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See detailThe Developing Child: Learning and Learning Difficulties in a Multilingual Context
Fricke, Silke; Luk, Gigi; Vale, Ana Paula et al

in The Developing Child: Learning and Learning Difficulties in a Multilingual Context (2016)

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See detailLESEN LERNEN IN EINER FREMDSPRACHE Prädiktoren des Lesens bei Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund
Ertel Silva, Cintia UL; Loff, Ariana; Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL

in LESEN LERNEN IN EINER FREMDSPRACHE Prädiktoren des Lesens bei Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund (2016)

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See detailA Pobreza e a Mente: Perspectiva da Ciência Cognitiva
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Tourinho, Carlos; Puglisi, Marina et al

Report (2015)

Nós procuramos entender por que a pobreza é um obstáculo para o desenvolvimento e o rendimento escolar das crianças. Munidos deste conhecimento, podemos oferecer evidências robustas que podem ser ... [more ▼]

Nós procuramos entender por que a pobreza é um obstáculo para o desenvolvimento e o rendimento escolar das crianças. Munidos deste conhecimento, podemos oferecer evidências robustas que podem ser utilizadas pelas autoridades educacionais em nossa sociedade para quebrar este vínculo. Este estudo utiliza dados multidimensionais de 355 brasileiros, alunos do 1° e 2° anos do Ensino Fundamental I, provenientes de diferentes origens e escolas. O objetivo foi verificar como as crianças adquirem as habilidades cognitivas que auxiliam na aprendizagem. Foram utilizados dados obtidos a partir de testes cognitivos, bem como entrevistas e questionários preenchidos por pais, professores e alunos. O estudo sugere que, embora o baixo nível socioeconômico exerça um forte impacto negativo sobre o desenvolvimento cognitivo de uma criança, uma educação de boa qualidade nos primeiros anos de vida pode contornar esse problema. Os resultados encontrados dão suporte à hipótese de que as experiências que as crianças têm no início da vida afetam o desenvolvimento do cérebro. Uma base cognitiva sólida é crucial para o aprendizado e é um fator fundamental para quebrar o ciclo da pobreza, para promover o desenvolvimento econômico e reduzir as desigualdades sociais. Assim, fazemos as seguintes sugestões para futuras pesquisas e elaboração de políticas públicas: - Investimento em Educação Infantil (creches e pré-escolas) pode ser a maneira mais eficaz para reduzir as desigualdades e promover a mobilidade social ascendente. - Capacitação de professores sobre aprendizagem com base nos preceitos da ciência cognitiva para dar-lhes uma maior consciência do porquê de alguns alunos apresentarem comportamento difícil e/ou dificuldades de aprendizagem. - Elaboração de políticas públicas baseadas em evidências científicas. Políticos e profissionais devem trabalhar em conjunto com cientistas no intuito de desenvolver programas com maiores probabilidades de sucesso. [less ▲]

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See detailLanguage promotion and language practices in early educational settings in Luxembourg: Research projects in the fields of non-formal and formal education
Kirsch, Claudine UL; Seele, Claudia UL; Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL

Scientific Conference (2015, March 06)

Die sprachliche Situation Luxemburgs zeichnet sich durch eine besondere Komplexität aus, zu der nicht nur die drei offiziellen Landesprachen – Luxemburgisch, Französisch und Deutsch – sondern auch die ... [more ▼]

