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See detailMagnetic domains and annealing-induced magnetic anisotropy in nanocrystalline soft magnetic materials
Suzuki, K.; Ito, N.; Saranu, S. et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2008), 103(7), 7301-7303

The magnetic domains of nanocrystalline Fe84Nb6B10 annealed under static and rotating magnetic fields have been investigated by means of magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) microscopy in order to clarify ... [more ▼]

The magnetic domains of nanocrystalline Fe84Nb6B10 annealed under static and rotating magnetic fields have been investigated by means of magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) microscopy in order to clarify the origin of the dramatic magnetic softening brought about by rotating field annealing. The coercivity (Hc) values after static- and rotating-magnetic field annealings are 5.9 and 3.0  A/m, respectively. The MOKE image after static field annealing implies a highly coherent uniaxial anisotropy (Ku) in the sample whereas no sign of such a strong Ku is evident in the domain configuration after rotating field annealing. Our analytical solution of the random anisotropy model with additional Ku predicts that the fluctuating amplitude of the effective anisotropy (δK) in nanocrystalline Fe84Nb6B10 decreases from 20 to 11 J/m3 by removing Ku. The observed reduction of Hc may be attributed to this decrease in δK induced by rotating field annealing. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of magnetic field annealing on the soft magnetic properties of nanocrystalline materials
Ito, N.; Michels, Andreas UL; Kohlbrecher, J. et al

in Journal of Magnetism & Magnetic Materials (2007), 316(2), 458-461

The effects of static- and rotating-magnetic-field annealing on the magnetic softness and the magnetization alignments in nanocrystalline Fe84Nb6B10 have been investigated by means of DC magnetometry and ... [more ▼]

The effects of static- and rotating-magnetic-field annealing on the magnetic softness and the magnetization alignments in nanocrystalline Fe84Nb6B10 have been investigated by means of DC magnetometry and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). At the remanent state, the SANS pattern obtained from the static-field annealed sample exhibited an enhanced SANS signal in the direction normal to the uniaxial anisotropy (Ku) field direction, indicating a well-developed long-range magnetization alignment along the direction of Ku. Contrarily, the SANS pattern for the rotating-field annealed sample is virtually isotropic at zero field, reflecting the lack of anisotropic magnetization alignments. The soft magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Fe84Nb6B10 are improved dramatically by rotating-field annealing due to the suppression of Ku. [less ▲]

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