global one. Periodicals of the time, such as the Athenaeum, present ... [more ▼]

The reign of William IV represents a period concerned with questions of national identity, not only in a national context, but also in a global one. Periodicals of the time, such as the Athenaeum, present the co-existence of two related, but inherently opposite conceptions of literature and its functions: Goethe’s idea of Weltliteratur is contemporaneous to developments in the formation and consolidation of national literatures, which can be observed to co-exist even in the early nineteenth-century. World literature, as imagined by Goethe in the 1930s, represents a way of circumventing the inward-looking attitude of nationalism, and of prioritising fluidity and flexibility over stability. National literature, as practiced widely during the nineteenth century, represents a way of grounding national genius in literary texts, either by scrutinising only the works of authors of a specific nationality, or by comparing them in a transnational, intercultural perspective. This article investigates two series of articles published almost concurrently in the Athenaeum: ‘A Biographical and Critical History of the Literature of the last Fifty Years’, by Allan Cunningham in 1833, and ‘Literature of the Nineteenth Century’, by diverse authors between 1834 and 1838. This article highlights the co-existence between different authorial focalisations in historicising and historiographing literature, demonstrating the malleability, undecidability, and arbitrariness of dominant models of national literary identities. I argue that during the 1830s, the Athenaeum’s outlook is decidedly cosmopolitan and international as the contributors engage with European literature equally often as they do with British texts. They are also eager to stretch the readers’ awareness beyond the European context, embracing the wealth of ideas, styles, and perspectives as culturally enriching, but not exotic, erudition. [less ▲]

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See detail« Aus dem Wartezimmer des Krieges »: The Non-Experience of World War One in Luxembourg
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

E-print/Working paper (2018)

This article aims to contribute to the reconstruction of Luxembourg’s war experience and to analyse Weber’s literary and theoretical renditions of these events. It will investigate Weber’s experience of ... [more ▼]

This article aims to contribute to the reconstruction of Luxembourg’s war experience and to analyse Weber’s literary and theoretical renditions of these events. It will investigate Weber’s experience of non-experience and highlight the ways in which he sought to describe and overcome the sense of ineffectuality and uselessness that came with being ‘put on hold’ by the war as a nation and as a human being. Weber’s reflections mix physical, mental, and intellectual pain, creating a sense of absurdist, non-productive suffering, which he, with wavering conviction, seeks to counteract by drawing on the physicality of the personal and collective body. [less ▲]

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See detailTranscultural Encounters: De- and Re-humanisation of the Worker in Multinational “Luxembourgish” Poetry, 1900-1940
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Les Cahiers luxembourgeois (2018), 1

This article contrasts the portrayal of the worker and his/her labour in French- and German-speaking book-poetry addressed to the Luxembourgish intelligentsia to the newspaper-poems consumed by the ... [more ▼]

This article contrasts the portrayal of the worker and his/her labour in French- and German-speaking book-poetry addressed to the Luxembourgish intelligentsia to the newspaper-poems consumed by the working-class readers of the social democratic organ Der Arme Teufel (1903-1929). It posits and illustrates that the attribution and simultaneous withdrawal of identity to the workers by bourgeois writers implies their incapacitation and disempowerment not only in financial terms, but also on a philosophico-literary level. In order to counteract the inscription of inferiority into cultural and literary history through aesthetic objectification, it seeks to reconstruct and include the workers’ perspective by shedding light on their transcultural consumption practices. Readers of Der Arme Teufel were presented with a wide selection of high-brow and amateur poetry from a multinational background, frequently, if not always, supporting the socialist cause. Analysing a selection of poems that depict the workers’ position in and their attitudes towards the factory system, this article proposes to widen the national literary canon to include the transcultural newspaper poetry consumed in Luxembourg in order to incorporate the multiplicity of literary expressions that formulated and shaped public consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailMuttersprachliche Mehrsprachigkeit: Batty Weber (1860-1940) und die Mischkultur in Luxemburg
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Glesener, Jeanne; Roelens, Nathalie; Sieburg, Heinz (Eds.) Das Paradigma der Interkulturalität: Themen und Positionen in europöischen Literaturwissenschaften (2017)

Ein Großteil der wissenschaftlichen Publikationen der letzten zwanzig Jahre zum Thema Mehrsprachigkeit in Luxemburg stellt Webers Konzept der Mischkultur zu Recht als Pfeiler von nationalen Kulturtheorien ... [more ▼]

