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See detail“That’s a value I would transmit in some way, but how concretely, I don’t know” – Intergenerational value transfer revisited in light of memory
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros, Stephanie; Boulanger, Dany

in Wagoner, Brady; Bresco, I.; Zadeh, S. (Eds.) Memory in the Wild (in press)

Intergenerational value transmission occurs widely and to a large extent within the family as primary socialization agent. In families, children are confronted with specific practices, paradigms, rules ... [more ▼]

Intergenerational value transmission occurs widely and to a large extent within the family as primary socialization agent. In families, children are confronted with specific practices, paradigms, rules and routines which are part of their family culture (Albert & Barros Coimbra, 2017) and as such family is a mediator between societal/cultural and individual values. The ability to transmit values is essential for collective knowledge and memory, the continuity of value orientations being a main feature of intergenerational relations that enables members of different generations to communicate with each other (Barni, Rosnati, & Ranieri, 2013; Halbwachs, 1941/1992; Schönpflug, 2001). Intergenerational transmission of values becomes particularly complex in the context of migration or in times of rapid social change. On the one hand, family identity and traditions might provide a secure base in light of a changing context, and parents might find it important to transmit traditional values to the next generation in order to keep memories alive. At the same time, they might feel that their children should adapt to the changed cultural context, resulting in a (not always clear) dilemma about what they want for their children. How can migrant parents reconcile or move between the different collective frameworks of their culture of origin and the receiving culture (Middleton & Brown, 2005)? In the following, we will first give a brief overview over research in the area of intergenerational value transmission, and we will second illustrate and further inform our theoretical assumptions by identifying related themes and phenomena in our qualitative dyadic interviews. Then, we will delve into memory as a horizon that is emerging out of the analysis as a transversal theme. From this point of view, we continue the analysis and progressively integrate the notions pertaining to the role of memory in the intergenerational transmission of values. Aspects of cultural background are apparent in the excerpts that we will quote supporting the themes we will refer to. We will more explicitly return to this in our conclusions. [less ▲]

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See detailFamiliale Generationsbeziehungen (international)
Albert, Isabelle UL; Schwarz, Beate; Mayer, Boris et al

in Ecarius, Jutta; Schierbaum, Anja (Eds.) Handbuch Familie: Bildung, Erziehung und sozialpädagogische Arbeitsfelder (in press)

Der vorliegende Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen im Kulturvergleich. Nach einer Einführung in grundlegende theoretische Modelle und Forschungstraditionen werden im ... [more ▼]

Der vorliegende Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen im Kulturvergleich. Nach einer Einführung in grundlegende theoretische Modelle und Forschungstraditionen werden im zweiten Teil Forschungsprojekte und -ergebnisse zur Ausgestaltung von Generationsbeziehungen in verschiedenen kulturellen Kontexten und im Zusammenhang mit Migration aufgezeigt sowie die Bedeutung von gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen für die Ausgestaltung von familiären Generationsbeziehungen dargelegt. [less ▲]

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See detailSymposium: INTERGENERATIONAL VALUE TRANSMISSION: THE ROLE OF MOTIVES, TRANSITIONS, AND CONTEXT
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2019, September 01)

Cultural transmission refers to the transfer of knowledge, practices, values and norms through processes of socialization, enculturation and acculturation which can be intentional or implicit ... [more ▼]

