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See detailNeighborhood green and services diversity effects on land prices: evidence from a multilevel hedonic analysis in Luxembourg
Glaesener, Marie-Line UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

in Landscape & Urban Planning (2015), 143

The article aims at revealing the role of green space diversity and the mix of neighborhood services on the price of residential land in Luxembourg. We use a multilevel approach to estimate a hedonic ... [more ▼]

The article aims at revealing the role of green space diversity and the mix of neighborhood services on the price of residential land in Luxembourg. We use a multilevel approach to estimate a hedonic model in order to benefit from the hierarchical structure of the data and to reveal spatial heterogeneity in the valuation of these neighborhood qualities. In addition to standard accessibility and socio-economic variables, we include geographical variables in the form of neighborhood mix indices and a Shannon diversity index of land-uses. Via a spatial cross-regressive specification we also test whether our nested levels are able to capture most of the spatial dependence. Our results show that the presence of a mix of services and green space does not directly impact prices, but that the diversity of land-uses (Shannon index) matters, and has negative effects when considered within immediate proximity and positive effects within a walking distance. Land use effects however vary spatially and emphasize the contrast between regions that are particularly attractive and picturesque, and the former industrial conurbation. In our case we also show the ability of the multilevel approach to capture spatial auto-correlation effects. [less ▲]

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See detailSurrounding density and green space. What effects of proximity on land prices?
Glaesener, Marie-Line UL; Licheron, Julien; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Scientific Conference (2015, September)

We aim at measuring the impact of neighbourhood population density and land-use configuration on land prices in Luxembourg. The objective is to identify the importance of the local scale of urban design ... [more ▼]

We aim at measuring the impact of neighbourhood population density and land-use configuration on land prices in Luxembourg. The objective is to identify the importance of the local scale of urban design, with regard to the critics on compact urban development common practice in spatial planning today. We rely on address-based data for land transactions registered by notaries. Standard controls i.e. access to jobs, plots’ characteristics, socio-economic neighbourhood and service availability are considered at local scale. The originality lies in the land-use and population density data, which is available at a very fine scale. Hence different sizes of neighbourhoods around the sold land plots can be tested to identify at what extent different land-uses and their configuration are valued by residential land consumers. Further, we test whether consumers’ preferences for population density are varying with distance to the plot. In this perspective, we apply the hedonic pricing method, with the focus is turned to spatial econometrics, testing different approaches and spatial weight matrices, and how to consider time and repeated sales. Results are expected to test (i) that consumers value the availability and diversity of green land uses differently with distance; and (ii) that preferences for population density vary with distance. We hypothesize that increased population density in immediate proximity is valued negatively, but at some distance to the plot this impact may become positive. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatial patterns of land-use and neighbourhood diversity: a multilevel analysis of residential land prices in Luxembourg
Glaesener, Marie-Line UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL

Scientific Conference (2014, August 28)

There is increasing interest in understanding how the spatial organisation of land uses within a neighbourhood impact on the perceived quality of a residential place. Not only this diversity may lead to ... [more ▼]

There is increasing interest in understanding how the spatial organisation of land uses within a neighbourhood impact on the perceived quality of a residential place. Not only this diversity may lead to higher attractiveness but also is usually seen as a key aspect of sustainable urban growth (mixed use development). Geoghegan et al. (1997) assume that increasing land use diversity might affect property values in two ways: negatively as they introduce higher chances of negative visual and noise externalities, but in the meantime positively as diversity may implicitly mean the proximity to important local urban amenities. Our paper aims at revealing the role of land-use diversity in determining the price of residential land, hence the attractiveness of a location beyond the structural qualities of houses. We conduct a hedonic price analysis of all residential land transactions across the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg between 2007 and 2011. Land-use diversity is measured by the Shannon diversity index. In addition to these unconventional geographical measures, we rely also on a multilevel modelling approach, which is still quite rare in land and housing hedonic literature (notable exceptions are Orford (2000), and Chasco and Le Gallo (2012)). We believe the multi-level approach is needed here to account for the nested nature of the data and to relax the assumption of a unitary equilibrium land market. As an alternative to the single-level model, the multilevel model accounts for the hierarchical structure of the spatial units, by modelling the variability at each of the considered levels and allowing individual observations within a particular spatial unit to be more similar than a random sample (Jones, 1991). Orford (2000) in particular emphasises the capacity of multi-level models to deal with spatial segmentations of the market and spatial dependence effects. In our paper we first identify the variability of transaction price at the different levels compared to the overall mean. Second, we check for spatial variations in the valuation of land-use diversity and parcel size in the residential land market. Third we test for remaining spatial effects via a cross-regressive multilevel model, as suggested by Chasco and Le Gallo (2012). Our results confirm the usefulness of the multilevel model approach and a negative valuation of close land-use diversity, whereas it is considered a positive externality in walking distance. Further, random coefficients for the Shannon indices confirm spatial variations in the valuation of land-use diversity. Via the cross-regressive multilevel model we test for remaining spatial effects and conclude that our model cleared up the entire spatial dependence in the land price data, conversely to the case in Chasco and Le Gallo (2012) and thus rather supporting suggestions from Orford (2000). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (2 UL)
See detailApplication of the hedonic pricing method on land prices in Luxembourg
Glaesener, Marie-Line UL

Presentation (2010, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (0 UL)
See detailLes musées au Luxembourg
Glaesener, Marie-Line UL; Kmec, Sonja UL; Meyer, Morgan

in Bousch, Patrisck; Chilla, Tobias; Gerber, Philippe (Eds.) et al Der Luxemburg Atlas / Atlas du Luxembourg (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 UL)