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See detailDoes the body adiposity index (BAI) apply to paediatric populations?
El Aarbaoui, T.; Samouda, H.; Zitouni, D. et al

in Annals of Human Biology (2013), 40(5), 451-458

Objective: Validation of body adiposity index (BAI) in a paediatrics sample; and to develop, if necessary, a valid BAI for paediatrics (i.e. BAIp). Methods: A total of 1615 children (52% boys) aged 5-12 ... [more ▼]

Objective: Validation of body adiposity index (BAI) in a paediatrics sample; and to develop, if necessary, a valid BAI for paediatrics (i.e. BAIp). Methods: A total of 1615 children (52% boys) aged 5-12 years underwent anthropometry. Their body composition was assessed using a foot-to-foot bioimpedance. The validity of BAI=(Hip circumference/Height1.5)-18 was tested by combining correlation and agreement statistics. Then, the sample was split into two sub-samples for the construction of BAIp. A regression was used to compute the prediction equation for BAIp-based percentage of body fat (%BF). Results: The initial BAI over-estimated the %BF of children by 49% (29.6±4.2% versus 19.8±6.8%; p<0.0001). The original methodology led to a BAIp=(Hip circumference/Height0.8) - 38 in children. When compared to BAI, BAIp showed both better correlation (r=0.57; p<0.01 versus r=0.74; p<0.0001) and agreement (ICC=0.34; [95% CI=-0.19-0.65] versus ICC=0.83; [95% CI=0.81-0.84]). However, there were some systematic biases between the two values of %BF as exemplified by the large 95% limit of agreement [-9.1%; 8.8%] obtained. Conclusion: BAI over-estimates the %BF in children. In contrast, BAIp appears as a new index for children's body fatness, with acceptable accuracy. In its current form, this index is valid only for large-scale studies. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted. [less ▲]

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See detailLevel of physical activity among children and adolescents in Europe: A review of physical activity assessed objectively by accelerometry
Guinhouya, B. C.; Samouda, H.; De Beaufort, Carine UL

in Public Health (2013), 127(4), 301-311

This study explored the proportion of European youth who are sufficiently active according to physical activity (PA) recommendations, based exclusively on objective assessment through accelerometers. A ... [more ▼]

This study explored the proportion of European youth who are sufficiently active according to physical activity (PA) recommendations, based exclusively on objective assessment through accelerometers. A systematic electronic search of studies published up to March 2012 was conducted. PubMed was used to identify accelerometry-assessed PA studies that involved European youth. Within the 131 European studies, only 35 clearly reported the proportion of youth meeting the PA recommendations. Different thresholds lying between 1000 and 4000 counts/min (cpm) were used to define moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). Overall, up to 100% of youth may be sufficiently active when using a threshold of approximately >1000-1500 cpm. With the most cited cut-off point (i.e. >2000 cpm), up to 87% of European youth might be considered physically active with reference to the current recommendations. Alternatively, with a cut-off point >3000 cpm, no more than 3-5% of them appeared to achieve these recommendations. The large discrepancy in outcomes released by accelerometer data is mainly due to the variety of cut-off points for MVPA among youth, hindering the definition of a clear goal towards PA promotion in Europe. Standardization of methods is urgently required. © 2013 The Royal Society for Public Health. [less ▲]

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