Cultural transmission refers to the transfer of knowledge, practices, values and norms through processes of socialization, enculturation and acculturation which can be intentional or implicit. Intergenerational transmission occurs to a large extent within the family as primary socialization agent. Apart from that, values and norms are learnt in contact with peers and friends, in school or through media. Although the last years have seen an increased research interest in these topics, mechanisms are still unclear and open questions remain with regard to moderators of transmission. The present symposium brings together researchers from three different countries – Germany, Italy and Luxembourg – who will focus on factors that might have an impact on intergenerational value transmission at different points in the family life cycle and outside the family. First, Daniela Barni and colleagues examine the impact of relationship quality toward mothers and fathers on adolescents’ motives for internalization of moral values, thereby taking age of adolescents into account. Christian Hoellger and colleagues then focus on later points in the family life cycle. Taking into account specific life course transitions, they find differences in value transmission, which are however moderated by adult children’s gender. Third, Isabelle Albert and colleagues concentrate on intergenerational transmission of values in the context of acculturation, taking into account parental motivation to transmit values in a sample of Portuguese immigrant compared to non-immigrant families with adult children. Finally, Elke Murdock and Maria Stogianni analyze the roles of friendship patterns for the development of ethnic identity of adolescents who live in a culturally highly diverse setting, underlining the importance of experiences in individuals’ biographies in specific contexts that shape their further development. The discussion will focus on the importance of motives to transmit or take over values, context variables and transitions for intergenerational transmission of values within and outside the family. [less ▲]

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See detailINTERGENERATIONAL VALUE TRANSMISSION AND THE ROLE OF MOTIVATIONAL PROCESSES IN MIGRANT AND NON-MIGRANT FAMILIES
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros, Stephanie; Coimbra, Susana

Scientific Conference (2019, September 01)

The intergenerational transmission of values from one generation to the next is essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations and ... [more ▼]

The intergenerational transmission of values from one generation to the next is essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations and within families, where shared values constitute a part of the family identity. In the context of acculturation, traditions can provide a secure base for migrants who have to adapt to a new living context. On the one hand, parents in migrant families might find it particularly important to transmit traditional values to the next generation, on the other hand offspring can be confronted with diverse value orientations in the receiving culture, and therefore special efforts might be needed to transmit traditional values. The current study is part of the larger FNR-funded IRMA project and presents a crosscultural comparison of n = 154 triads of parents and their (young) adult children from Luxembourgish native and Portuguese immigrant families in Luxembourg, as well as a subsample of Portuguese families living in Portugal. Participants from both generations filled out a standardized questionnaire assessing general value orientations, perceived value similarity as well as parental motivation to transmit respectively children’s motivation to take over parental values. Results showed that parental motivation to transmit values was particularly high in Portuguese families (in Portugal and Luxembourg), although no differences in perceived value similarity between the three subsamples occurred. Whereas parental motivation for transmission was related to the value of tradition in all three subsamples, perceived similarity between parents and their adult children was related to their selforiented values. Concerning consensus in value profiles, the role of motivational processes will be further explored, and effects of culture and migration will be discussed in an integrative framework of intergenerational relations in light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detail“I Feel More Luxembourgish, but Portuguese Too” Cultural Identities in a Multicultural Society
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science (2019), First online

The present investigation focused on cultural identity and the dealing with the belonging to different cultural frames as a migrant in a highly culturally diverse context by comparing two generations of ... [more ▼]

The present investigation focused on cultural identity and the dealing with the belonging to different cultural frames as a migrant in a highly culturally diverse context by comparing two generations of Portuguese families living in Luxembourg. Quantitative standardized questionnaires complemented by in-depth qualitative interviews with parent-child dyads were used in order to assess possible (dis)similarities between first generation Portuguese immigrant parents and their adult children (i.e. second generation) concerning their cultural identities. Generational differences were found regarding the dealing with several cultural frames, language competences and attachment to both discussed cultures. Adult children were more prone to find themselves in a “compatible” identity orientation, compared to the parental generation. Yet, when focussing specifically on the second generation, qualitative data highlighted some issues regarding the perceived views of others on one’s own cultural belonging and the perception of a certain sense of cultural identity denial from others. Our findings contribute to the existing theoretical literature on cultural identity by elucidating some major differences between immigrant parents and their adult children on how they enact the sense of belonging and the dealing with multiple cultural frames on a daily-life basis. [less ▲]

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See detailElder Care in the Context of Migration
Albert, Isabelle UL; Kretschmer, Mirjam; Malerba, Angela et al

Scientific Conference (2019, July 03)

Background: Demographic changes related to ageing and migration are key societal issues of our days. Cultural diversity in elder care will increase considerably in the next years especially in Northern ... [more ▼]

