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See detailThe role of gender in the intergenerational transmission of family values between mothers, fathers and adolescents.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Abstract book of 15th European Conference on Developmental Psychology (2011)

Referring to gender role models of socialization, the intergenerational transmission of values within families should generally be higher in same-gender compared to mixed dyads. However, empirical studies ... [more ▼]

Referring to gender role models of socialization, the intergenerational transmission of values within families should generally be higher in same-gender compared to mixed dyads. However, empirical studies have not always supported this assumption. Recent research has suggested that different results might be expected depending on the specific value content. The aim of the present study is to investigate the influence of the parent-child gender constellation on value similarities in families with adolescents in Luxembourg, focusing on gender-related and general family values. A sample of N = 46 family triads, i.e. adolescents (n=22 boys, n=24 girls) between age 15 and 20 together with their mothers and fathers, were interviewed on values about hierarchical gender roles as well as obligations towards family members. Analyses showed that both daughters and sons were more similar to mothers compared to fathers in their respective value profiles. Analyzing the similarities between the adolescent and parent generation showed that daughters were more similar to the typical female and sons more similar to the typical male value profile. Regarding specific value contents, fathers’ and sons’ values about obligations towards family members were related to each other. Moreover, similarities in values about hierarchical gender roles were showed for both mother-daughter and mother-son dyads. This finding was further specified, given that sons agreed more than mothers with values about hierarchical gender roles, indicating thus a relative (not absolute) mother-son value transmission. Results are discussed from theoretical perspectives of gender role socialization as well as gender specific salience of value orientations. [less ▲]

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See detailA-EKB-EA – Fragebogen zur Erfassung von Ambivalenz in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen im Erwachsenenalter. Test Info.
Michels, Tom; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Focus Diagnostica (2011), 57 (1)

Ambivalenz in der Beziehung zu Mutter und Vater und anderen Familienmitgliedern stellt neben dem Solidaritätskonzept eine bedeutsame Dimension für die Beschreibung intergenerationeller Beziehungen dar ... [more ▼]

Ambivalenz in der Beziehung zu Mutter und Vater und anderen Familienmitgliedern stellt neben dem Solidaritätskonzept eine bedeutsame Dimension für die Beschreibung intergenerationeller Beziehungen dar. Psychologische Ambivalenz ist dabei definiert durch das gleichzeitige Auftreten von widersprüchlichen Motiven, Emotionen und Handlungstendenzen gegenüber einer Person. In der vorliegenden Studie wurde ein „Fragebogen zur Erfassung von Ambivalenz in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen im Erwachsenenalter” entwickelt, der k = 23 Items umfasst und in einer Mutter- respektive Vaterversion vorliegt. Exploratorische und konfirmatorische Analysen in einer Stichprobe von N = 210 Personen jungen und mittleren Erwachsenenalters zeigten unterschiedliche zweifaktorielle Strukturen des Verfahrens für die Vater- und die Mutterversion. Es wurde weiter eine Kurzversion der Instrumente entwickelt, die Vergleiche zwischen elterlichen Beziehungen erlaubt. Die Prüfung der psychometrischen Kennwerte zeigte zufriedenstellende Reliabilitätsschätzungen; ebenso ergaben sich erste Hinweise auf eine substantielle kriterienbezogene Validität der Skalen. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational value transmission within the family and the role of emotions.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Proceedings of 5th Congress of the European Society of Family Relations 2010 (2010)

The intergenerational transmission of values from one generation to the next is a crucial task of the family as primary socialization agent. Aspects that characterize the family context (such as parenting ... [more ▼]

