References of "Albert, Isabelle 50000108"
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See detailAkkulturation als Integrationsressource
Maehler, Débora; Murdock, Elke UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Pickel, Gert; Decker, Oliver; Kailitz, Steffen (Eds.) et al Handbuch Integration (in press)

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See detailDynamics of Intergenerational Relations in the Context of Migration – A Resource Perspective at the Intersection of Family and School
Albert, Isabelle UL

in Psychology & Society (2019), 11(1), 28-34

Educational attainment is key for societal integration and participation. In light of growing numbers of immigrants, the question of how school success of children with migrant background can be assured ... [more ▼]

Educational attainment is key for societal integration and participation. In light of growing numbers of immigrants, the question of how school success of children with migrant background can be assured is of utmost importance, certainly for these children and their families but also for societal cohesion. Youngsters with migration background are an important resource for the future, also considering the ageing of many modern societies today. The article by Matthiesen (2019) deals with a well-known problem: migrant parents’ lacking school involvement. The acculturation situation might therefore constitute a disadvantage for children of these migrant families right from the start, especially if we assume that parental involvement has in general positive effects on their children’s school success, able to reduce behavioural problems and to foster academic achievement. The present commentary will deal with these and other questions that have been raised by Matthiesen’s (2019) article. [less ▲]

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See detailWelcome or not? – Natives’ security feelings, attachment and attitudes toward acculturation of immigrants
Goedert, Christine UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL et al

in International Journal of Intercultural Relations (2019), 69

Cultural diversity due to immigration has become a key topic in many societies today. The question of how the native population experiences these developments is of prime importance for intercultural ... [more ▼]

Cultural diversity due to immigration has become a key topic in many societies today. The question of how the native population experiences these developments is of prime importance for intercultural relations and sets the base for acculturation of immigrants. Drawing on attachment and multiculturalism research, we supposed here that general and specific feelings of security might be related to more positive attitudes toward cultural diversity, whereas feelings of threat might be related to less openness. More precisely, the present study investigated how natives’ general attachment (secure or fearful) as well as their specific feelings of (cultural or economic) security might be related to their expectations about acculturation of immigrants in the multicultural context of Luxembourg. The sample included N = 134 Luxembourg nationals with an average age of M = 45.02 (SD = 17.41) who filled out an online questionnaire. Results revealed that self-reported fearful general attachment was positively related to more unwelcoming acculturation orientations. Relations between general attachment and acculturation orientations were mediated by feelings of cultural security, which had strong effects on host nationals’ (un)welcoming acculturation orientations over and above general attachment. Findings suggest that (un)welcoming orientations toward immigrants, entailing openness for cultural contact and exchange, are related to feelings of cultural and economic security which are partly biased by a general secure or fearful attachment. Feelings of security seem thus to provide a secure base for tolerance and openness to cultural diversity which are needed in order to deal successfully with the challenges of today’s multicultural societies. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationelle Solidarität im Kontext von Migration: Gegenseitige Erwartungen, familienbezogene Werthaltungen und filiale Angst in portugiesischen und luxemburgischen Familien
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 20)

Vor dem Hintergrund einer sich am Übergang zum Rentenalter befindlichen ersten Generation von Migranten gewinnen Fragen zur intergenerationellen Solidarität in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund zunehmend ... [more ▼]

