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See detailInternationalisierung des Luxemburger Wohnungsmarkts: Chance oder Hürde für Alternativen?
Becker, Tom UL; Christmann, Nathalie UL

Presentation (2017, September)

Die internationale Ausrichtung von Städten wirkt sich vielfach als Problem für Wohnungsmärkte aus. Die steigende Nachfrage führt zu Angebotsverknappungen und direkten wie indirekten Folgeeffekten im Markt ... [more ▼]

Die internationale Ausrichtung von Städten wirkt sich vielfach als Problem für Wohnungsmärkte aus. Die steigende Nachfrage führt zu Angebotsverknappungen und direkten wie indirekten Folgeeffekten im Markt insgesamt. Auf diese Weise entwickelt sich das Wohnungswesen zunehmend kritisch. Der Beitrag diskutiert dieses Problem am empirischen Beispiel Luxemburgs, einem stark internationalisierten Kleinstaat und bedeutenden Finanz- und EU-Standort. In Luxemburg gilt der Erwerb von Wohneigentum zwecks Wertsteigerung nach wie vor als Credo einer stark liberalistisch geprägten, konservativen Wohnungsbaupolitik. Zugleich stellt dies für viele Luxemburger als auch für die stetig wachsende Anzahl der im Großherzogtum ansässigen Ausländer die Grundlage für lukrative Vermögensanlagen dar. Seit der globalen Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise steht die Anwerbung ausländischer Investoren zunehmend auf der wirtschaftspolitischen Agenda. Die ökonomische Stabilität des Landes und die relative Sicherheit von Immobilieninvestitionen fördern diese Entwicklung. Öffentlicher Wohnungsbau ist nach wie vor eine Randerscheinung. Die einzige Antwort, die in dieser Situation zu einem Konsens führt, sind Baulückenprogramme, verdichtetes Wohnen und urbane Großprojekte. Diese profitorientierte Wirtschaftsentwicklung ist im europäischen Kontext nicht einzigartig. Sie führte jedoch in diesem spezifischen Fall in der Vergangenheit zu beispiellosen Folgen: Bezogen auf die geringe Größe des Landes und im Licht eines starken, primär migrationsbedingten Bevölkerungsanstiegs, wachsender Einkommensunterschiede und einem immer stärker werdenden Nachfrageüberhang, wird bezahlbarer Wohnraum zunehmend knapp. Dieser Trend zeichnet sich nicht nur im Ballungsgebiet der Hauptstadt ab, sondern indes auch in ländlich geprägten, peripheren Gebieten des Kleinstaats. Bisher vorherrschende Machtverhältnisse, Ideologien und Kulturen geraten immer mehr unter Druck. Spannungen zwischen Mehrheiten und Minderheiten, Eigentümern und Mietern werden immer deutlicher, aber deren Aushandlung spielt sich oftmals in einem Vakuum ab. Die Verschuldung der Haushalte steigt weiter an. Nach der globalen Finanzkrise haben sich jedoch einige bottom-up Wohnungsbauinitiativen gegründet. Sie tragen dazu bei, den Diskurs über die Wohnungsfrage öffentlich auszutragen und bieten somit die Chance für die Etablierung von alternativen Wohnmodellen. Die Aushandlungsprozesse um diese neuen Bewältigungsstrategien finden jedoch statt in einem Setting, in dem die Devise „der Markt wird es schon richten“ seit Jahren die Politik (beg)leitet. Ihre Implementation ist langwierig. Die Kombination von sozioökonomischen Rahmenbedingungen, starken Interessengruppen sowie informellen Arrangements hat zu institutionellen Lock-Ins geführt, die eine Hürde für die Etablierung von Alternativen darstellen. [less ▲]

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See detailInternationalisierung des Wohnens in Luxemburg – Vom empirischen Fall zum Modell
Becker, Tom UL; Christmann, Nathalie UL

Presentation (2017, June 15)

