References of "Chewe Ngapeya, Gelen Gael 50009738"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOvercome of bed-joint imperfections and improvement of actual contact in dry-stacked masonry
Chewe Ngapeya, Gelen Gael UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL

in Construction and Building Materials (in press)

Several researchers studied dry-stacked masonry walls (DSM) and inferred that the actual contact surface between the different block rows and the compressive strength in such walls are reduced by bed ... [more ▼]

Several researchers studied dry-stacked masonry walls (DSM) and inferred that the actual contact surface between the different block rows and the compressive strength in such walls are reduced by bed-joint imperfections as well as by height differences between different masonry blocks leading both to high stress concentration. This paper concentrates on the first type on imperfections. Through experimental tests, it analyses the influence of bed-joint roughness on the load bearing capacity and investigates a strategy to improve the load-bearing capacity of DSM by placing an additional horizontal layer on the top face of raw masonry blocks. First, different contact layers using conventional and auxetic materials were applied. Then 20 dry-stacked masonry prisms built with raw and improved masonry blocks were tested under axial compressive load until failure. Prescale Fujifilm strips were used to measure the actual contact in the bed-joints. Experimental tests show that the use of a contact layer with well-defined material properties enables firstly to increase the actual contact area in the bed-joints from 23% to 98% of the nominal contact area and secondly to increase the load-bearing capacity by 14 to 97%. In addition, the contact layer with an auxetic material shows a significant capacity in altering the lateral expansion in the block units. The outcomes show that although the bed joint roughness influences the stress distribution in a dry-stacked masonry block, a contact layer with well-defined material properties enables to overcome the roughness induced by the bed-joint imperfections. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExperimental and analytical analysis of the load-bearing capacity Pu of improved dry-stacked masonry
Chewe Ngapeya, Gelen Gael UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL

in Journal of Building Engineering (2020), 27

Dry-Stacked Masonry (DSM) as structural load-bearing element is still unexploited because of many factors including the early face-shell cracking, the impacts of the block imperfections on the wall load ... [more ▼]

Dry-Stacked Masonry (DSM) as structural load-bearing element is still unexploited because of many factors including the early face-shell cracking, the impacts of the block imperfections on the wall load-bearing capacity (Pu) and the lack of design code safely predicting Pu. Through experimental tests, this paper investigates a strategy for improving Pu of DSM by placing an additional horizontal contact layer on the top face of raw DSM blocks. The effect of four mixtures used to improve the raw DSM blocks has been investigated. Further, a mathematical model predicting Pu is proposed which takes into account the effects of the block imperfections. In the course of the investigation, 20 DSM wallets and 25 DSM prisms built with raw and improved DSM blocks were tested to failure under axial compression. In the former, the face-shell cracking load (Pcrack) and the load-bearing capacity (Pu) were recorded, while in the latter, the actual contact area was recorded in hundred full bed-joints using Prescale Fujifilm strips. The results showed that a contact layer of well-defined properties increased the actual contact area from 23% to 55% and improved Pu by 31,9%. The mathematical model for the raw DSM blocks predicts Pu with a mean accuracy of 93% and a standard deviation of 12% where the standards EN 1996-1-1 for mortared masonry exhibited a mean accuracy of 137% and a standard deviation of about 29%. Concerning the improved DSM blocks, the proposed model predicts Pu with a mean accuracy of 106% and a standard deviation of 10%, whereas the standards EN 1996-1-1 presents a mean accuracy of 124% and a standard deviation of 9%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (22 UL)
Full Text
See detailBloc pour construction seche
Waldmann, Danièle UL; Chewe Ngapeya, Gelen Gael UL; Spina, Carlo et al

Patent (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (16 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of the height imperfections of masonry blocks on the load bearing capacity of dry-stack masonry walls
Chewe Ngapeya, Gelen Gael UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL; Scholzen, Frank UL

in Journal of Construction and Building Materials (TOP10 journal) (2018), 165

Dry-stacked masonry walls gives rise to geometric imperfections: the height variation of different masonry blocks ΔH and the roughness of the support area Δh. This paper studies the effect of ΔH on the ... [more ▼]

Dry-stacked masonry walls gives rise to geometric imperfections: the height variation of different masonry blocks ΔH and the roughness of the support area Δh. This paper studies the effect of ΔH on the structural response and the load bearing capacity of masonry walls by highlighting the load percolation. Furthermore, an algorithm was developed to define a stress multiplier coefficient respecting the imperfections ΔH. The algorithm allowed predicting 77% of the amplified stress compared to the FE analysis and showed that the geometric imperfections govern the load percolation in a wall as well as the cracking mode and the bearing capacity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 207 (59 UL)
Full Text
See detailPrédiction de la résistance mécanique d’un bloc de maçonnerie sans joint par calcul numérique
Chewe Ngapeya, Gelen Gael UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL; Scholzen, Frank UL et al

Presentation (2016, July 06)

La nouvelle génération de blocs de maçonnerie montés à sec (sans joint) et muni d’éléments d’engrenages ou d’emboîtement présente des avantages substantiels tant en précision et vitesse de pose, qu’en ... [more ▼]

La nouvelle génération de blocs de maçonnerie montés à sec (sans joint) et muni d’éléments d’engrenages ou d’emboîtement présente des avantages substantiels tant en précision et vitesse de pose, qu’en résistance aux déplacements transversaux, en économie de matériaux et en facilité de démontage. La performance d’un mur en maçonnerie est étroitement liée à sa stabilité générale et à la résistance mécanique des blocs de maçonnerie qui le composent. L’un des objectifs de cette étude était de rechercher un optimum entre cinq paramètres importants dans la conception d’une maçonnerie à savoir le poids, le coût, la facilité de production, mais surtout la résistance mécanique et la résistance thermique. La conception du nouveau bloc a ainsi été entreprise par calculs numériques. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (31 UL)