References of "Martin, Romain 50002316"
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See detailAssessment of problem solving and higher order thinking
Greiff, Samuel UL; Martin, Romain UL

in Spector, J. M. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Educational Technology (in press)

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See detailOvercoming language barriers in early mathematics instruction with “MaGrid” - a language-neutral training tool for multilingual school settings
Cornu, Véronique UL; Pazouki, Tahereh UL; Schiltz, Christine UL et al

Poster (2018, April 08)

Mathematical knowledge at the onset of formal schooling paves the way for children’s achievement in formal mathematics (e.g. Duncan et al., 2007; Watts et al., 2014). Hence, it is crucial to equip ... [more ▼]

Mathematical knowledge at the onset of formal schooling paves the way for children’s achievement in formal mathematics (e.g. Duncan et al., 2007; Watts et al., 2014). Hence, it is crucial to equip children with sound basic mathematical competencies by deploying effective teaching interventions during preschool years. However, multilingual school settings, such as Luxembourg (65% of the pupils are second language learners) pose a special challenge for instruction. Non-native pre-schoolers perform lower on early mathematics tests than their age-matched peers (Bonifacci et al., 2016; Kleemans et al., 2011). This gap is most likely due to missing out on learning opportunities, as a result of lower proficiency in the language of instruction. To provide equal access to early mathematics education for all children, we developed a language-neutral early mathematics training tool, the “MaGrid”-app. This innovative training tool has been evaluated, so far, in two studies in multilingual Luxembourg. In a first study, children from five classrooms (N = 68) used the tool to train visuo-spatial abilities, an important predictor of mathematical abilities (see e.g. Mix et al., 2016), over ten weeks (2x20min/week). At post-test, significant gains in the visuo-spatial domain were observed, compared to children from “teaching-as-usual” classrooms (N = 57). In a second study, we elaborated a comprehensive language-neutral early mathematics intervention, with “MaGrid” at its core. Findings from both training studies will be presented in detail and the importance of domain-specific versus domain-general precursors, as well as practical implications, will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailUsability testing in large-scale assessments
Greiff, Samuel UL; Martin, Romain UL

Speeches/Talks (2018)

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See detailFourth-graders' competence beliefs in mathematics
Villanyi, Denise UL; Wollschläger, Rachel UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

Poster (2018, February 15)

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See detailUn outil sur tablette tactile facilitant l'autuévaluation à l'école primaire
Villanyi, Denise UL; Martin, Romain UL; Sonnleitner, Philipp UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018, January 11)

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See detailSurmonter les barrières linguistiques avec « MaGrid » - un outil de formation de pré-mathématiques pour un contexte scolaire multilingue
Cornu, Véronique UL; Pazouki, Tahereh UL; Schiltz, Christine UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018, January 11)

Le contexte scolaire luxembourgeois est caractérisé par le multilinguisme et une population scolaire hétérogène, ce qui nécessite la mise en place de pratiques pédagogiques qui prennent en compte ... [more ▼]

