References of "Bueb, Jean-Luc 50001093"
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See detailSecretion of the Phosphorylated Form of S100A9 from Neutrophils Is Essential for the Proinflammatory Functions of Extracellular S100A8/A9.
Schenten, Veronique; Plancon, Sebastien; Jung, Nicolas UL et al

in Frontiers in immunology (2018), 9

S100A8 and S100A9 are members of the S100 family of cytoplasmic EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding proteins and are abundantly expressed in the cytosol of neutrophils. In addition to their intracellular roles, S100A8 ... [more ▼]

S100A8 and S100A9 are members of the S100 family of cytoplasmic EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding proteins and are abundantly expressed in the cytosol of neutrophils. In addition to their intracellular roles, S100A8/A9 can be secreted in the extracellular environment and are considered as alarmins able to amplify the inflammatory response. The intracellular activity of S100A8/A9 was shown to be regulated by S100A9 phosphorylation, but the importance of this phosphorylation on the extracellular activity of S100A8/A9 has not yet been extensively studied. Our work focuses on the impact of the phosphorylation state of secreted S100A9 on the proinflammatory function of neutrophils. In a first step, we characterized the secretion of S100A8/A9 in different stimulatory conditions and investigated the phosphorylation state of secreted S100A9. Our results on neutrophil-like differentiated HL-60 (dHL-60) cells and purified human neutrophils showed a time-dependent secretion of S100A8/A9 when induced by phorbol 12-myristoyl 13-acetate and this secreted S100A9 was found in a phosphorylated form. Second, we evaluated the impact of this phosphorylation on proinflammatory cytokine expression and secretion in dHL-60 cells. Time course experiments with purified unphosphorylated or phosphorylated S100A8/A9 were performed and the expression and secretion levels of interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, CCL2, CCL3, CCL4, and CXCL8 were measured by real-time PCR and cytometry bead array, respectively. Our results demonstrate that only the phosphorylated form of the complex induces proinflammatory cytokine expression and secretion. For the first time, we provide evidence that S100A8/PhosphoS100A9 is inducing cytokine secretion through toll-like receptor 4 signaling. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated metabolic modelling reveals cell-type specific epigenetic control points of the macrophage metabolic network
Pacheco, Maria Irene UL; John, Elisabeth UL; Kaoma, Tony et al

in BMC Genomics (2015), 16(809),

Background: The reconstruction of context-specific metabolic models from easily and reliably measurable features such as transcriptomics data will be increasingly important in research and medicine ... [more ▼]

Background: The reconstruction of context-specific metabolic models from easily and reliably measurable features such as transcriptomics data will be increasingly important in research and medicine. Current reconstruction methods suffer from high computational effort and arbitrary threshold setting. Moreover, understanding the underlying epigenetic regulation might allow the identification of putative intervention points within metabolic networks. Genes under high regulatory load from multiple enhancers or super-enhancers are known key genes for disease and cell identity. However, their role in regulation of metabolism and their placement within the metabolic networks has not been studied. Methods: Here we present FASTCORMICS, a fast and robust workflow for the creation of high-quality metabolic models from transcriptomics data. FASTCORMICS is devoid of arbitrary parameter settings and due to its low computational demand allows cross-validation assays. Applying FASTCORMICS, we have generated models for 63 primary human cell types from microarray data, revealing significant differences in their metabolic networks. Results: To understand the cell type-specific regulation of the alternative metabolic pathways we built multiple models during differentiation of primary human monocytes to macrophages and performed ChIP-Seq experiments for histone H3 K27 acetylation (H3K27ac) to map the active enhancers in macrophages. Focusing on the metabolic genes under high regulatory load from multiple enhancers or super-enhancers, we found these genes to show the most cell type-restricted and abundant expression profiles within their respective pathways. Importantly, the high regulatory load genes are associated to reactions enriched for transport reactions and other pathway entry points, suggesting that they are critical regulatory control points for cell type-specific metabolism. Conclusions: By integrating metabolic modelling and epigenomic analysis we have identified high regulatory load as a common feature of metabolic genes at pathway entry points such as transporters within the macrophage metabolic network. Analysis of these control points through further integration of metabolic and gene regulatory networks in various contexts could be beneficial in multiple fields from identification of disease intervention strategies to cellular reprogramming. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of Calprotectin as a Modulator of the IL27-Mediated Proinflammatory Effect on Endothelial Cells
Dorosz, Susann Antonia UL; Ginolhac, Aurélien UL; Kähne, Thilo et al

in Mediators of Inflammation (2015), 2015

An underlying endothelial dysfunction plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular events and is the central feature of atherosclerosis. The protein-based communication between ... [more ▼]

