References of "Jütte, Bernd Justin 50002062"
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See detailLänderbericht Luxembourg
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL; Cole, Mark UL

in Cole, Mark; Ory, Stefan (Eds.) Fotografien in der Großregion/Photographie dans la Grande Région (2016)

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See detailThe Beginning of a (Happy?) Relationship: Copyright and Freedom of Expression in Europe
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL

in European Intellectual Property Review (2016), 38(1), 11-22

The relationship between the right to freedom of expression and copyright at European level has only recently been addressed in two cases, one before the European Court of Human Rights (Ashby Donald v ... [more ▼]

The relationship between the right to freedom of expression and copyright at European level has only recently been addressed in two cases, one before the European Court of Human Rights (Ashby Donald v France) and one before the Court of Justice of the EU (Deckmyn v Vandersteen). The relationship between both fundamental rights is analysed by comparing the approaches of both European courts in striking the balance between both fundamental rights. Both courts have, so far, not given either right priority over the other, and both continue to grant Member States a wide margin of discretion to strike the balance at the national level. [less ▲]

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See detailThe EU Copyright „Reform” Ignores the User
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL

Presentation (2015, November 04)

Since the Digital Agenda was launched in 2010 called the European copyright debate has seen an unprecedented involvement of society. Culminating in the Public Consultation on the Review of EU Copyright ... [more ▼]

Since the Digital Agenda was launched in 2010 called the European copyright debate has seen an unprecedented involvement of society. Culminating in the Public Consultation on the Review of EU Copyright Rules many demands have been voiced. The most recent policy initiative, which is scheduled to produce legislative proposals in late 2015, promises to deliver tangible results. However, the Digital Single Market Strategy ignores some of the most pressing issues for users of copyrighted material. The paper looks at two critical fields that demand solutions, or at least clarifications. First, following the UsedSoft judgment of the CJEU the question whether digital content can be resold has not been answered, with national courts giving differing answers. Second, a necessary extension of limitations and exceptions has constantly been delayed and has created legal uncertainty with regard to user-generated content, text and-data mining and other uses of protected works. In both discussion users have participated vividly and have been supported by academics and politicians. However, their requests for legislative intervention are not reflected in the current policy agenda and are, therefore, unlikely to feature in the draft legislation announced for the end of this year. The paper will illustrate the consequences for users and their interests, which vary from business opportunities to the exercise of basic fundamental rights. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Judiciaries for Intellectual Property - Is Copyright next?
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL

in Revista Română de Drept European (2015)

The European Union in its current state of economic crisis and stagnating growth is looking for ways to increase economic production in order to save itself from further decline. One particular strategy ... [more ▼]

The European Union in its current state of economic crisis and stagnating growth is looking for ways to increase economic production in order to save itself from further decline. One particular strategy that has been promoted in this regard is to create a common framework for intellectual property rights that can position the EU in competition with other important markets in the world. With Art 118 TFEU the Lisbon Treaty has given a (powerful?) tool in the hands of the European legislator, which was promptly used to advance the negotiations for a European patent, discussions that had been on and off for some decades already. It is not clear yet, whether a European patent as currently imagined, in particular by the Council after the recent negotiations, will stand scrutiny by the CJEU. This paper will take the lessons learnt from the European patent in so far and project them on another very important field of intellectual property: the protection of copyright works in the European Common Market. Similar issues, such as jurisdictional quarrels between the CJEU, national courts and potentially specialized supra- or international courts arise, as well as issues of parallel existence of intellectual property titles with the same scope of application. Whether the EU will be successful in unitizing its intellectual property system will be decisive for its competitiveness in the global market and for its economic future in general. The paper will explore options for improvement in this process. [less ▲]

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See detailCoexisting digital exploitation for creative content and the private use exception
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL

in International Journal of Law & Information Technology (2015)

The private copy exception is a staple in most national copyright laws. It has its roots in the analog era and has had its difficulties adapting to the new digital environment. The development of new ... [more ▼]