Le contexte scolaire luxembourgeois est caractérisé par le multilinguisme et une population scolaire hétérogène, ce qui nécessite la mise en place de pratiques pédagogiques qui prennent en compte l’hétérogénéité des élèves. Dans le domaine des mathématiques, qui semble être non-verbal à première vue, des résultats scientifiques montrent que les enfants dont la langue maternelle est différente de la langue d’instruction, atteignent sur des tests d’aptitudes pré-mathématiques des résultats significativement inférieurs à ceux de leurs camarades natifs. Ceci est d’autant plus inquiétant, sachant que ces aptitudes pré-mathématiques sont prédictives des apprentissages ultérieurs. Par conséquent, nous avons développé l’outil de formation de pré-mathématiques non-verbale « MaGrid ». « MaGrid » permet à chaque enfant de bénéficier pleinement d’une instruction préscolaire en mathématiques, indépendamment de ses compétences langagières. Cet outil se caractérise par sa nature visuelle et il est implémenté sur tablette tactile. Jusqu’à présent, nous avons implémenté et évalué « MaGrid » lors de deux études scientifiques. Les résultats quantitatifs des évaluations empiriques sont prometteurs, comme ils montrent des effets positifs sur les habilités entraînées chez les enfants ayant utilisé cet outil comparé à un groupe contrôle. Dans une première étude, l’outil a été utilisé auprès de cinq classes durant 10 semaines, comprenant deux séances de 20 minutes par semaine. Les résultats lors de petites épreuves spécifiques ont été comparés aux résultats d’élèves de cinq classes n’ayant pas d’entraînement spécifique, et des effets d’intervention ont été observés. Dans une deuxième étude, nous nous sommes focalisés sur un groupe d’enfants de langue minoritaire (le portugais). « MaGrid » a été utilisé lors d’un programme d’intervention de pré-mathématiques s’étendant sur les deux années scolaires de l’école préscolaire. Les analyses préliminaires ont abouti à des résultats positifs. Des effets bénéfiques se sont manifestés sur différentes mesures de pré-mathématiques chez les enfants ayant suivi notre programme par rapport aux enfants du groupe contrôle. [less ▲]

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See detailVisuo-spatial abilities are key for young children’s verbal number skills
Cornu, Véronique UL; Schiltz, Christine UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology (2018), 166C

Children’s development of verbal number skills (i.e, counting abilities and knowledge of the number names) presents a milestone in mathematical development. Different factors such as visuo-spatial and ... [more ▼]

Children’s development of verbal number skills (i.e, counting abilities and knowledge of the number names) presents a milestone in mathematical development. Different factors such as visuo-spatial and verbal abilities have been discussed to contribute to the development of these foundational skills. To understand the cognitive nature of verbal number skills in young children, the present study assessed the relation of preschoolers’ verbal and visuo-spatial abilities to their verbal number skills. In total, 141 children aged between five and six years participated in the present study. Verbal number skills were regressed on vocabulary, phonological awareness and visuo-spatial abilities, as well as verbal and visuo-spatial working memory in a structural equation model. Only visuo-spatial abilities emerged as a significant predictor of verbal number skills in the estimated model. Our results suggest that visuo-spatial abilities contribute to a larger extent to children’s verbal number skills than verbal abilities. From a theoretical point of view, these results suggest a visuo-spatial, rather than a verbal, grounding of verbal number skills. These results are potentially informative for the conception of early mathematics assessments and interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneral and Specific Contributions of RAN to Reading and Arithmetic Fluency in First Graders: A Longitudinal Latent Variable Approach
Hornung, Caroline UL; Martin, Romain UL; Fayol, Michel UL

in Frontiers in Psychology (2017)

In the present study, we opted for a longitudinal design and examined rapid automatized naming (RAN) performance from two perspectives. In a first step, we examined the structure of RAN performance from a ... [more ▼]

In the present study, we opted for a longitudinal design and examined rapid automatized naming (RAN) performance from two perspectives. In a first step, we examined the structure of RAN performance from a general cognitive perspective. We investigated whether rapid naming measures (e.g., digit RAN and color RAN) reflect a mainly domain-general factor or domain-specific factors. In a second step, we examined how the best fitting RAN model was related to reading and arithmetic outcomes, assessed several months later. Finally in a third step we took a clinical perspective and investigated specific contributions of RAN measures to reading and arithmetic outcomes. While RAN has emerged as a promising predictor of reading, the relationship between RAN and arithmetic has been less examined in the past. Hundred and twenty-two first graders completed seven RAN tasks, each comprising visually familiar stimuli such as digits, vowels, consonants, dice, finger-numeral configurations, objects, and colors. Four months later the same children completed a range of reading and arithmetic tasks. From a general descriptive perspective, structural equation modeling supports a one-dimensional RAN factor in 6- to -7-year-old children. However, from a clinical perspective, our findings emphasize the specific contributions of RANs. Interestingly, alphanumeric RANs (i.e., vowel RAN) were most promising when predicting reading skills and number-specific RANs (i.e., finger-numeral configuration RAN) were most promising when predicting arithmetic fluency. The implications for clinical and educational practices will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailProject NUMTEST: Assessing basic number competence without language
Greisen, Max UL; Hornung, Caroline; Martin, Romain UL et al