An underlying endothelial dysfunction plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular events and is the central feature of atherosclerosis. The protein-based communication between leukocytes and inflamed endothelial cells leading to diapedesis has been largely investigated and several key players such as IL6, TNFα, or the damage associated molecular pattern molecule (DAMP) calprotectin are now well identified. However, regarding cytokine IL27, the controversial current knowledge about its inflammatory role and the involved regulatory elements requires clarification. Therefore, we examined the inflammatory impact of IL27 on primary endothelial cells and the potentially modulatory effect of calprotectin on both transcriptome and proteome levels. A qPCR-based screening demonstrated high IL27-mediated gene expression of IL7, IL15, CXCL10, and CXCL11. Calprotectin time-dependent downregulatory effects were observed on IL27-induced IL15 and CXCL10 gene expression. A mass spectrometry-based approach of IL27 ± calprotectin cell stimulation enlightened a calprotectin modulatory role in the expression of 28 proteins, mostly involved in the mechanism of leukocyte transmigration. Furthermore, we showed evidence for STAT1 involvement in this process. Our findings provide new evidence about the IL27-dependent proinflammatory signaling which may be under the control of calprotectin and highlight the need for further investigations on molecules which might have antiatherosclerotic functions. [less ▲]

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See detailNew biological investigations on 3-bromophenyl 6-acetoxymethyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-3-carboxylate as anti-angiogenic agent
Hemmer, Marc UL; Kempen, Isabelle; de Tullio, Pascal et al

in Drug Development Research (2010), 71

The development of blood vessels inside tumors is required to provide the nutrients and oxygen needed for tumor growth and to allow the spread of cancer cells at a distance to form metastasis ... [more ▼]

The development of blood vessels inside tumors is required to provide the nutrients and oxygen needed for tumor growth and to allow the spread of cancer cells at a distance to form metastasis. Angiogenesis is also implicated in ocular diseases like age-related macular degeneration. The present work describes the potential anti-angiogenic properties of a coumarinic derivative, 3-bromophenyl 6-acetoxymethyl-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-3-carboxylate (IK9), previously described as a potent inhibitor of HT 1080 fibrosarcoma cell invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. In vivo, ex vivo, and in vitro models were used to delineate the anti-angiogenic properties of IK9. The anti-angiogenic effect of IK9 was demonstrated in vivo in a choroidal neovascularization mice model and additionally ex vivo in a rat aortic ring assay where it was more active than the known matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor Ro 28-2653. IK9 did not affect apoptosis, proliferation, or endothelial cell invasiveness in vitro. These findings suggest a complex mechanism of action of the compound via direct or indirect effects on endothelial cell properties. This study identifies IK9 as a new potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and suggests its potential use as a therapeutic agent. [less ▲]

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See detailCould spaceflight-associated immune system weakening preclude the expansion of human presence beyond Earth’s orbit?
Gueguinou, Nathan UL; Huin-Schohn, Cécile UL; Bascove, Matthieu et al

in Journal of Leukocyte Biology (2009), 86(5), 1027-1038

This year, we celebrate the 40th birthday of the first landing of humans on the moon. By 2020, astronauts should return to the lunar surface and establish an outpost there that will provide a technical ... [more ▼]

This year, we celebrate the 40th birthday of the first landing of humans on the moon. By 2020, astronauts should return to the lunar surface and establish an outpost there that will provide a technical basis for future manned missions to Mars. This paper summarizes major constraints associated with a trip to Mars, presents immunological hazards associated with this type of mission, and shows that our current understanding of the immunosuppressive effects of spaceflight is limited. Weakening of the immune system associated with spaceflight is therefore an area that should be considered more thoroughly before we undertake prolonged space voyages. [less ▲]