Aufgrund der sozioökonomischen und räumlichen Entwicklung des Großherzogtums ist der luxemburgische Wohnungsmarkt seit mehr als zwei Jahrzehnten vor allem durch ausgeprägte und dauerhafte Knappheiten und ... [more ▼]

Aufgrund der sozioökonomischen und räumlichen Entwicklung des Großherzogtums ist der luxemburgische Wohnungsmarkt seit mehr als zwei Jahrzehnten vor allem durch ausgeprägte und dauerhafte Knappheiten und hohe Kauf- und Mietpreise gekennzeichnet. Etliche Städte und Metropolregionen in Europa zeigen ähnliche Tendenzen auf. Spezifisch für unseren Fall sind jedoch erstens die geringe Größe des Landes sowie zweitens die fortwährenden wirtschaftlichen und demografischen Dynamiken, sie sich zum Teil in sehr starken grenzüberschreitenden, internationalen und sogar globalen Verflechtungen ausdrücken. Die Relevanz der „Internationalisierung“ des Wohnens in (und um) Luxemburg in all ihren Facetten ist allerdings nicht nur aus politischer und soziokultureller Sicht gegeben. Wegen seiner Besonderheit war der Fall in der Vergangenheit auch immer wieder Gegenstand wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen. Bis auf einige wenige Ausnahmen waren diese Studien meist quantitativ angelegt und beschränkten sich vor allem auf die durch die sozioökonomischen Entwicklungen verursachten räumlichen Effekte der Internationalisierung des Wohnens. So wurden zwischen seit Mitte der 2000er Jahre z.B. mehrere Studien über Grenzpendlerströme und deren Auswirkungen auf das Wirtschaftswachstum, die Mobilität und das Wohnen in Luxemburg durchgeführt. Auch das Ausmaß und die Beweggründe für den Abzug von im Großherzogtum lebenden luxemburgischen und ausländischen Bürgern in das grenznahe Ausland wurde im Detail erforscht. Der luxemburgische Immobilienmarkt ist durch eine sehr dynamische Entwicklung und einen hohen Grad an Internationalität gekennzeichnet ist. Unser Beitrag zielt hauptsächlich darauf ab, die bisher vorherrschende wissenschaftliche Debatte über die Frage der Internationalisierung des Luxemburger Wohnungsmarktes erneut zu öffnen und sie um den Aspekt der Governance zu erweitern. Auf diese Weise sollen einerseits der Begriff der „Internationalisierung“ mit seinen z.T. sehr unterschiedlichen Wirkungsweisen im Bereich des Wohnens in Luxemburg differenzierter ergründet und andererseits neue Forschungsansätze entwickelt werden. Unsere Aussagen beruhen im Wesentlichen auf der Auswertung von Dokumenten und Sekundärmaterial zum Thema sowie der aktiven Mitwirkung an relevanten Fachdiskussionen zum Thema Wohnen in Luxemburg. [less ▲]

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See detailExtending the scale of critical housing studies: Towards ‘cross-border gentrification’?
Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2017, April)

Drawing upon the case of a polycentric cross-border metropolitan region in western Europe, this paper seeks to explore population mobility and housing market developments at the regional/international ... [more ▼]

Drawing upon the case of a polycentric cross-border metropolitan region in western Europe, this paper seeks to explore population mobility and housing market developments at the regional/international scale. Transnational linkages within this cross-border region intensified with the opening of the borders and the economic development of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a global financial centre and a centre for European Institutions. Today about 44 per cent of employees working in Luxembourg live nearby across the Belgian, French or German border. One of the reasons is that housing prices in Luxembourg are nearly twice those in the neighbouring border regions. This increased mobility has an impact on the residents living in these areas. The research that guides this paper aims to detect perceptions of this phenomenon. Therefore principles of municipal policy, urban planning documents and the local media of three medium sized towns in the borderland are reviewed. Following a rather open research concept based on qualitative approaches (discourse analysis, grounded theory), findings reveal that locational advantages such as the proximity to Luxembourg do play a role; the perception that affordable housing is becoming increasingly critical leads to resentments that mix up with national stereotypes; while city officials report displacement due to the border-effect, they also illustrate the opportunities for regional development; at the same time property developers foster the internationalisation of urban planning. Pointing to the relational geographies that link these different places, the paper discusses the pros and cons of an umbrella concept that might be called ‘cross-border gentrification’. [less ▲]