Die sprachliche Situation Luxemburgs zeichnet sich durch eine besondere Komplexität aus, zu der nicht nur die drei offiziellen Landesprachen – Luxemburgisch, Französisch und Deutsch – sondern auch die migrationsbedingte Diversität der Bevölkerung sowie die tagtäglichen GrenzpendlerInnen aus den Nachbarländern beitragen. Der frühkindlichen Bildung kommt hierbei eine Schlüsselrolle zu – sowohl in Hinsicht auf die Vorbereitung einer erfolgreichen Bildungsbeteiligung im mehrsprachigen luxemburgischen Schulsystem, als auch bezüglich des sozialen Zusammenhalts einer äußerst heterogenen Gesellschaft. Der Vortrag gibt zunächst einen Überblick über die sprachliche und organisationale Verfasstheit des Luxemburger Bildungs- und Betreuungssystems und präsentiert dann Einblicke in drei verschiedene Forschungsbereiche an der Universität Luxemburg, die sich dem Thema aus unterschiedlichen disziplinären, methodischen und konzeptionellen Perspektiven annähern. Claudine Kirsch gibt Einblicke in zwei Projekte zur Förderung der Mündlichkeit, zum einen anhand der App iTEO mit 4- bis 7-Jährigen in der „école fondamentale“, zum anderen durch Bildliteralität mit 2- bis 6-Jährigen in Kindertageseinrichtungen und Vorschulen (Projekte „iTEO“ und „Multilingual oracies“). Claudia Seele stellt erste Befunde aus ihrer ethnographischen Forschung zur alltäglichen Sprachpraxis in staatlich geförderten Kindertageseinrichtungen für 0- bis 4-Jährige vor. Pascale Engel de Abreu geht schließlich der Frage nach, wie man zentrale sprachliche und kognitive Prozesse bei mehrsprachigen Kindern fördern kann. In diesem Zusammenhang stellt sie die Projekte „Multilinguaalt Léierpotenzial fërderen (POLILUX)“ und „Lauter lëschteg Lauter“ (LITMUL) vor. Abschließend werden einige übergreifende Fragen zur Diskussion aufgeworfen, beispielsweise zum Verhältnis zwischen Forschung, Politik und Praxis, zu den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen eines Transfers wissenschaftlichen Wissens, zur Bedeutung und Ausgestaltung von Aus- und Weiterbildung sowie zur Zusammenarbeit mit Fachkräften und Familien. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecific language impairment in language-minority children from low-income families
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Cruz-Santos, A.; Puglisi, M. L.

in International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders (2014), 49(6), 736-747

Background: Recent evidence suggests that Specific Language Impairment (SLI) might be secondary to general cognitive processing limitations in the domain of executive functioning. Previous research has ... [more ▼]

Background: Recent evidence suggests that Specific Language Impairment (SLI) might be secondary to general cognitive processing limitations in the domain of executive functioning. Previous research has focused almost exclusively on monolingual children with SLI and offers little evidence-based guidance on executive functioning in bilingual children with SLI. Studying bilinguals with SLI is important, especially in the light of increasing evidence that bilingualism can bring advantages in certain domains of executive functioning. Aims: This study seeks to determine whether executive functioning represents an area of difficulty for bilingual language-minority children with SLI and if so, which specific executive processes are affected. Methods and procedures: This cross-cultural research was conducted with bilingual children from Luxembourg and monolingual children from Portugal who all had Portuguese as their first language. The data from 81 eight-year-olds from the following three groups was analyzed: (1) 15 Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilinguals from Luxembourg with an SLI diagnosis; (2) 33 typically developing Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilinguals from Luxembourg; (3) 33 typically developing Portuguese-speaking monolinguals from Portugal. Groups were matched on first language, ethnicity, chronological age and socioeconomic status, and they did not differ in nonverbal intelligence. Children completed a battery of tests tapping: expressive and receptive vocabulary, syntactic comprehension, verbal and visuospatial working memory, selective attention and interference suppression. Results: The bilingual SLI group performed equally well to their typically developing peers on measures of visuospatial working memory but had lower scores than both control groups on tasks of verbal working memory. On measures of selective attention and interference suppression, typically developing children who were bilingual outperformed their monolingual counterparts. For selective attention, performance of the bilingual SLI group did not differ significantly from the controls. For interference suppression the bilingual SLI group performed significantly less well than typically developing bilinguals but not monolinguals. Conclusions and implications: This research provides further support to the position that SLI is not a language-specific disorder. The study indicates that although bilingual children with SLI do not demonstrate the same advantages in selective attention and interference suppression as typically developing bilinguals, they do not lag behind typically developing monolinguals in these domains of executive functioning. This finding raises the possibility that bilingualism might represent a protective factor against some of the cognitive limitations that are associated with SLI in monolinguals. [less ▲]

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See detailMultilingualism and Specific Language Impairment
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

Is a multilingual education beneficial for children? What are the optimal conditions under which a child can become perfectly multilingual? When should we be concerned about a multilingual child's ... [more ▼]

Is a multilingual education beneficial for children? What are the optimal conditions under which a child can become perfectly multilingual? When should we be concerned about a multilingual child's language skills? What are the signs of Specific Language Impairment in a child who speaks more than one language? Developmental psychologist and Associate Professor in multilingual cognitive development at the University of Luxembourg Pascale Engel de Abreu will address these questions based on what the research evidence tells us. Practical questions regarding multilingual education will also be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailO cérebro multilingue
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL

E-print/Working paper (2014)

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See detailThe Cross-Linguistic Lexical Task in bilingual children from Luxembourg. Psychometric properties and clinical implications
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL

Scientific Conference (2014, July 17)

The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the psychometric properties of the Luxembourgish version of the CLT in a multilingual sample of preschoolers and to identify implications of the ... [more ▼]

The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the psychometric properties of the Luxembourgish version of the CLT in a multilingual sample of preschoolers and to identify implications of the instrument for clinical practice. Participants were 40 monolingual and 40 bilingual children with a mean age of 5 years and 10 months. Children were recruited from Year 1 and Year 2 of Luxembourgish kindergartens. Monolingual children spoke only Luxembourgish at home and in school. Bilinguals had lived in Luxembourg for at least 2 years and came from families where one or both parents indicated speaking another language than Luxembourgish at home. Groups did not differ significantly in age, gender, or socioeconomic status. Children completed all 4 subtasks of the CLT-Lu (noun & verb comprehension and production tasks respectively), and a nonword repetition and digit recall task assessing phonological processing and verbal short-term memory. All CLT subtasks reached sufficient internal consistencies with Cronbachs alpha’s ranging between .77 and .91. If the sample was split into monolingual and bilingual groups, reliability remained satisfactory for the production tasks (alpha’s between .70 - .90). Word comprehension could, however, only be reliably assessed in bilinguals (alpha’s of .73 and .79); monolinguals scored at ceiling. The CLT measures correlated significantly with digit recall and nonword repetition (r’s between .42 - .50). On average bilinguals scored three standard deviations below the performance of the monolinguals on all CLT subtasks and difference were larger for nouns than for verbs. The study indicates that the CLT is a promising tool to reliably assess word comprehension in monolingual and word comprehension and production in bilingual preschool children in Luxembourg. However, it is crucial to test bilingual children in all of their languages and to establish specific bilingual norms in order to get a better indication of their verbal abilities. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (CLT) and word knowledge in monolingual children
Haman, Ewa; Armon-Lotem, Sharon; Bjekić et al

Scientific Conference (2014, July 17)

Introductory paper presents the method of the CLT construction and monolingual results obtained for 18 languages (Afrikaans, British English, SA English, Catalan, Finnish, German, Hebrew, isiXhosa ... [more ▼]

Introductory paper presents the method of the CLT construction and monolingual results obtained for 18 languages (Afrikaans, British English, SA English, Catalan, Finnish, German, Hebrew, isiXhosa, Italian, Luxembourgish, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish). The CLT was conceived to assess comprehension and production of nouns and verbs in different languages. Picture choice and picture naming tasks were chosen because these procedures least involve other types of linguistic or conceptual skills. Response accuracy indicates the size of receptive and expressive vocabulary. Error coding (production task) provides additional information about the nature of lexical problems. We used a unique procedure for designing the CLT in parallel in 34 different languages according to the same criteria. Phases of the CLT design included: (1) Defining a set of candidate words (158 nouns and 142 verbs) that are mostly shared across 34 languages (a picture naming and rating study; 85 competent judges) (2) Determining the formal complexity of candidate words for each language (expert informants) (3) Determining the age of acquisition (AoA) of candidate words (on-line subjective rating study in each language; over 800 adult participants) (4) Selecting a list of target words for each language according to key criteria (5) Designing a set of culturally-neutral colored pictures for the selected words (6) Preparing uniform instructions for CLT use All CLT versions were piloted and the lists of target words were verified according to the pilot results. Cross-linguistic comparison of monolingual baseline CLT results includes data obtained from 449 children (aged 3-6 years). The results show significant effect of age, noun priority in both comprehension and production and interaction of mode and word-class (production of verbs was most prone to errors). We conclude that the CLT represents an accurate and culture-fair method for assessment of lexical knowledge in preschool children. [less ▲]

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See detailExecutive functions and Specific Language Impairment (SLI) A cross-cultural study with bi- and monolingual children from low income families in Luxembourg, Portugal, and Brazil
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Puglisi, Marina; Cruz-Santos, Anabela et al

Scientific Conference (2014, July 16)

Research questions. Our aim was to (a) seek cross-cultural evidence for executive functioning deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI); (b) explore whether a similar pattern of ... [more ▼]