Ein Großteil der wissenschaftlichen Publikationen der letzten zwanzig Jahre zum Thema Mehrsprachigkeit in Luxemburg stellt Webers Konzept der Mischkultur zu Recht als Pfeiler von nationalen Kulturtheorien und Identitätsmodellen hin. Der vorliegende Beitrag möchte zu einer differenzierteren Betrachtung des Artikels von 1909 im Kontext von Webers Gesamtwerk anregen und anhand der Quelle der Feuilletonserie Abreißkalender (1913-1940) deutlich machen, dass für Weber die Mischkultur keine permanente Identität bedeutete, sondern einen andauernden Prozess des Negoziierens, der Zueigenmachung, der Ablehnung, der Assimilierung und der Emanzipation von interkulturellen Elementen. Weber tritt zwar in diesem Text für die Wertschätzung der luxemburgischen Kultur ein, stellt aber im Laufe seiner journalistischen und literarischen Laufbahn selbst sprachliche Qualitätsstandarde auf, die, durch interkulturellen Vergleich, die Bildung, Kompetenz und Ausdrucksfähigkeit seiner Leser in Frage stellen. Wenn auch Weber seinen Identitätsbegriff nie an klar definierten binären Dichotomien von fremd und eigen festmacht, so fordert er doch wiederholt die einwandfreie Beherrschung mehrerer Standardsprachen, indem er klar zwischen Fehler und korrektem Gebrauch unterscheidet. Während die Mischung von französischen, deutschen und luxemburgischen Kulturelementen für Weber den verallgemeinerten Luxemburger ausmacht, stellt er sprachliche Interferenzen als Fehler dar. Diese Fehlerhaftigkeit ist stark kontextabhängig: im Sprachgebrauch der Bevölkerung stellt Weber Vermischungen von Sprachsystemen oft als Zeichen von Inkompetenz und Anmaßung dar aber im Bereich der Kunst zeugen sie, ihm zufolge, von Kreativität, Individualität und luxemburgischer Eigenart. Besonders in den ersten Jahren seines Feuilletons, ca. 1913 bis 1920, beschäftigt sich Weber mir linguistischen Notionen der Korrektheit, die in den 1930er Jahren stark an Bedeutung verlieren. In diesem Jahrzehnt sind Feuilletons, in denen Weber versucht das Kunstpotential der Luxemburger Literaten genau zu lokalisieren, häufig. [less ▲]

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See detailBatty Weber--Werk und Wirkung
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

Book published by Centre national de littérature (2017)

Erstmals wird das journalistische und literarische Werk eines der bedeutendsten Intellektuellen der ersten Hälfte des 20. jahrhunderts in Luxemburg vorgestellt. Batty Weber, Integrationsfigur und ... [more ▼]

Erstmals wird das journalistische und literarische Werk eines der bedeutendsten Intellektuellen der ersten Hälfte des 20. jahrhunderts in Luxemburg vorgestellt. Batty Weber, Integrationsfigur und Autorität für zahlreiche zeitgenössische Autoren, hat ein vielfältiges und reiches Erbe hinterlassen. Nunmehr wird ein kritischer Blick auf den 'Abreisskalendermann', den Journalisten und Autor von Erzählungen, Novellen, Roman und Theaterstücken geworfen; es werden überrraschende Aspekte seines Werkes erläutert und Dokumente aus seinem Nachlass abgedruckt. [less ▲]

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See detailBatty Weber—Der Abreisskalendermann als Historiker des Alltags
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Millim, Anne-Marie (Ed.) Batty Weber--Werk und Wirkung (2017)

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See detailSignifying the Small Nation: the Role of Tourists in Luxembourgish National Identity, 1913 1940
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Journal of Tourism History (2016), 8(1), 19-46

This article explores the meaning of the tourist presence in the discursive construction of Luxembourg as a nation during the first part of the twentieth century. The Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, a small ... [more ▼]

This article explores the meaning of the tourist presence in the discursive construction of Luxembourg as a nation during the first part of the twentieth century. The Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, a small territory surrounded by the major European powers France, Belgium and Germany, gained independence in the nineteenth century. The attribution of sovereignty made the invention of the nation imperative and landscape writing became instrumental in developing the ideological rootedness essential to the construction of national identity. Batty Weber (1860-1940), the most prolific contemporary writer, actively sought to shape the image of the independent Luxembourg both on a national and international level, drawing on the tourist industry as a means of acquiring national self-knowledge and self-respect. His assessments and suggestions for improvement regarding the practicalities of the tourist experience are of vital importance as they illustrate the process of creating places for foreign visitors and local residents alike. He further posited the imagined gaze of the tourist as the gaze the locals should adopt and advocated the ‘spatial practices’ (De Certeau) of visitors to be emulated in the enactment of nationhood. [less ▲]

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See detailRepresentations and Projections.
Belling, Luc UL; De Bres, Julia UL; Cicotti, Claudio UL et al

in Wille, Christian; Reckinger, Rachel; Kmec, Sonja (Eds.) et al Spaces and Identities in Border Regions. Politics – Media – Subjects. (2016)

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See detailLe multilinguisme dans le feuilleton de Batty Weber, 1913–1920
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Gerflint: SYNERGIES PAYS GERMANOPHONES (2015), 8

Résumé : cette contribution relativise l’éloge du multilinguisme, de l’interculturalité et de la « Mischkultur » souvent attribués à l’écrivain, feuilletoniste et éditeur luxembourgeois Batty Weber ... [more ▼]