Vor dem Hintergrund einer sich am Übergang zum Rentenalter befindlichen ersten Generation von Migranten gewinnen Fragen zur intergenerationellen Solidarität in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund zunehmend an Bedeutung. Ein Verbleiben im Aufnahmeland könnte im Einklang mit kulturspezifischen Werthaltungen mit besonderen Erwartungen an die erwachsenen Kinder einhergehen. Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich ausgehend von Bengtson’s Solidaritätsmodell mit der Frage, wie sich die intergenerationelle Solidarität im Migrationskontext ausgestaltet, insbesondere welche gegenseitigen Erwartungen Eltern und erwachsene Kinder haben und wie der gegenseitige Austausch reguliert wird. Im Rahmen der vom FNR geförderten IRMA-Studie wurden mittels eines standardisierten Fragebogens Daten zur Familienkohäsion, zu gegenseitigen Erwartungen bezüglich Unterstützung und familienbezogenen Werthaltungen sowie zur filialen Angst und zum subjektiven Wohlbefinden an n = 67 in Luxemburg lebenden portugiesischen sowie n = 87 luxemburgischen Familien (Vater, Mutter und jeweils ein erwachsenes Kind) erhoben. Während luxemburgische und portugiesische Familien eine ähnlich hohe Familienkohäsion aufwiesen, zeigten sich Unterschiede in der Ausgestaltung des gegenseitigen Austauschs. Portugiesische Teilnehmer berichteten höhere Erwartungen bezüglich Kontakthäufigkeit und Unterstützung, wohingegen der Zusammenhalt luxemburgischer Familien eher durch eine generelle Verfügbarkeit bei Bedarf gekennzeichnet war. Es zeigte sich kein Mittelwertsunterschied der portugiesischen und luxemburgischen erwachsenen Kinder bezüglich filialer Angst. Während allerdings ein starker wahrgenommener Familienzusammenhalt mit geringerer filialer Angst in beiden Gruppen einherging, war ein stärkeres Bedürfnis nach Unabhängigkeit aber insbesondere bei den portugiesischen Kindern mit höherer filialer Angst verbunden. Die Ergebnisse werden unter Berücksichtigung intrafamilialer Prozesse der Beziehungsregulation im Rahmen eines integrativen Modells von Familienbeziehungen im Kontext von Altern und Migration diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat you give you get, or not? The effects of intergenerational family solidarity on subjective well-being
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 06)

Much attention has been focused on intergenerational relations and family cultures as these developments are, amongst others, related to important socio-demographic changes creating a new reality for ... [more ▼]

Much attention has been focused on intergenerational relations and family cultures as these developments are, amongst others, related to important socio-demographic changes creating a new reality for families in Europe. Thus, solidarity and mutual support between adult children and their older parents are of particular interest as the exchange and “amount” of mutual support between both generations might gain importance for the well-being of each family member. Additionally, the specific context of migration can arouse special needs in terms of intergenerational support. The current study presents a cross-cultural comparison between Luxembourgish native and Portuguese migrant families, all living in Luxembourg. Quantitative data (n = 118 family triads) gathered by means of standardised questionnaires as well as qualitative data (n = 20 family dyads) collected with face-to-face interviews underlie the discussed results. Regardless of the culture, quantitative results show a higher provided social support from parents to children than the received one. However, PT children reported receiving as much as providing social support to their parents, while LU children reported receiving more support than the one they give. Further analyses will be carried out in order to differentiate between different kinds of support (financial, instrumental and emotional) making use of quantitative as well as qualitative data. Implications regarding family solidarity will be discussed in order to highlight similarities and differences between and within cultures and family generations. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily, migration, and intergenerational solidarity
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 06)

Migration and cultural diversity are key issues for many European countries today, and family relations are becoming increasingly important in this context. Intergenerational solidarity can have different ... [more ▼]

Migration and cultural diversity are key issues for many European countries today, and family relations are becoming increasingly important in this context. Intergenerational solidarity can have different forms and may differ across as well as within cultures. In fact, different patterns of support have been found comparing migrant with non-migrant families. In general, parents represent an important resource of support even for adult children; the other way round, offspring in migrant families have been found to provide substantial practical support for their parents such as help with administrative tasks or translations already at younger ages, and family support can become more important with increasing age when older migrants need help or care. Families migrating from more collectivist, family-oriented to more individualistic cultural contexts might find it difficult to adapt to prevalent values and practices regarding intergenerational support in the receiving society, and adult children might experience strain and difficulties in meeting their parents’ expectations. Further, the question of how families arrange intergenerational solidarity in the light of multilocality becomes pertinent as migrants are confronted with the task to regulate their relations with family members who stay in their countries of origin. The present symposium deals with these questions by use of both quantitative and qualitative methods, bringing together researchers from four European countries (Switzerland, Germany, Luxembourg, and Portugal) which are characterized by high numbers of immigrants resp. emigrants. First, Bettina Isengard, Ronny König and Marc Szydlik explore patterns of intergenerational family solidarity all over Europe, concentrating on differences between migrant and non-migrant families as well as geographical distance between family members. Second, Heike Buhl, Sabrina Sommer and Christian Hoellger have a closer look at felt obligations to support parents in a sample from Germany, thereby examining in how far migrants and non-migrants differ with regard to their adherence to family values and how these are related to other aspects of intergenerational solidarity. Stephanie Barros and Isabelle Albert focus then on intergenerational support exchange in Portuguese migrant compared to Luxembourgish families with young adult children. Finally, Carlos Barros, Luana Cunha Ferreira and Carla Crespo analyse the relationship between emigrated family members and those who stay in the country of origin, namely Portugal, focusing in particular on aspects of intergenerational support to foster well-being and cohesion. The contributions will be discussed by Elke Murdock taking into account aspects of multicultural identity and integration and their roles for the regulation of family relations. [less ▲]

