References of "Krieger, Florian 50026663"
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See detailWhy are difficult figural matrices hard to solve? The role of selective encoding and working memory capacity
Krieger, Florian UL; Zimmer, Hubert D.; Greiff, Samuel UL et al

in Intelligence (2019), 72

It is well documented that figural matrices tests are harder to solve when multiple rules need to be induced because multiple rules are traditionally associated with a greater demand for dynamically ... [more ▼]

It is well documented that figural matrices tests are harder to solve when multiple rules need to be induced because multiple rules are traditionally associated with a greater demand for dynamically managed sub-goals (goal management), which requires more working memory capacity (WMC). The current research addresses the necessity to apply selective encoding as a requirement that goes beyond the ability to manage goals when solving figural matrices. In the first study (N = 38), we found that selective encoding demands are present in items with multiple rules in addition to goal management demands. Furthermore, eye movement data indicated that rule induction was hampered when selective encoding demands were present. The second study (N = 127) de-monstrated that individuals' ability to filter relevant features in working memory was positively related to figural matrices items with selective encoding demands. Moreover, there was no evidence that other sources of WMC are related to goal management in figural matrices. Hence, this study provides preliminary evidence that fil-tering of relevant information in working memory is critical for solving figural matrices with multiple rules and challenges the view that goal management is the only driver of the relationship between WMC and performance in solving figural matrices with multiple rules. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (6 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUsing Log-File Data to Uncover Strategy Use in Complex Problem Solving
Nicolay, Björn Fabrice UL; Krieger, Florian UL; Lagou, Charalampia UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018, September 18)

The aim of the current project is to utilize log-file data to enhance the understanding of strategy use in Complex Problem Solving (CPS). CPS can be defined as the ability to manipulate the existing ... [more ▼]

The aim of the current project is to utilize log-file data to enhance the understanding of strategy use in Complex Problem Solving (CPS). CPS can be defined as the ability to manipulate the existing variables of a particular novel, complex, intransparent, and dynamic environment successfully in order to reach a predefined goal. In order to successfully solve a CPS task, the goal-directed application and variation of certain strategies is necessary. To uncover the systematic use of these strategies, log-files have been deemed a fruitful resource as they contain not only the final results of a computer-based CPS item, but also the individual steps undertaken while solving such a task. Recent studies using log-files have highlighted the importance of some strategies for CPS, like the varying one variable at a time (VOTAT) strategy, or of engaging in noninterfering observations (i.e., idle rounds). In addition, other strategies have also been shown to be relevant in neighboring fields of CPS. However, comprehensive studies investigating a broad repertoire of strategies applied in CPS are scarce. Hence, on the basis of existing large-scale assessment data sets, the present project set out to investigate which strategies hidden in log-files are relevant for solving a CPS task in order to gain a more thorough understanding of how CPS tasks are being approached. Preliminary findings indicate that, in addition to VOTAT and idle rounds, particularly the flexibility of switching between strategies should be taken into account. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (11 UL)
See detailDie Vorhersage von Selbstkontrolle durch Need for Cognition. Generalisierbarkeit und Erklärungsansätze
Grass, Julia; Krieger, Florian UL; Paulus, P. et al

Scientific Conference (2018, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntroducing MaFIN. A dynamic matrices finite state automata test
Kunze, Thiemo UL; Krieger, Florian UL; Stadler, Matthias UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (11 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSelektives Enkodieren in figuralen Matrizen.
Krieger, Florian UL; Becker, Nicolas; Greiff, Samuel UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (4 UL)
See detailIs the Correlation between Storage Capacity and Matrix Reasoning Driven by the Storage of Partial Solutions? A Pilot Study of an Experimental Approach
Krieger, Florian UL; Zimmer, Hubert D.; Becker, Nicolas et al

in Journal of Intelligence (2017), 5(2), 21

Working memory capacity (WMC) and reasoning abilities—as assessed by figural matrices tests—are substantially correlated. It is controversially discussed whether this correlation is only caused by ... [more ▼]

Working memory capacity (WMC) and reasoning abilities—as assessed by figural matrices tests—are substantially correlated. It is controversially discussed whether this correlation is only caused by controlled attention or also by storage capacity. This study aims at investigating storage of partial solutions as a possible mechanism by which storage capacity may contribute to solving figural matrices tests. For this purpose, we analyzed how an experimental manipulation of storage demands changes the pattern of correlations between WMC and performance in a matrix task. We manipulated the storage demands by applying two test formats: one providing the externalization of partial solutions and one without the possibility of externalization. Storage capacity was assessed by different types of change detection tasks. We found substantial correlations between storage capacity and matrices test performance, but they were of comparable size for both test formats. We take this as evidence that the necessity to store partial solutions is not the limiting factor which causes the association between storage capacity and matrices test. It is discussed how this approach can be used to investigate alternative mechanisms by that storage may influence performance in matrices tests. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 UL)
See detailWorking memory capacity, filter efficiency and matrix reasoning.
Krieger, Florian UL; Zimmer, Hubert D.; Becker, Nicolas et al

