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See detailIntroduction to Special Issue for Migration Letters: Inequalities and Youth Mobilities in Europe from Comparative Perspectives
Samuk, Sahizer UL; Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

in Migration Letters (2019), 16(1), 1-14

Where does youth mobility stand in the complex picture of diverse types of inequalities that affect youth and the content of their mobilities? In the light of this question, with this special issue, we ... [more ▼]

Where does youth mobility stand in the complex picture of diverse types of inequalities that affect youth and the content of their mobilities? In the light of this question, with this special issue, we look at the hindering and fostering factors in the mobility of young people, and examine different facets of mobility (social networks, transnational activities, agency, gender, household decisions) in different types of mobility (considering mobility for volunteering, vocational education and training, higher education including both credit and degree mobility, and employment). The analysis presented in the papers of this special issue will enable the identification of inequalities accompanying youth mobility at different levels. The articles in this issue reveal that when it comes to possibilities for becoming mobile, many other types of inequalities apart from the solely economic ones must be considered (Oxfam, 2016, p. 7; Hargittai and Hinnant 2008), including legal, political, social, moral inequalities (White, 2007) together with gender inequality. This special issue on “Inequalities and Youth Mobilities in Europe from Comparative Perspectives” serves the purpose of revealing how diverse types of inequalities can exist within seemingly equal societies. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy is it so hard? And for whom? Obstacles to intra-European mobility
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Skrobanek, Jan; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

in Migration Letters (2019)

Even though intra-European youth mobility is valued as a boost for personal and professional development, few opt for it. While obstacles preventing young people to become mobile have been discussed ... [more ▼]

Even though intra-European youth mobility is valued as a boost for personal and professional development, few opt for it. While obstacles preventing young people to become mobile have been discussed broadly, less attention has been paid to the obstacles for the youth who are already on the move. We offer this rare perspective in regard to intra-European mobility. We focus on youth in four types: pupil mobility, vocational (education and training) mobility, higher education student (degree and credit) mobility and employment mobility, in six countries: Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Norway, Romania and Spain. Our analysis, based on qualitative (140 interviews) and quantitative (N=1.682) data, reveals that the perceived obstacles vary between the mobility types, with the greatest divergence between the educational and work-related mobilities. Obstacles such as lack of financial resources and guidance, the perceived incompatibility of institutional regulations within Europe, are shared by all mobile youth. [less ▲]

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See detailCapturing agency in different educational settings: A comparative study on youth perceptions of mobility-framing structures
Schlimbach, Tabea; Skrobanek, Jan; Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL et al

in Migration Letters (2019)

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See detailWie? Warum? Oder warum nicht? Mobilitätsfelder sowie Motivationen und Barrieren für Jugendmobilität in Europa
Hemming, Karen; Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Schlimbach, Tabea et al

in Forum Jugendarbeit International 2016–2018 (Internationale Jugendarbeit – Zugänge, Barrieren und Motive) (2019)

Auslandserfahrungen sind nicht nur eine Möglichkeit, auf kulturelle Entdeckungsreise zu gehen. Sie gelten auch als Chance für junge Menschen, zu lernen und sich persönlich und beruflich weiterzuentwickeln ... [more ▼]

