References of "Bactavatchalou, R"
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See detailAcoustic Profilometry Of Interphases In An Epoxy Due To Segregation and Diffusion Using Brillouin Microscopy.
Müller, Ulrich UL; Bactavatchalou, R.; Baller, Jörg UL et al

in New Journal of Physics (2008), 10(2), 023-031

Reactive network forming polymer systems like epoxies are of huge technological interest because of their adhesive properties based on specific interactions with a large variety of materials. These ... [more ▼]

Reactive network forming polymer systems like epoxies are of huge technological interest because of their adhesive properties based on specific interactions with a large variety of materials. These specific interactions alter the morphology of the epoxy within areas determined by the correlation length of these interactions. The changed morphology leads to interphases with altered (mechanical) properties. Besides these surface-induced interphases, bulk interphases do occur due to segregation, crystallization, diffusion, etc. A new experimental technique to characterize such mechanical interphases is μ-Brillouin spectroscopy (μ-BS). With μ-BS, we studied interphases and their formation in epoxies due to segregation of the constituent components and due to selective diffusion of one component. In the latter case, we will demonstrate the influence of changing the boundary conditions of the diffusion process on the shape of the interphase. [less ▲]

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See detailChemically induced transition phenomena in polyurethanes as seen from generalized mode Grüneisen parameters.
Müller, Ulrich UL; Philipp, Martine UL; Bactavatchalou, R. et al

in Journal of Physics : Condensed Matter (2008), 20(20), 205101-205108

Many phenomenological properties of reactive polymers like polyurethanes increase or decrease continuously in the course of the curing process before saturating at the end of the chemical reaction. This ... [more ▼]

Many phenomenological properties of reactive polymers like polyurethanes increase or decrease continuously in the course of the curing process before saturating at the end of the chemical reaction. This holds true for instance for the mass density, the refractive index, the chemical turnover and the hypersonic properties. The reason for this monotone behaviour is that the chemical reaction behaves like a continuous succession of irreversible phase transitions. These transitions are superposed by the sol–gel transition and possibly by the chemically induced glass transition, with the drawback that the latter two highlighted transitions are often hidden by the underlying curing process. In this work we propose generalized mode Grüneisen parameters as an alternative probe for elucidating the polymerization process itself and the closely related transition phenomena. As a model system we use polyurethane composed of a diisocyanate and varying ratios of difunctional and trifunctional alcohols. [less ▲]

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See detailAbout the nature of the structural glass transtion: an experimental approach
Krüger, Jan-Kristian UL; Alnot, Patrick; Baller, Jörg UL et al

in Henkel, M.; Pleimling, M.; Sanctuary, Roland (Eds.) Aging of the Glass Transition (2007)

The nature of the glassy state and of the glass transition of structural glasses is still a matter of debate. This debate stems predominantly from the kinetic features of the thermal glass transition ... [more ▼]

The nature of the glassy state and of the glass transition of structural glasses is still a matter of debate. This debate stems predominantly from the kinetic features of the thermal glass transition. However the glass transition has at least two faces: the kinetic one which becomes apparent in the regime of low relaxation frequencies and a static one observed in static or frequency-clamped linear and non-linear susceptibilities. New results concerning the so-called ?-relaxation process show that the historical view of an unavoidable cross-over of this relaxation time with the experimental time scale is probably wrong and support instead the existence of an intrinsic glass transition. In order to prove this, three different experimental strategies have been applied: studying the glass transition at extremely long time scales, the investigation of properties which are not sensitive to the kinetics of the glass transition and studying glass transitions which do not depend at all on a forced external time scale. [less ▲]

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See detailThe generalized Cauchy relation: a probe for local structure in materials with isotropic symmetry.
Bactavatchalou, R.; Alnot, Patrick; Baller, Jörg UL et al

in Journal of Physics. Conference Series (2006), 40

The elastic properties of the isotropic state of condensed matter are given by the elastic constants ell and c44. In the liquid state the static shear stiffness c44 vanishes whereas at sufficient high ... [more ▼]

The elastic properties of the isotropic state of condensed matter are given by the elastic constants ell and c44. In the liquid state the static shear stiffness c44 vanishes whereas at sufficient high probe frequencies a dynamic shear stiffness may appear. In that latter case the question about the existence of a Cauchy relation appears. It will be shown that a pure Cauchy relation can appear only under special conditions which are rarely fulfilled. For all investigated materials, including ceramics, liquids and glasses, a linear relation between ell and c44 called generalized Cauchy relation is observed, which, surprisingly, follows a linear transformation. [less ▲]

