References of "Grotz, Joel"
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See detailRobust Precoding and Beamforming in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System
Joroughi, Vahid UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Robust Precoding and Beamforming in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System (2018, December)

This paper aims to design joint precoding and onboard beamforming at a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system. Full frequency reuse pattern is considered among the beams and each gateway serves a ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to design joint precoding and onboard beamforming at a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system. Full frequency reuse pattern is considered among the beams and each gateway serves a cluster of adjacent beams such that multiple clusters are served through a set of gateways. However, two issues are required to be addressed. First, the interference in both user and feeder links is the bottleneck of the whole system and employing interference mitigation techniques is essential. Second, as the data demand increases, the ground and space segments should employ extensive bandwidth resources in the feeder link accordingly. This entails embedding an extra number of gateways aiming to support a fair balance between the increasing demand and the corresponding required feeder link resources. To tackle these problems, this paper studies the impact of employing a joint multiple gateway architecture and on-board beamforming scheme. It is shown that by properly designing the on-board beamforming scheme, the number of gateways can be kept affordable even if the data demand increases. The proposed beamforming scheme can partially mitigate the interference in the user link. While the user and feeder link channels vary over time, this paper focuses on designing fixed beamforming which is sufficiently robust to the variations in both channels, leading to keep payload complexity low. Moreover, Zero Forcing precoding technique is employed at the gateways to reject the interference in the feeder links as well as it helps the proposed fixed on-board beamforming by partially equalizing the interference in user link. [less ▲]

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See detailDeploying Joint Beamforming and Precoding in Multibeam Satellite Networks with Time Variant Traffic
Joroughi, Vahid; Lagunas, Eva UL; Andrenacci, Stefano UL et al

in IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP), Anaheim, California, USA (2018, November)

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See detailEfficient 5G Edge Caching Over Satellite
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Maturo, Nicola UL; Vupalla, Satyaranayana et al

Scientific Conference (2018, October)

The fifth generation (5G) wireless networks have to deal with the high data rate and stringent latency requirements due to the massive invasion of connected devices and data-hungry applications. Edge ... [more ▼]

The fifth generation (5G) wireless networks have to deal with the high data rate and stringent latency requirements due to the massive invasion of connected devices and data-hungry applications. Edge caching is a promising technique to overcome these challenges by prefetching the content closer to the end users at the edge node's local storage. In this paper, we analyze the performance of edge caching 5G networks with the aid of satellite communication systems. Firstly, we investigate the satellite-aided edge caching systems in two promising use cases: a) in dense urban areas, and b) in sparsely populated regions, e.g., rural areas. Secondly, we study the effectiveness of satellite systems via the proposed satellite-aided caching algorithm, which can be used in three configurations: i) mono-beam satellite, ii) multi-beam satellite, and iii) hybrid mode. Thirdly, the proposed caching algorithm is evaluated by using both empirical Zipf-distribution data and the more realistic Movielens dataset. [less ▲]

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See detailInterference Localization On-Board the Satellite Using Drift Induced Virtual Array
Arora, Aakash UL; Maleki, Sina; Shankar, Bhavani UL et al

in Proc. 2018 International Conference on Signal Processing and Communications (SPCOM) (2018, July)

Herein, we investigate the interference received from other wireless networks into a satellite communication (SATCOM) link, and review approaches to identify the interference location using on-board ... [more ▼]

Herein, we investigate the interference received from other wireless networks into a satellite communication (SATCOM) link, and review approaches to identify the interference location using on-board satellite processing. Interference is an increasing problem for satellite communication links, and while receiving signals from gateways or user terminals, the uplink is prone to disturbance by interference due to jammers or unintentional transmissions. In this paper, our aim is to localize unknown interference sources present on the ground by estimating direction of arrival (DOA) information using onboard processing (OBP) in the satellite, and the satellite drift inducing a virtual array. In this work, the signal sampled by the drifting single antenna feed is modeled as using an arbitrary array. Building on this model, we perform the 2-D DOA (azimuth and elevation) estimation. The key challenges in such a design include single snapshot based DOA estimation with low complexity and robustness, arising out of limited on-board computational complexity as well as uncertainty in parameters like the drift speed. Employing realistic satellite drift patterns, the paper illustrates the performance of the proposed technique highlighting the accuracy in localization under adverse environments. We provide numerical simulations to show the effectiveness of our methodology. [less ▲]

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See detailDesigning Joint Precoding and Beamforming in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System
Joroughi, Vahid; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in IEEE WCNC 2018 (2018, April 18)

