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See detailPer-antenna Power Minimization in Symbol-level Precoding for the Multi-beam Satellite Downlink
Spano, Danilo UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Andrenacci, Stefano UL et al

in International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking (2018)

This paper addresses the problem of multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. A symbol-level precoding scheme is considered, in order to exploit the multi ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem of multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. A symbol-level precoding scheme is considered, in order to exploit the multi-user interference and transform it into useful power at the receiver side, through a joint utilization of the data information and the channel state information. In this context, a per-antenna power minimization scheme is proposed, under Quality-of-Service constraints, for multi-level modulation schemes. The consideration of the power limitations individually for each transmitting RF chain is a central aspect of this work, and it allows to deal with systems using separate per-antenna amplifiers. Moreover, this feature is also particularly relevant for systems suffering non-linear effects of the channel. This is the case of satellite systems, where the non-linear amplifiers should be properly driven in order to reduce the detrimental saturation effect. In the proposed scheme, the transmitted signals are designed in order to reduce the power peaks, while guaranteeing some specific target signal-to-noise ratios at the receivers. Numerical results are presented in order to show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, which is compared both to the state of the art in symbol-level precoding and to the conventional MMSE precoding approach. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatial PAPR Reduction in Symbol-level Precoding for the Multi-beam Satellite Downlink
Spano, Danilo UL; Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE SPAWC 2017 (2017, July)

In this work, a novel symbol-level precoding scheme is proposed, for managing the multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. Besides exploiting the ... [more ▼]

In this work, a novel symbol-level precoding scheme is proposed, for managing the multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. Besides exploiting the constructive interference effect, the proposed scheme aims at improving the robustness of the transmitted signals to the non-linear distortions of practical satellite systems. This is done by reducing the imbalances between the instantaneous power transmitted by the multiple antennas, which are detrimental in non-linear systems. More specifically, this work proposes a symbol-level precoding scheme performing the minimization of the spatial peak-to-average power ratio, under Quality-of-Service constraints. An iterative algorithm is proposed to solve the related optimization problem. Numerical results are presented to assess the performance of the proposed scheme, which outperforms the state of the art symbol-level precoding techniques in terms of spatial peak-to-average power ratio across the transmitting antennas. [less ▲]

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See detailSymbol-Level Precoding with Per-antenna Power Constraints for the Multi-beam Satellite Downlink
Spano, Danilo UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Krause, Jens et al

in 8th Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference (ASMS) (2016, September)

This paper tackles the problem of multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. A symbol-level precoding scheme is considered, where the data information is ... [more ▼]

This paper tackles the problem of multi-user interference in the forward downlink channel of a multi-beam satellite system. A symbol-level precoding scheme is considered, where the data information is used, along with the channel state information, in order to exploit the multi-user interference and transform it into useful power at the receiver side. In this framework, the max-min fair problem for constructive interference is formulated and solved, under per-antenna power constraints. The consideration of the power limitations individually for each transmitting RF chain is the novel aspect, and it is relevant in particular for systems suffering non-linear effects of the channel. This is the case of satellite systems, where the non-linear amplifiers should be properly driven in order to reduce the detrimental saturation effect. The proposed precoding design optimizes the system performance at the receiver side in terms of signal-to-noise ratio, whilst guaranteeing the system fairness and allowing a control over the power transmitted by each antenna, in particular reducing the power peaks. Numerical results are presented to validate the proposed scheme, and to show its effectiveness in terms of distribution of the transmitted power and peak-to-average power ratio. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementing polarization shift keying over satellite – system design and measurement results
Arend, Lionel; Sperber, Ray; Marso, Michel UL et al

in International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking (2016), 34(2), 211-229

Polarization shift keying (PolSK) is a digital modulation technique using the state of polarization of an electromagnetic wave as the signalling quantity. PolSK comes from fibre communications, where the ... [more ▼]

Polarization shift keying (PolSK) is a digital modulation technique using the state of polarization of an electromagnetic wave as the signalling quantity. PolSK comes from fibre communications, where the channel offers two orthogonal states of polarization. This article develops on the idea to adapt this technology to satellite communications, where similar channel conditions exist. For this purpose, a digital PolSK modem was implemented on a programmable logic board. A proposal for constellation design as well as thoughts on synchronization of PolSK over satellite is presented. The modem was used to demonstrate a 16-state Polarization Shift Keying link over a commercial satellite in Ku band. Measurements have been conducted in a back-to-back setup on intermediate frequency and on a Ku band transponder simulator to assess the impact of path-length differences, carrier recovery and non-linearity. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimized Link Adaptation for DVB-S2X Precoded Waveforms based on SNIR Estimation
Andrenacci, Stefano UL; Spano, Danilo UL; Christopoulos, Dimitrios et al

in Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers 2016 (2016)

