References of "Lemdani, M"
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See detailDoes biological maturity actually confound gender-related differences in physical activity in preadolescence?
Guinhouya, B.C.; Fairclough, S.J.; Zitouni, D. et al

in Child : Care, Health & Development (2013), 39(6), 835-844

Aim To examine: (i) if maturity-related gender differences in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) depend on how maturity status is defined and measured; and (ii) the influence of maturity level ... [more ▼]

Aim To examine: (i) if maturity-related gender differences in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) depend on how maturity status is defined and measured; and (ii) the influence of maturity level on compliance with PA recommendations. Methods The study involved 253 children (139 boys) aged 9.9 ± 0.9 years, with mean stature and weight of 1.39 ± 0.08 m and 35.8 ± 8.8 kg respectively. Their PA was evaluated using an Actigraph accelerometer (Model 7164). Maturity was assessed using the estimated age at peak height velocity (APHV) and a standardized APHV by gender (i.e. centred APHV). Results Boys engaged in significantly more MVPA than girls (P < 0.0001). There was a significant correlation between the centred APHV and MVPA in boys (r = 0.20; P = 0.016), but not in girls (r = 0.13; P = 0.155). An ancova controlling for the estimated APHV showed no significant interactions between gender and APHV, and the main effect of gender on MVPA was negated. Conversely, there was a significant main effect of APHV on MVPA (F 1,249 = 6.12; P = 0.014; η p 2 = 0.024). Only 9.1% of children met the PA recommendations, including 14.4% of boys and 2.6% of girls (P < 0.01). This observation also applies in both pre-APHV (12.7% of boys vs. 2.4% of girls, P < 0.001) and post-APHV children (23.8% of boys vs. 3.4% of girls, P < 0.0001). No differences in PA guidelines were observed between pre-APHV and post-APHV children. Conclusions Among prepubescent children, the influence of biological maturity on gender differences in PA may be a function of how maturity status is determined. The most physically active prepubescent children were those who were on time according to APHV. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes the body adiposity index (BAI) apply to paediatric populations?
El Aarbaoui, T.; Samouda, H.; Zitouni, D. et al

in Annals of Human Biology (2013), 40(5), 451-458

Objective: Validation of body adiposity index (BAI) in a paediatrics sample; and to develop, if necessary, a valid BAI for paediatrics (i.e. BAIp). Methods: A total of 1615 children (52% boys) aged 5-12 ... [more ▼]

Objective: Validation of body adiposity index (BAI) in a paediatrics sample; and to develop, if necessary, a valid BAI for paediatrics (i.e. BAIp). Methods: A total of 1615 children (52% boys) aged 5-12 years underwent anthropometry. Their body composition was assessed using a foot-to-foot bioimpedance. The validity of BAI=(Hip circumference/Height1.5)-18 was tested by combining correlation and agreement statistics. Then, the sample was split into two sub-samples for the construction of BAIp. A regression was used to compute the prediction equation for BAIp-based percentage of body fat (%BF). Results: The initial BAI over-estimated the %BF of children by 49% (29.6±4.2% versus 19.8±6.8%; p<0.0001). The original methodology led to a BAIp=(Hip circumference/Height0.8) - 38 in children. When compared to BAI, BAIp showed both better correlation (r=0.57; p<0.01 versus r=0.74; p<0.0001) and agreement (ICC=0.34; [95% CI=-0.19-0.65] versus ICC=0.83; [95% CI=0.81-0.84]). However, there were some systematic biases between the two values of %BF as exemplified by the large 95% limit of agreement [-9.1%; 8.8%] obtained. Conclusion: BAI over-estimates the %BF in children. In contrast, BAIp appears as a new index for children's body fatness, with acceptable accuracy. In its current form, this index is valid only for large-scale studies. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted. [less ▲]

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