Background: Demographic changes related to ageing and migration are key societal issues of our days. Cultural diversity in elder care will increase considerably in the next years especially in Northern and Western European countries due to a large share of first generation immigrants from the 1950s to 1970s. Culture-specific needs, expectations and behavioral tendencies become particularly salient in times of frailty. Cultures differ in how they arrange old age care and intergenerational co-residence patterns. When families migrate from a more collectivist, family-oriented to a more individualist cultural context, the question arises in how far traditional care patterns from the country of origin are retained or adapted to the host cultural context. Ageing migrants have been found to be more reluctant regarding formal care due to cultural, religious or language issues which might put specific pressure on their close family members who are often responsible for care arrangements, even if not providing hands-on care. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to examine how established formal assistance should be modified in order to fit the special needs of both informal caregivers and care receivers with migration background. For this purpose, we will draw on two sub-studies: a) a qualitative study with n = 3 in-depth expert-interviews in the field of elder care and migration, and b) a survey in a daycare center with a large population of elder care receivers with migrant background. Results/Discussion: Preliminary results show different starting points for a culture-sensitive adaptation of the services. First, as the existence of help services is often unknown to migrants, it is important to provide low-threshold information, involving multipliers. Second, an important aspect is the culture-sensitive training of staff, increasing their awareness of cultural aspects in care and introducing an individualized as well as relationship-oriented approach. Finally, the exchange of caregivers with other concerned turned out to be a helpful resource and therefore it shall be facilitated and supported by formal services. A structural integration of cultural sensitive care services in the existing elder care system is highly suggested in order to meet the future challenges. [less ▲]

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See detailStatement of the Board on Cultural and Ethnic Diversity towards intercultural and individual Diversity
De Ponte, Ulrike; Albert, Isabelle UL; Žegura, Iva

Scientific Conference (2019, July 03)

Cultural and individual diversity is getting more and more part of the daily work of each psychologist nowadays, but still this issue is less or insufficiently addressed in the study programmes all over ... [more ▼]

Cultural and individual diversity is getting more and more part of the daily work of each psychologist nowadays, but still this issue is less or insufficiently addressed in the study programmes all over Europe. Therefore, psychologists work repeating in situations of the quality of a cultural overlap being not or insufficient prepared for this yet. The psychologists’ core work of understanding and supporting people from a psychological point of view lacks knowledge as well as the performance of taking in account multiple and differentiated perspectives. The conclusion is: The subject Intercultural psychology needs to be mandatorily included into the curricula of study programmes of Psychology and this already on Bachelor levels. This joint-symposium is supposed to aim in working groups after the input-presentations in order to collect all kind of psychologists’ views on the needs that are seen out of the view of the divers working fields of psychologists. [less ▲]

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See detail“I’m much better off…” - Comparative Processes and Future Intentions of Elder Portuguese Immigrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2019, June 28)

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries as a large number of first generation immigrants are approaching retirement age in the next years. Focusing on elder Portuguese ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries as a large number of first generation immigrants are approaching retirement age in the next years. Focusing on elder Portuguese immigrants in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the present study had the aim to explore the roles of social and temporal comparisons for future intentions to stay in the receiving country, return to the country of origin or commute between both. Whereas earlier studies have examined the roles of social or cultural links, economic or health aspects, we focused here on the participants’ personal evaluation of their migratory project by asking them to evaluate their current situation compared with the past and with peers. A sample of N = 109 Portuguese first generation immigrants (49.5% female; average age: M = 55.35, SD = 7.42) who had been living in Luxembourg for about M = 30.69 (SD = 8.55) years were interviewed by use of a standardized questionnaire. Analyses showed that about half of participants preferred to stay in Luxembourg, whereas the remainder planned to return to Portugal or to commute. The appraisal of the current (vs. past) situation was significantly more positive for those who planned to stay or commute compared to those who wanted to return after retirement. Interestingly, both those who planned to return and those who wanted to stay engaged more frequently in social or temporal comparisons than those who preferred to commute. Results will be discussed taking into consideration regulatory processes of subjective well-being and different migration experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-Cultural Psychogerontology
Albert, Isabelle UL; Tesch-Römer, Clemens

in Gu, Danan; Dupre, Matthew E. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging (2019)

