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See detailMeasuring Changes in Ground Level at Tide Gauges using Continuous GPS and Absolute Gravimetry to Improve Estimates of Changes in Sea Level Around Britain
Bingley, Richard M; Teferle, Felix Norman UL; Dodson, Alan H et al

in Proceedings of the 41st Defra Flodd and Coastal Management Conference 2006 (2006)

Researchers studying climate change have used historical tide gauge measurements from all over the world to investigate the changes in sea level that have occurred over the last century or so. However ... [more ▼]

Researchers studying climate change have used historical tide gauge measurements from all over the world to investigate the changes in sea level that have occurred over the last century or so. However, such estimates are a combination of any true sea level variations and any changes in ground level at the specific tide gauge. For a tide gauge record to be used to determine the climate related changes in sea level it is necessary to correct for any changes in ground level. The development in geodetic techniques for monitoring changes in ground level at British tide gauges has been on-going at the IESSG and POL since 1990, based on research funded by both Defra and the Environment Agency. Since 1996, this research has focused on the establishment of continuous GPS (CGPS) stations and the use of absolute gravity (AG), as independent geodetic techniques for measuring changes in ground level. This paper details the results of Defra/EA R&D project FD2319, which is part of the Risk Evaluation and Understanding of Uncertainty Theme. The paper shows how CGPS and AG have been used on a national scale to monitor changes in ground level at tide gauges and obtain estimates of changes in sea level, decoupled from changes in ground level. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Implementation of the ECGN Stations--Status of the 1st Call for Participation
Ihde, Johannes; Baker, Trevor; Bruyninx, Carine et al

in Torres, João Agria; Hornik, Helmut (Eds.) EUREF Publication No. 14 (2005)

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See detailDevelopment of a European Combined Geodetic Network (ECGN)
Ihde, Johannes; Baker, Trevor; Bruyninx, Carine et al

in Journal of Geodynamics (2005), 40(4-5), 450-460

To ensure the long-time stability of the terrestrial reference system with an accuracy of 10‑9 in the global and continental scale, the interactions between different time-dependent influences of the ... [more ▼]

To ensure the long-time stability of the terrestrial reference system with an accuracy of 10‑9 in the global and continental scale, the interactions between different time-dependent influences of the system Earth to the terrestrial reference system and the related observation has to be considered in the evaluation models. It is proposed to establish a kinematic European Combined Geodetic Network (ECGN) and to integrate the spatial and height reference system into the Earth gravity field parameter estimation. This plan is in agreement with the foreseen IAG project of an Integrated Global Geodetic Observation System (IGGOS). In selected European stations ECGN will establish the combination of time series of spatial/geometric GNSS observations, precise levelling and tide gauge records with gravity field related observations (gravity, Earth tides). Observations are complemented with meteorological parameters, surrounding information of the stations, e.g. eccentricities and ground water level. A first call for participation in the project was directed to the implementation of the ECGN stations. These stations include the standard observation techniques GNSS (GPS/GLONASS—permanent), gravity (super conducting gravimeter and/or absolute gravimeter—permanent or repeated), levelling connections to nodal points of the European levelling network (UELN) (repeated) and meteorological parameters (permanent). A basic constituent of the ECGN stations is a local network for controlling the eccentricities at the 1 mm accuracy level in all three spatial components. For the contributing observation techniques, guidelines have been agreed upon to ensure equal observation principles [less ▲]

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