References of "Fletcher, Denise Elaine 50001794"
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See detailHow shared pre-start-up moments of transition and cognitions contextualize effectual and causal decisions in entrepreneurial teams
Tryba, Anne; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

in Small Business Economics (2019), 52(3), 1-24

Although it is reported that early venture decisions are influenced by the relationships and common history of entrepreneurial team members, little is known about how the mutual interests and ambitions ... [more ▼]

Although it is reported that early venture decisions are influenced by the relationships and common history of entrepreneurial team members, little is known about how the mutual interests and ambitions experienced in the pre-start-up phase provide a shared and relational context for joint decisions. Drawing on a multiple case study approach of nine entrepreneurial teams in new ventures, this study identifies the shared pre-start-up moments of transition during which team members’ prior work and life patterns start to change. We show that in these intense moments, shared entrepreneurial cognition evolves among team members – the relationality of which provides a unique social context for decision behaviors. Our findings conclude that effectual behaviors advance a theory of context because in simultaneously working with effectual and causal logics (albeit with varying intensities), team decisions are realized that are consistent with the relational context that emerges in the pre-start-up moment. [less ▲]

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See detailTesting the discrimination hypothesis for female self employment migrants in the UK
Constantinidis, Christina UL; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Joxhe, Majlinda UL

in IAFFE (Ed.) Books of Abstracts (2017, July 01)

We propose a comparative analysis of migrants in both sectors (employment and self-employment) exploring the gender earning discrimination hypothesis. Using individual micro data from the British ... [more ▼]

We propose a comparative analysis of migrants in both sectors (employment and self-employment) exploring the gender earning discrimination hypothesis. Using individual micro data from the British Household Panel Survey (1991-2008), we estimate wage equations for employed and self-employed migrants and find that, contrary to our expectations, the average earnings gap in self-employment is almost double compared to the employment sector. This finding reveals that self-employment leads migrant women to an even more precarious and vulnerable position in terms of financial means and economic power. In addition, we explore the determinants of these gaps using the econometric procedure of the decomposition (the Blinder-Oaxaca) model. We find that the variables that explain the gender gap in the employment sector are mostly observable individual characteristics like education or migration duration, confirming the human capital theory, whereas in the self-employment sector, this gap is more due to unobservable individual characteristics. Through our work, we show that including the gender perspective into migration analysis has implications for policy makers enabling them to evaluate these processes from a more social (rather than individualistic) dimension. [less ▲]

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See detailCreating the future in the present: the embodied practice of artifactual design
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Seldes, Paul

Presentation (2017, February)

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See detailThe practice of artifactual design in entrepreneuring
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Presentation (2017)

In this presentation we consider the implications of conceptualizing entrepreneurial as the practice of artifactual design. The concept of design draws attention to the interdependence of agency and ... [more ▼]

In this presentation we consider the implications of conceptualizing entrepreneurial as the practice of artifactual design. The concept of design draws attention to the interdependence of agency and material artifacts in the entrepreneur's ability to overcome (or not) the constraints of embodied practice and the contingent environment. We develop a conceptual understanding of how the entrepreneur extends the spatio temporal reach of entrepreneurial agency by embedding entrepreneurial purpose in various artifactual forms - forms which then contextualist subsequent activity. In this process also, the future is created as multiple actors create, enact, test, modify, transform and implement these artifactual forms through embodied practice. [less ▲]

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See detailRe-thinking culture in family business: A twelve-year review
Adiguna, Rocky UL; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Melin, Leif

Scientific Conference (2016, June 29)

This paper reviews the literature that relate to culture and values in family business during the past twelve years. Six themes are revealed: definitions of culture; values and orientations ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the literature that relate to culture and values in family business during the past twelve years. Six themes are revealed: definitions of culture; values and orientations; organizational culture in family business; family culture as determinants for organizational culture; national culture as determinants for organizational culture; and, products of culture in family business. Drawing from a sociological perspective, we argue and elaborate that the current scholarship are based on problematic assumptions where culture is defined based on its ‘coherence’ and ‘sharedness’, and that values are assumed as the core of culture. To direct future research, we draw our attention to the position of ‘practice’ in the production of culture, the explanation for cultural change and stability, and the potential ways of knowing through ethnography and narrative. We conclude by arguing that critical stances towards culture are needed to advance our scholarship and that cultural perspectives hold the power to contribute not only for the family business field but also for the wider social sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailDevenir entrepreneur en partant de ses passions
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Geraudel, Mickaël UL

Speeches/Talks (2016)

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See detailA relational conceptualisation of context and the real time emergence of entrepreneurship processes
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Selden, Paul

in Welter, Friederike; Gartner, Willam. B. (Eds.) Entrepreneurship and Context: a research agenda (2016)

In this chapter we ask the question, 'how should we conceptualise the multiplicity of contexts in the real time emergence of entrepreneurial processes?' We propose that the answer to this question ... [more ▼]