The intergenerational transmission of values from one generation to the next is a crucial task of the family as primary socialization agent. Aspects that characterize the family context (such as parenting, communication style, relationship quality) may serve as transmission belts enhancing (or hindering) the intrafamilial transfer of values. Although the importance of emotions of parents and their children has been acknowledged, their role in the transmission process has only rarely been addressed empirically. For several reasons one can assume that emotions have an essential function in the transfer of values from parents to their offspring. As demonstrated by cognitive psychology, contents that are linked to emotions are remembered more easily. Further, one can assume that the valence of emotions influences the internalization process: While positive emotions towards the transmitter should enhance attention to value messages and willingness of the recipient to take over these values, negative emotions should reduce the recipient’s readiness to take over specific values. The aim of the present study is to investigate in how far value similarity between mothers and adolescents is linked to their positive or negative emotions towards each other. A sample of N = 95 mother-adolescent dyads living in Luxembourg was studied by means of a standardized questionnaire measuring four general value orientations, namely self-direction, hedonism, conformism and benevolence as well as positive and negative emotions of both mothers and adolescents. Results indicate that positive emotions of adolescents towards their mothers were related with higher value similarity, whereas negative and ambivalent emotions were related to lower value similarity. Also for mothers, negative emotions were related to lower value similarity with their children. Results are discussed with respect to intrafamilial processes underlying the regulation of intergenerational relations and the transmission of values. [less ▲]

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See detailPatterns of Emotional Relations and Intergenerational Support in Families: A Three-Generation-Perspective
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Gerontologist (2010), 50(Supplement 1), 110-110

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See detailPerceived parenting and ambivalence in parent-child relations in adolescence and emerging adulthood.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in XIIth EARA Conference (2010)

The concept of ambivalence describes dynamics of simultaneous attraction and repulsion in families. Especially transitions during the life span are likely to elicit ambivalence in intergenerational ... [more ▼]

The concept of ambivalence describes dynamics of simultaneous attraction and repulsion in families. Especially transitions during the life span are likely to elicit ambivalence in intergenerational relations. Adolescence and emerging adulthood are phases of important transformations in parent-child relations entailing an array of developmental tasks, such as identity development and the dual process of individuation, which may give rise to ambivalences and tensions in family relations. Assuming different stages in the individuation process, parental control might be perceived differently by adolescents and emerging adults: while younger children may perceive parental control as kind of support and care, it may be experienced more as intrusion when autonomy demands of adolescents increase. The aims of the present study were to analyse a) the relation of perceived parenting and ambivalence towards parents with age, b) the interrelation of perceived parenting and feelings of ambivalence, as well as c) the moderating role developmental phase may have for the relation between perceived parenting and ambivalence. In the present study, a sample of N = 233 participants between the age of 14 and 25 (M = 19.00, SD = 2.69) living in Luxembourg were interviewed with regard to their relations towards their mothers and their fathers. The standardized questionnaire measured perceived parenting on three dimensions (maternal resp. paternal support, behavioural control and psychological control); further, ambivalence towards mothers and fathers was assessed with a newly developed questionnaire including contradictory emotional, motivational, and behavioural tendencies. Results showed that behavioural control was reduced with growing age; moreover, ambivalence was related positively to psychological control and behavioural control. Developmental phase moderated the relation between behavioural control and feelings of ambivalence towards mothers: This relation showed to be stronger for older participants. Results will be discussed with respect to intrafamilial processes underlying the regulation of ambivalence within the individuation process. [less ▲]

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See detailPatterns of intergenerational support and reciprocity
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in In R. Zukauskiene (Ed.). Proceedings of the XIV European Conference on Developmental Psychology ECDP. Bologna, Italy: Medimond. (2010)

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See detailPatterns of intergenerational support and reciprocity in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2009)

Background. Along with demographic changes regarding increasing life expectancies and lower fertility rates, members of different generations within the family spend more and more life time together. In ... [more ▼]