Research questions. Our aim was to (a) seek cross-cultural evidence for executive functioning deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI); (b) explore whether a similar pattern of deficits emerges in monolingual and bilingual children with SLI from low income families. Methods. We present data on bilingual and monolingual children from Luxembourg, Portugal, and Brazil who all speak Portuguese as their first language and were tested on the same battery of language and executive function measures. The data from 124 eight-year-olds from five different groups was analyzed: (1) 15 Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilingual children from Luxembourg with SLI (Bi-SLI); (2) 33 typically developing Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilingual children from Luxembourg (Bi-TD); (3) 33 typically developing monolinguals from Portugal (Mo-TD/Pt); (4) 18 monolinguals from Brazil with SLI (Mo-SLI); (5) 25 typically developing monolinguals from Brazil (Mo-TD/Br). Groups were matched on chronological age, socioeconomic status, and nonverbal intelligence. Children completed a range of measures tapping vocabulary, grammar, verbal and visuospatial working memory, and cognitive control. Results. Despite significant differences in their language and verbal working memory performance (SLI<TD), groups exhibited comparable performance on visuospatial working memory tasks. On cognitive control the following pattern emerged: Mo-TD/Pt < Bi-TD; Bi-SLI = Mo-TD/Pt; Mo-SLI < Mo-TD/Br. Conclusion. The study provides no evidence of domain-general deficits in working memory in SLI. Visuospatial working memory difficulties might not be specific to SLI but represent one of many risk factors that can compromise language learning. Our data is consistent with the position that a bilingual experience stimulates the development of cognitive control that is involved in dealing with conflicting information. Notably, our results indicate that mechanisms of cognitive control might be deficient in monolingual but not in bilingual children with SLI raising the possibility that bilingualism might represent a protective factor against some of the cognitive limitations in SLI. [less ▲]

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See detailBilingualism Enriches the Poor: Enhanced Cognitive Control in Low-Income Minority Children
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Cruz-Santos, Anabela; Tourinho, Carlos et al

Scientific Conference (2014, July 16)

Research question: Living in poverty is often accompanied by conditions that can negatively influence cognitive development (Noble, Norman, & Farah, 2005). Is it possible that being bilingual might ... [more ▼]

Research question: Living in poverty is often accompanied by conditions that can negatively influence cognitive development (Noble, Norman, & Farah, 2005). Is it possible that being bilingual might counteract these effects? This study explores whether the cognitive advantage associated with bilingualism in executive functioning (Bialystok, Craik, Green, & Gollan, 2009) extends to young immigrant children challenged by poverty and, if it does, which specific processes are most affected. Methods: 80 second graders from low-income families participated in the study. Half of the children were first or second generation immigrants to Luxembourg, originally from Northern Portugal, who spoke both Luxembourgish and Portuguese on a daily basis. The other matched half of children lived in Northern Portugal and spoke only Portuguese. Children completed measures of vocabulary and visuo-spatial tests of working memory, abstract reasoning, selective attention, and interference suppression. Results: Two broad cognitive factors of executive functioning—representation (abstract reasoning and working memory) and control (selective attention and interference [less ▲]

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See detailAge of Acquisition Norms for Nouns and Verbs in 22 Languages
Łuniewska; Anđelković; Armon-Lotem et al

Poster (2014, July 15)

Word characteristics such as frequency, imageability, concreteness and length are considered good predictors of performance in lexical tasks like picture naming, word comprehension or lexical decision ... [more ▼]

Word characteristics such as frequency, imageability, concreteness and length are considered good predictors of performance in lexical tasks like picture naming, word comprehension or lexical decision-making. There is also evidence that the age of acquisition (AoA) of words can partly explain aspects of word processing behaviour in later childhood and adulthood (Morrison et al., 1992; Brysbaert & Cortese, 2010).In the present study, we collected AoA norms for 158 nouns and 142 verbs in 22 languages: Afrikaans, British English, Catalan, Danish, Finnish, German, Hebrew, Irish, IsiXhosa, Italian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, South African English, Spanish, Swedish and Turkish. In a preparatory picture naming procedure, adult native speakers of 34 languages were asked to name 508 object and 504 action pictures. Words shared among the target languages were retained for the final corpus. Our study followed the typical procedure for establishing AoA (see Morrison et al. 1997) and was performed on-line (see www.words-psych.org). 804 adult participants (at least 20 for each language) were asked to specify the age at which they learned the words in their native language. The vast majority of words were rated as acquired by the age of 7 years, demonstrating overlap in early vocabulary across diverse languages. Significant correlations between all language pairs point to a similar developmental sequence for the words under investigation. No previous study has compared AoA judgements on a shared set of words in a wide range of languages. 'The AoA data collected in the 22 languages provides word characteristics that should assist the design of cross-linguistic psycholinguistic experiments and the preparation of materials for use in the assessment and treatment of language disorders in preschool children. The AoA data are currently being used to control for AoA in the construction of cross-linguistic lexical tasks assessing word knowledge in monolingual and bilingual children. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-Linguistic and Cross-Cultural Effects on Verbal Working Memory and Vocabulary: Testing Language Minority Children with an Immigrant Background
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Baldassi, Martin; Puglisi, Marina et al

