References of "Danescu, Elena 50022819"
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See detailLe rapport Werner en suspens. Les débats autour de l'Union économique et monétaire en 1973
Danescu, Elena UL

in Wilkens, Andreas (Ed.) Une année particulière: 1973 et les tourments de l'Europe (2020)

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See detailThe Werner report and the financial crisis during the 1970s
Danescu, Elena UL; Tedeschi, Paolo

in Leboutte, René; Tedeschi, Paolo (Eds.) Euro changes: European Responses to Economics and Social Changes. From de 1970s to the new Millennium. (2020)

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See detailChallenges in completing EMU: asymmetric competition vs fiscal harmonisation. A case study of the Benelux countries
Danescu, Elena UL

in Journal of Contemporary European Research [=JCER] (2019)

This paper aims to investigate the concept, context and socio-economic consequences of fiscal competition in the integrated economic space of EMU in completion, to pinpoint the positive and negative ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to investigate the concept, context and socio-economic consequences of fiscal competition in the integrated economic space of EMU in completion, to pinpoint the positive and negative factors at work via a case study of the Benelux countries – both founder members of the EU and pioneers of EMU – and to examine the impact on European and international regulations in the field. In particular, it will endeavour to provide a comprehensive interpretation of fiscal policy in the Benelux countries via a comparative approach and from a historical perspective. It will look at the development of respective domestic fiscal policies, driven by national interests and by membership of a Community that is subject to requirements in terms of harmonisation and taxation, but also by constant contact (and frequent clashes) with the multilateral international environment. [less ▲]

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See detailHis Royal Highness the Grand Duke Jean: A Symbol of History
Danescu, Elena UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

As the fifth sovereign of the national dynasty since 1890, Grand Duke Jean was a head of state who perfectly embodied the ideals of service to his country and commitment to European integration.

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See detailConvergence, concurrence, harmonisation – une analyse comparative de la fiscalité Be-Ne-Lux (1945-1992)
Danescu, Elena UL

Scientific Conference (2019, April 04)

The paper aims to investigate the concept, context and socio-economic consequences of fiscal competition and fiscal justice, with a focus on the taxation of Beneux countries. The analysis is carried out ... [more ▼]

The paper aims to investigate the concept, context and socio-economic consequences of fiscal competition and fiscal justice, with a focus on the taxation of Beneux countries. The analysis is carried out at the intersection of several historical fields – national, regional, European and international –, and in a interdisciplinary approach. The research is based on a wide range of primary sources (original archives from Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Germany and international organisations), by taking into account of a variety of institutions, players and mechanisms, and through the prism of the existing literature in the field. The findings emerged of this analysis may make a valuable addition to this historiography and provide new information, nuances and interpretations in the ongoing debates. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Roumanie, une synthèse des diversités
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2019)

Lors de la onzième présidence luxembourgeoise du Conseil de l’UE, l’Europe accueille deux nouveaux membres – la Roumanie et la Bulgarie – qui signent le Traité d’adhésion le 25 avril 2005, à l’Abbaye de ... [more ▼]

Lors de la onzième présidence luxembourgeoise du Conseil de l’UE, l’Europe accueille deux nouveaux membres – la Roumanie et la Bulgarie – qui signent le Traité d’adhésion le 25 avril 2005, à l’Abbaye de Neumünster. En ce début d’année, la Roumanie entame sa première présidence européenne, dont le point d’orgue est le sommet de Sibiu (Hermannstadt) du 9 mai 2019. Si son passé récent est plus connu car souvent présent dans les médias, l’histoire ancienne de la Roumanie, ses affinités multiséculaires avec le Luxembourg et leur héritage culturel commun le sont moins et méritent d’être davantage mis en exergue. [less ▲]

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See detailPierre Werner, A Mënsch a Sengem Joerhonnert
Danescu, Elena UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

E Politiker a seng Zäit 10. Feb 2019 - 09:04 Pierre Werner: e Politiker a seng Zäit. - Europäesche Staatsmann a Visionär, national Pappefigur oder Inkarnatioun vum reformresistente politesche ... [more ▼]

E Politiker a seng Zäit 10. Feb 2019 - 09:04 Pierre Werner: e Politiker a seng Zäit. - Europäesche Staatsmann a Visionär, national Pappefigur oder Inkarnatioun vum reformresistente politesche Katholizismus - wie war dee Mann, deen der Nokrichszäit säi Stempel opgesat huet? Fir doriwwer ze schwätzen diskutéieren elo d'Historikerin Elena Danescu vum Institut fir Zäit- an digital Geschicht op der Uni Lëtzebuerg, d'Danièle Fonck, fréier Journalistin a Generaldirektesch vum Tageblatt, an de Jacques Santer, Finanzminister ënner dem Pierre Werner a säi Successeur als Premierminister. Moderatioun: Mick Entringer. [less ▲]