This paper aims to design joint on-ground precoding and on-board beamforming of a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system in a hybrid space-ground mode where full frequency reuse pattern is considered ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to design joint on-ground precoding and on-board beamforming of a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system in a hybrid space-ground mode where full frequency reuse pattern is considered among the beams. In such an architecture, each gateway serves a cluster of adjacent beams such that the adjacent clusters are served through a set of gateways that are located at different geographical areas. However, such a system brings in two challenges to overcome. First, the inter-beam interference is the bottleneck of the whole system and applying interference mitigation techniques becomes necessary. Second, as the data demand increases, the ground and space segments should employ extensive bandwidth resources in the feeder link accordingly. This entails embedding an extra number of gateways aiming to support a fair balance between the increasing demand and the corresponding required feeder link resources. To solve these problems, this study investigates the impact of employing a joint multiple gateway architecture and on-board beamforming scheme. It is shown that by properly designing the on-board beamforming scheme, the number of gateways can be kept affordable even if the data demand increases. Moreover, Zero Forcing (ZF) precoding technique is considered to cope with the inter-beam interference where each gateway constructs a part of block ZF precoding matrix. The conceived designs are evaluated with a close-to-real beam pattern and the latest broadband communication standard for satellite communications. [less ▲]

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See detailOn-Board Precoding in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System
Shankar, Bhavani UL; Joroughi, Vahid UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

This paper present On-Board Precoding (OBP) for a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system where full frequency reuse pattern is employed at both user and feeder links. By reducing the Channel State ... [more ▼]

This paper present On-Board Precoding (OBP) for a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system where full frequency reuse pattern is employed at both user and feeder links. By reducing the Channel State Information (CSI) round-trip delay to half, OBP offers significant benefits in the emerging multiple gateway scenario in terms of lower gateways coordination. However, two critical issues need to be addressed: (a) interference in both user and feeder links is the bottleneck of the whole system and employing interference mitigation techniques is essential, (b) clear push towards non-adaptive (fixed) payload implementation, leading to low computationally complex satellite architectures. In order to fulfill requirements (a) and (b), this paper studies the impact of employing a fixed OBP technique at the payload which is sufficiently robust to the variations in both user and feeder link channels. In addition to (a) and (b), the provided simulation results depict the performance gain obtained by our proposed OBP with respect to the conventional interference mitigation techniques in multiple gateway multibeam systems. [less ▲]

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See detailOn-Board Precoding in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System
Joroughi, Vahid UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Proceedings of IEEE VTC Fall 2018 (2018)

This paper present On-Board Precoding (OBP) for a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system where full frequency reuse pattern is employed at both user and feeder links. By reducing the Channel State ... [more ▼]

This paper present On-Board Precoding (OBP) for a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system where full frequency reuse pattern is employed at both user and feeder links. By reducing the Channel State Information (CSI) roundtrip delay to half, OBP offers significant benefits in the emerging multiple gateway scenario in terms of lower gateways coordination. However, two critical issues need to be addressed: (a) interference in both user and feeder links is the bottleneck of the whole system and employing interference mitigation techniques is essential, (b) clear push towards non-adaptive (fixed) payload implementation, leading to low computationally complex satellite architectures. In order to fulfill requirements (a) and (b), this paper studies the impact of employing a fixed OBP technique at the payload which is sufficiently robust to the variations in both user and feeder link channels. In addition to (a) and (b), the provided simulation results depict the performance gain obtained by our proposed OBP with respect to the conventional interference mitigation techniques in multiple gateway multibeam systems. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecoder Design for Multibeam Mobile Satellite Systems
Joroughi, Vahid UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Proceedings of IEEE Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (2018)

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See detailSymbol vs Block Level Precoding in Multi-beam Satellite Systems
Kayhan, Farbod UL; Haqiqatnejad, Alireza UL; Grotz, Joel et al

in Symbol vs Block Level Precoding in Multi-beam Satellite Systems (2018)

Precoding techniques for multi-beam satellite systems have received a considerable attention in recent years as a tool to mitigate the interference among the beams, and hence increasing the throughput ... [more ▼]

Precoding techniques for multi-beam satellite systems have received a considerable attention in recent years as a tool to mitigate the interference among the beams, and hence increasing the throughput. Our goal is to compare two main categories of precoding schemes, namely, the conventional linear block level precoding and the symbol level precoding. Focusing on power minimization problem with signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) constraints, symbol level precoding (SLP) has significant gains with respect to the zero forcing (ZF). However, the lower transmit power is achieved with a price: A higher computational complexity. Therefore, several sub-optimal SLP techniques have been proposed in the literature to overcome the complexity. While ZF has the lowest complexity among the techniques chosen in this paper, it is not an optimal linear block level precoder as far as power minimization is concerned. Therefore, in order to have a more complete picture, one needs also to consider optimal block level precoders. Our results indicate that in order to have a fair comparison, one needs to consider two different scenarios, namely, low and high SINR threshold regimes. While for low SINRs the optimal linear block level precoding scheme may provide a good solution with reasonable complexity, for high SINR threshold, the SLP techniques become more attractive. Our results also indicate that the performance of SLP highly depends on the chosen constellation space, and therefore a final conclusion can be achieved only after appropriately optimizing the constellation set. [less ▲]