Poster (2017, September 08)

While numerical skills are fundamental in modern societies, some estimated 5-7% of children suffer from a mathematical learning disorder, called developmental dyscalculia (DD). Nevertheless, universally ... [more ▼]

While numerical skills are fundamental in modern societies, some estimated 5-7% of children suffer from a mathematical learning disorder, called developmental dyscalculia (DD). Nevertheless, universally valid diagnostic instruments are still lacking, as all current DD test batteries are based on language instructions. Consequently, their measurements are tightly linked to the specific language context of test administration and thus their results cannot easily be compared across countries. Here we are showing results of the first two pilot studies of a research project that aims to develop a test for basic math abilities that does not rely on language instruction and minimizes language use. To this aim, video and animation based instructions were implemented on touchscreen devices. A first version of the tasks has been tested with two samples of first grade children in Luxembourg’s fundamental schools, of which half completed the same tasks with traditional verbal instructions. Our results indicate that performance in the experimental group was similar or better than the control group using verbal instructions. Relationships between linguistic background and the sample’s performance on one hand and qualitative usability aspects of nonverbal task instruction and tablet-pc use with young children will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe relevance of verbal and visuo-spatial abilities for verbal number skills – what matters in 5 to 6 year olds?
Cornu, Véronique UL; Schiltz, Christine UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

Poster (2017, September)

The acquisition of verbal number skills, as defined by the meaningful use of number words, marks a milestone in numerical development. In the present study, we were particularly interested in the question ... [more ▼]

The acquisition of verbal number skills, as defined by the meaningful use of number words, marks a milestone in numerical development. In the present study, we were particularly interested in the question, whether verbal number skills are primarily verbal in nature, or if they call upon visuo-spatial processes, reflecting a spatial grounding of verbal number skills. 141 five- to six-year old children were tested on a range of verbal (i.e. vocabulary, phonological awareness and verbal working memory) and visuo-spatial abilities (i.e. spatial perception, visuo-motor integration and visuo-spatial working memory). We were particularly interested in the predictive role of these abilities for children’s verbal number skills (as measured by different counting and number naming tasks). In a latent regression model, basic visuo-spatial abilities, measured by spatial perception and visuo-motor integration, emerge as the most important predictor of verbal number skills. This gives raise to the assumption, that verbal number skills are, despite their verbal nature, spatially grounded in young children. [less ▲]

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See detailThe power of vowels: Contributions of vowel, consonant and digit RAN to clinical approaches in reading development
Hornung, Caroline UL; Martin, Romain UL; Fayol, Michel UL

in Learning and Individual Differences (2017), 57

The main purpose of this study was to examine the specific contributions of rapid automatized naming (RAN) measures with different visually presented stimuli (e.g., vowels, consonants, digits) to reading ... [more ▼]

The main purpose of this study was to examine the specific contributions of rapid automatized naming (RAN) measures with different visually presented stimuli (e.g., vowels, consonants, digits) to reading outcomes in first and second grade. Previous studies have shown that RAN is an independent and robust predictor for reading skills in children. Less research investigated the incremental contributions of distinct RAN measures to reading skills in beginning readers. Ninety-three children from kindergarten and first grade completed four different RAN measures involving color, digit, vowel, and consonant naming at the end of the school year. Six months later these children were either in first or in second grade and completed several reading measures. The results emphasize that vowel RAN was a strong and unique predictor for reading accuracy in first grade. Vowel RAN and digit RAN were both significant predictors for reading speed in second grade. The current findings underline that vowel RAN is a promising predictor for reading outcomes (i.e., accuracy and speed) at the beginning of elementary school. RAN performance did however not significantly predict second grade reading comprehension. Results and practical implications will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailProject NUMTEST: Assessing basic number competence without language
Greisen, Max UL; Hornung, Caroline UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