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See detailPierre Werner and Europe: The Family Archives Behind the Werner Report. Foreword by Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, and Foreword by Professor Harold James (Princeton University)
Danescu, Elena UL

Book published by Palgrave Macmillan (2019)

This book - which features a foreword by Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, and a Preface by Professor Harold James (Princeton Unviersity) -examines the European vocation and ... [more ▼]

This book - which features a foreword by Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, and a Preface by Professor Harold James (Princeton Unviersity) -examines the European vocation and achievements of Pierre Werner (1913–2002),former Prime Minister, Finance Minister and Foreign Minister of Luxembourg, unanimously recognized as one of the architects of the Economic and Monetary Union. The author makes extensive use of Pierre Werner’s previously unpublished archives belonging to the Werner family, opened for the first time for research purposes. The book analyses the Werner Report, negotiations within the Werner Committee, the emergence of the Committee’s views on EMU, their political commitment to a European currency, the similarities and differences between their ideas, their personal networks, the influence of the states they represented, their theoretical and methodological input and their contribution to the political consensus. Chapters shed new light on various aspects of the European integration process and also on the role of Luxembourg and its European policy. In addition, the author has carried out a series of original interviews with Luxembourg and European figures who share their memories and thoughts concerning Pierre Werner, his achievements and his views on the European integration process, and also other topics such as the Economic and Monetary Union and Luxembourg‘s European policy. This book will be of interest and value to researchers, EU policy makers and students in the fields of political economy, political science, economic history and history of economic thought. [less ▲]

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See detailL'euro en quête d'un nouveau souffle
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2018)

L’euro est l’une des grandes aventures du XXe siècle. Pour la première fois des pays égaux et souverains consentent d’abandonner leurs monnaies nationales - symbole intrinsèque aux États nations - pour ... [more ▼]

L’euro est l’une des grandes aventures du XXe siècle. Pour la première fois des pays égaux et souverains consentent d’abandonner leurs monnaies nationales - symbole intrinsèque aux États nations - pour créer une monnaie unique gérée par une nouvelle institution, une banque centrale à l’échelon de l’Europe. Si l’euro ressemble davantage à un instrument technique pour une meilleure intégration économique, il représente surtout une construction institutionnelle originale et une forte avancée politique, néanmoins incomplète. [less ▲]

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See detailOral History and Linguistic Analysis. A Study in Digital and Contemporary European History
Armaselu, Florentina UL; Danescu, Elena UL; Klein, Francois UL

Scientific Conference (2018, October 09)

The article presents a workflow for combining oral history and language technology, and for evaluating this combination in the context of European contemporary history research and teaching. Two ... [more ▼]

The article presents a workflow for combining oral history and language technology, and for evaluating this combination in the context of European contemporary history research and teaching. Two experiments are devised to analyse how interdisciplinary connections between history and linguistics are built and evaluated within a digital framework. The longer term objective of this type of enquiry is to draw an “inventory” of strengths and weaknesses of language technology applied to the study of history. [less ▲]

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See detailSmall States in the European Union : Luxembourg
Danescu, Elena UL

in Hartly, Cathy (Ed.) WESTERN EUROPE 2019 (2018)

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See detail"Rien n'est possible sans les hommes, rien n'est durable sans les institutions"
Danescu, Elena UL

Article for general public (2018)

Le 19 juin 1983, au Conseil européen de Stuttgart, le Premier Ministre, Pierre Werner, signe la Déclaration solennelle sur l'Union européenne. Ce document programmatique affirme la nécessité de « ... [more ▼]

Le 19 juin 1983, au Conseil européen de Stuttgart, le Premier Ministre, Pierre Werner, signe la Déclaration solennelle sur l'Union européenne. Ce document programmatique affirme la nécessité de « progresser vers une union toujours plus étroite entre les peuples et les États membres » et considère l’amélioration des institutions communautaires et la coopération politique comme clé de voûte pour plus d’Europe. Trente-cinq ans plus tard, ces desiderata trouvent un ample écho dans l’actualité. [less ▲]

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See detail« La double démocratie. Une Europe politique pour la croissance » (Michel Aglietta et Nicolas Leron, 2017)
Danescu, Elena UL

in Journal of European Integration History = Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Europäischen Integration = Revue d'Histoire de l'Intégration Européenne (2018)

Ce texte receille des notes de lecture critiques relatives à l'analyse interdisciplinaire réalisée par Michel Aglietta et Nicolas Lerron dans leur ouvrage « La double démocratie. Une Europe politique pour ... [more ▼]