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See detailTracing the place of home. The specificities, policies and dilemmas of Luxembourg’s housing sector
Christmann, Nathalie UL; Hesse, Markus UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in Ballini, Claude; Ecker, Serge; Grünkranz, Daniel (Eds.) et al Tracing Transitions (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (15 UL)
See detailDwelling trends in border regions – towards an inter-urban discourse analysis
Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2016, May)

Effects of population mobility resulting from uneven development in border regions can be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. This paper focuses on the ... [more ▼]

Effects of population mobility resulting from uneven development in border regions can be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. This paper focuses on the perceptions of population mobility and dwelling in the Greater Region, a transnational cross-border polycentric region in Western Europe. The economic development of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg calls for a constant expansion of the labour market, attracting cross-border commuters and a ‘highly mobile elite’. The concomitant rises in property prices as well as the extreme housing shortages in Luxembourg have led to an expansion of the housing market into the border regions. “Je t’aime, moi non plus” (I love you… nor do I): this is how the French newspaper L’Express (02.12.2011; N° 3152: II) summarises the transnational linkages of Luxembourg with its neighbouring countries. German media and urban planning documents refer to the ‚Luxembourg-effect’, summing up several developments such as cross-border commuting and related traffic collapses (short distance becomes relative in this concern, because travel time is increasing extremely in rush hours), the increase of housing costs but also cross-border shopping etc. On the one hand, the ‘economic engine’ Luxembourg offers workplaces for many commuters, positively affecting the development of this European cross-border polycentric region; on the other hand, negative consequences such as the overcrowded real estate market in Luxembourg continue beyond the national border and affect neighbouring housing markets. Some city development plans show that city councils perceive the proximity to Luxembourg as an opportunity for the development of the city. Simultaneously, locals that do not have their job in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg might feel displaced and develop resentment vis-à-vis their new neighbours from Luxembourg, Belgium, Germany, and France that moved to the border region to work in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. These labour migrants/highly mobile elite bring higher purchasing power and are driving increasing rental and housing prices. Depending on the context, similar effects can thus be perceived/constructed very differently by city councils or planners and the local population and even within the same social world/arena. Assuming that abstract societal processes become concrete and experienced at the local level, this paper interrogates the discursive framing of the consequences of the transnational linkages in regard to housing situations in the Greater Region. To distinct the formation and the operation of linguistic constructions about places and regions, and their amalgamation with the practices of actors and institutions, guiding principles of municipal policy, urban planning documents and the local media of three medium sized towns in the borderland Arlon in Belgium, Thionville in France and Trier in Germany are being analysed. Furthermore stakeholder interviews are conducted to gain deeper insights into individual perceptions. Even though their distance to Luxembourg is quite similar (30 to 50 km), these three cities have to be considered as single cases, with distinct developments. Whereas Thionville for example is often being considered as a dormitory town, this is not the case for Trier. Nevertheless, a review of recent media coverage reveals that the situation is characterized by a sort of lovehate relationship. A social constructionist approach is adopted to trigger an increasing awareness for the emerging transnational housing market. [less ▲]

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See detailMobility and neighbourhood dynamics in border regions - towards an inter-urban discourse analysis
Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2016, April)

