References of "Mikulics, M"
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See detailMonolithic Integration of Ultrafast Photodetector and MESFET in the GaN Material System
Mikulics, M.; Kordoš, P.; Gregušová, D. et al

in IEEE Photonics Technology Letters (2011), 23(17), 1189-1191

We have fabricated and characterized ultrafast metal–semiconductor–metal (MSM) photodetectors integrated with metal–semiconductor–field-effect-transistors (MESFETs) integrated in coplanar strip lines in ... [more ▼]

We have fabricated and characterized ultrafast metal–semiconductor–metal (MSM) photodetectors integrated with metal–semiconductor–field-effect-transistors (MESFETs) integrated in coplanar strip lines in the GaN/AlN/SiC material system. We recorded electrical transients of the single photodetector as short as 0.9 ps wide by optoelectric pump–probe measurements using 360-nm-wavelength and 100-fs-duration laser pulses. Electric photoresponse transients of the photodetector with 6-mV peak amplitude were amplified by the MESFET, resulting in 4-ps-wide and 35-mV peak amplitude signals. This monolithically integrated optoelectronic circuit is presented as a potential candidate for high-speed ultraviolet optoelectronics [less ▲]

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See detailOutput Power Improvement in MSM Photomixers by Modified Finger Contacts Configuration
Mikulics, M.; Marso, Michel UL; Lepsa, Mike et al

in IEEE Photonics Technology Letters (2009), 21(3), 146-148

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See detailPerformance optimization of GaAs-based photomixers as sources of THz radiation
Kordoš, P.; Marso, Michel UL; Mikulics, M.

in Applied Physics A : Materials Science & Processing (2007), 87(3), 563-567

The performance optimization of GaAs-based photomixers using novel device structures is reported. Lowtemperature grown (LT) GaAs devices with recessed interdigitated finger contacts, which improve the ... [more ▼]

The performance optimization of GaAs-based photomixers using novel device structures is reported. Lowtemperature grown (LT) GaAs devices with recessed interdigitated finger contacts, which improve the electric field distribution in the active region, were investigated. Further, the devices with an enhancedmixing area using finger contacts integrated into the coplanar stripline were experimentally verified. The output power of such photomixers was twice of that with conventional surface contacts. High-energy nitrogen implanted GaAs was used as an alternative to LT GaAs, and a further increase of the output power was observed.Measured power level of 2.6 μW at 850 GHz was higher than that reported before for any photomixer in the THz region. [less ▲]

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See detailTraveling-wave photomixer with recessed interdigitated contacts on low-temperature-grown GaAs
Mikulics, M.; Michael, E. A.; Schieder, R. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2006), 88(4), 0411181-0411183

We have fabricated and characterized novel traveling-wave photomixers with recessed interdigitated metal-semiconductor-metal MSM contacts based on low-temperature-grown GaAs. The new recessed MSM geometry ... [more ▼]

We have fabricated and characterized novel traveling-wave photomixers with recessed interdigitated metal-semiconductor-metal MSM contacts based on low-temperature-grown GaAs. The new recessed MSM geometry led to an improved electric-field distribution inside the photomixer structure and resulted in an up-to-100% increase in the output power of continuously operated devices, compared to conventional MSM devices with standard surface electrodes fabricated on an identical material. The recessed electrode structure also resulted in lower saturation of output power at higher input powers, enabling it to take advantage of higher input powers. [less ▲]

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See detailTerahertz photonic mixers as local oscillators for hot electron bolometer and superconductor-insulator-superconductor astronomical receivers, ,
Cámara Mayorga, I.; Muñoz Pradas, P.; Michael, E. A. et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2006), 100

A pump experiment of two astronomical heterodyne receivers, a superconductorinsulator- superconductor SIS receiver at 450 GHz and a hot-electron-bolometer HEB receiver at 750 GHz, is reported. A low ... [more ▼]

A pump experiment of two astronomical heterodyne receivers, a superconductorinsulator- superconductor SIS receiver at 450 GHz and a hot-electron-bolometer HEB receiver at 750 GHz, is reported. A low-temperature-grown GaAs metal-semiconductor-metal photonic local oscillator LO was illuminated by two near infrared semiconductor lasers, generating a beat frequency in the submillimeter range. I-V junction characteristics for different LO pump power levels demonstrate that the power delivered by the photomixer is sufficient to pump a SIS and a HEB mixer. SIS receiver noise temperatures were compared using a conventional solid-state LO anda photonic LO. In both cases, the best receiver noise temperature was identical Tsys=170 K . [less ▲]