Ce texte receille des notes de lecture critiques relatives à l'analyse interdisciplinaire réalisée par Michel Aglietta et Nicolas Lerron dans leur ouvrage « La double démocratie. Une Europe politique pour la croissance », récemment publié aux Éditions du Seuil. Les auteurs placent leur analyse dans une perspective historique, avec l’objectif d’expliquer pourquoi l’Europe est plus vulnérable que les autres région du monde et d’identifier les moyens de donner de nouvelles impulsions au projet européen. Le constat des auteurs est sans appel : l’Union européenne et la zone euro sont aujourd’hui en impasse. Parmi les principales causes, ils identifient l’impuissance publique, les interdépendances négatives entre les États membres et le caractère incomplet de l’UEM. Ils mettent également en lumière une crise de la méthode de l’intégration européenne, vu que le postulat de l’engrenage, ou encore celui des petits pas prôné par Jean Monnet semblent avoir épuisé toutes leurs potentialités. [less ▲]

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See detailThrough a century of change: portrait of a pragmatic visionary
Danescu, Elena UL

in Journal of European Integration History = Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Europäischen Integration = Revue d'Histoire de l'Intégration Européenne (2018)

As Prime Minister and Finance Minister of Luxembourg over several decades, Pierre Werner shaped the future of his country and was one of the rare statesmen to play a part in the progress of European ... [more ▼]

As Prime Minister and Finance Minister of Luxembourg over several decades, Pierre Werner shaped the future of his country and was one of the rare statesmen to play a part in the progress of European integration until the mid-1980s. He played a major role in regional integration (BLEU, Benelux) and in EEC policy-making and gained a strong reputation for forging a political consensus between larger powers (Germany and France)and between diametrically opposed positions (‘economists’ vs ‘monetarists’). In this way he succeeded in defending Luxembourg’s vital interests, from the financial centre to the seats of the European institutions. Werner was involved in the major ideological debates of the time. Although initially in favour of a monetary approach, Werner was one of the first to develop arguments for a symmetrical economic and monetary union. [less ▲]

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See detailRobert Triffin, a 'personal equation'
Danescu, Elena UL

in The Journal of European Economic History (2018)

Robert Triffin (1911-1993), a Belgian-born economist who spent much of his career in America, had a major influence on 20th-century economic thinking. He is particularly known for his monetary approach ... [more ▼]

Robert Triffin (1911-1993), a Belgian-born economist who spent much of his career in America, had a major influence on 20th-century economic thinking. He is particularly known for his monetary approach. His intellectual legacy revolves ariund the 'Triffin dilemma' or 'Triffin paradox'. Triffin accurately predicted the end of the Bretton Woods system, though not for the right reasons. Triffin stuck by his monetary theory that it was much harder to achieve sound international economic management with flexible exchange rates and that best practices were by no means a guarantee of global stability if they were not accompanied by genuine international coordination. Triffin was also a committed European. He was close to Jean Monnet and Pierre Werner and worked alongside them from the early 1960's onwards in favour of European monetary integration. [less ▲]

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See detailSmall State, Great Diplomacy: The Role of Luxembourg in the European Integration Process
Danescu, Elena UL

Scientific Conference (2018, March)

Luxembourg has a particular geopolitical and historical situation — a small, multicultural and multilingual nation sandwiched between two larger powers, France and Germany, with no central bank or ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg has a particular geopolitical and historical situation — a small, multicultural and multilingual nation sandwiched between two larger powers, France and Germany, with no central bank or national currency. For Luxembourg, adopting an outward orientation had always been a sine qua non. After the second world war the political leaders were convinced of the need to preserve national sovereignty and vital interests by maintaining an international outlook. The European principle of equality among states also guaranteed Luxembourg a role in decision-making and in the leadership of joint organizations. By giving up part of its sovereignty Luxembourg paradoxically actually strengthened its sovereignty. Since then, Luxembourg has played and continues to act as a mediator and a force for ideas at the heart of EU, either as a member State or through some of its leaders. Since the time of Joseph Bech, from Pierre Werner and Gaston Thorn to Jacques Santer and Jean-Claude Juncker more recently, Luxembourg has proved itself to be a master in the art of political consensus and a rich source of leaders who have been able to find a way out of Europe’s successive impasses (among them: the ‘battle of the seats’ of the Community institutions, UK accession, BLEU, Benelux). The influential nature of its leadership gave Luxembourg a role in the European integration process that far outweighed the country’s socio-economic impact [less ▲]

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See detailEuropa:Quo Vadis?
Danescu, Elena UL

in The Journal of European Economic History (2018)

The past few years have been a bleak period for Europe, dominated by the effects of a multidimensional systemic crisis (economic, financial, social, environmental and geopolitical), growing unease among ... [more ▼]

