References of "Joxhe, Majlinda 50009140"
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See detailThe Effect of Rating Scale on Response Style: Experimental Evidence for Job Satisfaction
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Corrado, Luisa

in Journal of Well-Being Assessment (in press)

This paper explores the relationship between rating scales and response style using experimental data from a sample of 1500 households of the Innovation Panel (2008) which is part of the Understanding ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the relationship between rating scales and response style using experimental data from a sample of 1500 households of the Innovation Panel (2008) which is part of the Understanding Society database. Two random groups of individuals are being asked about their level of job satisfaction using a self-assessment questionnaire through two (7 and 11 points) rating options. By comparing the two groups, we explore the effects of the different rating scales on Extreme Response Style (ERS). The experimental design of the data enables us to show that both high and low Extreme Response Style (ERS) are correlated with personal and demographic characteristics. In addition, when comparing the shorter to a longer scale, we show that the survey design may generates tendency to choose responses at the extreme values of the distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailBody mass index and social interactions from adolescence to adulthood
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Corrado, Luisa; Distante, Roberta

in Spatial Economic Analysis (2019)

A dynamic linear-in-means model is applied in order to analyse the importance of social ties for the body weight-related behaviour of US youth. The methodology shows how to estimate peer effects free of ... [more ▼]

A dynamic linear-in-means model is applied in order to analyse the importance of social ties for the body weight-related behaviour of US youth. The methodology shows how to estimate peer effects free of the ‘reflection problem’ in a dynamic context where individual and group-specific unobservable effects are controlled for. The results show that the main drivers for the body weight-related behaviour are past and peer effects. For individuals who were normal weight or obese during adolescence, past and peer effects are shown to be both relevant. Peer effects, instead, explain more the variation in the body mass index (BMI) for individuals who were overweight during adolescence, showing in this way the importance of social interactions for body weight-related behaviour. [less ▲]

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See detailMieux Comprendre le choix de demande d'asile au Luxembourg
Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Article for general public (2019)

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See detailRisk Preferences and Refugee Migration
Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Presentation (2019, March 22)

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See detailA preliminary assessment of the effects of migration on the production structure in Europe: A labor task approach
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; De Arcangelis, Giuseppe; Borelli, Stefania

in Economics Bulletin (2019), 39(1), 289-294

We assess the e ffect of migration on the production structure in a selection of European countries for the pre-Great Recession period 2001-2009. We propose a labor-task approach where the inflow of ... [more ▼]

We assess the e ffect of migration on the production structure in a selection of European countries for the pre-Great Recession period 2001-2009. We propose a labor-task approach where the inflow of migrants raises the relative supply of manual-physical (or simple) tasks and therefore favors simple-task intensive sectors. We use the US O*NET database in conjunction with European labor data to calculate the index of simple-task intensity at the industry and country level. The analysis confi rms that a rise in employment migration rates has a generalized positive impact, but that value-added increases signi ficantly more in sectors that use more intensively simple tasks. A traditional shift-share instrument is used to overcome possible endogeneity problems. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk Preferences and Refugee Migration
Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September)

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See detailBody Mass Index and Social Interactions from Adolescence to Adulthood
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Corrado, Luisa; Distante, Roberta

Scientific Conference (2018, July)

This paper proposes a novel approach to address identi fication of social endogenous e ects by generalizing the methods commonly used in standard dynamic panel data analysis to the peer e ffects setting ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a novel approach to address identi fication of social endogenous e ects by generalizing the methods commonly used in standard dynamic panel data analysis to the peer e ffects setting. Our methodology shows to can estimate peer e ects free of the \re "reflection problem" in a dynamic context where individual- and group-specifi c unobservable e ects are controlled for. We apply a dynamic linear-in-means model for analyzing the importance of social ties for the body-weight-related behavior of US youth. We show that the main drivers of body-weight-related behavior are habituation and imitation eff ects. For individuals who were normal-weight during adolescence habits seem to be slightly enforced by imitative behavior: in this instance, for an 1% increase in average BMI we expect about 0:6% increase in individual BMI, whereas the coe cient for past BMI is 0:4%. Imitation e ffects, instead, explain most of the variation in the Body Mass Index of individuals who were overweight and obese during adolescence, signaling the presence of a social multiplier e ffect: for these two groups an increase of 1% in average BMI leads, respectively, to an increase of 0:2% and 0:4% in current BMI. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk and Refugee Migration
Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Scientific Conference (2018, June)

This paper uses the experimental setup of Tanaka et al. (2010) to measure refugees’ risk preferences. A sample of 218 asylum seekers was interviewed in 2017-18 in Luxembourg. Contrary to studies which ... [more ▼]