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See detailTerahertz-Radiation Photomixers on Nitrogen-Implanted GaAs, (2006) 117 - 120
Mikulics, M.; Marso, Michel UL; Stanček, S. et al

in Proc. 6th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems ASDAM’06 (2006)

We have fabricated and characterized photomixers based on high energy nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs. For material optimization and annealing dynamics in MSM photodetector structures, we used 400 keV ... [more ▼]

We have fabricated and characterized photomixers based on high energy nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs. For material optimization and annealing dynamics in MSM photodetector structures, we used 400 keV implantation energy with an ion dose of 1´1016 cm-2. For photomixer structures we used 3 MeV energy to implant N+ ions into GaAs substrates, with an ion concentration dose of 3´1012 cm-2. The N+-implanted GaAs photomixers exhibit improved output power in comparison to their counterparts, photomixers fabricated on low-temperature-grown GaAs. The highest output power was 2.6 μW at 850 GHz and about 1 μW at 1 THz. No saturation of the output power with increased bias voltage and optical input power was observed. These characteristics make N+-implanted GaAs the material of choice for efficient high power sources of terahertz radiation. [less ▲]

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See detailUltrafast and Highly-Sensitive Photodetectors with Recessed Electrodes Fabricated on Low-Temperature-Grown GaAs
Mikulics, M.; Wu, S.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in IEEE Photonics Technology Letters (2006), 18 (2006)(5-6), 820-822

We have fabricated and characterized ultrafast metal–semiconductor–metal (MSM) photodetectors with recessed electrodes, based on low-temperature-grown GaAs. The new recessed-electrode MSM geometry led to ... [more ▼]

We have fabricated and characterized ultrafast metal–semiconductor–metal (MSM) photodetectors with recessed electrodes, based on low-temperature-grown GaAs. The new recessed-electrode MSM geometry led to an improved electric-field distribution inside the photodetector structure and resulted in a 25% breakdown voltage and sensitivity increase with simultaneous four-fold reduction of capacitance, as compared to the identical MSM devices with planar electrodes. Time-resolved studies performed using 100-fs-duration laser pulses showed that recessed-electrode MSMs exhibited 1.0-ps-wide photoresponse transients with no slow after-pulse tails and their photoresponse time was 0.9 ps. The improved transient photoresponse parameters are the main advantages of the recessed-electrode geometry. [less ▲]

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See detailTraveling-wave photomixers fabricated on high energy nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs
Mikulics, M.; Michael, E. A.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2006), 89(7), 071103

The authors report on fabrication and measurement of traveling-wave photomixers based on high energy and low dose nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs. They used 3 MeV energy to implant N+ ions into GaAs ... [more ▼]

The authors report on fabrication and measurement of traveling-wave photomixers based on high energy and low dose nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs. They used 3 MeV energy to implant N+ ions into GaAs substrates with an ion concentration dose of 3 1012 cm−2. The N+-implanted GaAs photomixers exhibit improvements in the output power in comparison with their counterparts, photomixers fabricated on low-temperature-grown GaAs. The maximal output power was 2.64 W at 850 GHz. No saturation of the output power with increased bias voltage and optical input power was observed. These characteristics make N+-implanted GaAs the material of choice for efficient high power sources of terahertz radiation. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge-area traveling-wave photonic mixers for increased continuous terahertz power
Michael, E. A.; Vowinkel, B.; Schieder, R. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2005), 86(11), 111120-111123

A large-aperture design for terahertz traveling-wave photomixers, continuously pumped free space by two detuned diode lasers, is proposed and experimentally verified for devices based on low-temperature ... [more ▼]

A large-aperture design for terahertz traveling-wave photomixers, continuously pumped free space by two detuned diode lasers, is proposed and experimentally verified for devices based on low-temperature-grown GaAs sLT-GaAsd. It combines the advantages of conventional interdigitated small-area structures and traveling-wave devices. An output power of 1 µW at the mixing frequency of 1 THz was measured in initial testing, which meets local oscillator power requirements for superconducting heterodyne mixer devices. [less ▲]