This paper focuses on the perceptions of population mobility and dwelling in a crossborder polycentric region in Western Europe. The economic development of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg calls for a ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the perceptions of population mobility and dwelling in a crossborder polycentric region in Western Europe. The economic development of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg calls for a constant expansion of the labor market, attracting cross-border commuters and a ‘highly mobile elite’. The rises in property prices as well as the extreme housing shortages in Luxembourg have led to an expansion of the housing market into the border regions. While previous studies have so far mostly dealt with the socio-demographic characteristics of the transmigrants, this research aims to detect perceptions of the phenomenon by applying a discourse analysis. To do so, guiding principles of municipal policy, urban planning documents and the local media of three medium sized towns in the borderland (Belgium, France, Germany) are being analyzed. Furthermore stakeholder interviews are conducted to gain deeper insights into individual perceptions. A review of recent media coverage reveals that the situation is characterized by a sort of love-hate relationship. Depending on the context, the case is constructed rather differently by city councils or planners and the local population and even within the same social arena. In a public-private-partnership new city quarters are developed for luxury housing and in the contested draft of the land development plan residential areas with a good connectivity to Luxembourg are foreseen. While in parallel city officials also report displacement. A social constructionist approach is adopted to trigger an increasing awareness for the emerging transnational housing market and changing social-spatial divisions. [less ▲]

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See detailDwelling in border regions – discourse matters
Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2015, June)

Effects of cross-border mobility resulting from uneven development in border regions can be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. This paper focuses on the ... [more ▼]

Effects of cross-border mobility resulting from uneven development in border regions can be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. This paper focuses on the consequences of the cross-border mobility in relation to housing markets in four cities in a transnational cross-border polycentric metropolitan region in Western Europe. It applies Clarke’s situational analysis and Keller’s sociology of knowledge approach to discourse, in order to represent the complexity and contradictions going along with this development. Until now, the study of cross-border mobility focused mainly on the motives of citizens that left their country of origin to dwell in the close by border regions, while the related impacts on neighbouring communities remain mostly unexplored. A quick review of recent media coverage could easily lead one to describe the situation as a sort of love-hate relationship. Analytic cartographies are employed to show that similar effects can be perceived quite differently. [less ▲]

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See detailDwelling trends in border regions - towards an inter-urban discourse analysis
Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2015, June)

Effects of population mobility resulting from uneven development in border regions can be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. This paper focuses on the ... [more ▼]

Effects of population mobility resulting from uneven development in border regions can be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. This paper focuses on the perceptions of the effects of population mobility and dwelling in a transnational cross-border polycentric metropolitan region in Western Europe. The economic development of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg calls for a constant expansion of the labour market, attracting cross-border commuters and a ‘highly mobile elite’. The concomitant rise in property prices as well as the extreme housing shortages in Luxembourg have led to an expansion of the housing market into the border regions. So far studies have mostly dealt with the socio-demographic characteristics of the transmigrants. This research aims to detect people’s perceptions of the phenomenon by applying a discourse analysis, thus helping to trigger an increasing awareness for the emerging transnational housing market. [less ▲]

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See detailResidential mobility in cross-border regions – an inter-urban discourse analysis
Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2015, April)

Effects of cross-border mobility resulting from uneven development in border regions can be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. This paper focuses on the ... [more ▼]

Effects of cross-border mobility resulting from uneven development in border regions can be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. This paper focuses on the consequences of the cross-border mobility in relation to housing markets in four cities in a transnational cross-border polycentric metropolitan region in Western Europe. It applies Clarke’s situational analysis and Keller’s sociology of knowledge approach to discourse, in order to represent the complexity and contradictions going along with this development. These approaches intend to supplement grounded theory (mainly based on Strauss) and include discourse analysis inspired by Foucault. Until now, the study of cross-border mobility focused mainly on the motives of citizens that left their country of origin to dwell in the close by border regions, while the related impacts on neighboring communities remain mostly unexplored. A quick review of recent media coverage could easily lead one to describe the situation as a sort of love-hate relationship. The demand-induced increase of the housing prices and the coexistence of old and new settlements lead to social tensions and new challenges of integration within the respective communities. At the same time, in urban development concepts, the increase of citizens is considered as an opportunity for the development of the cities. Analytic cartographies are employed to show that similar effects can be perceived quite differently. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (12 UL)
See detailWohnungsmärkte in Grenzregionen. Der facettenreiche Luxemburg-Effekt!
Nienaber, Birte UL; Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2015)