The present work deals with optimized strategies to address the issue of link adaptation (Adaptive Coding and Modulation - ACM) in a multi-user multi-beam satellite system employing precoding at the ... [more ▼]

The present work deals with optimized strategies to address the issue of link adaptation (Adaptive Coding and Modulation - ACM) in a multi-user multi-beam satellite system employing precoding at the gateway side. Accordingly, the focus is on the forward link of a multi-beam satellite system employing a full frequency reuse configuration. In such an interference limited setting, the Super-Framing structure of DVB-S2X air interface (format specification 2 and 3) enables the use of precoding techniques. The aim herein is to investigate the Signal-to-Noise-plus- Interference (SNIR) estimation error given by the User Terminals (UTs) through the so-called P2 pilots is taken into account to optimize the ACM margins. [less ▲]

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See detailMultibeam joint processing satellites: cooperative relays, high above.
Christopoulos, Dimitrios; Andrenacci, Stefano UL; Spano, Danilo UL et al

in Advanced Relay Technologies in Next Generation Wireless Communication, Telecommunications (2016)

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See detailTotal degradation analysis of precoded signals onto non-linear satellite channels
Spano, Danilo UL; Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Andrenacci, Stefano UL et al

in 21st Ka Conference (2015, October)

Linear precoding exploits the spatial degrees of freedom offered by multi-antenna transmitters to manage interferences between multiple co-channel users. The adoption of precoding in practical systems ... [more ▼]

Linear precoding exploits the spatial degrees of freedom offered by multi-antenna transmitters to manage interferences between multiple co-channel users. The adoption of precoding in practical systems, however, entails a series of practical barriers. Amongst several issues, the focus herein is on the non-linear dependence of the input versus the output power of the efficient and reliable amplifiers that drive each transmit antenna, which limits the system performance. As a first step, the present work studies the impact of linear precoding on the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of precoded waveforms in multibeam satellite systems using a finite alphabet. In this context, a sensitivity analysis of the PAPR at the input of each amplifier with respect to intrinsic system level parameters, such as the number of transmit feeds, is performed. Next, the performance of the whole non-linear satellite chain is analyzed with respect to the symbol-error-rate (SER) and the total degradation (TD) of the channel. Furthermore, two low-complexity solutions are considered for counteracting the effects of the non-linearities of the satellite channel on the precoded waveforms, namely an automatic gain control (AGC) operation and a non-linear equalization performed at the receiver side. [less ▲]

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See detailResource Allocation for Cognitive Satellite Communications in Ka-band (17.7-19.7 GHz)
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Proceedings of International Conference on Communications (ICC) (2015, June)

In this paper, we consider the problem of resource allocation in the context of cognitive Satellite Communications (SatCom). In particular, we focus on the cognitive downlink access by Geostationary (GEO ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we consider the problem of resource allocation in the context of cognitive Satellite Communications (SatCom). In particular, we focus on the cognitive downlink access by Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) terminals in the band 17.7-19.7 GHz, where the incumbent users are Fixed-Service (FS) microwave links. Assuming a multiple Low Noise Block Converter (LNB) satellite receiver at the cognitive FSS terminal-side, an efficient receive beamforming technique combined with carrier allocation is proposed in order to maximize the overall downlink throughput as well as to improve the beam availability. The proposed cognitive exploitation framework allows the flexibility of using non-exclusive spectrum for the FSS downlink system, thus improving the overall system throughput. More importantly, the proposed approach is validated with the help of numerical results considering realistic system parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailJoint Carrier Allocation and Beamforming for Cognitive SatComs in Ka-band (17.3-18.1 GHz)
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of International Conference on Communications (2015, June)

Herein, we study the spectral coexistence of Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) downlink and Broadcasting Satellite Services (BSS) feeder links in the Ka-band (17.3 − 18.1 GHz) which is ... [more ▼]

Herein, we study the spectral coexistence of Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) downlink and Broadcasting Satellite Services (BSS) feeder links in the Ka-band (17.3 − 18.1 GHz) which is primarily allocated for BSS feeder links. Firstly, a novel cognitive spectrum exploitation framework is proposed in order to utilize the available band efficiently. Subsequently, based on the interference analysis carried out between these systems, two cognitive approaches, namely Carrier Allocation (CA) and Beamforming (BF), are investigated under the considered framework assuming the availability of an accurate Radio Environment Map (REM). The employed techniques allow the flexibility of using additional shared carriers for the FSS downlink system along with the already available exclusive carriers (19.7 − 20.2 GHz), thus increasing the overall system throughput. It is shown that a significant improvement in the per beam throughput as well as in the beam availability can be achieved by applying CA and BF approaches in the considered scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectrum Awareness and Exploitation for Cognitive Satellite Communications
Guidotti, Alessandro; Icolari, Vincenzo; Tarchi, Danielle et al

in European Conference on Networks and Communications (EuCNC), Paris, France, Jun 2015. (2015)