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See detailUltrafast Phenomena in Freestanding LT-GaAs Devices
Marso, Michel UL; Mikulics, M.; Adam, R. et al

in Acta Physica Polonica A (2005), VOL 107; PART 1

We report on the fabrication and high-frequency performance of our photodetectors and photomixers based on freestanding low-temperature-grown GaAs. The MBE-grown low-temperature GaAs layers are lifted ... [more ▼]

We report on the fabrication and high-frequency performance of our photodetectors and photomixers based on freestanding low-temperature-grown GaAs. The MBE-grown low-temperature GaAs layers are lifted from the native GaAs substrate and transferred on top of variety of host substrates. The freestanding devices exhibit breakdown electrical ¯elds above 200 kV/cm and dark currents below 3 £ 10¡7 A at 100 V bias. Device photoresponse shows 0.55 ps wide electrical transients with voltage amplitudes up to 1.3 V, measured using an electro-optical sampling technique with 100 fs wide laser pulses. Photomixing experiments at 460 GHz yield a 9 times higher output power for the freestanding device on Si/SiO2 host substrate compared to the native substrate. [less ▲]

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See detailUltrafast Low-Temperature-Grown Epitaxial GaAs Photodetectors Transferred on Flexible Plastic Substrates
Mikulics, M.; Adam, R.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in IEEE Photonics Technology Letters (2005), 17(8), 1725-1727

We demonstrate low-temperature (LT)-grown GaAs photodetectors transferred on flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic substrates. The LT-GaAs layer was patterned into 20 20 m2 chips, which after ... [more ▼]

We demonstrate low-temperature (LT)-grown GaAs photodetectors transferred on flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic substrates. The LT-GaAs layer was patterned into 20 20 m2 chips, which after placing on the PET substrates were integrated with coplanar strip transmission lines. The devices exhibit low dark currents ( 2 10 8 A), subpicosecond photoresponse time, and signal amplitudes up to 0.9 V at the bias voltage of 80 V and under laser beam excitation power of 8 mW at 810-nm wavelength. At the highest bias ( 80 V) level, an increase of the response time (up to 1.3 ps) was observed and attributed to the influence of heating effects due to low thermal conductivity of PET. Our LT-GaAs-on-PET photodetectors withstand hundredfold mechanical bending of the substrate and are intended for applications in hybrid optoelectronic circuits fabricated on noncrystalline substrates, in terahertz imaging, and in biology-related current-excitation tests. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotomixers fabricated on nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs
Mikulics, M.; Marso, Michel UL; Cámara Mayorga, I. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2005), 87(4), 41106-1-3

We report on fabrication and measurement of photomixers based on nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs. We used energies of 500 keV, 700 keV, and 880 keV to implant N+ ions into GaAs substrates with an ion ... [more ▼]

We report on fabrication and measurement of photomixers based on nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs. We used energies of 500 keV, 700 keV, and 880 keV to implant N+ ions into GaAs substrates with an ion concentration of 3 1012 cm−2. The resulting material exhibited 110 fs carrier lifetime due to implantation-induced defects. Our photomixers were fabricated as metal-semiconductor-metal devices, placed at the feed point of a broadband antenna. Optoelectronic measurements were performed in the wavelength range between 350 nm and 950 nm. In comparison to their counterparts photomixers fabricated on low-temperature-grown GaAs the N+-implanted GaAs photomixers exhibit improvements on both the output power and responsivity. A maximal responsivity of above 100 mA/W was achieved and we did not observe any dependence of the mixer cut-off frequency on the bias voltage. These characteristics make N+-implanted GaAs the material of choice for efficient optoelectronic photomixers. [less ▲]

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See detailUltrafast metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors on low-temperature-grown GaN
Mikulics, M.; Marso, Michel UL; Javorka, P. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2005), 86(21), 211110

We have fabricated and characterized ultrafast metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors based on low-temperature-grown sLTd GaN. The photodetector devices exhibit up to 200 kV/cm electric breakdown fields ... [more ▼]

We have fabricated and characterized ultrafast metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors based on low-temperature-grown sLTd GaN. The photodetector devices exhibit up to 200 kV/cm electric breakdown fields and subpicosecond carrier lifetime. We recorded as short as 1.4-ps-wide electrical transients using 360-nm-wavelength and 100-fs-duration laser pulses, that is corresponding to the carrier lifetime of 720 fs in our LT GaN material. [less ▲]

