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See detailUnravelling a p73-regulated network: The role of a novel p73-dependent target, MIR3158, in cancer cell migration and invasiveness
Galtsidis, Sotirios UL; Logotheti, S.; Pavlopoulou, A. et al

in Cancer Letters (2017), 388

The transcription factor p73 is homologous to the well-known tumor-suppressor p53. The p73-regulated networks are of significant clinical interest, because they may substitute for impaired p53-regulated ... [more ▼]

The transcription factor p73 is homologous to the well-known tumor-suppressor p53. The p73-regulated networks are of significant clinical interest, because they may substitute for impaired p53-regulated networks which are commonly perturbed in cancer. Herein, we aimed to characterize a p73-regulated network that mediates cell migration and restores anti-oncogenic responses in p53-mutant cancer cells. In this study, we demonstrate that p73 regulates a network underlying cell migration, which consists of MIR34A/MIR3158/vimentin/β-catenin/lef1. The p73 isoforms transactivate the miRNA components (MIR34A/MIR3158) of this network, which in turn, downregulate their EMT-related mRNA co-targets (vimentin/β-catenin/lef1) to decrease cell-migration. Modulation of this network, by increasing the level of the novel p73-dependent target MIR3158, was found to induce anti-oncogenic/anti-invasive responses in p53-mutant cancer cells. Taken together, a p73-regulated, MIR3158-containing, network restores anti-invasive phenotypes in p53-mutant cancer cells; this property could be exploited towards the development of anticancer therapeutics. © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd [less ▲]

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See detailΔNp63α expression induces loss of cell adhesion in triple-negative breast cancer cells
Nekulova, M.; Holcakova, J.; Gu, X. et al

in BMC Cancer (2016), 16(1),

Background: p63, a member of the p53 protein family, plays key roles in epithelial development and carcinogenesis. In breast cancer, p63 expression has been found predominantly in basal-A (epithelial-type ... [more ▼]

Background: p63, a member of the p53 protein family, plays key roles in epithelial development and carcinogenesis. In breast cancer, p63 expression has been found predominantly in basal-A (epithelial-type) triple-negative breast carcinomas (TNBC). To investigate the functional role of p63 in basal-A TNBC, we created MDA-MB-468 cell lines with inducible expression of the two major N-terminal p63 isoforms, TAp63α and ΔNp63α. Results: TAp63α did not have significant effect on gene expression profile and cell phenotype, whilst the main effect of ΔNp63α was reduction of cell adhesion. Gene expression profiling revealed genes involved in cell adhesion and migration whose expression relies on overexpression of ΔNp63α. Reduced cell adhesion also led to decreased cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Similar data were obtained in another basal-A cell line, BT-20, but not in BT-549 basal-B (mesenchymal-like) TNBC cells. Conclusions: In basal-A TNBC cells, ΔNp63α has much stronger effects on gene expression than TAp63α. Although p63 is mentioned mostly in connection with breast cell differentiation and stem cell regulation, we showed that a major effect of p63 is regulation of cell adhesion, a process important in metastasis and invasion of tumour cells. That this effect is not seen in mesenchymal-type TNBC cells suggests lineage-dependent functions, mirroring the expression of ΔNp63α in primary human breast cancers. © 2016 The Author(s). [less ▲]

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