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See detailKultur und Sozialisation
Tesch-Römer, Clemens; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Lindenberger, Ulman; Schneider, Wolfgang (Eds.) Entwicklungspsychologie (2018)

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See detailAcculturation as a success story: Theoretical elaborations, lay perceptions and empirical evidence for “successful” migration in the multicultural context of Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Poster (2018, July 04)

Acculturation research has for a long time concentrated on problematic issues related to migration, often taking a deficit approach. Only recently have researchers shifted their focus toward factors that ... [more ▼]

Acculturation research has for a long time concentrated on problematic issues related to migration, often taking a deficit approach. Only recently have researchers shifted their focus toward factors that might be linked to positive outcomes of migration and integration. The present paper will deal with the question of how individuals from migrant and non-migrant families might profit from multiculturalism and cultural diversity in a resource-oriented perspective. After a theoretical elaboration on how “successful” migration could be defined and by which indicators it could be measured, we will focus on lay perceptions of this concept drawing on qualitative interviews from the FNR-funded IRMA study (“Intergenerational Relations in the light of Migration and Ageing”). More precisely, a number of altogether n = 20 Portuguese immigrant and Luxembourgish dyads of one parent and one adult child each discussed about their experiences and views on migration and the multicultural context of Luxembourg. Finally, we will identify predictors of subjective well-being in a quantitative sample of n = 73 Portuguese immigrant families (mostly one adult child together with both parents), taking into account satisfaction in different life domains as well as social and temporal comparison processes. Analyses show that for first generation immigrants as well as for their children social downward comparisons with Luxembourgish and Portuguese peers living in the host country were beneficial for their subjective well-being, whereas comparisons with Portuguese still living in Portugal and temporal comparisons were less important. The discussion will propose an integrative model for the study of migration taking into account participants’ generation status and their migration history. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Family Solidarity, Well-Being and Health
Albert, Isabelle UL; Schwarz, Beate

Scientific Conference (2018, April 19)

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See detailIntergenerational Solidarity in Adulthood: The Role of Family Norms in Intergenerational Support and Ambivalence
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter

in Drustvena Istrazivanja (2018), 1

Starting from Bengtson’s solidarity paradigm, we will investigate the role of internalized family norms in intergenerational support as well as experienced ambivalence from the adult child perspective. We ... [more ▼]

Starting from Bengtson’s solidarity paradigm, we will investigate the role of internalized family norms in intergenerational support as well as experienced ambivalence from the adult child perspective. We assume that internalized family norms are an important determinant of relationship regulation as they have an impact both on the selection of specific behavior as well as on its evaluation. As a consequence, own and others’ behavior should be most positively evaluated if it is in line with internalized norms and values. In contrast, if intergenerational solidarity and support exchange do not converge with internalized norms and expectations, ambivalence might be experienced. These assumptions are examined in a sample of N = 131 middle-aged adults living in Luxembourg and Germany, who reported on their relations toward their mothers and fathers. Findings showed that normative aspects of intergenerational solidarity were less important compared to affective aspects when predicting support exchange between adult children and their parents; however, family values had a moderating role in the relation between support exchange and ambivalence. Results are discussed with respect to the centrality of values in implicitly and explicitly guiding support behavior within families. [less ▲]