In this chapter we ask the question, 'how should we conceptualise the multiplicity of contexts in the real time emergence of entrepreneurial processes?' We propose that the answer to this question involves developing a relational conception of context. By this we mean how multiple contexts are combined with agency in real-time through the 'structure of time consciousness' (Kortooms, 2012). We argue that this conceptualisation is important for identifying, selecting and integrating contexts in entrepreneurial explanations because it enables the theorization of multiple contexts as specific spatio-temporal dimensions of the explained event. [less ▲]

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See detailA critical review of critical perspectives in entrepreneurship research
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

in Landstrom, Hans; Parhankangas, Annaleena; Fayolle, Alain (Eds.) et al Challenging entrepreneurship research (2016)

Reflecting on 'what entrepreneurship is and how entrepreneurship might be studied', Gartner, (2004, p.199) used the notion of 'critical mess' to invoke an image of a 'pile of scholarship' and mass of non ... [more ▼]

Reflecting on 'what entrepreneurship is and how entrepreneurship might be studied', Gartner, (2004, p.199) used the notion of 'critical mess' to invoke an image of a 'pile of scholarship' and mass of non-scholarly material on entrepreneurship that has been generated as 'data' for developing stories, theories, concepts, policies and insights for understanding the phenomena of entrepreneurship. In this chapter, we evaluate the collection of studies using the terms 'critical' and 'entrepreneurship' to make transparent the kinds of questions, issues and concerns being addressed through critical inquiry. [less ▲]

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See detailQualitative research practices and family business scholarship: a review and future research agenda
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; de Massis, Alfredo; Nordqvist, Matthias

in Journal of Family Business Strategy (2016), 7(1), 8-25

In spite of various calls for a wider application of qualitative research in the family business field, it is our contention that the full potential of qualitative inquiry is not being fully realized ... [more ▼]

In spite of various calls for a wider application of qualitative research in the family business field, it is our contention that the full potential of qualitative inquiry is not being fully realized. Part of the reason for this relates to the tendency to promote methods choice and diversity rather than addressing the foundational questions and processes which underlie qualitative research choices. These tendencies obscure attention to the reasons why researchers choose qualitative methods and the kinds of foundational issues about family businesses that are brought to light through qualitative research. To address this, we undertake an analysis of the most-cited articles using qualitative methods from an annotated bibliography of family business studies. From this, we identify the strengths and weaknesses of extant qualitative studies in family business research and argue for the need to re-orientate calls in family business research towards the foundational questions (rather than methods) that underline qualitative inquiry. [less ▲]

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See detailEntrepreneurship, universities & resources
Hytti, Ulla; Blackburn, Robert; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL et al

Book published by Edward Elgar (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (2 UL)
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See detailNavigating the growing field of entrepreneurship inquiry: successionist and relational modes of theory development
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Selden, Paul

in Fayolle, Alain; Riot, Phillipe (Eds.) Rethinking Entrepreneurship: debating research orientations (2016)

Reflecting the energy and enthusiasm of a growing multi-disciplinary field, entrepreneurship inquiry has generated a profusion of research practices associated with understanding and fostering ... [more ▼]

Reflecting the energy and enthusiasm of a growing multi-disciplinary field, entrepreneurship inquiry has generated a profusion of research practices associated with understanding and fostering entrepreneurial attitudes, behaviours, environments, processes, structures and discourses. The research output that has been generated poses both an opportunity and a challenge. The opportunity concerns the possibility of combining multiple perspectives in new and innovative ways (Pittaway, 2011). The challenge concerns the problem of navigating the navigating the complex landscape of entrepreneurship research output (Murphy, 2011). The problem of field navigation persists because the criteria that has been used to differentiate research output, such as ontological and epistemological positions, explanatory foci, levels of analysis and research methods, are elements in the theory development process, that are neither mutually exclusive nor directly comparable. We propose, therefore, that the challenge of field navigation can be addressed by grouping and comparing entrepreneurship perspectives in terms of modes of theory development. In this article, we discuss how actions, contexts and outcomes are universal units of theory building and that causal relationships between actions, contexts and outcomes are organized temporally in the sense that they are related either successively or contemporaneously. [less ▲]

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See detailFind your passion: Developing Entrepreneurial Behaviours
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Geraudel, Mickaël UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Learning objectives: Reflect on and assess personal passions – ‘inner awesomeness’ Expand thinking around potential business opportunities related to personal passions Connect passion to skills as part of ... [more ▼]

Learning objectives: Reflect on and assess personal passions – ‘inner awesomeness’ Expand thinking around potential business opportunities related to personal passions Connect passion to skills as part of opportunity creation Discuss your passions and skills with other team members [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (6 UL)
See detailProfessional Development Workshop: Reflexive Entrepreneurship Studies
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Verduijn, Karen; Gartner, William

Scientific Conference (2015, August)

Our aim in this PDW is to: (1) Intensify reflection within the field by questioning and re-examining dominant assumptions and traditional ways of ‘knowing’ entrepreneurship. (2) Facilitate creative ... [more ▼]