Population aging is a phenomenon that affects most parts of the world. According to recent data from the World Population Prospects (United Nations 2017), the number of older persons – those aged 60+ – ... [more ▼]

Population aging is a phenomenon that affects most parts of the world. According to recent data from the World Population Prospects (United Nations 2017), the number of older persons – those aged 60+ – has reached 962 million worldwide and is expected to climb to 2.1 billion in 2050. In spite of these general world trends, life expectancies differ still largely, and aging remains a highly diverse experience across the world. While universal developmental tasks are markers for older age in all societies (e.g., becoming a grandparent), expectations with regard to typical life trajectories and the timing of transitions vary. This “social clock” (Neugarten et al. 1965) or “cultural chrononormativity of aging” (Brinkmann and Musaeus 2018) is also expressed in legal regulations and policies (e.g., availability and timing of retirement schemes). Normative and nonnormative life events and their interpretation as on time or off-time might thus be defined very differently depending on the cultural (and historical) context (see also Baltes et al. 1980; Wrosch and Heckhausen 2005). This leads to one of the central questions of cross-cultural aging research: Are aging processes universals across cultures and societies in the Western, Eastern, Northern, and Southern parts of the world – or do aging processes differ between cultures and societies? [less ▲]

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See detailOlder adult’s mental health networks: first results of the ARPA ageing project regarding expectations and needs of health professionals
Tournier, Isabelle UL; Hanon, Cécile; Vasseur-Bacle, Simon et al

Poster (2019, May 25)

The European project “ARPA ageing” (co-funded by the Erasmus+ strategic partnerships programme) aims to improve the efficiency of mental health networks for older people. In order to have a better ... [more ▼]

The European project “ARPA ageing” (co-funded by the Erasmus+ strategic partnerships programme) aims to improve the efficiency of mental health networks for older people. In order to have a better knowledge of the perceived strengths and weakness of these networks, we investigated by a survey the needs and expectations of health professionals such as geriatrists, nurses or nursing assistants. A questionnaire of 24 items with an estimated duration of 20 minutes was published online from the 1 March 2018 to the 1 April 2018 in Belgium, France, and Luxembourg. Preliminary data concern 90 health professionals (main categories: 15.6% of nurses, 10% of psychologists, 7.8% of geriatricians and 7.8% of nursing assistants) in the domain of mental health and/or elder care. Notably due to the fact that not all participants already worked with health networks, levels of “no answer” varied between 24.4% to 33.3 according the questions. First results on the total sample reveal that health professionals globally perceived health networks as beneficial to a holistic care approach and care continuity (both 51.1%), and to care access (48.9%). These networks were estimated as beneficial to the increase of professional knowledge regarding older adults (38.9%) and mental health (34.4%), and to the improvement of professional skills (38.9%). Main reported difficulties working with these networks were the lack of information about these networks (56.7%) and the related health professions (50.1%), the lack of time and financial compensation (both 36.7%), and of coordinating tools (36.7%). This study is being extended to more participants and countries (i.e., Greece and Romania) in order to have a larger and more representative understanding of the European situation and cultural differences regarding mental health networks. This information will guide the next steps of the ARPA ageing project: the development of a European Internet platform and the production of guidelines to facilitate the implementation and monitoring of efficient mental health networks in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailCare preferences in the context of migration: nursing home, mobile assistance or family?
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros, Stephanie; Coimbra, Susana

Scientific Conference (2019, May 24)

Theoretical background: Cultures differ in how they arrange old age care and intergenerational co-residence patterns. Whereas Southern European countries rely more on family support, in Western/Northern ... [more ▼]