Auslandserfahrungen sind nicht nur eine Möglichkeit, auf kulturelle Entdeckungsreise zu gehen. Sie gelten auch als Chance für junge Menschen, zu lernen und sich persönlich und beruflich weiterzuentwickeln. Entsprechend wird Jugendmobilität in der Jugendarbeit große Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt. Auch die Länder, die die Jugendlichen entsenden oder aufnehmen, können dabei profitieren – aber auf unterschiedliche Weise. Zu welchem Zweck gehen junge Menschen ins Ausland? Was motiviert sie dabei? Welche Barrieren müssen sie dafür überwinden? Welche Rolle spielt der familiäre Bildungshintergrund der Jugendlichen? Diese Fragen werden mit Fokus auf länderspezifische Unterschiede auf der Datenbasis des europäischen Forschungsprojekts MOVE untersucht, in das Wissenschaftler(innen) aus sechs europäischen Ländern involviert waren. Die Grundlage bildet zunächst eine Ländertypologie, die Humankapitalbewegungen durch Auslandsaufenthalte abbildet, welche je nach Mobilitätsfeld eher dem Sende- oder Empfängerland zugutekommen. Sie weist europäische Länder vier Typen zu: Mobilitätsförderern, Mobilitätsverlierern, Mobilitätsgewinnern und Mobilitätsverwertern. Besonders erstere und letztere sind gut für eine kontrastierende, ländervergleichende Betrachtung geeignet. Mobilitätsförderer sind Länder, deren junge Menschen im europäischen Ausland arbeiten, die aber selbst kein wichtiges Zielland für europäische Jugendliche sind (z.B. Ungarn und Rumänien). Mobilitätsverwerter sind attraktive Zielländer sowohl für kurz- als auch langfristige Mobilitäten und weisen damit bezüglich der Generierung und Verwertung von Humankapital ein ausgeglichenes Konto auf (z.B. Norwegen, Luxemburg und Deutschland). In einem kontrastierenden Vergleich werden Motivationen und Barrieren für Auslandsaufenthalte im Zusammenhang mit dem Bildungshintergrund junger Menschen aus Mobilitätsförder- und Mobilitätsverwerterländern analysiert. Hierfür werden die Individualdaten eines Onlinesurveys mit 18-29-Jährigen (N=4.719) aus Deutschland, Luxemburg, Norwegen, Ungarn und Rumänien den beiden Ländertypen zugeordnet und verglichen. [less ▲]

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See detailYouth Mobility – experiencing (un)certainties
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Vysotskaya, Volha UL

Scientific Conference (2018, March 19)

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See detailWhy is it so hard? And for whom? Obstacles in the intra-EU mobility: Mobility fields in comparison
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Ardic, Tuba; Dabasi-Halász, Zsuzsanna et al

Scientific Conference (2018, March 08)

Even though intra-European youth mobility is valued as a boost for personal and professional development, few opt for it. While obstacles preventing young people to become mobile have been discussed ... [more ▼]

Even though intra-European youth mobility is valued as a boost for personal and professional development, few opt for it. While obstacles preventing young people to become mobile have been discussed broadly, less attention has been paid to the obstacles for the youth who are already on the move. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding and conceptualizing youth mobility. A perspective of young people at the threshold to employment
Vysotskaya, Volha UL; Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Hemming, Karen et al

Presentation (2018, March 08)

This presentation presents results of the H2020 project MOVE on employment mobility of youth in the EU.

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See detailHigher education students on the MOVE
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Kiss, Julianna; Dabasi Halasz, Zsuzsanna et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

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See detailMOVE in dialogue: first research results
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

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See detailInternational preconference and conference report
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Walker, Jessica

Report (2018)

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See detailStudent mobility and its social dimension in Luxembourg
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL

Scientific Conference (2018)

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See detailDesigning the (Most) Mobile University: The Centrality of International Student Mobility in Luxembourg’s Higher Education Policy Discourse
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Karl, Ute; Powell, Justin J W UL

in Higher Education Policy (2018), 31(online first), 1-24

The nexus of national educational and migration policies and international student mobility (ISM) in Europe becomes strikingly visible in Luxembourg. ISM is central for higher education policy in ... [more ▼]

The nexus of national educational and migration policies and international student mobility (ISM) in Europe becomes strikingly visible in Luxembourg. ISM is central for higher education policy in Luxembourg, but also for larger questions of social integration and economic development. Based on a discourse analysis of the political debates surrounding the foundation of the University of Luxembourg in 2003, we analyse how and why ISM became a cornerstone of higher education policy in Luxembourg. Our findings reveal that, on the one hand, incoming student mobility — and the establishment of an international research university — was and is seen as a means of competing for the best and brightest, regionally and globally, and of securing human resources to satisfy a booming, internationalised labour market. On the other hand, outgoing student mobility has traditionally been viewed as the main mechanism to establish international networks across Europe and foster elites back home. Both incoming and outgoing mobility are thought necessary to establish and maintain a competitive and sustainable knowledge economy. Reconstructing the underlying rationales behind the support for ISM as the key to higher education policy, we explain why Luxembourg currently has the highest proportion of ISM worldwide. [less ▲]

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