Scientific Conference (2014, July 03)

The study explored the impact of test language and cultural status on vocabulary and working memory performance in multilingual language minority children. Twenty 7-year-old Portuguese-speaking immigrant ... [more ▼]

The study explored the impact of test language and cultural status on vocabulary and working memory performance in multilingual language minority children. Twenty 7-year-old Portuguese-speaking immigrant children living in Luxembourg completed several assessments of first- and second-language vocabulary (comprehension and production), executive-loaded working memory (counting recall and backward digit recall), and verbal short-term memory (digit recall and nonword repetition). Cross-linguistic task performance was compared within individuals. The language minority children were also compared with multilingual language majority children from Luxembourg and Portuguese-speaking monolinguals from Brazil without an immigrant background matched on age, sex, socioeconomic status, and nonverbal reasoning. Results showed that (a) verbal working memory measures involving numerical memoranda were relatively independent of test language and cultural status; (b) language status had an impact on the repetition of high- but not on low-wordlike L2 nonwords; (c) large cross-linguistic and cross-cultural effects emerged for productive vocabulary; (d) cross-cultural effects were less pronounced for vocabulary comprehension with no differences between groups if only L1-words relevant to the home context were considered. The study indicates that linguistic and cognitive assessments for language minority children require careful choice among measures to ensure valid results. Implications for testing culturally and linguistically diverse children are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailExecutive functioning and reading achievement in school: a study of Brazilian children assessed by their teachers as “poor readers”
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Abreu, Neander; Nikaedo, Carolina et al

in Frontiers in Psychology [=FPSYG] (2014), 5

This study examined executive functioning and reading achievement in 106 6- to 8-year-old Brazilian children from a range of social backgrounds of whom approximately half lived below the poverty line. A ... [more ▼]

This study examined executive functioning and reading achievement in 106 6- to 8-year-old Brazilian children from a range of social backgrounds of whom approximately half lived below the poverty line. A particular focus was to explore the executive function profile of children whose classroom reading performance was judged below standard by their teachers and who were matched to controls on chronological age, sex, school type (private or public), domicile (Salvador/BA or São Paulo/SP) and socioeconomic status. Children completed a battery of 12 executive function tasks that were conceptual tapping cognitive flexibility, working memory, inhibition and selective attention. Each executive function domain was assessed by several tasks. Principal component analysis extracted four factors that were labeled “Working Memory/Cognitive Flexibility,” “Interference Suppression,” “Selective Attention,” and “Response Inhibition.” Individual differences in executive functioning components made differential contributions to early reading achievement. The Working Memory/Cognitive Flexibility factor emerged as the best predictor of reading. Group comparisons on computed factor scores showed that struggling readers displayed limitations in Working Memory/Cognitive Flexibility, but not in other executive function components, compared to more skilled readers. These results validate the account that working memory capacity provides a crucial building block for the development of early literacy skills and extends it to a population of early readers of Portuguese from Brazil. The study suggests that deficits in working memory/cognitive flexibility might represent one contributing factor to reading difficulties in early readers. This might have important implications for how educators might intervene with children at risk of academic under achievement. [less ▲]

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See detailDat méisproochegt Gehir beim Kand
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

Le cerveau multilingue Est-ce qu’une éducation multilingue est bénéfique pour l’enfant ? Quelles sont les conditions optimales pour qu’un enfant puisse devenir parfaitement multilingue ? Cette conférence ... [more ▼]