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See detailTransmissions cholinergiques
Bueb, Jean-Luc UL

in Landry, Yves; Gies, Jean-Pierre (Eds.) Pharmacologie. Des cibles vers l’indication thérapeutique (2009)

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See detailCell passaging rapidly affects expression, secretion and activity of MMP9 as well as mobility of HL60 leukemia cells
Bernard, Yohann UL; Plançon, Sébastien UL; Melchior, Chantal UL et al

in Journal of Cell and Animal Biology (2008), 2(9), 160-165

The HL60 cell line, derived from acute promyelocytic leukemia cells, can differentiate into neutrophil-like cell following DMSO treatment. Mobility of HL60, or DMSO-differentiated HL60 cells (≠HL60 ... [more ▼]

The HL60 cell line, derived from acute promyelocytic leukemia cells, can differentiate into neutrophil-like cell following DMSO treatment. Mobility of HL60, or DMSO-differentiated HL60 cells (≠HL60), requires surface expression of adhesion molecules and production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The aim of this study was to investigate in HL60 and ≠HL60 the effects of cell passaging (over 5 passages after delivery (P and P+5)) on i) surface expression of adhesion molecule CD11b, which is considered a neutrophil differentiation marker ii) MMP9 mRNA expression, protein release and zymographic activity and iii) cellular mobility. As expected, CD11b expression at both cell passages increased in ≠HL60 relative to undifferentiated HL60, but expression levels of this neutrophils marker did not change over 5 passages. MMP9 mRNA expression however, in basal conditions was increased in HL60 at P+5. At P+5 versus P, MMP9 protein levels, MMP9 zymographic activity and cellular mobility in HL60 and ≠HL60 were elevated. Stimulation by N-formyl-L-Methionyl-L-Leucyl-L-Phenylalanine had no effects on HL60, but raised MMP9 protein concentration and zymographic activity in ≠HL60. Since passage history is likely to also influence cellular functions other than MMP-related effects, it is important to carefully consider passage numbers when designing experiments [less ▲]

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See detailCo-cultures of Human Coronary Smooth Muscle Cells and Dimethyl Sulfoxide-differentiated HL60 Cells Upregulate ProMMP9 Activity and Promote Mobility"”Modulation By Reactive Oxygen Species
Bernard, Yohann UL; Melchior, Chantal UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL et al

in Inflammation (2008)

Vascular cells and leukocytes, involved in the development of atherosclerosis, produce cytokines and/or reactive oxygen species (ROS) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) implicated in cell mobility. We ... [more ▼]

Vascular cells and leukocytes, involved in the development of atherosclerosis, produce cytokines and/or reactive oxygen species (ROS) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) implicated in cell mobility. We investigated by co-culture experiments the effects of human coronary smooth muscle cells (HCSMC) on MMPs characteristics and mobility of neutrophil-like dimethyl sulfoxide-differentiated HL60 cells (≠HL60). The effects of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase were also analyzed. All the studied MMP2 characteristics remained unchanged. HCSMC stimulated MMP9 protein level, activity and mobility of ≠HL60 cells and expressed and secreted a variety of cytokines implicated in atherosclerosis. SOD and catalase increased MMP9 expression, protein level and activity of ≠HL60, but migration of ≠HL60 cells was only decreased by catalase, demonstrating that ROS are more efficient in modulating MMP9 activity of ≠HL60 than their mobility. Finally, HCSMC being able to stimulate ≠HL60, their co-cultures may represent an in vitro approach to study cellular interactions occurring in vivo during atherosclerosis. [less ▲]

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See detailModulation by cADPr of Ca2+ mobilization and oxidative response in dimethylsulfoxide- or retinoic acid-differentiated HL-60 cells
Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Brunello, A.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (2006), 1763(1), 129-36

In human phagocytic cells, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in response to N-formyl-L-Methionyl-L-Leucyl-L-Phenylalanine (fMLF) is largely dependent on cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2 ... [more ▼]