The private copy exception is a staple in most national copyright laws. It has its roots in the analog era and has had its difficulties adapting to the new digital environment. The development of new forms of exploitations for protected content has put the exception under pressure. Relatively new business models allow users to download and stream digital content on multiple devices at home and on-the-go. This paper seeks to explore whether the private use exception under Article 5(2)(b) of the Information Society Directive (InfoSoc) is compatible with different online business models. First, the exception at the European level and at selected national levels (UK, FR, DE) is analyzed as to its normative content. Second, limitations to the private use exception in the terms of use of download- and streaming-based services are compared and discussed as to their relation with the exception. Finally, the three-step test of Article 5(5) InfoSoc is applied to the private use exception in different scenarios. The paper concludes with a brief summary of the findings. [less ▲]

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See detailThe beginning of a (happy?) relationship - Copyright and Freedom of Expression in Europe
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL

Presentation (2014, September 17)

“Intellectual property shall be protected.” It is with these words that Art 17(2) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union elevates copyright to spheres where it hovers with other ... [more ▼]

“Intellectual property shall be protected.” It is with these words that Art 17(2) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union elevates copyright to spheres where it hovers with other fundamental rights, amongst them the Freedom of expression. The relation between both, copyright and the freedom of expression is a difficult one, in which an exclusive right, which enables its right holder to exclude others from using his work meets and potentially collides with a right fundamental for our democratic society. This relationship has only recently been addressed in two cases, one in front of the European Court of Human rights (Ashby Donald v France) and one is pending in front of the Court of Justice of the European Union (Deckmyn v Vandersteen). The paper seeks to explore the relationship between both fundamental rights by analysing, first, the direction both European courts have taken with a view to positioning and balancing the interests under both rights; regard will be had to the emerging case-law on the relation between the EU Charter and the application an implementation of EU law. Second, in a practical application of the balancing act, relevant limitations and exceptions to copyright under Art 5 of the Information Society Directive will be scrutinized under the principles developed by Advocate-General Cruz Villalón in his opinion in the Deckmyn case. Special regard will be had throughout the paper to Freedom of Speech in a digital environment and its impact on the balance between copyright and the freedom of expression (and how this might differ to the realation between freedom of expression and copyright in the ‘real’ world). In this context the enabling and disabling functions of copyright and related rights against the background of the ‘ubiquity’ of copyright on the internet are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe EU’s trouble with mashups: From disabling to enabling a digital art form
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL

Presentation (2014, March 28)

New tools for editing of digital images, music and films have opened up new possibilities to enable wider circles of society to engage in ’artistic’ activities of different qualities. User generated ... [more ▼]

New tools for editing of digital images, music and films have opened up new possibilities to enable wider circles of society to engage in ’artistic’ activities of different qualities. User generated content (UGC), a term that already transmits a notion of amateur artists, has produced a plethora of new forms of artistic expression. One type of UGC are mashups, which are compositions that combine existing works (often) protected by copyright, and transform them into new original creations. The European legislative framework has not yet reacted to the copyright problems provoked by mashups. Whereas the flexible US fair use doctrine has accommodated mashups rather easily, the strict corset of limitations and exceptions in Art 5 (2)-(3) of the InfoSoc Directive does not leave any, or only very lit-­‐ tle, room for this innovative and widely popular form of artistic expression for commercial or non-­commercial purposes. The paper analyzes the current Euro pean legal framework and identifies its insufficiencies with regard to enabling a legal mashup culture. By comparison with the US approach, an attempt is made to suggest solutions for the European legislator, based on the policy proposals of the EU Commission’s “Digital Agenda” and more recent policy documents (e.g. “On Content in the Digital Market”, “Licenses for Europe”). In this context a distinction is made between noncommercial mashup artists and the emerging commercial mashup scene. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnische Schutzmaßnahmen an der Schnittstelle der Interessen von Rechteinhabern und Nutzerinteressen
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL

in Taeger, Jürgen (Ed.) Big Data & Co - Neue Herausforderungen für das Informationsrecht Tagungsband Herbstakademie 2014 (2014)

Technische Schutzmaßnahmen an der Schnittstelle der Interessen von Rechteinhabern und Nutzerinteressen – u.a. die Rechtsprechung des EuGH in Nintendo v PC Box (EuGH Rs. C-355/12) Eine grundlegende ... [more ▼]

