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See detailCombined SSCP and heteroduplex analysis of the human plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase isoform 1 in patients with essential hypertension.
Benkwitz, C.; Oberdorf-Maass, S.; Neyses, Ludwig UL

in Biochemical and biophysical research communications (1999), 261(2), 515-20

In recent theories concerning the pathogenesis of essential hypertension, altered calcium homeostasis plays an important role. Increased intracellular Ca(2+) levels have repeatedly been reported in ... [more ▼]

In recent theories concerning the pathogenesis of essential hypertension, altered calcium homeostasis plays an important role. Increased intracellular Ca(2+) levels have repeatedly been reported in different cell types of hypertensive subjects. In vascular smooth muscle cells the plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) represents the most important Ca(2+)-ejection system. Modifications of this pump therefore have been assumed to increase contractile tone of small vessels. For this reason, the purpose of this study was to determine if genetic alterations in the hPMCA1 gene might be associated with arterial hypertension. For detection of polymorphisms all 22 PMCA1 exons from 44 patients with essential hypertension (based on rigorous clinical data in addition to a positive family history) and from 40 normotensives without a family history of hypertension were PCR amplified and subsequently subjected to combined single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and heteroduplex (HTX) analysis. Despite the high sensitivity of almost 100%, differences could not be identified between hypertensives and normotensives within the two groups. These data indicate that at least in this population PMCA1 polymorphisms are presumably not related to common forms of essential hypertension. Furthermore, the high degree of evolutionary conservation of the PMCA1 gene underlines the pivotal role of this ATPase for cell physiology. [less ▲]

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See detailOverexpression of the sarcolemmal calcium pump in the myocardium of transgenic rats.
Hammes, A.; Oberdorf-Maass, S.; Rother, T. et al

in Circulation Research (1998), 83(9), 877-88

The plasma membrane calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) is a calcium-extruding enzyme controlling Ca2+ homeostasis in nonexcitable cells. However, its function in the myocardium is unclear because ... [more ▼]

The plasma membrane calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) is a calcium-extruding enzyme controlling Ca2+ homeostasis in nonexcitable cells. However, its function in the myocardium is unclear because of the presence of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger. We approached the question of the physiological function of the calcium pump using a transgenic "gain of function" model. Transgenic rat lines carrying the human PMCA 4 cDNA under control of the ventricle-specific myosin light chain-2 promoter were established, and expression in the myocardium was ascertained at the mRNA, protein, and functional levels. In vivo hemodynamic measurements in adult homozygous animals showed no differences in baseline and increased cardiac performance recruited by volume overload compared with controls. No differences between transgenic and control cardiomyocytes were found in patch clamp voltage dependence, activation/inactivation behavior of the L-type Ca2+ current, or fast [Ca2+]i transients (assessed by the Fura-2 method). To test whether the PMCA might be involved in processes other than beat-to-beat regulation of contraction/relaxation, we compared growth processes of neonatal transgenic and control cardiomyocytes. A 1.6- and 2.3-fold higher synthesis rate of total protein was seen in cells from transgenic animals compared with controls on incubation with 2% FCS for 24 hours and 36 hours, respectively. An effect of similar magnitude was observed using 20 micromol/L phenylephrine. A 1.4-fold- and 2.0-fold-higher protein synthesis peak was seen in PMCA-overexpressing cardiomyocytes after stimulation with isoproterenol for 12 hours and 24 hours, respectively. Because pivotal parts of the alpha- and beta-adrenergic signal transduction pathways recently have been localized to caveolae, we tested the hypothesis that the PMCA might alter the amplitude of alpha- and beta-adrenergic growth signals by virtue of its localization in caveolae. Biochemical as well as immunocytochemical studies suggested that the PMCA in large part was colocalized with caveolin 3 in caveolae of cardiomyocytes. These results indicate that the sarcolemmal Ca2+-pump has little relevance for beat-to-beat regulation of contraction/relaxation in adult animals but likely plays a role in regulating myocardial growth, possibly through modulation of caveolar signal transduction. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the Met-267 Arg exchange in isoform 1 of the human plasma membrane calcium pump in patients with essential hypertension by the amplification-created restriction site technique.
Benkwitz, C.; Kubisch, C.; Kraft, K. et al

in Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany) (1997), 75(1), 62-6

Alterations in Ca2+ homeostasis have been proposed to be a primary factor in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. In this disease increased intracellular Ca2+ levels have repeatedly been reported ... [more ▼]

Alterations in Ca2+ homeostasis have been proposed to be a primary factor in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. In this disease increased intracellular Ca2+ levels have repeatedly been reported in various cell types. Because of its prominent role in cellular calcium homeostasis in vascular smooth muscle cells, modifications of the plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) pump have been suggested to contribute to an increased contractile tone of small blood vessels. This pump is a calmodulin-dependent Ca2+-ATPase that ejects Ca2+ from the cytosol into the extracellular space. Recently a mutational thymidine (T)-->guanosine (G) transversion in isoform 1 of the PMCA has been identified resulting in the substitution of a methionine (Met) by an arginine (Arg) at amino acid position 267 in a highly conserved domain of the pump molecule. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of this polymorphism in the normal population and to investigate whether the Met-267 Arg occurs more frequently in patients with essential hypertension than in normotensives. To detect the mutational change we modified a method based on the technique of amplification-created restriction sites (ACRS) using three base exchanges in the diagnostic primer. Samples from 100 hypertensive and 60 normotensive subjects revealed a thymidine at nucleotide position 981. These data suggest that ACRS is feasible in spite of extensive primer modifications (e.g., three mismatched bases) in contrast to the previously used one or two and may therefore be conceptually suitable to detect almost any base changes in the genome. The described T-->G transversion is a rare polymorphism and is presumably not related to common forms of essential hypertension. [less ▲]

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