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See detailNitrogen implanted GaAs for ultrafast photodetectors and photomixers
Mikulics, M.; Wolter, M. J.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in Proc. 5th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems ASDAM’04 (2004)

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See detailAn optimization of terahertz local oscillators based on LT-GaAs technology
Mayorga, I. C.; Mikulics, M.; Schmitz, A. et al

in SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (2004), 5498 (2004)

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See detailLarge-area traveling-wave LT-GaAs photomixers for LO application
Michael, E. A.; Mikulics, M.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (2004), 5498 (2004)

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See detailFabrication and performance of hybrid photoconductive devices based on freestanding LT-GaAs, Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials VIII,
Adam, R.; Mikulics, M.; Wu, S. et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2004), 5353 (2004)

We report on fabrication and high-frequency performance of our photodetectors and photomixers based on freestanding low-temperature-grown GaAs (LT-GaAs). In our experiments, the LT-GaAs/AlAs bilayers were ... [more ▼]

We report on fabrication and high-frequency performance of our photodetectors and photomixers based on freestanding low-temperature-grown GaAs (LT-GaAs). In our experiments, the LT-GaAs/AlAs bilayers were grown on 2-inch diameter, semi-insulating GaAs wafers by a molecular beam epitaxy. Next, the bilayer was patterned to form 10 × 10 μm2 to 150 × 150 μm2 structures using photolithography and ion beam etching. The AlAs layer was then selectively etched in diluted HF solution, and the LT-GaAs device was lifted from its substrate and transferred on top of a variety of substrates including Si, MgO/YBaCuO, Al2O3, and a plastic foil. Following the transfer, metallic coplanar transmission lines were fabricated on top of the LT-GaAs structure, forming a metal semiconductor-metal photodetectors or photomixer structures. Our freestanding devices exhibited above 200 V breakdown voltages and dark currents at 100 V below 3×10-7 A. Device photoresponse was measured using an electro-optic sampling technique with 100-fs-wide laser pulses at wavelengths of 810 nm and 405 nm as the excitation source. For 810-nm excitation, we measured 0.55 ps-wide electrical transients with voltage amplitudes of up to 1.3 V. The signal amplitude was a linear function of the applied voltage bias, as well as a linear function of the laser excitation power, below well-defined saturation thresholds. Output power from the freestanding photomixers was measured with two beam laser illumination experimental setup. Reported fabrication technique is suitable for the LT-GaAs integration with a range of semiconducting, superconducting, and organic materials for high-frequency hybrid optoelectronic applications. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneration of 1 THz radiation by photomixing in low-temperature-grown MBE GaAs
Mikulics, M.; Camara, I.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in Proc. 5th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems ASDAM’04 (2004)

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See detailUltrafast and highly sensitive photodetectors fabricated on high-energy nitrogen-implanted GaAs,
Mikulics, M.; Marso, Michel UL; Kordoš, P. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2003), 83

We have fabricated and tested metal–semiconductor–metal ~MSM! photodetectors based on nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs. Nitrogen ions with energy of 700 and 880 keV, respectively, were implanted into epitaxial ... [more ▼]

We have fabricated and tested metal–semiconductor–metal ~MSM! photodetectors based on nitrogen-ion-implanted GaAs. Nitrogen ions with energy of 700 and 880 keV, respectively, were implanted into epitaxial GaAs films at an ion concentration of 331012 cm22. Ti/Au MSM photodetectors with 1-um-wide fingers were fabricated on top of the implanted GaAs. In comparison to low-temperature-grown GaAs photodetectors, produced in parallel in identical MSM geometry, the 880 keV N1-implanted photodetectors exhibited almost two orders of magnitude lower dark current ~10 nA at 1 V bias! and the responsivity more than doubled ~.20 mA/W at 20 V bias!. Illumination with 100-fs-wide, 810 nm wavelength laser pulses, generated ;2.5-ps-wide photoresponse signals with amplitudes as high as 2 V. The 2.5 ps relaxation time was the same for both the ion-implanted and low-temperature-grown devices and was limited by the MSM capacitance time constant. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneration of 460 GHz radiation by photomixing in low-temperature-grown MBE GaAs
Mikulics, M.; Siebel, F.; Fox, A. et al

in Proc. 4th Intern. Conf. Advanced Semicon. Dev. & Microsystems (2002)

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