Le cerveau multilingue Est-ce qu’une éducation multilingue est bénéfique pour l’enfant ? Quelles sont les conditions optimales pour qu’un enfant puisse devenir parfaitement multilingue ? Cette conférence met en évidence le soi-disant « avantage cognitif » du multilinguisme et illustre les influences du multilinguisme sur l’organisation du cerveau. Des questions plus pratiques face à l’éducation multilingue seront également abordées. [less ▲]

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See detailWorking memory screening, school context, and socioeconomic status: An analysis of the effectiveness of the Working Memory Rating Scale in Brazil
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Nikaedo, C.; Abreu, N. et al

in Journal of Attention Disorders (2014), 18(4), 301-311

Objective: The study explores the psychometric properties of the Brazilian-Portuguese version of the Working Memory Rating Scale (WMRS-Br) in a population of 355 young children from diverse socioeconomic ... [more ▼]

Objective: The study explores the psychometric properties of the Brazilian-Portuguese version of the Working Memory Rating Scale (WMRS-Br) in a population of 355 young children from diverse socioeconomic status and schooling backgrounds. Method: Public and private school teachers completed the WMRS-Br and children were assessed on a range of objective cognitive measures of fluid intelligence, working memory, and attention. Results: Reliability and validity of the WMRS-Br were excellent across the public and private school sample. The WMRS-Br manifested substantial links with objective measures of working memory and medium links with selective attention, switching, and interference suppression. Confirmatory factor analyses suggest that a shorter version of the scale provides an adequate fit to the data. Conclusion: The WMRS-Br represents a valid screening tool in a Latin American context that has the potential to improve the early detection of working memory deficits in children growing up in poverty. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecific language impairment in language minority children from low-income families
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Cruz-Santos, Anabela; Puglisi, Marina

in Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology (2014, May), 56(S3), 7-23

Background: This study seeks to determine whether executive functioning represents an area of difficulty for bilingual children with SLI and if so, which specific executive processes are affected. Methods ... [more ▼]

Background: This study seeks to determine whether executive functioning represents an area of difficulty for bilingual children with SLI and if so, which specific executive processes are affected. Methods: The data from 81 eight-year-olds from the following groups was analyzed: (1) 15 Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilinguals from Luxembourg with an SLI diagnosis; (2) 33 typically developing Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilinguals from Luxembourg; (3) 33 typically developing Portuguese-speaking monolinguals from Portugal. Groups were matched on first language, ethnicity, chronological age, socioeconomic status, and nonverbal intelligence. Children completed tests tapping: expressive and receptive vocabulary, syntactic comprehension, verbal and visuospatial working memory, selective attention and interference suppression. Results: The bilingual SLI group performed equally well to their typically developing peers on measures of visuospatial working memory but had lower scores than both control groups on tasks of verbal working memory. On measures of selective attention and interference suppression, typically developing children who were bilingual outperformed their monolingual counterparts. For selective attention, performance of the bilingual SLI group did not differ significantly from the controls. For interference suppression the bilingual SLI group performed significantly less well than typically developing bilinguals but not monolinguals. Discussion: The study indicates that although bilingual children with SLI do not demonstrate the same advantages in selective attention and interference suppression as typically developing bilinguals, they do not lag behind typically developing monolinguals in these domains of executive functioning. This finding raises the possibility that bilingualism might represent a protective factor against some of the cognitive limitations that are associated with SLI in monolinguals. [less ▲]

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See detailD’méisproochegt Gehir
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

Est-ce vraiment bien, pour nos enfants, d’apprendre à parler plusieurs langues en même temps ? Comment les aider au mieux à progresser ? Notre première invitée, Madame Pascale Engel de Abreu, Professeur à ... [more ▼]

Est-ce vraiment bien, pour nos enfants, d’apprendre à parler plusieurs langues en même temps ? Comment les aider au mieux à progresser ? Notre première invitée, Madame Pascale Engel de Abreu, Professeur à UNI.LU (Université du Luxembourg) et psychologue du développement cognitif, illustrera les influences du multilinguisme sur l’organisation du cerveau ; elle décrira les conditions optimales pour qu’un enfant puisse devenir parfaitement multilingue ; puis abordera des questions plus pratiques liées au cadre familial et à la vie quotidienne de nos enfants. Toujours sur le thème du multilinguisme, Madame Angélique Quintus et Madame Flore Schank, (fonction) nous parleront ensuite de certains projets mis en place ou en phase d’étude, par le Ministère de l’Education Nationale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 183 (4 UL)