References of "Evrard, Estelle 50001761"
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See detailBrexit: Mind the gap! Die Bedeutung regionaler Disparitäten auf politische Weichenstellungen
Bissinger, Jutta UL; Evrard, Estelle UL

Article for general public (2017)

Die Ergebnisse des Referendums am 23. Juni 2016 im Vereinigten Königreich (VK) sind ein Beweis dafür, dass regionale Disparitäten und der territoriale Zusammenhalt innerhalb eines Landes politisch ... [more ▼]

Die Ergebnisse des Referendums am 23. Juni 2016 im Vereinigten Königreich (VK) sind ein Beweis dafür, dass regionale Disparitäten und der territoriale Zusammenhalt innerhalb eines Landes politisch relevante Faktoren darstellen [less ▲]

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See detailEncapsulating the Significance of the EGTC for Territorial Cooperation: A literature review and tentative research agenda
Evrard, Estelle UL

in Medeiros, Eduardo (Ed.) Uncovering the Territorial Dimension of European Union Cohesion Policy - Cohesion, Development, Impact Assessment and Cooperation (2017)

Within less than a decade, the European Grouping for territorial cooperation (EGTC) has become a landmark in the EU regional policy. By the end of 2015, sixty EGTCs were established while 16 were in the ... [more ▼]

Within less than a decade, the European Grouping for territorial cooperation (EGTC) has become a landmark in the EU regional policy. By the end of 2015, sixty EGTCs were established while 16 were in the pipelines. Although non-obligatory, it is conceived as a crucial tool in the implementation of the EU regional policy, in particular to manage European territorial cooperation programmes. The EGTC is a genuinely multifaceted instrument raising crucial research questions for European and border studies. It is first and foremost a legal instrument resulting from the EU legal order developing new standards for cross-border cooperation. In making it possible to involve local, regional and national authorities to manage territorial cooperation initiatives, it scrambles policy networks and gives a new operationalisation to the concept of multi-level governance. Crossing perspectives, disciplines, methods of analyses and research questions is crucial to grasp the multifaceted dimensions of this tool and its significance for European territorial cooperation. This article undertakes a literature review of the existing body of literature with the intention to outline the main characteristics of the existing EGTCs. This helps outlining possible avenues for a future research agenda. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Freeport Luxembourg. Logistique, pure valeur et volatilisation de l’œuvre d’art
Puglia, Ezio UL; Evrard, Estelle UL

in Esprit (Paris, France : 1932) (2016)

In the last decade, especially after the 2008 financial crisis, artwork has become a successful financial asset. Improved logistical techniques and specific legal provisions (as the evergrowing spread of ... [more ▼]

In the last decade, especially after the 2008 financial crisis, artwork has become a successful financial asset. Improved logistical techniques and specific legal provisions (as the evergrowing spread of Free Economic Zones) have fostered this evolution. Created in 2014, Le Freeport Luxembourg is the first free zone in Luxembourg. It follows the exemple of the Geneva and Singapore freeports. Its creation coincides with the attempt to diversify the country’s national economy, and to develop a niche where finance, art, and logistics meet. The empirical analysis comprehends a document analysis, fieldwork (incl. photographs) and three semi-structured interviews with experts working at the Freeport Luxembourg. The contribution investigates how Le Freeport territorializes immaterial flows, thus imposing practices and contributing to establishing Luxembourg as a prominent node of the international art market. The paper demonstrates how this territorialization results into the enclaving of the building and into the dematerialization of artwork and valuables. While other similar freeports are in project around the world (Dubai, Shangai), this case study investigates an emerging trend which exemplifies, and takes to extremes, the functioning of the current logistical organization. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC): Towards a Supraregional Scale of Governance in the Greater Region SaarLorLux?
Evrard, Estelle UL

in Geopolitics (2016)

All over Europe, EGTCs (European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation) are mushrooming. Between 2006, when the EU regulation entered into force, and 2014, 51 EGTCs have been established. Conceived as a ... [more ▼]