This paper uses the experimental setup of Tanaka et al. (2010) to measure refugees’ risk preferences. A sample of 218 asylum seekers was interviewed in 2017-18 in Luxembourg. Contrary to studies which focus on risk aversion in general, we analyze its components using a cumulative prospect theory (CPT) framework. We show that refugees exhibit particularly low levels of risk aversion compared to other populations and that CPT provides a better fit for modeling risk attitudes. Moreover, we include randomized temporary treatments provoking emotions and find a small significant impact on probability distortion. Robustness of the Tanaka et al. (2010) experimental framework is confirmed by including treatments regarding the embedding effect. Finally, we propose a theoretical model of refugee migration that integrates the insights from our experimental outcomes regarding the functional form of refugees’ decision under risk and the estimated parameter values. The model is then simulated using the data from our study. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring Fiscal Effects of Immigration In Europe: A quantile Approach
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

Scientific Conference (2018, June)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fiscal impact of immigration in Europe using a quantile regression approach. These estimation methods provide a richer characterization of the data ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fiscal impact of immigration in Europe using a quantile regression approach. These estimation methods provide a richer characterization of the data, allowing us to consider the impact of a co-variate (which one) on the entire distribution and not merely its conditional mean. Using data from European Survey on Living Conditions (EU-SILC), we estimate the net fiscal position of immigrants in Europe between 2007-2015. The net fiscal position is the difference between social services obtained and personal taxes paid leading to be either a fiscal contributor or a fiscal dependent. On average, the fiscal impact of both European and non-European migrants is not different from that of native citizens. Surprisingly, when using a quantile approach, we find that non-EU migrants belonging to the upper tail of the distribution and to the lowest one, are much more contributors as compared with the corresponding native citizens. At last, we find a very contrasting relationship between the fiscal perception of European citizens regarding immigrants and the calculated fiscal impact of immigrants: countries, where immigrants are perceived negatively, are instead countries where migrants are net fiscal contributors and vice-versa [less ▲]

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See detailRisk and Refugee Migration
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Bocqueho, Geraldine; Helstroffer, Jenny et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

This paper uses the experimental setup of Tanaka et al. (2010) to measure refugees’ risk preferences. A sample of 206 asylum seekers was interviewed in 2017-18 in Luxembourg. Contrary to studies which ... [more ▼]

This paper uses the experimental setup of Tanaka et al. (2010) to measure refugees’ risk preferences. A sample of 206 asylum seekers was interviewed in 2017-18 in Luxembourg. Contrary to studies which focus on risk aversion in general, we analyze its components using a cumulative prospect theory (CPT) framework. We show that refugees exhibit particularly low levels of risk aversion compared to other populations and that CPT provides a better fit for modelling risk attitudes. Moreover, we include randomised temporary treatments provoking emotions and find a small significant impact on probability distortion. Robustness of the Tanaka et al. (2010) experimental framework is confirmed by including treatments regarding the embedding effect. Finally, we propose a theoretical model of refugee migration that integrates the insights from our experimental outcomes regarding the functional form of refugees’ decision under risk and the estimated parameter values. The model is then simulated using the data from our study. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration. Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; De Arcangelis, Giuseppe; Borelli, Stefania

Presentation (2017, September 14)

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See detailTesting the discrimination hypothesis for female self employment migrants in the UK
Constantinidis, Christina UL; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Joxhe, Majlinda UL

in IAFFE (Ed.) Books of Abstracts (2017, July 01)

We propose a comparative analysis of migrants in both sectors (employment and self-employment) exploring the gender earning discrimination hypothesis. Using individual micro data from the British ... [more ▼]

We propose a comparative analysis of migrants in both sectors (employment and self-employment) exploring the gender earning discrimination hypothesis. Using individual micro data from the British Household Panel Survey (1991-2008), we estimate wage equations for employed and self-employed migrants and find that, contrary to our expectations, the average earnings gap in self-employment is almost double compared to the employment sector. This finding reveals that self-employment leads migrant women to an even more precarious and vulnerable position in terms of financial means and economic power. In addition, we explore the determinants of these gaps using the econometric procedure of the decomposition (the Blinder-Oaxaca) model. We find that the variables that explain the gender gap in the employment sector are mostly observable individual characteristics like education or migration duration, confirming the human capital theory, whereas in the self-employment sector, this gap is more due to unobservable individual characteristics. Through our work, we show that including the gender perspective into migration analysis has implications for policy makers enabling them to evaluate these processes from a more social (rather than individualistic) dimension. [less ▲]

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See detailImmigrazione: un peso oppure una benedizione per i paesi europei?
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Article for general public (2017)