Our aim in this PDW is to: (1) Intensify reflection within the field by questioning and re-examining dominant assumptions and traditional ways of ‘knowing’ entrepreneurship. (2) Facilitate creative connections, provoke debate, develop conceptual resources. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 UL)
See detailA reflexive note on reflexivity: issues to think about for entrepreneurship research
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Scientific Conference (2015, August)

In this presentation, I outline various arguments supporting the need for greater reflexivity in entrepreneurship research

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (2 UL)
See detailHow does context become context: relating multiple contexts in entrepreneurial explanation
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Presentation (2015, August)

The issue of how to ‘theorise context’ remains largely implicit in entrepreneurship research.  This means that although there is an increasing receptiveness to the meaning, role and function of context ... [more ▼]

The issue of how to ‘theorise context’ remains largely implicit in entrepreneurship research.  This means that although there is an increasing receptiveness to the meaning, role and function of context, the search for different ways to make context a theoretical (rather than factual or referential) concept is still underdeveloped. In this article, we identify three dominant conceptions of context in entrepreneurship research and discuss the limitations they engender for theorizing context. These limitations relate to the spatial and/or temporal separation of context and action, and the spatio-temporal conflation of action and context. Next, we offer a first step in theorizing context from the perspective of relational thinking.  From this perspective, we explain how entrepreneurial processes emerge through the circular causality of action-context relationships. This relational conceptualization also enables an evaluation of how multiple contexts are related to the spatio-temporal specificities of actioned events [less ▲]

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See detailWhat can critical entrepreneurship teaching offer to students when all they want is effectuation
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Presentation (2015, May 26)

In this presentation, I consider what 'critical entrepreneurship' thinking and concepts can bring to entrepreneurship education. A summary of a review of 55 articles using the words 'critical' and ... [more ▼]

In this presentation, I consider what 'critical entrepreneurship' thinking and concepts can bring to entrepreneurship education. A summary of a review of 55 articles using the words 'critical' and 'entrepreneurship' is provided and a categorization of how critical notions are applied in entrepreneurship is outlined. [less ▲]

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See detailThe entrepreneurial journey as an emergent hierarchical system of artifact-creating processes
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Selden, Paul

in Journal of Business Venturing (2015), 30(4), 603-615

Entrepreneurial ‘process’ perspectives explain the events of an entrepreneurial journey in terms of mechanisms, such as ‘effectual logic’, ‘bricolage’, ‘dynamic creation’, ‘opportunity tension’ and ... [more ▼]

Entrepreneurial ‘process’ perspectives explain the events of an entrepreneurial journey in terms of mechanisms, such as ‘effectual logic’, ‘bricolage’, ‘dynamic creation’, ‘opportunity tension’ and ‘enactment’. Process theorists, however, have not as yet developed an analytical framework that explains an entrepreneurial event in relation to the entrepreneurial journey as the unit of analysis. Building on Sarasvathy’s (2003 and 2008) and Venkataraman et al’s (2012) conception of entrepreneurship as a science of the artificial (Simon, 1996), we explain how this research gap can be addressed by conceptualizing the entrepreneurial journey as an emergent hierarchical system of entrepreneurial artifact-creating processes. From this perspective, entrepreneurial events can be explained in relation to the endogenous dynamics of prior patterns of artifact emergence. We discuss some research implications of focusing on artifact emergence as the unit of analysis in process theory development. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical inquiry in entrepreneurship research and its possibilities for redefining the field
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Selden, Paul

in Critical inquiry in entrepreneurship research and its possibilities for redefining the field (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (10 UL)
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See detailIn What Ways is Qualitative Research Vital to Family Business Scholarship? A Review of Past Trends and Planning for New Futures
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; deMassis, Alfredo; Nordqvist, Mattias

Scientific Conference (2014, July)

In spite of various calls for the application of more qualitative methodologies in family business research, it is our contention that qualitative methodologies are underutilized in family business ... [more ▼]

In spite of various calls for the application of more qualitative methodologies in family business research, it is our contention that qualitative methodologies are underutilized in family business research. This is evidenced by reference to an annotated bibliography of family business studies which demonstrates not only the dominance of quantitative methods but also a preponderance of multiple-case studies as the most commonly-used qualitative research tool. Our study discusses the kinds of research questions and topics being addressed through qualitative methods, as well as how different qualitative methods are being used in extant family business research. From this, we identify key features that are occurring in the usage of qualitative methods as well as gaps in methodologies not being applied. It is argued that qualitative methods have much to offer than is currently being exploited in family business research and some suggestions are made for new avenues of qualitative research that can take account of contextual factors, processes unfolding over time, meaning-making, the interpretation of interpretation, sense-making, situated actions, discursive positions, interactions or relationality of family dynamics. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily business inquiry as a critical social science
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

in Melin, Leif; Nordqvist, Mathias; Sharma, Pramodita (Eds.) The Sage Handbook of Family Business (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (1 UL)