All over Europe, EGTCs (European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation) are mushrooming. Between 2006, when the EU regulation entered into force, and 2014, 51 EGTCs have been established. Conceived as a legal tool to facilitate cross-border, interregional or transnational cooperation, the EGTC was established after years of lobbying from cross-border organisations. Apart from practical guidelines mostly dedicated to the legal possibilities and limitations of this tool, few academic studies examine the significance of this tool for cross-border governance as such. This paper develops such a perspective, using the case study of the Greater Region SaarLorLux, (Lorraine, Luxembourg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland and Wallonia), where two existing EGTCs are operating. The EGTC INTERREG IV A Greater Region is the only EGTC managing an EU programme; the EGTC Secretariat of the Summit supports the main political organisation in this area. This contribution argues that the EGTC tool can facilitate the emergence of a supraregional scale of governance. This paper examines how this instrument allows the institutionalisation of a cross border entity in terms of its capacity to embody and perpetuate the cross-border region, and to implement its strategy. It then applies this conceptualisation to the specific context of the Greater Region. The empirical analysis shows that although the two EGTCs institutionalise the cooperation, they are rather conceived as administrative and operational tools. The paper concludes with possible explanations of such a mismatch between the potential of this tool and the effective use of it. [less ▲]

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See detailESPON - From spatial observation to policy oriented output?
Evrard, Estelle UL; Schulz, Christian UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Europa Regional (2015), 21(4), 158-164

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See detailVers une région métropolitaine polycentrique? Enjeux d'un aménagement du territoire transfrontalier
Evrard, Estelle UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in Wille, Christian (Ed.) Lebenswirklichkeiten und politische Konstruktionen in Grenzregionen. Das Beispiel der Großregion Saar-Lor-Lux. Wirtschaft - Politik - Alltag - Kultur (2015)

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See detailESPON on the road - Bringing closer ESPON evidence for decision making
Breuer, Ina; Radvanski, Adam; Schön, Karl Peter et al

Report (2015)

The ESPONontheRoad project was a Transnational Networking Activity (TNA) of nineteen ESPON Contact Points (ECPs) with the aim to bring ESPON results closer for decision-making and thus increase the ... [more ▼]

The ESPONontheRoad project was a Transnational Networking Activity (TNA) of nineteen ESPON Contact Points (ECPs) with the aim to bring ESPON results closer for decision-making and thus increase the capitalisation of the ESPON Programme. During a year, participating ECPs brought ESPON closer to the local and regional level, and to citizens in physical and virtual forms. The project built a bridge between the issues on a local level and scientific evidence on EU territorial development policy themes. After taking stock of the most recent policy issues in each national context, ECPs formed transnational working groups to have a common understanding of the messages coming from ESPON results. These working groups designed the most appropriate and efficient form of communication for their target groups. In this way ESPON results were put into the macroregional context of West, South, North and Central-Eastern areas, and both the content-related and the organisational tasks were organised in a balanced way. The activity report summaries the goals of the project, presents how they were implemented and what are the lessons learnt. It concludes with recommendations for the future. [less ▲]

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See detailRaising Sustainability
Carr, Constance UL; Becker, Tom UL; Evrard, Estelle UL et al

in Planning Theory & Practice (2015)

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See detailMobilités de travail et de résidence : vers une territorialité transfrontalière?
Evrard, Estelle UL; Nienaber, Birte UL; Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2014, November 06)

En Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux, les interdépendances transfrontalières, notamment les mobilités résidentielles et de travail sont grandissantes. Elles ont pris un jour nouveau depuis les années 2000 à 2005 ... [more ▼]

En Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux, les interdépendances transfrontalières, notamment les mobilités résidentielles et de travail sont grandissantes. Elles ont pris un jour nouveau depuis les années 2000 à 2005 où de plus en plus de résidents luxembourgeois déménagent de l’autre côté des frontières (surtout en Allemagne), devenant ainsi des travailleurs frontaliers. Depuis les années 70, la coopération institutionnelle en Grande Région s’est structurée et les domaines de coopération sont nombreux : culture, transports, aménagement du territoire constituent quelques exemples essentiels. Par ailleurs, après de longues réflexions, la gouvernance transfrontalière tend à s’institutionnaliser avec la mise sur pied d’un GECT depuis 2013. Si certaines réponses transfrontalières visent à faire face à ces interdépendances fonctionnelles en termes d’accessibilité notamment, le cadre institutionnel permettant le développement de ces mobilités émane essentiellement de l’échelle étatique ou européenne. Cette contribution prendra appui sur les dynamiques de mobilité de travail et de résidence ainsi que sur certains développements institutionnels récents pour questionner l’opérationnalité du concept de territorialité dans le contexte transfrontalier. La contribution montrera comment les flux de travail transfrontaliers au sein de la Grande Région croissent et se diversifient. Très hétérogènes, les profils des travailleurs concernés permettent un ajustement à la fois quantitatif et qualitatif entre la main-d'œuvre et les possibilités d'emploi dans un marché du travail transfrontalier aux "contours" constamment repoussés plus loin des frontières. Les frontières se vivent également par les mobilités résidentielles transfrontalières (changement de pays de résidence) qui s'y opèrent, entre recherche d’une certaine proximité géographique avec l'emploi et usage opportuniste des différentiels dans les prix immobiliers. L'ensemble de ces flux transfrontaliers (de travail et de résidence), par ses multiples impacts (économiques, sociaux, territoriaux) est source de dynamique et d’innovation. L'espace transfrontalier de la Grande Région est ainsi progressivement construit socialement. Dans le même temps, plusieurs réponses institutionnelles interviennent au niveau local, régional, national ou européen. Le concept de territorialité permet de confronter ces deux tendances. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Delphi method in ESPON: State of the art, innovations and thoughts for future developments
Evrard, Estelle UL; Chilla, Tobias; Schulz, Christian UL