Résumé : cette contribution relativise l’éloge du multilinguisme, de l’interculturalité et de la « Mischkultur » souvent attribués à l’écrivain, feuilletoniste et éditeur luxembourgeois Batty Weber (1860–1940). Cette analyse des premières années (1913–1920) de son feuilleton Abreisskalender (1913–1940) montre la complexité, les difficultés, autant que les avantages, intellectuels et identitaires, de la condition multilingue, perçus, vécus et transmis par Weber dans le contexte des idées et idéologies courantes de l’époque. Bien qu’il préconise la tolérance envers les problèmes de prononciation et de style des locuteurs plurilingues, il a tendance à exiger une perfection d’expression de monolingue. [less ▲]

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See detailRezension: Claude D. Conter / Oliver Jahraus/ Christian Kirchmeier (Hg.), Der Erste Weltkrieg als Katastrophe. Deutungsmuster im literarischen Diskurs
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Hemecht : Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte = Revue d'Histoire Luxembourgeoise (2015), 67(4), 506-509

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See detailCelestial Landscapes: the Supranational Imagination in Luxembourg’s Pre-World War I Press
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in National Identities (2014), 16(3), 197-208

This study examines the metaphorical means through which political independence was translated into national identity in Luxembourgish literature between 1900 and 1940. It shows how industrialisation ... [more ▼]

This study examines the metaphorical means through which political independence was translated into national identity in Luxembourgish literature between 1900 and 1940. It shows how industrialisation provided an aesthetic canvas for literary modernism and how the writer and journalist Batty Weber and his contemporaries sought to modernise a dominant ideological attachment to the soil by instituting the sky as the embodiment of ideational change. While, for them, the smoky industrial skies symbolised democratic interactions between societies, celestial landscapes also met other ideological purposes in the contemporary Luxembourgish literary imagination, serving as a useful metaphor for spatial and intellectual development. [less ▲]

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See detailRepräsentationen und Projektionen.
Belling, Luc UL; De Bres, Julia UL; Cicotti, Claudio UL et al

in Wille, Christian; Reckinger, Rachel; Kmec, Sonja (Eds.) et al Räume und Identitäten in Grenzregionen. Politiken – Medien – Subjekte. (2014)

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See detailSchooling the gaze: Industry and nation-building in Luxembourgish landscape-writing, 1900 1940
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Journal of European Studies (2014), 44(2), 151-169

This paper investigates the role of industry in the invention of a national landscape in Luxembourg between 1900 and 1940. Luxembourg is a significant case study when it comes to the construction of ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the role of industry in the invention of a national landscape in Luxembourg between 1900 and 1940. Luxembourg is a significant case study when it comes to the construction of national identity, because it gained its independence (1890) not through revolution but was attributed the status of nationhood by the decision of the major European political powers. The period under investigation is also characterised by immense industrial expansion: in the course of a few decades, Luxembourg moved from a rural subordinate state to a major economic power. Focusing on landscape-writings addressed to a native audience, this paper examines the nexus of the economy, the arts and politics, arguing that writers integrated representations of industrial processes into the discourse of national identity in order to assert Luxembourg’s competence and ‘right to life’. [less ▲]

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See detailPhilinte: das Feuilleton von Nicolas Ries
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

in Lesch, Paul (Ed.) Le siècle du Tageblatt (2013)

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See detailThe Victorian Diary: Authorship and Emotional Labour
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

Book published by Ashgate (2013)

In her examination of neglected diaristic texts, Anne-Marie Millim expands the field of Victorian diary criticism by complicating the conventional notion of diaries as mainly private sources of ... [more ▼]

In her examination of neglected diaristic texts, Anne-Marie Millim expands the field of Victorian diary criticism by complicating the conventional notion of diaries as mainly private sources of biographical information. She argues that for Elizabeth Rigby Eastlake, Henry Crabb Robinson, George Eliot, George Gissing, John Ruskin, Edith Simcox and Gerard Manley Hopkins, the exposure or publication of their diaries was a real possibility that they either coveted or feared. Millim locates the diary at the intersection of the public and private spheres to show that well-known writers and public figures of both sexes exploited the diary's self-reflexive, diurnal structure in order to enhance their creativity and establish themselves as authors. Their object was to manage, rather than to indulge or repress, their emotions for the purposes of perfecting their observational and critical skills. Reading these diaries as literary works in their own right, Millim analyses their crucial role in the construction of authorship. By relating these Victorian writers' diaries to their publications and to contemporary works of cultural criticism, Millim shows the multifarious ways in which diaristic practices, emotional management and professional output corresponded to experiences of the literary marketplace and to nineteenth-century codes of propriety. [less ▲]

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See detailVictorian Celebrity Culture and Tennyson's Circle
Millim, Anne-Marie UL

Book published by Palgrave (2013)

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