The past few years have been a bleak period for Europe, dominated by the effects of a multidimensional systemic crisis (economic, financial, social, environmental and geopolitical), growing unease among the general public and considerable turmoil among political elites. The aggressive rise of populism, the slow slide towards authoritarianism and the surge in nationalism have led to parochial tendencies, an erosion of solidarity and a growing ambivalence about the future of the shared European project. At the same time, in today’s globalised environment, the limits of the traditional economic model have become apparent as it grapples with the effects of “secular stagnation". A new paradigm is emerging, based on the importance of global public goods, of what is “common” to humanity, despite the divisions that seem to be driving it apart. [less ▲]

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See detailPrinciples, Values and Challenges for a Europe Built through Currency
Danescu, Elena UL

Scientific Conference (2018, March)

At the Hague Summit (1–2 December 1969), the decision was taken to explore the possibilities of progress towards an economic and monetary union. An ad hoc committee of experts was set up and, at the ... [more ▼]

At the Hague Summit (1–2 December 1969), the decision was taken to explore the possibilities of progress towards an economic and monetary union. An ad hoc committee of experts was set up and, at the request of the EC Council, Pierre Werner (Prime Minister and Finance Minister of Luxembourg) was chosen as chairman. The work of this committee began on 20 March 1970 and resulted in the Werner Report - presented on 8 October in Luxembourg. The Werner Report offered a full definition of EMU, which was to be established in three stages over a decade (1971–80). The ultimate aim was to achieve irreversible convertibility between the currencies of the Member States, the complete liberalization of capital movements, the irrevocable fixing of exchange rates, and even potentially the replacement of national currencies by a single currency as a natural and desirable further development of monetary union. From an institutional viewpoint, the report called for the creation of two new steering bodies: a ‘centre of decision for economic policy’, independent of governments and placed under the democratic control of the European Parliament, to be elected by universal suffrage; and a ‘Community system for the central banks’. Also, EMU would serve as a ‘leaven’ for the development of a political union. Two main principles underpinned the Werner Report: gradual realization of EMU (a step-by-step approach); and parallelism between economic convergence and transfer of powers to the supranational level. The Report ran into a series of international crises (which led to the collapse of the IMS), culminating to its de facto suspension in 1974. Three decades later, the Delors Report was to give the Werner Report the credit due to it, by appropriating its overall philosophy and structure. Both reports define monetary union in almost identical terms, but in some respects the Werner Report goes further and is more clear cut than the Delors Report. This paper aims to analyze why the Werner Report marked a crucial stage in the process of European integration and was offered, through its principles, values and ideas, a blueprint of EMU in the EU. [less ▲]

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See detailL'héritage intellectuel d'un précurseur: Alexandre Lamfalussy
Danescu, Elena UL

in Journal of European Integration History = Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Europäischen Integration = Revue d'Histoire de l'Intégration Européenne (2017)

Banquier, penseur de la finance internationale et Européen convaincu, Alexandre Lamfalussy (1929-2015) est, sans conteste, l’un des architectes de l’euro. Dans ses jeunes années, il s’intéresse à ... [more ▼]

Banquier, penseur de la finance internationale et Européen convaincu, Alexandre Lamfalussy (1929-2015) est, sans conteste, l’un des architectes de l’euro. Dans ses jeunes années, il s’intéresse à l’intégration européenne et aux questions financières et monétaires. Lorsqu'il devient banquier, notamment au sein de la BRI (1976-1993), est l’un des premiers à alerter contre l’accumulation des dettes en Amérique latine et à préconiser une meilleure régulation internationale pour éviter les excès. Il fait de la surveillance macro-prudentielle des systèmes financiers un objectif central de la BRI. À la fin des années 1980, il devient memrbe du Comité Delors sur l’UEM, avant de devenir le premier président de l’Institut monétaire européen (IME) (1994-1997) et de préparer la création de la Banque centrale européenne (BCE). En 2000 il préside le « Comité des Sages » qui propose une nouvelle régulation des marchés financiers européens - le "processus Lamfalussy". Sous l’égide du G20, il participe à l’«initiative du Palais-Royal » pilotée par Michel Camdessus et Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa, qui avance une réforme complète du Système monétaire international (SMI). [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg Analysis
Danescu, Elena UL; Kmec, Sonja UL

in Hartley, Cathy (Ed.) WESTERN EUROPE 2018 (2017)

With a long tradition of political stability and social democracy, a creative development model, skilled human capital and a culture of consensus, Luxembourg is at the forefront of Europe. Its main ... [more ▼]

With a long tradition of political stability and social democracy, a creative development model, skilled human capital and a culture of consensus, Luxembourg is at the forefront of Europe. Its main strategic challenge is how to achieve economic diversification while maintaining the sustainability of the Luxembourg social model. The country has embarked on the "third industrial revolution", with innovation as the main driver of sustainable growth. [less ▲]

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