In human phagocytic cells, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in response to N-formyl-L-Methionyl-L-Leucyl-L-Phenylalanine (fMLF) is largely dependent on cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPr) is able to regulate Ca2+ release from intracellular stores through the ryanodine receptor but its potential role in biological responses has so far not been determined. In this study, we examined whether extracellular and intracellular cADPr is required in fMLF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and consequently in the oxidative response in human neutrophil-like HL-60 cells differentiated with dimethylsulfoxide or all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). We establish that extracellular cADPr cannot elicit [Ca2+]i elevation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that 8-Br-cADPr, a functional antagonist of cADPr, inhibits Ca2+ entry into HL-60 cells differentiated with ATRA and stimulated with fMLF (95+/-4 and 148+/-5 nM respectively, n=3). Finally, we show that this partial inhibition of Ca2+ mobilization is unrelated to ROS production (10.0+/-0.3 vs. 9.6+/-0.5 A.U., n=3). In conclusion, we showed that cADPr can control fMLF-induced Ca2+ influx but is unable to regulate a Ca2+-dependent biological response, i.e. H2O2 production. [less ▲]

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See detailOxidative stress activates MMP-2 in cultured human coronary smooth muscle cells
Valentin, F.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Kieffer, P. et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2005), 19(6), 661-7

Oxidative stress is a cardinal feature of the inflammatory process and is involved in various pathologies including atherosclerosis. One of the important mechanisms in which oxidative stress may play a ... [more ▼]

Oxidative stress is a cardinal feature of the inflammatory process and is involved in various pathologies including atherosclerosis. One of the important mechanisms in which oxidative stress may play a role is activation of matrix metalloproteinases such as MMP-2, which are involved in plaque destabilization. We investigated the mechanisms by which oxidative stress induces MMP-2 activation in cultured human coronary artery smooth muscle cells. Using zymography and Western blot analysis, we showed that oxidized low-density lipoproteins activate MMP-2 through up-regulation of the expression and activation of a membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP). A second mechanism of MMP-2 activation involves oxidative radicals generated by the xanthine/xanthine oxidase complex (X/Xo). Research on these two mechanisms of MMP activation could lead to the elaboration of new vascular therapies for the treatment of atheroma based on interruption of a specific oxidative stress pathway. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-8 primes oxidative burst in neutrophil-like HL-60 through changes in cytosolic calcium
Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Cell Calcium (2005), 37(6), 531-40

In response to a variety of stimuli, neutrophils release large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NADPH oxidase. This process known as the respiratory burst is dependent on cytosolic ... [more ▼]

In response to a variety of stimuli, neutrophils release large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NADPH oxidase. This process known as the respiratory burst is dependent on cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). Proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) may modulate ROS generation through a priming phenomenon. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of human IL-8 on ROS production in neutrophil-like dimethylsulfoxide-differentiated HL-60 cells (not equalHL-60 cells) and further to examine the role of Ca(2+) mobilization during the priming. IL-8 at 10 nM induced no ROS production but a [Ca(2+)](i) rise (254 +/- 36 nM). IL-8 induced a strongly enhanced (2 fold) ROS release during stimulation with 1 microM of N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLF). This potentiation of ROS production is dependent of extracellular Ca(2+) (17.0+/-4.5 arbitrary units (A.U.) in the absence of Ca(2+) versus 56.6 +/- 3.9 A.U. in the presence of 1.25 mM of Ca(2+)). Also, IL-8 enhanced fMLF-stimulated increase in [Ca(2+)](i) (375 +/- 35 versus 245 +/- 21 nM, 0.1 microM of fMLF). IL-8 had no effect on not equalHL-60 cells in response to 1 microM of thapsigargin (472 +/- 66 versus 470 +/- 60 nM). In conclusion, Ca(2+) influx is necessary for a full induction of neutrophil priming by IL-8. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of G(i)-proteins in norepinephrine-mediated vasoconstriction in rat tail artery smooth muscle
Petitcolin, M. A.; Spitzbarth-Régrigny, E.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2001), 61(9), 1169-75

We showed, in rat de-endothelialised tail artery, that pertussis toxin (PTX) (1 microg/mL, 2 hr) attenuated norepinephrine (NE)-induced vasoconstriction without modifying intracellular calcium ... [more ▼]