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See detailComplex specific heat capacity of two nanocomposite systems
Sanctuary, Roland UL; Baller, Jörg UL; Krüger, Jan-Kristian UL et al

in Thermochimica Acta (2006), 445(2), 111-115

Thermal investigations on two selected model-nanocomposites have been made. They differ with regard to the type of the anorganic nanoparticles that have been filled into an organic oligomer matrix. The ... [more ▼]

Thermal investigations on two selected model-nanocomposites have been made. They differ with regard to the type of the anorganic nanoparticles that have been filled into an organic oligomer matrix. The properties of nanocomposites may vary between those of a simple mixture of independent components and those of a system, where specific interfacial interactions between the constituting parts lead to ‘new’ properties. Depending on the type of the nanoparticles filled into the matrix, the resulting properties might be closer to one or to the other extreme. We used temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry (TMDSC) to investigate a matrix of the oligomer diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) filled either with SiO2- or Al2O3-nanoparticles. The dependence of the complex specific heat capacity () on the concentration of nanoparticles shows a clear difference between the two systems as far as the glass transition of the oligomer is concerned. The SiO2 composite seems to behave more like a simple mixture, whereas the Al2O3 composite shows ‘new’ properties. [less ▲]

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See detailGradient of the Mechanical Modulus in Glass-Epoxy-Metal Joints as Measured by Brillouin Microscopy.
Krüger, Jan-Kristian UL; Possart, Wulff; Bactavatchalou, R. et al

in Journal of Adhesion (2004), 80(7), 585-599

The newly developed Brillouin microscopy is used for the first time to measure in situ the longitudinal elastic stiffness coefficient in the GHz-range inside of glass-epoxy-metal joints as a function of ... [more ▼]

The newly developed Brillouin microscopy is used for the first time to measure in situ the longitudinal elastic stiffness coefficient in the GHz-range inside of glass-epoxy-metal joints as a function of distance from the substrates. Interphases with a local variation of mechanical properties are quantitatively characterized. These interphases possess unexpected widths of tens to hundreds of microns. Inside the interphases, the spatial variation of the longitudinal stiffness coefficient depends on the type of substrate, on the curing conditions for the epoxy and probably on the distribution of internal stresses. The obtained spatial mechanical profiles provide valuable insight into the morphology-driven mechanics of the interphase, but additional information is needed for a full understanding of their physical and chemical origin. The presented results prove the sensitivity of the Brillouin microscopy; the elastic stiffness coefficients are detected with an accuracy in the subpercentage range. The spatial resolution is better than 10 µm. [less ▲]

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See detailAcoustic profilometry within polymers as performed by Brillouin microscopy
Sanctuary, Roland UL; Bactavatchalou, R.; Müller, Ulrich UL et al

in Journal of Physics : D Applied Physics (2003), 36(21), 2738-2742

Using high performance Brillouin spectroscopy we present a new technique, which enables us to perform acoustic microscopy with a spatial resolution of about 1 μm. This technique, called Brillouin ... [more ▼]

Using high performance Brillouin spectroscopy we present a new technique, which enables us to perform acoustic microscopy with a spatial resolution of about 1 μm. This technique, called Brillouin microscopy, is tested on several bulk- and film-like polymer samples. [less ▲]

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See detailCauchy-like relation between elastic constants in amorphous materials.
Krüger, Jan-Kristian UL; Baller, Jörg UL; Britz, Th et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2002), 66(1), 012206-012210

It is well known that in addition to the longitudinal modulus, viscoelastic liquids show a shear stiffness at sufficiently high probe frequencies due to structural relaxations. For probe frequencies that ... [more ▼]

It is well known that in addition to the longitudinal modulus, viscoelastic liquids show a shear stiffness at sufficiently high probe frequencies due to structural relaxations. For probe frequencies that are large compared to the structural relaxation frequency, the measured elastic longitudinal and shear moduli become so-called clamped properties (c11∞ and c44∞, respectively). During freezing or polymerization of amorphous liquids, these clamped moduli behave in a strongly nonlinear fashion as a function of temperature or polymerization time. Based on Brillouin spectroscopy data we will show that there exists a linear relation between c11∞ and c44∞ over a large temperature or polymerization time range. Surprisingly, the parameters of this linear relation between the elastic moduli vary only little for different materials. Implications for the nonlinear elastic behavior at the glass transition will be discussed on the basis of mode Grüneisen parameters. [less ▲]

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