Poster (2017, May 31)

While numerical skills are fundamental in modern societies, some estimated 5-7% of children suffer from a mathematical learning disorder, called developmental dyscalculia (DD). Nevertheless, universally ... [more ▼]

While numerical skills are fundamental in modern societies, some estimated 5-7% of children suffer from a mathematical learning disorder, called developmental dyscalculia (DD). Nevertheless, universally valid diagnostic instruments are still lacking, as all current DD test batteries are based on language instructions. Consequently, their measurements are tightly linked to the specific language context of test administration and thus their results cannot easily be compared across countries. Here we are showing results of the first pilot study of a research project that aims to develop a test for basic math abilities that does not rely on language instruction and minimizes language use. To this aim, video and animation based instructions were implemented on touchscreen devices. A first version of the tasks has been tested with two samples of first grade children in Luxembourg’s fundamental schools, of which half completed the same tasks with traditional verbal instructions. Our results indicate that performance in the experimental group was similar or better than the control group using verbal instructions. Relationships between linguistic background and the sample’s performance on one hand and qualitative usability aspects of nonverbal task instruction and tablet-pc use with young children will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDomänenspeziftät von Need for Cognition bei Sekundarschülerinnen und -schülern
Keller, Ulrich UL; Strobel, Anja; Martin, Romain UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, March 14)

In der aktuellen Bildungsforschung werden zahlreiche nichtkognitive Konstrukte, wie Selbstkonzepte, Interesse und Schulangst, meist neben einer generellen Erfassung auch domänen- oder fachspezifisch ... [more ▼]

In der aktuellen Bildungsforschung werden zahlreiche nichtkognitive Konstrukte, wie Selbstkonzepte, Interesse und Schulangst, meist neben einer generellen Erfassung auch domänen- oder fachspezifisch erfasst. Hierzu werden Items in Selbstberichtskalen mit Bezug auf die jeweilige Domäne formuliert (z.B. „Mathematik ist eines meiner besten Fächer“). Dies trifft auf NFC bisher nicht zu – in Übereinstimmung mit der ausdrücklich domänenübergreifenden, generellen Konzeption von NFC durch die Urheber des Konstrukts (Cacioppo, Petty, Feinstein, & Jarvis, 1996). Allerdings scheint es gerade vor dem Hintergrund der Überlegungen von Cacioppo et al. (1996) zur Entwicklung von NFC im Kindesalter plausibel, dass auch NFC domänenspezifische Ausprägungen zeigt. Cacioppo et al. (1996) betonen den Einfluss von kognitiven Fähigkeiten und von (Mis-)Erfolgserfahrungen für die Entwicklung von NFC. In einem von klar abgegrenzten Fächern geprägten schulischen Umfeld und mit zunehmender Differenzierung der kognitiven Fähigkeiten (Ackerman, 2014) kann vermutet werden, dass auch im Hinblick auf die Neigung zu anstrengender kognitiver Tätigkeit interindividuell verschiedene domänenspezifische Profile sichtbar werden. Fragestellung: Zeigt NFC neben einer generellen Komponente auch domänenspezifische interindividuelle Ausprägungen? Material und Methoden: Um der Frage nach der Möglichkeit der domänenspezifischen Modellierung von NFC nachzugehen, entwickelten wir auf der Grundlage einer 5-Item-Kurzskala (basierend auf der NFC-KIDS-Skala für Grundschulkinder; Preckel & Strobel, 2017) parallel formulierte Items für die Fächer Deutsch, Französisch, Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften. Anhand einer Stichprobe von N=4595 luxemburgischen Schüler/innen der 9. Klasse untersuchten wir die so entstandene domänenspezifische NFC-Skala hinsichtlich ihrer internen Struktur, der Abgrenzbarkeit der NFC-Faktoren von domänenspezifischem Interesse, sowie der prädiktiven Validität bezüglich standardisierter Leistungstests. Befunde: Im Rahmen konfirmatorischer Faktorenanalysen ergab sich für ein nested factor-Messmodell mit einem auf allen Items ladenden Generalfaktor und korrelierten, genesteten domänenspezifischen Faktoren für Deutsch, Französisch, Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften die beste Passung (χ2[199]=1966, p<.05, CFI=.970, RMSEA=.044, SRMR=.022). Die latenten Korrelationen der domänenspezifischen Faktoren dieses Modells mit Faktoren erster Ordnung einer analog konstruierten Skala zu fachbezogenen Interessen betrugen zwischen .57 und .64; die spezifischen NFC-Faktoren waren damit klar von fachbezogenen Interessen abgrenzbar. Die domänenspezifischen NFC-Faktoren für Mathematik, Deutsch und Französisch sagten statistisch signifikant Leistungen in standardisierten Schulleistungstests im jeweils selben Fach voraus (β-Gewichte zwischen .08 und .19, p<.05). Der NFC-Generalfaktor klärte darüber hinaus signifikante Varianz nur in Mathematikleistungen auf (β=.08, p<.05). Diskussion: Weitere Untersuchungen müssen zeigen, ob sich, wie wir vermuten, die genesteten Faktoren als Profilabweichungen von einem generellen NFC-Niveau interpretieren lassen. Insbesondere scheint hier ein integrativer Ansatz der Modellierung von domänenspezifischem NFC zusammen mit weiteren nichtkognitiven Konstrukten vielversprechend (vgl. Gogol, 2015). Darüber hinaus hoffen wir mit der hier vorgestellten Skala einen Beitrag zu Erforschung der Entwicklung von NFC im schulischen Kontext leisten zu können. Literatur Ackerman, P. L. (2014). Adolescent and adult intellectual development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(4), 246–251. Cacioppo, J. T., Petty, R. E., Feinstein, J. A., & Jarvis, W. B. G. (1996). Dispositional differences in cognitive motivation: The life and times of individuals varying in need for cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 119(2), 197–253. Gogol, K. (2015). Achievement motivation: Assessment, Structure and Development. Unpublished Dissertation. University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg. Preckel, F., & Strobel, A. (2017, in Druck). Need for Cognition Kinderskala (NFC-KIDS). Eine Skala zur Erfassung der kognitiven Motivation bei Grundschulkindern. Göttingen: Hogrefe. [less ▲]