in Science in support of European Territorial Development (2014)

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See detailSpatial integration revisited - new insights for cross-border and transnational contexts
Chilla, Tobias; Evrard, Estelle UL

in ESPON in support of European Territorial Development and Cohesion (2014, February)

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See detailAsymétries institutionnelles et territoriales: Quelles conséquences pour la gouvernance transfrontalière?
Evrard, Estelle UL; Chilla, Tobias UL

in Beck, Joachim; Wassenberg, Birte (Eds.) Vivre et penser la coopération transfrontalière (volume 6): Vers une cohésion territoriale? (2014)

The purpose of this paper is to analyse one of the inherent characteristics of cross-border cooperation: multi-level asymmetries. One of the main difficulties in developing cooperation is to find one's ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to analyse one of the inherent characteristics of cross-border cooperation: multi-level asymmetries. One of the main difficulties in developing cooperation is to find one's counterpart on both sides of the border. Being from different states, and thus different administrative and legal systems and cultures, the institutions involved in the cooperation work at different scales and are de facto mismatched. Two types of asymmetry are analysed: institutional and territorial. The harmonisation of regulations at European level, the conclusion of interstate agreements or sectoral regulations at regional level all put these findings into perspective. In addition, informal cooperation is essential for the stakeholders. Finally, the European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) could be a useful tool to reduce or minimise the impact of this asymmetries depending on the powers conferred to it. The use of these various tools may point towards the gradual institutionnalisation of a multi-level cross-border governance in some transfrontier areas. [less ▲]

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See detailResearch & Innovation: Which priorities for structural funds in Luxembourg
Evrard, Estelle UL; Hachmann, Verena UL; Schulz, Christian UL

Report (2013)

It is a key aim of the EU2020 strategy and of the Luxembourg government to promote research and innovation (“smart growth”). The 2014-2020 programming period of the Structural Funds offers an opportunity ... [more ▼]

It is a key aim of the EU2020 strategy and of the Luxembourg government to promote research and innovation (“smart growth”). The 2014-2020 programming period of the Structural Funds offers an opportunity to support projects in this field at national, cross-border and transnational levels. This leaflet synthesises the results of a consultation process organised by the ESPON Contact Point of Luxembourg in summer and autumn 2013 in the framework of the USESPON project. First, it aimed at analysing the relevance of ESPON results in the field of research, development and innovation (RDI) in Luxembourg. Second, this process reflected on possible priorities for the future operational programmes of the structural funds. This process involved either experts in the field of RDI or those responsible for drafting operational programmes. The consultation process has been framed by a Delphi technique. First, participants received “support material” presenting the situation of Luxembourg according to the ESPON results. Second, they participated in a workshop on 11th July 2013. Third, a synthesis based on the results of the workshop was provided together with a questionnaire giving the experts the opportunity to deepen and concretise their contribution. By summarising this consultation process, this leaflet aims at 1) working out a profile of Luxembourg on the basis of ESPON results in the field of RDI and 2) developing recommendations of how future-oriented innovation strategies can be implemented in the context of European Territorial Cooperation. The final version of this document was published on the ECP Luxembourg website in autumn 2013. [less ▲]

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See detailSuprarégionalisation transfrontalière? Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux
Evrard, Estelle UL

Doctoral thesis (2013)

European Union integration policy has challenged traditional border functions resulting in regionalisation processes and policy makers facing diverse functional interdependencies across multiple scales ... [more ▼]