„Je t’aime, moi non plus“ (dt. Übersetzung: „Ich liebe dich... ich dich auch nicht.“): so beschreibt die französische Tageszeitung L’Express (2011, S. II) die transnationalen Beziehungen zwischen ... [more ▼]

„Je t’aime, moi non plus“ (dt. Übersetzung: „Ich liebe dich... ich dich auch nicht.“): so beschreibt die französische Tageszeitung L’Express (2011, S. II) die transnationalen Beziehungen zwischen Luxemburg und der Nachbarregion Lothringen. So ließen sich wohl auch die Relationen zu den anderen Nachbarregionen zusammenfassen. Einerseits bietet der „Wirtschaftsmotor“ Luxemburg Arbeitsplätze für zahlreiche Pendler, was die Großregion (Luxemburg, Saarland, Rheinland-Pfalz, Wallonien, Lothringen) positiv beeinflusst; andererseits machen negative Konsequenzen wie die rasante Entwicklung der Miet- und Grundstückspreise in Luxemburg nicht an den Grenzen halt. Der sogenannte „Luxemburg-Effekt“ geht unter anderem einher mit einer Verdrängung von Teilen der lokalen Bevölkerung, die nicht in Luxemburg arbeiten. Der „Luxemburg-Effekt“ beschreibt eine sehr facettenreiche Erscheinung, die sich zuweilen auf Arbeitsmarktvorteile, das Verkehrsaufkommen, demographische Entwicklungen und Auswirkungen auf die Wohnungsmärkte bezieht und somit als eine lokale/regionale Bezeichnung für das Phänomen border paradox angesehen werden kann. Die Wohnungsmärkte in der Großregion weisen unterschiedliche Konstellationen auf. Es kam jedoch in beinahe allen Teilgebieten der Großregion im Einzugsgebiet des luxemburgischen Arbeitsmarktes zu einem Anstieg der Immobilienpreise. Die höhere Kaufkraft der Zuziehenden bringt steigende Grundstücks- und Mietpreise in den Zielgebieten mit sich. Ressentiments gegenüber den „neuen“ Nachbarn sind die Folge. Andererseits zeigen etwa die anhaltende Ausweisung von Bauland und die Zukunftskonzepte zahlreicher Gemeinden, dass Politiker und Planer die Nähe zu Luxemburg als positiv für die Entwicklung ihrer Region bewerten. Je nach Kontext werden demnach die Auswirkungen sehr unterschiedlich wahrgenommen. Das Ziel dieses Beitrages ist es, die diskursive Verarbeitung der raumpolitischen Auswirkungen, die sich aufgrund der Nähe zu Luxemburg ergeben, in Bezug auf die Wohnungsmärkte in der Großregion zu untersuchen. Diskurse über die Wahrnehmung der Veränderungen in Bezug auf den Wohnungsmarkt sollen anhand der Auswertung von Planungsdokumenten und Artikeln aus lokalen Tageszeitungen nachgezeichnet werden. [less ▲]

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See detailWohnmobilität in der Großregion - eine interurbane Diskursanalyse
Christmann, Nathalie UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

“Je t’aime, moi non plus” : this is how the French newspaper L’Express (2011, p. II) summarises the transnational linkages of Luxembourg with its neighbouring countries. On the one hand, the ‘economic ... [more ▼]