Theoretical background: Cultures differ in how they arrange old age care and intergenerational co-residence patterns. Whereas Southern European countries rely more on family support, in Western/Northern European countries state provision is higher with a clear preference for paid care work. When families migrate from a more collectivist, family-oriented to a more individualist cultural context, the question arises in how far traditional care patterns from the country of origin are retained or adapted to the host cultural context. Objectives: The aims of our study were to examine 1) if different care preferences can be found between three subsamples - from independently-oriented vs. more family oriented contexts as well as migrants from one to the other, and 2) in how far differences can be explained by relationship indicators, value orientations and sociodemographic variables. Methods: Drawing on data from the FNR-funded IRMA study, we compared three subgroups of N = 359 adults between the ages of 46 and 80 - Luxembourgers and Portuguese as well as Portuguese immigrants living in Luxembourg. Results/Discussion: Controlling for socio-demographic variables, our results showed differences in care preferences as well as in how these could be explained by further variables. Most Luxembourgers preferred to be cared for at home with a mobile service; this preference was followed by institutional care and only few preferred to live with their adult children. In contrast, institutional care was rarely chosen as a preference by Portuguese living in Luxembourg and in Portugal where care provision from children was preferred more often. Whereas relationship quality, expectations of adult children and current support exchange were high for participants who preferred care by adult children in all three subsamples, differences were found with regard to family orientation which was more important for care preferences of participants living in Luxembourg than Portugal. Results are discussed in a theoretical framework of intergenerational relations in light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailAgeing and Care in Cultural Perspective
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2019, May 24)

Population ageing and migration are key issues in many societies today. Despite globalisation and cultural contact, cultures still differ in their ideas and expectations with respect to ageing and late ... [more ▼]

Population ageing and migration are key issues in many societies today. Despite globalisation and cultural contact, cultures still differ in their ideas and expectations with respect to ageing and late life. This becomes particularly evident regarding old age provision. Whereas old age care preferences in western, individualistically oriented cultures rather highlight autonomy and staying independent as long as possible, collectivistic cultures traditionally rely on family care and co-residence. Cultural preferences are also expressed in different policies and extent of state provision for old-age. The question of how care decisions are taken becomes particularly prominent in light of societal transitions or migration when old care patterns might no longer hold. The present symposium focusses on cultural aspects of ageing and care from different parts of the world, drawing on both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Starting with a general view on how people prepare for later life, the symposium deepens the focus on transitions to old age care in different cultural contexts and in light of migration. The first presentation draws on a large cross-cultural comparison between Germany, Hong Kong, and the US, and examines how personal timing of late-life preparation is associated with subjective residual life expectation. In the next contribution, we have then a closer look into cultural influences on older people’s transition into a nursing home, taking into account also family and context factors. This is followed by an in-depth look into decisional processes related to care home entry in a non-western cultural context. Afterwards, we address the context of migration, thereby comparing more independently oriented vs. family oriented cultural contexts and how the transition between the two might have an impact on preferences for different care arrangements. Finally, we focus on the emerging topic of specific needs of migrants in nursing homes, increasingly important in light of growing numbers of ageing first generation migrants. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamics of Intergenerational Relations in the Context of Migration – A Resource Perspective at the Intersection of Family and School
Albert, Isabelle UL

in Psychology & Society (2019), 11(1), 28-34

Educational attainment is key for societal integration and participation. In light of growing numbers of immigrants, the question of how school success of children with migrant background can be assured ... [more ▼]

Educational attainment is key for societal integration and participation. In light of growing numbers of immigrants, the question of how school success of children with migrant background can be assured is of utmost importance, certainly for these children and their families but also for societal cohesion. Youngsters with migration background are an important resource for the future, also considering the ageing of many modern societies today. The article by Matthiesen (2019) deals with a well-known problem: migrant parents’ lacking school involvement. The acculturation situation might therefore constitute a disadvantage for children of these migrant families right from the start, especially if we assume that parental involvement has in general positive effects on their children’s school success, able to reduce behavioural problems and to foster academic achievement. The present commentary will deal with these and other questions that have been raised by Matthiesen’s (2019) article. [less ▲]

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See detailMessung von Ambivalenzen: Ambivalenzerfahrungen zwischen jungen Erwachsenen und ihren Eltern
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2019, April 12)

