References of "Gathercole"
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Peer Reviewed
See detailWorking memory and fluid intelligence
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Gathercole; Conway, A

Poster (2009, November)

The present study investigates how working memory and fluid intelligence are related in young children and which aspect of working memory span tasks– short-term storage or controlled attention - might ... [more ▼]

The present study investigates how working memory and fluid intelligence are related in young children and which aspect of working memory span tasks– short-term storage or controlled attention - might drive the relationship. A sample of 119 children were followed from kindergarten to 2nd grade and completed assessments of working memory, short-term memory, and fluid intelligence. The data showed that working memory, verbal short-term memory, and fluid intelligence were highly related but separate constructs in young children. The results further showed that when the common variance between working memory and short-term memory was controlled, the residual working memory factor manifested significant links with fluid intelligence whereas the residual short-term memory factor did not. These findings suggest that in young children the executive demands rather than the storage component of working memory span tasks are the source of their link with fluid intelligence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 155 (3 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAre working memory measures free of socio-economic and cultural influence?
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Gathercole; Santos, F et al

Scientific Conference (2008, January)

This research investigated the hypothesis that working memory skills are independent of environmental factors such as socio-economic status (SES) or cultural background. Twenty Brazilian children aged 6 ... [more ▼]

This research investigated the hypothesis that working memory skills are independent of environmental factors such as socio-economic status (SES) or cultural background. Twenty Brazilian children aged 6 and 7 years from low SES families were evaluated on measures of working memory (verbal short-term memory and verbal complex span, taken form the AWMA: Automated Working Memory Assessment) and of vocabulary (expressive and receptive). They were compared with typically developing Brazilian children from the same region but from families of higher SES and to a population of Portuguese- speaking, immigrant children growing up in Luxembourg/EU. Children were matched on age, sex, and nonverbal ability. The three groups differed significantly on the vocabulary measures but not on the verbal short-term memory tests. Further the groups differed on one of the two complex span measures – counting recall - but performed equally well on backwards digit recall. The results indicate that tests of verbal short-term memory and also backwards digit recall provide measures of cognitive abilities that are not biased by the quality of the child’s socio-economical or cultural background. As these measures are also highly sensitive to language ability, they may provide useful methods for diagnosing language disorder that are independent of environmental opportunity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (4 UL)