“Je t’aime, moi non plus” : this is how the French newspaper L’Express (2011, p. II) summarises the transnational linkages of Luxembourg with its neighbouring countries. On the one hand, the ‘economic engine’ Luxembourg offers workplaces for many commuters, positively affecting the development of this European cross-border polycentric metropolitan region; on the other hand, negative consequences such as the overcrowded real estate mar-ket in Luxembourg continue beyond the national border and affect neighbouring housing markets. The ‘2020 Concept for the Region Trier’ shows that city councils perceive the prox-imity to Luxembourg as an opportunity for the development of the city. Simultaneously, lo-cals might feel displaced due to increasing rents and house prices, and develop resentment vis-à-vis their new neighbours, coming either from Luxembourg, or being Belgian, German or French nationals (labour migrants) that have moved to the border region to work in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, thus disposing of higher purchase power. Depending on the context, similar effects can thus be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. So far, studies dealing with the processes of transmigration have mostly focussed on indi-vidual motives of migrants, whereas impacts on the regions of destination have not been explored. The aim of this study is to explore ongoing discourses dealing with spatial impacts in relation to urban housing markets within the Greater Region. The focus will be on the cit-ies Arlon (BE), Metz and Thionville (FR), and Trier (DE). Therefore mixed methods will be de-ployed. Firstly, a quantitative analysis is planned to reveal the magnitude and the spatial distribution of the (cross-border) residential mobility. The evolution of housing prices and rents as well as population dynamics will be examined. Secondly, ongoing discourses and the changes of life-worlds will be studied using quantitative methods as well as qualitative methods, such as content analysis, to review the guiding principles of municipal policy and urban planning documents. A quantitative analysis of local newspapers will be conducted to analyse public opinion. A content analysis of this material will follow. The method mix allows us to better understand “material” evolutions and to trace the current discourses within this field. Discourse approaches have become common in interdis-ciplinary social science academic research. However, there are no established theoretical and methodological guidelines for applying these approaches. This project has to deal with this situation and to take into account different cultural backgrounds and discussion levels. This study will help to frame today’s situation and aims to develop sustainable solutions for future urban planning. [less ▲]

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See detailConsequences of the internationalisation of housing markets within the Greater region – an inter-urban discourse analysis
Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2014)

“Je t’aime, moi non plus” (“I love you... nor do I”): this is how the newspaper L’Express (2011, p. II) summarises the relationship of Luxembourg to its neighbouring countries. On the one hand, the ... [more ▼]

“Je t’aime, moi non plus” (“I love you... nor do I”): this is how the newspaper L’Express (2011, p. II) summarises the relationship of Luxembourg to its neighbouring countries. On the one hand, the ‘economic engine’ Luxembourg offers workplaces for many commuters, positively affecting the development of this European cross-border polycentric metropolitan region; on the other hand, negative consequences such as the overcrowded real estate market in Luxembourg do not end at the national border and affect neighbouring housing markets. The ‘2020 Concept for the Region Trier’ (‘Zukunft Trier 2020’) shows that city councils perceive the proximity to Luxembourg as a chance for the development of the city (Stadt Trier/MICIC & Partner 2004). Simultaneously, locals might feel displaced due to increasing rents and house prices, and develop resentment vis-à-vis their new neighbours, coming either from Luxembourg or being nationals that moved to the border region to work in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, thus disposing of higher purchase power. Depending on the context, similar effects can thus be perceived very differently by city councils or planners and the local population. The aim of this study is to explore the consequences of the internationalisation of the housing markets within the Greater region, with a focus on the surrounding cities Arlon (BE), Metz and Thionville (FR), and Trier (DE). Therefore mixed methods will be deployed. Firstly, a quantitative analysis is planned to reveal the magnitude and the spatial distribution of the (cross-border) residential mobility. Secondly, ongoing discourses and the changes of life-worlds will be studied by reviewing guiding principles of municipal policy and urban planning documents. A quantitative analysis of local newspapers will be conducted to reflect public opinion. Discourse approaches have become common in interdisciplinary social science academic research. However, common theoretical and methodological guidelines do not exist. This project has to deal with this situation and to take into account various cultural backgrounds, heterogeneous language areas and different discussion levels. This study will help to frame today’s situation and foresees to develop sustainable solutions for future urban planning. References Express (L’) (2011): Metz, Moselle. Nos amis les Luxembourgeois. N° 3152, 2/12/2011. Stadt Trier & MICIC & Partner (2004): Strategisches Stadtkonzept „Zukunft Trier 2020“. Trier. [less ▲]

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See detailWohnmobilität in der Großregion – eine inter-urbane Diskursanalyse
Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 UL)