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See detail3D Beamforming for Spectral Coexistence of Satellite and Terrestrial Networks
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Grotz, Joel et al

in IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference 2015 (2015, September)

Satellite communication (SatCom) is facing a spectrum scarcity problem due to the limited available exclusive spectrum and the high demand of the broadband satellite services. In this context, there has ... [more ▼]

Satellite communication (SatCom) is facing a spectrum scarcity problem due to the limited available exclusive spectrum and the high demand of the broadband satellite services. In this context, there has been an increasing interest in the satellite community to exploit the non-exclusive Ka-band spectrum in order to enhance the spectral efficiency of future broadband satellite systems. Herein, we propose a novel concept of enabling the spectral coexistence of satellite and terrestrial networks using three dimensional (3D) beamforming, which exploits the elevation dimension in addition to the commonly used azimuth dimension. The proposed beamforming solution is employed in a Multiple-Input Low Noise Block Downconverter (MLNB) based Feed Array Reflector (FAR) in contrast to the widely used Uniform Linear Array (ULA) structure. Within the employed antenna structure, the performance of the proposed beamforming solution is evaluated considering different feed arrangements. Finally, a database-assisted approach and two blind approaches are suggested for the effective implementation of the proposed solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailResource Allocation for Cognitive Satellite Communications in Ka-band (17.7-19.7 GHz)
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Proceedings of International Conference on Communications (ICC) (2015, June)

In this paper, we consider the problem of resource allocation in the context of cognitive Satellite Communications (SatCom). In particular, we focus on the cognitive downlink access by Geostationary (GEO ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we consider the problem of resource allocation in the context of cognitive Satellite Communications (SatCom). In particular, we focus on the cognitive downlink access by Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) terminals in the band 17.7-19.7 GHz, where the incumbent users are Fixed-Service (FS) microwave links. Assuming a multiple Low Noise Block Converter (LNB) satellite receiver at the cognitive FSS terminal-side, an efficient receive beamforming technique combined with carrier allocation is proposed in order to maximize the overall downlink throughput as well as to improve the beam availability. The proposed cognitive exploitation framework allows the flexibility of using non-exclusive spectrum for the FSS downlink system, thus improving the overall system throughput. More importantly, the proposed approach is validated with the help of numerical results considering realistic system parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailJoint Carrier Allocation and Beamforming for Cognitive SatComs in Ka-band (17.3-18.1 GHz)
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of International Conference on Communications (2015, June)

Herein, we study the spectral coexistence of Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) downlink and Broadcasting Satellite Services (BSS) feeder links in the Ka-band (17.3 − 18.1 GHz) which is ... [more ▼]

Herein, we study the spectral coexistence of Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) downlink and Broadcasting Satellite Services (BSS) feeder links in the Ka-band (17.3 − 18.1 GHz) which is primarily allocated for BSS feeder links. Firstly, a novel cognitive spectrum exploitation framework is proposed in order to utilize the available band efficiently. Subsequently, based on the interference analysis carried out between these systems, two cognitive approaches, namely Carrier Allocation (CA) and Beamforming (BF), are investigated under the considered framework assuming the availability of an accurate Radio Environment Map (REM). The employed techniques allow the flexibility of using additional shared carriers for the FSS downlink system along with the already available exclusive carriers (19.7 − 20.2 GHz), thus increasing the overall system throughput. It is shown that a significant improvement in the per beam throughput as well as in the beam availability can be achieved by applying CA and BF approaches in the considered scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive Spectrum Utilization in Ka Band Multibeam Satellite Communications
Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Evans, Barry et al

in IEEE Communications Magazine (2015), 53(3), 24-29

Multibeam satellite networks in Ka band have been designed to accommodate the increasing traffic demands of the coming years. However, these systems are spectrum limited due to the current spectrum ... [more ▼]

Multibeam satellite networks in Ka band have been designed to accommodate the increasing traffic demands of the coming years. However, these systems are spectrum limited due to the current spectrum allocation policies. This paper investigates the potentials of applying cognitive radio techniques in satellite communications in order to increase the spectrum opportunities for future generation of satellite networks without interfering operation of incumbent services. These extra spectrum opportunities can potentially amount to 2.4 GHz of bandwidth in downlink, and to 2 GHz of bandwidth in uplink for high density fixed satellite services (HDFSS). [less ▲]

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See detailSpectrum Awareness and Exploitation for Cognitive Satellite Communications
Guidotti, Alessandro; Icolari, Vincenzo; Tarchi, Danielle et al

in European Conference on Networks and Communications (EuCNC), Paris, France, Jun 2015. (2015)