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See detailCognitive Zone for Broadband Satellite Communication in 17.3-17.7 GHz Band
Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Krause, Jens et al

in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters (2015)

Deploying high throughput satellite systems in Ka band to accommodate the ever increasing demand for high data rates hits a spectrum barrier. Cognitive spectrum utilization of the allocated frequency ... [more ▼]

Deploying high throughput satellite systems in Ka band to accommodate the ever increasing demand for high data rates hits a spectrum barrier. Cognitive spectrum utilization of the allocated frequency bands to other services is a potential solution. Designing a cognitive zone around incumbent broadcasting satellite service (BSS) feeder links beyond which the cognitive fixed satellite service (FSS) terminals can freely utilize the same frequency band is considered in this paper. In addition, we show that there is a rain rate called rain wall, above which cognitive downlink communications becomes infeasible. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive Radio for Ka Band Satellite Communications
Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL et al

in 32nd AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference, August 2014 (2014, August)

The satellite communication data traffic is increasing dramatically over the coming years. High throughput multibeam satellite networks in Ka band are potentially able to accommodate the upcoming high ... [more ▼]

The satellite communication data traffic is increasing dramatically over the coming years. High throughput multibeam satellite networks in Ka band are potentially able to accommodate the upcoming high data rate demands. However, there is only 500 MHz of exclusive band for download and the same amount for upload. This spectrum shortage impose a barrier in order to satisfy the increasing demands. Cognitive satellite communication in Ka band is considered in this paper in order to potentially provide an additional 4.4 GHz bandwidth for downlink and uplink fixed-satellite-services. In this way, it is expected that the problem of spectrum scarcity for future generation of satellite networks is alleviated to a great extent. The underlying scenarios and enabling techniques are discussed in detail, and finally we investigate the implementation issues related to the considered techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailFP7 PROJECT CoRaSat intermediate results and standardization strategy: Cognitive radio techniques in Ka band SatCom context
Chumberre, Nicolas; Evans, Barry; Vanelli-Coralli, Alessandro et al

in Proc. European Conference on Networks and Communications (EuCNC) (2014, June)

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See detailPolarization shift keying over satellite - Implementation and demonstration in Ku-band
Arend, Lionel; Sperber, Ray; Marso, Michel UL et al

in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 13th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC), 2014 7th (2014)

Polarization Shift Keying is a digital modulation method using the state of polarization of an electromagnetic wave as the signalling quantity. The technique comes from fibre communications, where the ... [more ▼]

Polarization Shift Keying is a digital modulation method using the state of polarization of an electromagnetic wave as the signalling quantity. The technique comes from fibre communications, where the channel offers two orthogonal states of polarization. This paper develops on the idea to adapt this technology to satellite communications, where comparable channel conditions exist. For this purpose, a digital Polarization Shift Keying transceiver was implemented on programmable logic. Detection performance of the modem was measured in different set-ups with thermal noise and non-linear distortion and the results compared to simulations. Finally, the implemented system was used to demonstrate a 16-state Polarization Shift Keying link over commercial satellite in Ku-band. [less ▲]

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See detailMulti-User Detection in Multibeam Mobile Satellite Systems: A Fair Performance Evaluation
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Krause, Jens et al

in Proceedings of Vehicular Technology Conference, Spring 2013 (2013)

Multi-User Detection (MUD) techniques are currently being examined as promising technologies for the next generation of broadband, interactive, multibeam satellite communication (SatCom) systems. Results ... [more ▼]

Multi-User Detection (MUD) techniques are currently being examined as promising technologies for the next generation of broadband, interactive, multibeam satellite communication (SatCom) systems. Results in the existing literature have shown that when full frequency and polarization reuse is employed and user signals are jointly processed at the gateway, more than threefold gains in terms of spectral efficiency over conventional systems can be obtained. However, the information theoretic results for the capacity of the multibeam satellite channel are given under ideal assumptions, disregarding the implementation constraints of such an approach. Considering a real system implementation, the adoption of full resource reuse is bound to increase the payload complexity and power consumption. Since these novel techniques require extra payload resources, fairness issues in the comparison among the two approaches arise. The present contribution evaluates in a fair manner, the performance of the return link (RL) of a SatCom system serving mobile users that are jointly decoded at the receiver. In this context, the throughput performance of the assumed system is compared to that of a conventional one, under the constraint of equal physical layer resource utilization; thus the comparison can be regarded as fair. Results show, that even when systems operate under the same payload requirements as the conventional systems, a significant gain can be realized, especially in the high SNR region. Finally, existing analytical formulas are also employed to provide closed form descriptions of the performance of clustered systems, thus introducing insights on how the performance scales with respect to the system parameters. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 324 (48 UL)