Technische Schutzmaßnahmen an der Schnittstelle der Interessen von Rechteinhabern und Nutzerinteressen – u.a. die Rechtsprechung des EuGH in Nintendo v PC Box (EuGH Rs. C-355/12) Eine grundlegende Funktion von Ureberrechten ist es, einen Ausgleich zwischen den Rechten von Autoren und anderen Rechteinhabern auf der einen Seite und Nutzern von geschützten Werken auf der anderen Seite herzustellen. Technische Schutzmaßnah-men sind ein Mittel für Rechteinhaber die Nutzung ihrer Werke einzuschränken und da-mit widerrechtliche Nutzungen zu unterbinden. Schutzmaßnahmen können jedoch auch gesetzlich erlaubte Handlungen einschränken. Das Unionsrecht nimmt mit Artikel 6 der Urheberrechtsrichtlinie (RL 2001/29/EC) die Mitgliedssaaten in die Pflicht, Rechteinhabern Rechtschutz für die Umgehung techni-scher Schutzmaßnahmen zur Verfügung zu stellen. Gleichzeitig stellt die Richtlinie klar, dass Nutzer urheberrechtlich geschützter Werke von gewissen urheberrechtlichen Schranken profitieren sollen, welche wiederrum nicht durch technische Schutzmaßnah-men praktisch eingegrenzt werden dürfen. Wie sich diese Rechtebeziehung konkret in Anwendungsfällen des Artikel 6 der Urheberrechtsrichtlinie darstellt, ist Gegenstand die-ses Papers. Während andere Aspekte der Urheberrechtsrichtlinie, zwar nicht erschöpfend, aber zu-mindest jedoch ausführlich diskutiert worden sind, ist Artikel 6 bisher wenig Aufmerk-samkeit beschieden worden. Mit Nintendo v PC Box hat der EuGH erstmals eine Frage zur Vorabentscheidung vorgelegt bekommen, die sich hauptsächlich mit technischen Schutzmaßnahmen beschäftigt. Allerdings wurden schon vorher solche Maßnahmen vom Gericht tangential diskutiert. Das jüngste Urteil lässt zumindest erahnen, wie sich Artikel 6 in das Gefüge des europäischen Urheberechte einfügen wird, und vor allem, inwieweit ein Interessenausgleich durch technischen Schutzmaßnahmen wirksam Ge-stalt annehmen könnte. Das Paper betrachtet konkret zwei Anwendungsfälle von technischen Schutzmaßnah-men, die – direkt oder indirekt – Gegenstand von Vorlagefragen vor dem Gerichtshof waren. [less ▲]

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See detailThe EU’s Trouble with Mashups From Disabling to Enabling a Digital Art Form
Jütte, Bernd Justin UL

in Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Law (2014), 5(3), 173-193

New tools for editing of digital images, music and films have opened up new possibilities to enable wider circles of society to engage in ’artistic’ activities of different qualities. User-generated ... [more ▼]

New tools for editing of digital images, music and films have opened up new possibilities to enable wider circles of society to engage in ’artistic’ activities of different qualities. User-generated content has produced a plethora of new forms of artistic expression. One type of user- generated content is the mashup. Mashups are compositions that combine existing works (often) protected by copyright and transform them into new original creations. The European legislative framework has not yet reacted to the copyright problems provoked by mashups. Neither under the US fair use doctrine, nor under the strict corset of limitations and exceptions in Art 5 (2)-(3) of the Copyright Directive (2001/29/EC) have mashups found room to develop in a safe legal environment. The contribution analyzes the current European legal framework and identifies its insufficiencies with regard to enabling a legal mashup culture. By comparison with the US fair use approach, in particular the parody defense, a recent CJEU judgment serves as a comparative example. Finally, an attempt is made to suggest solutions for the European legislator, based on the policy proposals of the EU Commission’s “Digital Agenda” and more recent policy documents (e.g. “On Content in the Digital Market”, “Licenses for Europe”). In this context, a distinction is made between non- commercial mashup artists and the emerging commercial mashup scene [less ▲]

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