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See detailMeasuring fiscal effects of migrants in EU
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailMeasuring fiscal effects of migrants in EU
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Scientific Conference (2017, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (2 UL)
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See detailDo the Ethnic Networks Influence Circular Migration? Evidence from the UK
Joxhe, Majlinda UL

in Applied Economics Letters (2017)

This article identifies ethnic network effects among temporary migrants in the UK. Using microdata from Understanding Society and the UK Census, the empirical results show that ethnic networks change the ... [more ▼]

This article identifies ethnic network effects among temporary migrants in the UK. Using microdata from Understanding Society and the UK Census, the empirical results show that ethnic networks change the individual probability for circular migration. These effects are strong and significant only for some ethnicities, when controlling for a set of socio-economic characteristics 10 and when adding spatial variability. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration, Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Borelli, Stefania; Giuseppe, De Arcangelis

E-print/Working paper (2017)

This paper assesses the effect of the immigration on the production structure in a selection of European countries in 2001-2009 with a task-based approach. The inflow of immigrants represents an increase ... [more ▼]

This paper assesses the effect of the immigration on the production structure in a selection of European countries in 2001-2009 with a task-based approach. The inflow of immigrants represents an increase in the relative supply of manual-physical (or simple) tasks, hence favoring simple-task intensive sectors. We use a new OECD dataset, PIAAC, to calculate the index of simple-task intensity at the country-industry level. The analysis confirms that the increase in migration stocks caused a positive impact on the value added of sectors that use more intensively simple tasks. These effects are more intense when considering countries as Italy and Spain characterized by a recent, rapid and intense inflow of migrants. Endogeneity issues are discussed and instruments based on a gravity approach are used in estimation. [less ▲]

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See detailGender Gaps in Social Capital: a theoretical interpretation of evidence from Italy
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Addis, Elisabetta

in Feminist Economics (2017), 23(2), 147-171

This study uses the Italian data from the Multiscopo surveys of 1997 and 2011 to assess differences in life-cycle accumulation of social capital by sex and age. First, the study identifies some crucial ... [more ▼]

This study uses the Italian data from the Multiscopo surveys of 1997 and 2011 to assess differences in life-cycle accumulation of social capital by sex and age. First, the study identifies some crucial aspects regarding the definition and measurement of social capital: individual versus collective dimension, different typologies of social capital, and the fact that the literature often deals with women in social capital but seldom with gender. Second, using a regression analysis with cross-sectional data, it shows that social capital accumulation along the life cycle is different for men and women, with men accumulating more social capital at all ages, with a different peak and overall profile. The study also shows that, over fifteen years, the gap in social capital by sex narrowed. Finally, it introduces a model of social capital structure compatible with the empirical evidence and with notions of gender as defined in feminist literature. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of Assortative Matching on Job and Marital Satisfaction through University Attendance
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Tampieri, Alessandro

E-print/Working paper (2016)

This paper examines how the decision to acquire higher education may affect job and marital satisfaction. We propose a theoretical model where individuals decide whether to attend university both for ... [more ▼]

This paper examines how the decision to acquire higher education may affect job and marital satisfaction. We propose a theoretical model where individuals decide whether to attend university both for obtaining higher job satisfaction and for meeting potential partners. As the probability of marrying an educated partner increases (due to positive educational assortative matching), the average ability of university students falls, since more (low ability) students are willing to attend university. Two effects can be withdrawn: (i) average job satisfaction decreases, while (ii) marital satisfaction increases. We then test the model using the British Household Panel Survey for years 1996-2008, using a dynamic bivariate model. Consistent with the theoretical predictions, we find that higher education is correlated with lower average job satisfaction. In addition, the higher education of the partner increases marital satisfaction. [less ▲]

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See detailRemit for what? The Impact of Information Asymmetries in Transnational Households
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; De Arcangelis, Giuseppe

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The main purpose of this paper is to check whether information asymmetry may affect the allocation of a given budget between in-kind consumption-type goods and in-kind investment-type choices. In order to ... [more ▼]

The main purpose of this paper is to check whether information asymmetry may affect the allocation of a given budget between in-kind consumption-type goods and in-kind investment-type choices. In order to test the model, we use the results of a lab-in-the-field experiment where migrants engage in a dictator game and are asked to earmark a given budget between consumption and investment goods to be delivered to the most closely connected household (MCCH). Three different scenarios of information sharing with the MCCH on the choices made by the migrant are considered – private information, full information sharing and information sharing with a social excuse for investment goods. Empirical results confirm that under private information investment goods are preferred, whereas under full information sharing we observe a significant bias towards consumption goods (about 70 euros more out of a total budget value of 1000 euros, i.e. 7%). This behavior under different information sharing scenarios may be interpreted as evidence of self-interest motives to remit rather than pure altruism. [less ▲]

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