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See detailTraining early visuo-spatial abilities: A controlled classroom-based intervention study.
Cornu, Véronique UL; Schiltz, Christine UL; Pazouki, Tahereh UL et al

in Applied Developmental Science (2017)

Visuo-spatial training can be considered as a promising approach to provide young children with a sound foundation for later mathematical learning. We developed and implemented a tablet-based visuo ... [more ▼]

Visuo-spatial training can be considered as a promising approach to provide young children with a sound foundation for later mathematical learning. We developed and implemented a tablet-based visuo-spatial intervention in kindergarten classrooms aiming to foster the development of children’s visuo-spatial and numerical abilities. A sample of N = 125 children participated in the present study, 68 children were part of the intervention group and participated in 20 training sessions of 20 minutes over a 10-week period, 57 children formed a business as usual control group. Results show that, at this young age, visuo-spatial and early math skills are already strongly interlinked. However, the training effects were domain-specific as they only improved visuo-spatial skills, but did not transfer to early math performance in the present setting. [less ▲]

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See detailVisuo-spatial abilities are key for children’s verbal number skills
Cornu, Véronique UL; Martin, Romain UL; Hornung, Caroline UL

Poster (2017, February 22)

Verbal number skills (i.e. counting and number naming) are milestones in numerical development. The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of different verbal abilities (VA) and visuo-spatial ... [more ▼]