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See detailImplementation Issues of Cognitive Radio Techniques for Ka-band (17.7-19.7 GHZ) SatComs
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of 7th ASMS/13th SPSC (2014, September)

The usable satellite spectrum has become scarce due to continuously increasing demand for broadband multimedia, broadcast and interactive services. In this context, investigating efficient spectrum ... [more ▼]

The usable satellite spectrum has become scarce due to continuously increasing demand for broadband multimedia, broadcast and interactive services. In this context, investigating efficient spectrum coexistence techniques is a crucial challenge in order to enhance the spectral efficiency of future satellite systems. Herein, we study a satellite-terrestrial coexistence scenario where a Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) downlink coexists with the Fixed Service (FS) point to point microwave links in the Ka-band (17.7-19.7 GHz). First, we identify various practical challenges and provide possible solutions in order to allow this coexistence. Then we propose four different sensing and avoidance schemes in order to protect FSS satellite terminals from the harmful FS interference. Further, we evaluate the performance of one of the proposed solutions in the considered scenario with the help of theoretical and numerical analysis. More specifically, we focus on harmful FS detection problem in order to guarantee the sufficient protection of FSS terminals. It is shown that the FS harmful interference can be reliably detected with the help of an additional dipole antenna and this solution further overcomes the noise uncertainty problem encountered while sensing with the satellite dish. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive Radio for Ka Band Satellite Communications
Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL et al

in 32nd AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference, August 2014 (2014, August)

The satellite communication data traffic is increasing dramatically over the coming years. High throughput multibeam satellite networks in Ka band are potentially able to accommodate the upcoming high ... [more ▼]

The satellite communication data traffic is increasing dramatically over the coming years. High throughput multibeam satellite networks in Ka band are potentially able to accommodate the upcoming high data rate demands. However, there is only 500 MHz of exclusive band for download and the same amount for upload. This spectrum shortage impose a barrier in order to satisfy the increasing demands. Cognitive satellite communication in Ka band is considered in this paper in order to potentially provide an additional 4.4 GHz bandwidth for downlink and uplink fixed-satellite-services. In this way, it is expected that the problem of spectrum scarcity for future generation of satellite networks is alleviated to a great extent. The underlying scenarios and enabling techniques are discussed in detail, and finally we investigate the implementation issues related to the considered techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailFP7 PROJECT CoRaSat intermediate results and standardization strategy: Cognitive radio techniques in Ka band SatCom context
Chumberre, Nicolas; Evans, Barry; Vanelli-Coralli, Alessandro et al

in Proc. European Conference on Networks and Communications (EuCNC) (2014, June)

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See detailTechnical Challenges for Cognitive Radio Application in Satellite Communications
Tarchi, Daniele; Guidotti, Alessandro; Icolari, Vincenzo et al

in 9th International Conference on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks and Communications (CROWNCOM), 2014 (2014, June)

During the last years, spectrum scarcity has become one of the major issues for the development of new communication systems. Cognitive Radio (CR) approaches have gained an ever increasing attention from ... [more ▼]

During the last years, spectrum scarcity has become one of the major issues for the development of new communication systems. Cognitive Radio (CR) approaches have gained an ever increasing attention from system designers and operators, as they promise a more efficient utilization of the available spectral resources. In this context, while the application of CRs in terrestrial scenarios has been widely considered from both theoretical and practical viewpoints, their exploitation in satellite communications is still a rather unexplored area. In this paper, we address the definition of several satellite communications scenarios, where cognitive radio techniques promise to introduce significant benefits, and we discuss the major enablers and the associated challenges [less ▲]

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See detailOverloaded Satellite Receiver using SIC with Hybrid Beamforming and ML detection
Abu Shaban, Zohair UL; Mehrpouyan, Hani; Grotz, Joel et al

in 14th Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC) (2013, June)

In this paper, a new receiver structure that is intended to detect the signals from multiple adjacent satellites in the presence of other interfering satellites is proposed. We tackle the worst case ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a new receiver structure that is intended to detect the signals from multiple adjacent satellites in the presence of other interfering satellites is proposed. We tackle the worst case interference conditions, i.e., it is assumed that uncoded signals that fully overlap in frequency arrive at a multiple-element small-size parabolic antenna in a spatially correlated noise environment. The proposed successive interference cancellation (SIC) receiver, denoted by SIC Hy/ML, employs hybrid beamforming and disjoint maximum likelihood (ML) detection. Depending on the individual signals spatial position, the proposed SIC Hy/ML scheme takes advantage of two types of beamformers: a maximum ratio combining (MRC) beamformer and a compromised array response (CAR) beamformer. The performance of the proposed receiver is compared to an SIC receiver that uses only MRC beamforming scheme with ML detection for all signals, a joint ML detector, and a minimum mean square error detector. It is found that SIC Hy/ML outperforms the other schemes by a large margin. [less ▲]

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