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See detailRelations Between Parenting and Adolescent's Attachment in Families Differing in Solidarity Patterns
Lubiewska, Katarzyna; Albert, Isabelle UL; Trommsdorff, Gisela et al

in Social Development (2018)

To explain attachment development in adolescence in different contexts we applied the family solidarity model (e.g., Bengtson, 2001) generally used to analyze intergenerational adult children-elderly ... [more ▼]

To explain attachment development in adolescence in different contexts we applied the family solidarity model (e.g., Bengtson, 2001) generally used to analyze intergenerational adult children-elderly parents relations. The model differentiates four family solidarity patterns which were assumed in our study to occur in adolescent –parent relations, though with a different distribution. We tested a susceptibility hypothesis assuming that effects of parenting will be stronger in family patterns with higher, compared with lower, affectual solidarity. A sample of Polish adolescents, their mothers ( N=570, both), and their fathers ( N=290) was surveyed as part of the Value-of-Children Study (Trommsdorff & Nauck, 2005). Four family patterns were identified: highly affectual amicable and harmonious; and less affectual and most frequently displayed detached and disharmonious patterns. The parenting susceptibility hypothesis was supported: For amicable and harmonious families, adolescents’ perception of maternal rejection was more strongly related with their attachment compared with the other family types. Partly in line with our hypothesis, effects of paternal rejection on adolescents ’ attachment were strongest in amicable families, however, not significant in harmonious families. The study demonstrates that the relation between parenting on adolescents ’ attachment representation is influenced by the pattern of family parents –child relations. [less ▲]

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See detailMigrating Identities: Affective Dialogues Across Generations
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Lehmann, Olga V.; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Deep Experiencing - Dialogues within the self (2018)

Dialogical Self Theory recognizes the interaction between self and others. The basic nature of human condition is indeed to be in indefinite and constant interdependence with the existence of “the other” ... [more ▼]

Dialogical Self Theory recognizes the interaction between self and others. The basic nature of human condition is indeed to be in indefinite and constant interdependence with the existence of “the other” and his experiences, thoughts, practices as well as his narrations. Yet, the character and degree of these interdependencies vary and fluctuate depending on the individuals, contexts and cultures. While the external dialogue occurs between people implicated in an overt interaction, the self happens in an individual’s mind as an internal dialogue. Individuals make sense of their lives through the narratives of crucial experiences in their lives, which makes the external dialogue discernible and easier to analyse compared to the internal dialogue not that easily tangible. Though, through an intergenerational interview between an adult daughter and her mother, we will try to assess and identify their individual internal dialogues within their narratives. Hence, to that end body language and behavioural indicators such as face expressions or silent thinking will be used, which may help and serve as guidelines to assess the intergenerational dialogical interaction between mother and adult child in a migrant context. [less ▲]

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See detailCultural psychology of transgenerational family relations: Investigating ambivalences
Albert, Isabelle UL; Abbey, Emily; Valsiner, Jaan UL

Book published by IAP (2018)

The present volume deals with the experience of ambivalence in family relations - a well-known phenomenon that has inspired more and more research and theorizing in the last years but that is however ... [more ▼]

The present volume deals with the experience of ambivalence in family relations - a well-known phenomenon that has inspired more and more research and theorizing in the last years but that is however sometimes difficult to capture. Bringing together junior and senior researchers from different parts of the world, ideas on theory and research are elaborated following qualitative and quantitative approaches. This book thus contributes to theory-building as well as outlining research results and helping to develop measurement in interpersonal and intergenerational relations. [less ▲]

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See detailAMBIVALENCE TOWARD PARENTS DURING THE PROCESS OF INDIVIDUATION: Being Caught Between Autonomy and Relatedness?
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Albert, Isabelle; Abbey, Emily; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Trans-generational family relations: investigating ambivalences (2018)

The concept of ambivalence has gained considerable research interest in the last years in the study of intergenerational relationships. Lüscher and colleagues (2010) define the experience of ambivalence ... [more ▼]