Verbal number skills (i.e. counting and number naming) are milestones in numerical development. The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of different verbal abilities (VA) and visuo-spatial abilities (VSA) in the development of these verbal number skills in kindergarten. We recruited 152 children (mean age: 5.8 years) and administered different measures of VA (e.g. phonological awareness, pseudoword recall) and of VSA (e.g. spatial perception, copying) to assess their contribution to verbal number skills. Firstly, we computed two independent regression models, a “VA only” model explaining 23% of variance, and a “VSA only” model explaining 38% of variance. Adding verbal measures to the “VSA only” model does not lead to a significant increase in R2. Our results show that VSA, rather than VA, contribute to a larger extent to children’s verbal number skills. Intriguingly, the development of verbal number skills builds on VA, but more importantly on VSA. These results are potentially informative for the conception early mathematics interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailProject NUMTEST; Assessing basic number competence without language
Greisen, Max UL; Schiltz, Christine UL; Hornung, Caroline UL et al

Poster (2017, February 20)

While numerical skills are fundamental in modern societies, some estimated 5-7% of children suffer from a mathematical learning disorder, called developmental dyscalculia (DD). Nevertheless, universally ... [more ▼]

While numerical skills are fundamental in modern societies, some estimated 5-7% of children suffer from a mathematical learning disorder, called developmental dyscalculia (DD). Nevertheless, universally valid diagnostic instruments are still lacking, as all current DD test batteries are based on language instructions. Consequently their measurements are tightly linked to the specific language context of test administration and thus their results cannot easily be compared across countries. The present study is the first pilot study of a research project that aims to develop a test for basic math abilities that does not rely on language instruction and minimizes language use. To this aim, video and animation based instructions were implemented on touchscreen devices. A first version of the application has been tested with a sample of first grade children in Luxembourg’s fundamental schools, of which half used the same application but with traditional German instructions. First results indicate that performance in the experimental group was similar to the control group using verbal instructions. Relationships between linguistic background and the sample’s performance on one hand and qualitative usability aspects of nonverbal task instruction and tablet use with young children will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailHow Do Different Aspects of Spatial Skills Relate to Early Arithmetic and Number Line Estimation?
Cornu, Véronique UL; Hornung, Caroline UL; Schiltz, Christine UL et al

in Journal of Numerical Cognition (2017), 3(2),

The present study investigated the predictive role of spatial skills for arithmetic and number line estimation in kindergarten children (N = 125). Spatial skills are known to be related to mathematical ... [more ▼]

The present study investigated the predictive role of spatial skills for arithmetic and number line estimation in kindergarten children (N = 125). Spatial skills are known to be related to mathematical development, but due to the construct’s non-unitary nature, different aspects of spatial skills need to be differentiated. In the present study, a spatial orientation task, a spatial visualization task and visuo-motor integration task were administered to assess three different aspects of spatial skills. Furthermore, we assessed counting abilities, knowledge of Arabic numerals, quantitative knowledge, as well as verbal working memory and verbal intelligence in kindergarten. Four months later, the same children performed an arithmetic and a number line estimation task to evaluate how the abilities measured at time 1 predicted early mathematics outcomes. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that children’s performance in arithmetic was predicted by their performance in the spatial orientation and visuo-motor integration task, as well as their knowledge of the Arabic numerals. Performance in number line estimation was significantly predicted by the children’s spatial orientation performance. Our findings emphasize the role of spatial skills, notably spatial orientation, in mathematical development. The relation between spatial orientation and arithmetic was partially mediated by the number line estimation task. Our results further show that some aspects of spatial skills might be more predictive of mathematical development than others, underlining the importance to differentiate within the construct of spatial skills when it comes to understanding numerical development. [less ▲]

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See detailVers une démarche d’assurance-qualité pour les Épreuves Standardisées
Dierendonck, Christophe UL; Milmeister, Marianne UL; Milmeister, Paul UL et al

in Ugen, Sonja; Martin, Romain; Fischbach, Antoine (Eds.) Les Épreuves Standardisées : Comment sont-elles perçues par les acteurs concernés  ? (2017)

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See detailLEARN Newsletter - Éditioun 2017: Multilinguisme
Hoffmann, Danielle UL; Hornung, Caroline UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

Book published by LEARN (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 UL)