We showed, in rat de-endothelialised tail artery, that pertussis toxin (PTX) (1 microg/mL, 2 hr) attenuated norepinephrine (NE)-induced vasoconstriction without modifying intracellular calcium concentration [Ca2+](i) mobilisation. We suggested the existence of two NE-induced intracellular pathways: a first, which would be insensitive to PTX and lead to [Ca2+](i) mobilisation, and a second sensitive to PTX and involved in the [Ca2+](i) sensitivity of NE-induced contraction. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the existence of the second intracellular pathway. PTX-sensitive G(i/o)-proteins in rat tail artery SMC membrane were identified by immunoblot and ADP-ribosylation. [(32)P]ADP-ribosylation of alpha(i/o)-subunits was demonstrated in situ by perfusing rat de-endothelialised tail artery segments with PTX (1 microg/mL, 2 hr), which suggested that G(i/o)-protein inactivation was involved in the reduction by PTX of the [Ca2+](i) sensitivity of NE-induced contraction. Coupling between G(i/o)-proteins and NE receptors was confirmed by the NE-induced increase in G(i/o)-specific GTPase activity (24.1 +/- 1.9 vs 8.8 +/- 0.4 pmol P(i)/mg protein at 5 min; P < 0.05 vs basal). [(3)H]Prazosin-binding data showed the presence of a heterogeneous alpha(1)-AR population in rat tail artery smooth muscle cells. We demonstrated the in vitro coupling between alpha(1A)-AR subtype and alpha(i)-subunits. In conclusion, we identified, in rat de-endothelialised tail artery, a PTX-sensitive G(i/o)-protein-modulated pathway that is coupled to NE receptors via alpha(1A)-AR. We suggest that NE stimulates two alpha(1)-AR-mediated intracellular pathways: a first, which is mediated by a G(q)-protein and leads to [Ca2+](i) mobilisation and contraction, and a second, which is mediated by a G(i)-protein and is involved in the amplification of the [Ca2+](i) sensitivity of NE-induced tension. [less ▲]

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See detailRac-1-mediated O2- secretion requires Ca2+ influx in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells
Valentin, F.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Capdeville-Atkinson, C. et al

in Cell Calcium (2001), 29(6), 409-15

Neutrophil-like HL-60 cells reacted to N -formyl- l -Methionyl- l -Leucyl- l -P henylalanine (f MLP) with a rise in the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2]i), NADPH oxidase activation, and ... [more ▼]

Neutrophil-like HL-60 cells reacted to N -formyl- l -Methionyl- l -Leucyl- l -P henylalanine (f MLP) with a rise in the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2]i), NADPH oxidase activation, and increased superoxide anion (O2-) production. [Ca2+]i mobilization and superoxide production were largely dependent on extracellular calcium (Ca2+]e) and a capacitative calcium entry. The monomeric G-protein, Rac-1, regulates NADPH oxidase activity. We tested the effect of removal of Ca2+]e on Rac-1 plasma membrane sequestration and activation of NADPH oxidase using immunodetection and a double labelling fluorescent method. Results showed that Rac-1 activation is mediated via a pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive heteromeric G-protein pathway, and that Rac-1 membrane sequestration was preceded by [Ca2+]i mobilization following entry of Ca2+ e. Therefore, we propose that O2- production is dependent on activation of PTX-sensitive G-proteins and sequestration of Rac-1 in the plasma membrane, following entry of Ca2+ e. [less ▲]

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See detailReceptor-independent effects of natural cannabinoids in rat peritoneal mast cells in vitro
Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Lambert, D. M.; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (2001), 1538(2-3), 252-9

Cannabinoids can activate CB(1) and CB(2) receptors. Since a CB(2) mRNA has been described in rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMC), we investigated a series of cannabinoids and derivatives for their capacity ... [more ▼]