Die vorliegende Studie beschäftigte sich mit den Ambivalenzerfahrungen junger Erwachsener und der Rolle des Auszugs aus dem Elternhaus. Die Teilnehmer wohnten entweder noch bei den Eltern, waren bereits ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende Studie beschäftigte sich mit den Ambivalenzerfahrungen junger Erwachsener und der Rolle des Auszugs aus dem Elternhaus. Die Teilnehmer wohnten entweder noch bei den Eltern, waren bereits komplett ausgezogen oder pendelten zwischen dem Wohnort der Eltern und dem Studienort. Ausgangspunkt war die Frage, ob sogenannte „exit options“ die Erfahrung von Ambivalenz verringern können (siehe auch Dykstra & Komter, 2010). Im Folgenden werden anhand dieser Studie verschiedene Möglichkeiten der direkten und indirekten Erfassung von Ambivalenz veranschaulicht sowie inhaltliche Ergebnisse präsentiert. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational value continuity in the context of migration: The case of Portuguese families in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2019, April 04)

The intergenerational transmission of values is not only essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations, but also within families, where ... [more ▼]

The intergenerational transmission of values is not only essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations, but also within families, where shared values constitute a part of the family identity and regulate intergenerational relations and exchange. In the context of acculturation, traditions can provide a secure base for migrants who have to adapt to a new living context. However, although parents in migrant families might find it particularly important to transmit their values to the next generation, their offspring can be confronted with diverse value orientations in the receiving culture. This leads to the question of how value continuity evolves in migrant compared to non-migrant families. Earlier studies have conceptualized the process of intergenerational transmission by drawing on the two step model of internalization by Grusec and Goodnow, with an accurate perception of the parental message and the acceptance of the message by the child as prerequisites for successful transmission. Several recent studies have provided evidence in particular for the importance of parental socialization values and parental motivation for intergenerational transmission. Taking aspects of communication and bidirectionality into account, we argue here that apart from the explicit motivation to transmit values from one generation to the next, also more implicit processes occur within the process of intergenerational value transfer. Our theoretical assumptions are illustrated by findings from quantitative as well as qualitative data collected within the framework of the FNR-funded research project IRMA (“Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing”), including a cross-cultural comparison of n = 154 triads of parents and their (young) adult children from Luxembourgish native and Portuguese immigrant families in Luxembourg as well as in-depth interviews with n = 20 family dyads from both subgroups. Results show that parental motivation to transmit values was particularly high in Portuguese families, although no differences in perceived value similarity between the subsamples occurred. Concerning consensus in values, the role of motivational processes will be further explored, and effects of culture and migration will be discussed in an integrative framework of intergenerational relations in light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailWelcome or not? – Natives’ security feelings, attachment and attitudes toward acculturation of immigrants
Goedert, Christine UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL et al

in International Journal of Intercultural Relations (2019), 69

Cultural diversity due to immigration has become a key topic in many societies today. The question of how the native population experiences these developments is of prime importance for intercultural ... [more ▼]

Cultural diversity due to immigration has become a key topic in many societies today. The question of how the native population experiences these developments is of prime importance for intercultural relations and sets the base for acculturation of immigrants. Drawing on attachment and multiculturalism research, we supposed here that general and specific feelings of security might be related to more positive attitudes toward cultural diversity, whereas feelings of threat might be related to less openness. More precisely, the present study investigated how natives’ general attachment (secure or fearful) as well as their specific feelings of (cultural or economic) security might be related to their expectations about acculturation of immigrants in the multicultural context of Luxembourg. The sample included N = 134 Luxembourg nationals with an average age of M = 45.02 (SD = 17.41) who filled out an online questionnaire. Results revealed that self-reported fearful general attachment was positively related to more unwelcoming acculturation orientations. Relations between general attachment and acculturation orientations were mediated by feelings of cultural security, which had strong effects on host nationals’ (un)welcoming acculturation orientations over and above general attachment. Findings suggest that (un)welcoming orientations toward immigrants, entailing openness for cultural contact and exchange, are related to feelings of cultural and economic security which are partly biased by a general secure or fearful attachment. Feelings of security seem thus to provide a secure base for tolerance and openness to cultural diversity which are needed in order to deal successfully with the challenges of today’s multicultural societies. [less ▲]