European Union integration policy has challenged traditional border functions resulting in regionalisation processes and policy makers facing diverse functional interdependencies across multiple scales and territories. Local and regional authorities participate in a European multi-level governance system. Within regions, cross-border cooperation institutionalises distinct forms of governance. This thesis investigates the regionalisation process launched across borders at a subnational level using the case study of the Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux. Conceptually, this study defines regionalization as construction of a region. This analysis of cross-border cooperation in the Greater Region explains “cross-border supraregionalisation” through three processes. First, the discursive construction of a cross-border strategy illustrates the complexity of joint positioning. The metropolitan impetus advocated in the Greater Region reveals the ambivalent objectives of the partners and the dominance of the metropolitan discourse at the national and European level. Second, beyond the institutional cooperation space (“Vertragraum”), the space of the mandate (“Mandatsraum”) serves as a medium to territorialise the joint strategy. It results from the ideal projection of the strategy in space and thus, evokes a bordering process. This “soft space” is constantly negotiated between the partners and illustrates patterns of cross-border spatial empowerment. Third, the study analyses the extent to which cross-border partners delegate responsibilities and legitimacy to joint cross-border institutions, especially through the innovative legal instrument European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation. [less ▲]

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See detailGuidelines for the dissemination of ESPON results in different spatial contexts
Hohmann, Kirsten; Schmidt-Seiwert, Volker; Schön, Karl Peter et al

Report (2013)

From 2010 to 2013, the ESPON Contact Points (ECPs) from Austria, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg and Switzerland/Liechtenstein worked together on the project “Breakdown and capitalisation of ESPON results on ... [more ▼]

From 2010 to 2013, the ESPON Contact Points (ECPs) from Austria, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg and Switzerland/Liechtenstein worked together on the project “Breakdown and capitalisation of ESPON results on different scales/SCALES”. This report presents different sets of strategies to facilitate the transferability of ESPON results on various territorial levels. [less ▲]

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See detailL'espace frontalier, région en construction
Evrard, Estelle UL

in Belgeo (2013), 1

Supranational regionalisation – as initiated on the rubble of the Cold War – increases the complexity and multiplicity of a border’s functions. Novel institutional and functional developments structure ... [more ▼]

Supranational regionalisation – as initiated on the rubble of the Cold War – increases the complexity and multiplicity of a border’s functions. Novel institutional and functional developments structure border areas, making their analysis complicated. This paper aims to analyse this situation in terms of the structuring of border areas. It postulates that supranational regionalisation, such as the European integration process, contributes to the emergence of regionalisation processes at an infranational and transnational level. This paper presents a theoretical framework for a qualitative analysis, allowing cross-border cooperation to be read from the angle of the construction of a region. A “region” is considered a spatio-temporal structure resulting from the evolution of society. This conceptualisation raises the question to what extent actual cross-border cooperation goes beyond the initial intentions of institutional actors to create a progressive autonomy. Two factors contribute to this process: the institutionalisation of the border area as an autonomous entity stimulating the development of the region under construction; the territorialisation of cooperation, i.e. the projection of a common strategy followed by an appropriation of the area. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Territoriality of Cross-Border Cooperation: “Institutional Mapping” in a Multi-Level Context
Chilla, Tobias; Evrard, Estelle UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in European Planning Studies (2012), 20(6), 961-980

Territoriality is mostly discussed as the political competence to exert control on a certain space, in particular with regard to the nation state. Globalization and European Integration have initiated ... [more ▼]

Territoriality is mostly discussed as the political competence to exert control on a certain space, in particular with regard to the nation state. Globalization and European Integration have initiated some debate on this understanding, but cross-cross-border cooperation has rarely been linked to this debate. In these areas enormous political changes have been seen during the recent years. Still, the territorial dimension cannot be addressed, as territoriality as known from nation states is challenging politics. However, the territorial implications are manifold and are increasing throughout Europe. Against this backdrop is conceptual reflection. This paper starts with a brief overview of discussions and the empirical implementation of the territoriality debate. Based on this, the paper attempts to catch up with the political changes – the reflection of cross-border territorialities in a two-fold way. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to this field. First, we propose a methodological approach to study the essential aspects. We study from a conceptual point of view, the dimensions of territoriality in cross-border contexts. These are explored as well as the political-juridical background of cross-border cooperation. Based on this, a C-B-IM-tool (Cross-Border Institutional Mapping) has been introduced, involving three steps: (a) (a1) multi-level mapping of cross-border institutions, (b) (a2) mapping of policy arenas and (c) (a3) mapping of the political topography in the sense of going beyond formalized and codified governance patterns. Secondly, with the example of the Greater Region around Luxembourg, the empirical and conceptual findings on cross-border territoriality are illustrated. We can state an establishing cross-border territoriality that does not replace domestic, state-centric territorialities but that inserts new and complex elements of a multi-level territoriality system. [less ▲]

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