Cannabinoids can activate CB(1) and CB(2) receptors. Since a CB(2) mRNA has been described in rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMC), we investigated a series of cannabinoids and derivatives for their capacity to stimulate RPMC. Effects of natural cannabinoids Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC), Delta(8)-THC, endocannabinoids (anandamide, palmitoylethanolamide) and related compounds (N-decanoyl-, N-lauroyl-, N-myristoyl-, N-stearoyl- and N-oleoyl-ethanolamines; N-palmitoyl derivatives (-butylamine, -cyclohexylamine, -isopropylamine); and N-palmitoyl, O-palmitoylethanolamine), and synthetic cannabinoids including WIN 55,212-2, SR141716A and SR144528 were assessed for their capacity to induce histamine release or prime RPMC stimulated by compound 48/80. Only Delta(9)-THC and Delta(8)-THC could induce non-lytic, energy- and concentration-dependent histamine releases from RPMC (respective EC(50) values: 23.5+/-1.2; 53.4+/-20.6 microM, and maxima: 71.2+/-5.5; 55.7+/-2.7% of the total RPMC histamine content). These were not blocked by CB(1) (SR141716A) or CB(2) (SR144528) antagonists, but reduced by pertussis toxin (100 ng/ml). Endocannabinoids and analogues did neither induce histamine secretion, nor prime secretion induced by compound 48/80 (0.2 microg/ml). Delta(9)-THC and Delta(8)-THC induced in vitro histamine secretion from RPMC through CB receptor-independent interactions, partly involving G(i/o) protein activation. [less ▲]

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See detailLack of involvement of pertussis toxin-sensitive G-proteins in norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction of rat aorta smooth muscle
Petitcolin, M. A.; Vandeputte, C.; Spitzbarth-Régrigny, E. et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2001), 61(4), 485-91

Several studies have shown that stimulation of pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G-proteins amplified alpha-adrenoceptor (alpha-AR) agonist-induced vasoconstriction in small muscular and resistance arteries ... [more ▼]

Several studies have shown that stimulation of pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G-proteins amplified alpha-adrenoceptor (alpha-AR) agonist-induced vasoconstriction in small muscular and resistance arteries. The aim of this study was to assess the potential involvement of PTX-sensitive G-proteins in norepinephrine (NE)-induced constriction in a large diameter artery, the rat aorta. PTX (1 microg/mL, 2 hr; 3 microg/mL, 4 hr) did not modify concentration-response curves to NE in endothelium-denuded aortic rings. However, several lines of evidence suggested that aortic smooth muscle cells (SMC) had a PTX-sensitive G-protein pathway. [alpha-(32)P]ADP-ribosylation of G(i/o)-proteins by PTX (3 microg/mL, 4 hr) was demonstrated in situ in the intact aorta without endothelium. alpha(i/o) subunits were identified in vitro by both immunoblotting and ADP-ribosylation experiments in rat aorta SMC membranes. The measurement of G(i/o)-specific GTPase activity evidenced an effective coupling between NE receptors and G(i/o)-proteins, as NE induced an increase in basal G(i/o)-specific GTPase activity (20.7 +/- 2.8 vs 7.2 +/- 2.2 pmol P(i)/mg protein at 5 min; P < 0.05 vs basal). Co-immunoprecipitation revealed the in vitro coupling between alpha(1D)-ARs and G(i)-protein in rat aorta SMC membranes. In conclusion, we identified a PTX-sensitive G(i/o)-protein pathway in rat endothelium-denuded aorta. We showed an effective coupling between NE receptors and G(i)-proteins via alpha(1D)-ARs. Since PTX has no effect on NE-induced vasoconstriction, the PTX-sensitive G(i)-protein pathway does not play a predominant role in NE-induced responses in rat aorta SMC in contrast to small diameter muscular and resistance arteries. [less ▲]

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See detailPertussis toxin-sensitive G(i)-proteins and intracellular calcium sensitivity of vasoconstriction in the intact rat tail artery
Spitzbarth-Régrigny, E.; Petitcolin, M. A.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL et al

in British Journal of Pharmacology (2000), 131(7), 1337-44

1. We studied the involvement of pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G-proteins in the sensitivity of arterial constriction to intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) mobilization. 2. Vasoconstriction was ... [more ▼]