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See detailAkkulturation als Integrationsressource
Maehler, Débora; Murdock, Elke UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Pickel, Gert; Decker, Oliver; Kailitz, Steffen (Eds.) et al Handbuch Integration (2019)

Akkulturation ist ein breit gefasstes Konzept, das Veränderungen in Folge eines interkulturellen Kontaktes beschreibt. Im Beitrag werden Modelle sowie der Bezugsahmen der Akkulturation dargestellt. Dabei ... [more ▼]

Akkulturation ist ein breit gefasstes Konzept, das Veränderungen in Folge eines interkulturellen Kontaktes beschreibt. Im Beitrag werden Modelle sowie der Bezugsahmen der Akkulturation dargestellt. Dabei können verschiedene Facetten des individuellen Akkulturationsprozesses betrachtet werden. Hierzu zählen die Einstellung zur Akkulturation, kognitive Kompetenzen, die soziale Interaktion, die Identität, das Verhaltensrepertoire und die strukturelle Platzierung. Basierend auf dem bidimensionalen Modell war die Akkulturationsforschung im letzten Jahrzehnt stark auf Typologien zentriert, die die Beziehung zwischen der Herkunftskultur und der Aufnahmegeschalt auf Individualebene beschreibt. Dabei wurde vorwiegend von einer Defizitperspektive ausgegangen. In Anbetracht einer globalisierten Welt sollte Akkulturation jedoch aus einer Ressourcenperspektive verstanden werden, da das Wissen um und über verschiedene Kulturen das Verhaltensrepertoire von Individuen erweitert. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationelle Solidarität im Kontext von Migration: Gegenseitige Erwartungen, familienbezogene Werthaltungen und filiale Angst in portugiesischen und luxemburgischen Familien
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 20)

Vor dem Hintergrund einer sich am Übergang zum Rentenalter befindlichen ersten Generation von Migranten gewinnen Fragen zur intergenerationellen Solidarität in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund zunehmend ... [more ▼]

Vor dem Hintergrund einer sich am Übergang zum Rentenalter befindlichen ersten Generation von Migranten gewinnen Fragen zur intergenerationellen Solidarität in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund zunehmend an Bedeutung. Ein Verbleiben im Aufnahmeland könnte im Einklang mit kulturspezifischen Werthaltungen mit besonderen Erwartungen an die erwachsenen Kinder einhergehen. Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich ausgehend von Bengtson’s Solidaritätsmodell mit der Frage, wie sich die intergenerationelle Solidarität im Migrationskontext ausgestaltet, insbesondere welche gegenseitigen Erwartungen Eltern und erwachsene Kinder haben und wie der gegenseitige Austausch reguliert wird. Im Rahmen der vom FNR geförderten IRMA-Studie wurden mittels eines standardisierten Fragebogens Daten zur Familienkohäsion, zu gegenseitigen Erwartungen bezüglich Unterstützung und familienbezogenen Werthaltungen sowie zur filialen Angst und zum subjektiven Wohlbefinden an n = 67 in Luxemburg lebenden portugiesischen sowie n = 87 luxemburgischen Familien (Vater, Mutter und jeweils ein erwachsenes Kind) erhoben. Während luxemburgische und portugiesische Familien eine ähnlich hohe Familienkohäsion aufwiesen, zeigten sich Unterschiede in der Ausgestaltung des gegenseitigen Austauschs. Portugiesische Teilnehmer berichteten höhere Erwartungen bezüglich Kontakthäufigkeit und Unterstützung, wohingegen der Zusammenhalt luxemburgischer Familien eher durch eine generelle Verfügbarkeit bei Bedarf gekennzeichnet war. Es zeigte sich kein Mittelwertsunterschied der portugiesischen und luxemburgischen erwachsenen Kinder bezüglich filialer Angst. Während allerdings ein starker wahrgenommener Familienzusammenhalt mit geringerer filialer Angst in beiden Gruppen einherging, war ein stärkeres Bedürfnis nach Unabhängigkeit aber insbesondere bei den portugiesischen Kindern mit höherer filialer Angst verbunden. Die Ergebnisse werden unter Berücksichtigung intrafamilialer Prozesse der Beziehungsregulation im Rahmen eines integrativen Modells von Familienbeziehungen im Kontext von Altern und Migration diskutiert. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailFamily, migration, and intergenerational solidarity
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 06)