Poster (2016, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 UL)
See detailDas Speichern von Zwischenlösungen. Ein potentieller Moderator für den Zusammenhang zwischen Arbeitsgedächtniskapazität und der Leistung in figuralen Matrizenaufgaben.
Krieger, Florian UL; Becker, Nicolas; Zimmer, Hubert D. et al

Scientific Conference (2015, May)

Theoretische Ansätze sehen die Anzahl der Regeln in einer Matrizenaufgabe als eine der Determinanten für die Belastung des Arbeitsgedächtnisses. Eine mögliche Ursache könnte das Speichern von Teillösungen ... [more ▼]

Theoretische Ansätze sehen die Anzahl der Regeln in einer Matrizenaufgabe als eine der Determinanten für die Belastung des Arbeitsgedächtnisses. Eine mögliche Ursache könnte das Speichern von Teillösungen bei Matrizenaufgaben mit mehreren Regeln sein. In der vorliegenden Studie wurde untersucht, ob Personen mit einer hohen Arbeitsgedächtniskapazität durch das Speichern von Teillösungen bei der Lösung von Matrizenaufgaben profitieren. Hierzu wurde in einem Innerhalb-Design den Testpersonen (N=84) eine Matrizentestversion präsentiert, bei der das Arbeitsgedächtnis belastet werden sollte, indem die Teillösungen vor der Eingabe mental aufrechterhalten werden mussten. Zudem wurde eine Version präsentiert, in der Teillösungen direkt eingegeben werden konnten, was zu einer Entlastung des Arbeitsgedächtnisses führen sollte. Beide Matrizentestversionen zeigen einen moderaten Zusammenhang mit der Arbeitsgedächtniskapazität. Allerdings zeigen sich keine Unterschiede zwischen den beiden Korrelationen, was als Evidenz gewertet werden kann, dass das Speichern von Teillösungen keinen bedeutsamen Moderator für den Zusammenhang von Arbeitsgedächtniskapazität und der Leistung in einem Matrizentest darstellt. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL)
See detailIntelligence and school grades: A meta-analysis
Roth, Bettina; Becker, Nicolas; Romeyke, Sara et al

in Intelligence (2015), 53

Intelligence is considered as the strongest predictor of scholastic achievement. Research as well as educational policy and the society as a whole are deeply interested in its role as a prerequisite for ... [more ▼]

Intelligence is considered as the strongest predictor of scholastic achievement. Research as well as educational policy and the society as a whole are deeply interested in its role as a prerequisite for scholastic success. The present study investigated the population correlation between standardized intelligence tests and school grades employing psychometric meta-analysis (Hunter & Schmidt, 2004). The analyses involved 240 independent samples with 105,185 participants overall. After correcting for sampling error, error of measurement, and range restriction in the independent variable, we found a population correlation of ρ = .54. Moderator analyses pointed to a variation of the relationship between g and school grades depending on different school subject domains, grade levels, the type of intelligence test used in the primary study, as well as the year of publication, whereas gender had no effect on the magnitude of the relationship. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (5 UL)
See detailBedeutung der Arbeitsgedächtniskapazität bei der Anwendung verschiedener Lösungsstrategien in figuralen Matrizenaufgaben.
Krieger, Florian UL; Schmitz, F.; Falk, A. et al

Scientific Conference (2014, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 UL)
See detailEffizienz gleich Leistung? Analyse des Antwortverhaltens bei einem distraktorfreien Matrizentest.
Krieger, Florian UL; Kirmße, Alexander; Spinath, Frank M. et al

Poster (2013, September)

Anwendung effizienter Bearbeitungsstrategien abhängt. Bisherige Studien zeigen, dass strukturiertes und sequentielles Bearbeiten der Gestaltungsregeln nach aufsteigender Schwierigkeit zu einer besseren ... [more ▼]

Anwendung effizienter Bearbeitungsstrategien abhängt. Bisherige Studien zeigen, dass strukturiertes und sequentielles Bearbeiten der Gestaltungsregeln nach aufsteigender Schwierigkeit zu einer besseren Leistung führt. Während Bearbeitungsstrategien bislang durch Blickbewegungsstudien, Computersimulationen und die Methode des lauten Denkens ermittelt wurden, wurde in dieser Studie die Matrizenkonstruktionsaufgabe verwendet, bei der die Lösung in einer computerisierten Testumgebung generiert wird. Dies ermöglicht eine zeitgenaue und objektive Aufzeichnung des Prozesses der Antwortgenerierung. In Antwortprotokollen von 480 Probanden konnte mittels verschiedener Prozessindikatoren (Regelsprünge, Abweichung von erwarteter Bearbeitungsreihenfolge, Zurücksetzen generierter Lösungen, Ausmaß der Verwendung relevanter Gestaltungselemente) in einer multiplen Regression bis zu 28.8 % der Varianz der Testleistung aufgeklärt werden. Insbesondere strukturiertes und sequentielles Bearbeiten von Gestaltungsregeln sowie der Ausschluss irrelevanter Gestaltungselemente sind entscheidend für eine bessere Leistung. Entgegen bisheriger Befunde zeigt sich jedoch, dass die Bearbeitungsreihenfolge der Gestaltungsregeln nicht auf einer allgemeingültigen Schwierigkeit der Gestaltungsregeln beruht. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 UL)