1. We studied the involvement of pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G-proteins in the sensitivity of arterial constriction to intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) mobilization. 2. Vasoconstriction was measured in vitro in perfused, de-endothelialized rat tail arteries loaded with the calcium-sensitive dye, fura-2 and treated or not with PTX (30 - 1000 ng ml(-1)). Arteries were stimulated with noradrenaline (NA, 0.1 - 100 microM) or KCl (15 - 120 mM). 3. KCl elicited a smaller vasoconstrictor response (E(max)=94+/-8 mmHg) than NA (E(max)=198+/-9 mmHg) although [Ca(2+)](i) mobilization was similar (E(max)=123+/-8 and 135+/-7 nM for KCl and NA, respectively). PTX (1000 ng ml(-1)) had no effect on [Ca(2+)](i) mobilization but lowered NA- (but not KCl-) induced vasoconstriction (E(max)=118+/-7 mmHg). 4. G(i/o)-proteins were revealed by immunoblotting with anti-G(i alpha) and anti-G(o alpha) antibodies in membranes prepared from de-endothelialized tail arteries. [alpha(32)P]-ADP-ribosylation of G-proteins by PTX (1000 ng ml(-1)) was demonstrated in the intact rat tail artery (pixels in the absence of PTX: 3150, presence: 25053). 5. In conclusion, we suggest that smooth muscle cells possess a PTX-sensitive G(i)-protein-mediated intracellular pathway which amplifies [Ca(2+)](i) sensitivity of contraction in the presence of agonists such as NA. [less ▲]

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See detailRelease of O2- by human umbilical cord blood-derived eosinophils: role of intra- and extracellular calcium
Zardini, D. M.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Cell Calcium (1999), 25(5), 381-9

The aim of our study was to investigate the physiologic mechanisms involved in eosinophil activation as an essential prerequisite to disrupting the biochemical cascade that triggers inflammation, thereby ... [more ▼]

The aim of our study was to investigate the physiologic mechanisms involved in eosinophil activation as an essential prerequisite to disrupting the biochemical cascade that triggers inflammation, thereby attenuating the effect of this activation or, ideally, preventing it from occurring. We have, therefore, examined the nature of the fMLP- and PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and the relationship between the [Ca2+]i rise and O2- production in human umbilical cord blood-derived eosinophils cultured in the presence of IL-3 and IL-5. These cells responded to fMLP or PAF (1 microM each) with an increase in [Ca2+]i (217.3 +/- 22.1 and 197.8 +/- 22.1 nM respectively) which was associated with production of O2- (40.2 +/- 8.2 and 35.2 +/- 7.6 pmol/min/10(6) cells respectively). The role of Ca2+ in the induced respiratory burst was studied by changing the availability of Ca2+ in the intra- and extracellular compartments. Removal or chelation of extracellular Ca2+ induced a reduction of both the fMLP and PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and O2- production. Chelation of intracellular Ca2+ induced a concentration-dependent inhibition of fMLP- and PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and caused a decrease in O2- production. SK&F 96365 had a stimulatory effect on PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and on fMLP-induced O2- production, this phenomenon was not observed with extracellular Ca2+ removal or chelation. Furthermore, Ni2+ exhibited an inhibition of both fMLP and PAF-induced [Ca2+]i rise and O2- production. Finally, both fMLP and PAF induced an increase in divalent cation influx that was further augmented by thapsigargin. Our results indicate that fMLP and PAF dependent O2- production in human eosinophils require intra- and extracellular Ca2+ and that Ca2+ influx is necessary for optimal activation. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalogues and homologues of N-palmitoylethanolamide, a putative endogenous CB(2) cannabinoid, as potential ligands for the cannabinoid receptors
Lambert, D. M.; DiPaolo, F. G.; Sonveaux, P. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (1999), 1440(2-3), 266-74

The presence of CB(2) receptors was reported in the rat basophilic cell line RBL-2H3 and N-palmitoylethanolamide was proposed as an endogenous, potent agonist of this receptor. We synthesized a series of ... [more ▼]