Background. Along with demographic changes regarding increasing life expectancies and lower fertility rates, members of different generations within the family spend more and more life time together. In line with these developments, intergenerational relations gain importance with the exchange of support and reciprocity being key issues. Referring to theoretical models of intergenerational solidarity, the present study aims to examine reciprocity of intergenerational support exchange as well as its relation to relationship quality and family norms in Luxembourg. Method. A sample of 31 three-generation families (adolescent daughters, mothers, and grandmothers) with Luxembourgish origin as well as 21 two-generation families with Portuguese origin (adolescent daughters and mothers) living in Luxembourg was studied by means of a standardized questionnaire measuring perceived support provision and reception, relationship quality as well as adherence to family norms. Results. In the first step, patterns of emotional and instrumental support exchange were identified and different generations and cultural groups were compared. Analyses showed that while most participants perceived to give more than to receive regarding emotional support, different patterns occurred with respect to instrumental support: In Portuguese families, the exchange of this kind of support was perceived as balanced, but in Luxembourgish families, middle generation was clearly perceived as net provider by all three generations. In the second step, an indirect measure of reciprocity was applied in order to study the relation between support balance and relationship quality as well as family norms. These analyses underlined the importance of reciprocity especially for the quality of intergenerational relations in Luxembourgish families. Conclusions. Results are discussed with respect to intrafamilial processes underlying the regulation of intergenerational relations by taking into account cross-cultural differences in value orientations and family norms. [less ▲]

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See detailPatterns of emotional relations and intergenerational support in families: A Three-Generation-Perspective
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Paper to be presented at the 63rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America (GSA), New Orleans (USA). (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (6 UL)
See detail‘‘Forever young’’: On the relationship between subjective and objective age
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Michels, Tom

in Paper presented at the XIXth IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Paris, France (2009)

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See detailTransmission of Family Values and Intergenerational Solidarity in Luxembourg . Paper presented at the 4th Congress of the European Society on Family Relations, Jyväskylä (Finland)
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ries, Thorsten UL; Michels, Tom et al

in Paper presented at the 4th Congress of the European Society on Family Relations, Jyväskylä, Finland. (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL)
See detailSozio-kulturelle Konstruktion des Alters. Transdisziplinäre Perspektiven.
Ferring, Dieter UL; Haller, Miriam; Meyer-Wolters, Hartmut et al

Book published by Würzburg: Könighausen & Neumann. (2008)

Das Thema Altern und Altsein ist seit vielen Jahren Gegenstand zahlreicher Publikationen, wobei die soziokulturelle Betrachtung weniger im Fokus der Auseinandersetzungen stand. Die vier Herausgeber dieses ... [more ▼]

Das Thema Altern und Altsein ist seit vielen Jahren Gegenstand zahlreicher Publikationen, wobei die soziokulturelle Betrachtung weniger im Fokus der Auseinandersetzungen stand. Die vier Herausgeber dieses Werkes sind: Dieter Ferring, Professor an der Universität Luxembourg, Tom Michels, Diplom- Psychologe an gleicher Universität, Hartmut Meyer-Wolters, Professor und Dr. Miriam Haller, wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin an der Universität zu Köln. Weitere 17 Autoren haben einen Beitrag zu dieser transdisziplinären Herangehensweise geleistet. Der vorliegende Sammelband soll die Spezifik unterschiedlicher diskursiver Räume berücksichtigen und dadurch die regionale Determinierung der Alter(s)konstruktionen verdeutlichen (S. 11). Er ist Ergebnis der transdisziplinären Zusammenarbeit von Wissenschaftlern, Experten und Laien aus verschiedenen Praxisfeldern und zwölf Universitäten, die in der „Kulturwissenschaftlichen Forschungsgruppe Demographischer Wandel“ zusammen arbeiten. Eine Eingrenzung der Zielgruppe der Leser wurde nicht getroffen. [less ▲]

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See detailConflicts and ambivalence in parent-child-relation in late adolescence
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in XIth EARA Conference. Turin, Italy (2008)

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See detailValue orientations and solidarity in intergenerational family relations
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Invited talk at the Colloquia Psychologica, Sminatio internazionale. Athenaeum Center for Family Studies and Research – Catholic University of Milan, Milan, Italy. (2008)

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