Migration and cultural diversity are key issues for many European countries today, and family relations are becoming increasingly important in this context. Intergenerational solidarity can have different ... [more ▼]

Migration and cultural diversity are key issues for many European countries today, and family relations are becoming increasingly important in this context. Intergenerational solidarity can have different forms and may differ across as well as within cultures. In fact, different patterns of support have been found comparing migrant with non-migrant families. In general, parents represent an important resource of support even for adult children; the other way round, offspring in migrant families have been found to provide substantial practical support for their parents such as help with administrative tasks or translations already at younger ages, and family support can become more important with increasing age when older migrants need help or care. Families migrating from more collectivist, family-oriented to more individualistic cultural contexts might find it difficult to adapt to prevalent values and practices regarding intergenerational support in the receiving society, and adult children might experience strain and difficulties in meeting their parents’ expectations. Further, the question of how families arrange intergenerational solidarity in the light of multilocality becomes pertinent as migrants are confronted with the task to regulate their relations with family members who stay in their countries of origin. The present symposium deals with these questions by use of both quantitative and qualitative methods, bringing together researchers from four European countries (Switzerland, Germany, Luxembourg, and Portugal) which are characterized by high numbers of immigrants resp. emigrants. First, Bettina Isengard, Ronny König and Marc Szydlik explore patterns of intergenerational family solidarity all over Europe, concentrating on differences between migrant and non-migrant families as well as geographical distance between family members. Second, Heike Buhl, Sabrina Sommer and Christian Hoellger have a closer look at felt obligations to support parents in a sample from Germany, thereby examining in how far migrants and non-migrants differ with regard to their adherence to family values and how these are related to other aspects of intergenerational solidarity. Stephanie Barros and Isabelle Albert focus then on intergenerational support exchange in Portuguese migrant compared to Luxembourgish families with young adult children. Finally, Carlos Barros, Luana Cunha Ferreira and Carla Crespo analyse the relationship between emigrated family members and those who stay in the country of origin, namely Portugal, focusing in particular on aspects of intergenerational support to foster well-being and cohesion. The contributions will be discussed by Elke Murdock taking into account aspects of multicultural identity and integration and their roles for the regulation of family relations. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat you give you get, or not? The effects of intergenerational family solidarity on subjective well-being
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 06)

Much attention has been focused on intergenerational relations and family cultures as these developments are, amongst others, related to important socio-demographic changes creating a new reality for ... [more ▼]

Much attention has been focused on intergenerational relations and family cultures as these developments are, amongst others, related to important socio-demographic changes creating a new reality for families in Europe. Thus, solidarity and mutual support between adult children and their older parents are of particular interest as the exchange and “amount” of mutual support between both generations might gain importance for the well-being of each family member. Additionally, the specific context of migration can arouse special needs in terms of intergenerational support. The current study presents a cross-cultural comparison between Luxembourgish native and Portuguese migrant families, all living in Luxembourg. Quantitative data (n = 118 family triads) gathered by means of standardised questionnaires as well as qualitative data (n = 20 family dyads) collected with face-to-face interviews underlie the discussed results. Regardless of the culture, quantitative results show a higher provided social support from parents to children than the received one. However, PT children reported receiving as much as providing social support to their parents, while LU children reported receiving more support than the one they give. Further analyses will be carried out in order to differentiate between different kinds of support (financial, instrumental and emotional) making use of quantitative as well as qualitative data. Implications regarding family solidarity will be discussed in order to highlight similarities and differences between and within cultures and family generations. [less ▲]

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