The presence of CB(2) receptors was reported in the rat basophilic cell line RBL-2H3 and N-palmitoylethanolamide was proposed as an endogenous, potent agonist of this receptor. We synthesized a series of 10 N-palmitoylethanolamide homologues and analogues, varying by the elongation of the fatty acid chain from caproyl to stearoyl and by the nature of the amide substituent, respectively, and evaluated the affinity of these compounds to cannabinoid receptors in the rat spleen, RBL-2H3 cells and CHO-CB(1) and CHO-CB(2) receptor-transfected cells. In rat spleen slices, CB(2) receptors were the predominant form of the cannabinoid receptors. No binding of [(3)H]SR141716A was observed. [(3)H]CP-55,940 binding was displaced by WIN 55,212-2 and anandamide. No displacement of [(3)H]CP-55,940 or [(3)H]WIN 55,212-2 by palmitoylethanolamide derivatives was observed in rat spleen slices. In RBL-2H3 cells, no binding of [(3)H]CP-55,940 or [(3)H]WIN 55,212-2 could be observed and conversely, no inhibitory activity of N-palmitoylethanolamide derivatives and analogues was measurable. These compounds do not recognize the human CB(1) and CB(2) receptors expressed in CHO cells. In conclusion, N-palmitoylethanolamide was, in our preparations, a weak ligand while its synthesized homologues or analogues were essentially inactive. Therefore, it seems unlikely that N-palmitoylethanolamide is an endogenous agonist of the CB(2) receptors but it may be a compound with potential therapeutic applications since it may act via other mechanisms than cannabinoid CB(1)-CB(2) receptor interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of SK&F 96365 on extracellular Ca2+ -dependent O2- production in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells
Gallois, A.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in European Journal of Pharmacology (1999), 361(2-3), 293-8

Store-operated Ca2+ entry is referred to a capacitative current activated by Ca2+ -stores depletion in various non-excitable cells. Neutrophil-like HL-60 cells responded to N-formyl-L-Methionyl-L-Leucyl-L ... [more ▼]

Store-operated Ca2+ entry is referred to a capacitative current activated by Ca2+ -stores depletion in various non-excitable cells. Neutrophil-like HL-60 cells responded to N-formyl-L-Methionyl-L-Leucyl-L-Phenylalanine (fMLP) by an early O2- production preceded by a [Ca2+]i rise. Cell stimulation in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ resulted in a major reduction of [Ca2+]i rise and O2- production. A purported inhibitor of store-operated Ca2+ entry, SK&F 96365 (1-(beta-(3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)propoxyl)-4-methoxy-phenetyl)- 1H-imidazole hydrochloride), inhibited extracellular Ca2+ -dependent [Ca2+]i rise by 30% but did not alter O2- production. In conclusion, SK&F 96365 did not modify extracellular Ca2+ -dependent O2- production, despite a significant but limited reduction in fMLP-activated membrane Ca2+ fluxes which can be ascribed to store-operated Ca2+ entry. Furthermore, Ca2+ influx is necessary for a full induction and maintenance of the biological response. [less ▲]

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See detailThe M2 muscarinic receptor antagonist methoctramine activates mast cells via pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins
Chahdi, A.; Daeffler, L.; Bueb, Jean-Luc UL et al

in Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (1998), 357(4), 357-62

Methoctramine, a selective M2 muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist, has been reported to activate phosphoinositide breakdown at high concentrations. Its polyamine structure suggests a putative ... [more ▼]

Methoctramine, a selective M2 muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist, has been reported to activate phosphoinositide breakdown at high concentrations. Its polyamine structure suggests a putative activation of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins). Incubation of methoctramine with rat peritoneal mast cells resulted in a dose-dependent noncytotoxic histamine release, with an EC50 of 20 microM and a maximum effect at 1 mM. Atropine, pirenzepine and HHSiD neither inhibited methoctramine-induced histamine release nor stimulated histamine release. Histamine release and inositol phosphates generation induced by methoctramine were both inhibited by pertussis toxin pretreatment. Benzalkonium chloride, a selective inhibitor of histamine secretion induced by basic secretagogues, inhibited the secretory response to methoctramine. [p-Glu5, D-Trp7,9,l0]-SPs5-11 (GPAnt-2), a well-characterized antagonist of G proteins, blocked the methoctramine-induced histamine release when the antagonist was allowed to reach its intracellular target by streptolysin O-permeabilization. The response to methoctramine was prevented by the hydrolysis of sialic acid residues of the cell surface by neuraminidase. The response of mast cells was restored by permeabilization of the plasma membrane. These results demonstrate that methoctramine, following its entry into the cell and the involvement of pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins, activates phosphoinositide hydrolysis leading to mast cell exocytosis. [less ▲]

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