References of "Marbaix, Alexandre Y"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOccurrence and subcellular distribution of the NAD(P)HX repair system in mammals.
Marbaix, Alexandre Y.; Tyteca, Donatienne; Niehaus, Tom D. et al

in The Biochemical journal (2014), 460(1), 49-58

Hydration of NAD(P)H to NAD(P)HX, which inhibits several dehydrogenases, is corrected by an ATP-dependent dehydratase and an epimerase recently identified as the products of the vertebrate Carkd ... [more ▼]

Hydration of NAD(P)H to NAD(P)HX, which inhibits several dehydrogenases, is corrected by an ATP-dependent dehydratase and an epimerase recently identified as the products of the vertebrate Carkd (carbohydrate kinase domain) and Aibp (apolipoprotein AI-binding protein) genes respectively. The purpose of the present study was to assess the presence of these enzymes in mammalian tissues and determine their subcellular localization. The Carkd gene encodes proteins with a predicted mitochondrial propeptide (mCARKD), a signal peptide (spCARKD) or neither of them (cCARKD). Confocal microscopy analysis of transfected CHO (Chinese-hamster ovary) cells indicated that cCARKD remains in the cytosol, whereas mCARKD and spCARKD are targeted to the mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum respectively. Unlike the other two forms, spCARKD is N-glycosylated, supporting its targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum. The Aibp gene encodes two different proteins, which we show to be targeted to the mitochondria (mAIBP) and the cytosol (cAIBP). Quantification of the NAD(P)HX dehydratase and epimerase activities in rat tissues, performed after partial purification, indicated that both enzymes are widely distributed, with total activities of approximately 3-10 nmol/min per g of tissue. Liver fractionation by differential centrifugation confirmed the presence of the dehydratase and the epimerase in the cytosol and in mitochondria. These data support the notion that NAD(P)HX repair is extremely widespread. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtremely conserved ATP- or ADP-dependent enzymatic system for nicotinamide nucleotide repair
Marbaix, Alexandre Y.; Noël, Gaëtane; Detroux, Aline M. et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2011), 286(48), 41246-52

The reduced forms of NAD and NADP, two major nucleotides playing a central role in metabolism, are continuously damaged by enzymatic or heat-dependent hydration. We report the molecular identification of ... [more ▼]

The reduced forms of NAD and NADP, two major nucleotides playing a central role in metabolism, are continuously damaged by enzymatic or heat-dependent hydration. We report the molecular identification of the eukaryotic dehydratase that repairs these nucleotides and show that this enzyme (Carkd in mammals, YKL151C in yeast) catalyzes the dehydration of the S form of NADHX and NADPHX, at the expense of ATP, which is converted to ADP. Surprisingly, the Escherichia coli homolog, YjeF, a bidomain protein, catalyzes a similar reaction, but using ADP instead of ATP. The latter reaction is ascribable to the C-terminal domain of YjeF. This represents an unprecedented example of orthologous enzymes using either ADP or ATP as phosphoryl donor. We also show that eukaryotic proteins homologous to the N-terminal domain of YjeF (apolipoprotein A-1-binding protein (AIBP) in mammals, YNL200C in yeast) catalyze the epimerization of the S and R forms of NAD(P)HX, thereby allowing, in conjunction with the energy-dependent dehydratase, the repair of both epimers of NAD(P)HX. Both enzymes are very widespread in eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and archaea, which together with the ADP dependence of the dehydratase in some species indicates the ancient origin of this repair system. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (2 UL)