The concept of ambivalence has gained considerable research interest in the last years in the study of intergenerational relationships. Lüscher and colleagues (2010) define the experience of ambivalence as an oscillation between (temporarily or permanently) irreconcilable, contradictory emotions, thoughts, wishes, and behavioral tendencies that individuals may experience in identity- and agency-relevant social relationships. Such dynamics can include simultaneous conflicting tendencies of “autonomy and dependence,” “freedom and control,” or “closeness and distance” (Lüscher & Hoff, 2013). Because intergenerational family relations are in general relatively close over the whole lifespan and not easily dissolvable, they are—according to these authors—particularly predisposed to experiences of ambivalence. In the present chapter, we concentrate on the link between perceived parental behavior and the experience of ambivalence toward parents in adolescence and emerging adulthood. [less ▲]

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See detailTranscending ambivalence: Overcoming the ambiguity of theory and practices
Valsiner, Jaan UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Abbey, Emily

in Albert, Isabelle; Abbey, Emily; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Trans-generational family relations: investigating ambivalences (2018)

Ambivalence is a deeply ambiguous concept. Contributions to the present book, viewed all together, exemplify that verdict, as they are situated in the intellectual space among theory, phenomena, research ... [more ▼]

Ambivalence is a deeply ambiguous concept. Contributions to the present book, viewed all together, exemplify that verdict, as they are situated in the intellectual space among theory, phenomena, research practices, and basic assumptions about the world... [less ▲]

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See detailLooking at relations across generations: Ambivalence in context
Albert, Isabelle UL; Abbey, Emily; Valsiner, Jaan UL

in Albert, Isabelle; Abbey, Emily; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Trans-generational family relations: investigating ambivalences (2018)

This chapter is the introduction of the editors to the volume Trans-generational Relations: Investigating Ambivalences. An introduction to the concept of ambivalence is given as well as a summary of the ... [more ▼]

This chapter is the introduction of the editors to the volume Trans-generational Relations: Investigating Ambivalences. An introduction to the concept of ambivalence is given as well as a summary of the chapters of the book. [less ▲]

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See detailBecause I need them, because I don’t: Regulation of family relations between adult children and their parents
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Poster (2017, August)

The world’s demography has evolved requiring policy makers and practitioners all over the world to face in the next years important issues specifically related to the steadily increasing migration. Only ... [more ▼]

The world’s demography has evolved requiring policy makers and practitioners all over the world to face in the next years important issues specifically related to the steadily increasing migration. Only few studies have, however, focused on the regulation of relations between adult children and their ageing parents in host national compared to immigrant families. Migrant families might be confronted with specific tasks. While the acculturation situation might give rise to an increased need for intergenerational support, an acculturation gap between both generations can potentially lead to different expectations. Adult children from immigrant families might, for instance, be subject to the experience of ambivalent or conflictual feelings regarding the desire to become independent from their parents; at the same time, they may feel the urge to conform to parental expectations or to support their parents in accordance to the values of their parents’ culture of origin. However, older parents may also undergo changes in their perception of intergenerational support and lower their expectations in the process of acculturation. A qualitative cross-cultural comparison is conducted of n = 10 Portuguese and n = 10 Luxembourgish dyadic interviews of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. We will focus on different key issues regarding the regulation of intergenerational family relations between first and second generations of host nationals and immigrants focussing on processes such as interdependent and independent selfconstrual comparing both cultural groups and both generations. First analyses show a heightened importance of geographical proximity in Portuguese migrant families compared to Luxembourgish native families for family relations. Likewise, regular interactions appear to be more required, needed and expected in Portuguese migrant families, especially from the parents while this is only to some extent, supported by their children. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging (multi-)cultural contexts through the lense of the receiving society
Murdock, Elke UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in 9th European IACCP Conference - Program and the book of abstracts (2017, July 17)

Using the natural laboratory of Luxembourg with a foreign population of 47% as case study example, we outline the diversification of diversity. The immigrant population is increasingly heterogeneous in ... [more ▼]

Using the natural laboratory of Luxembourg with a foreign population of 47% as case study example, we outline the diversification of diversity. The immigrant population is increasingly heterogeneous in terms of countries of origin, length of stay/ generation status, economic participation and acculturation choices. Who is a Luxembourger is increasingly difficult to define and minority or majority becomes ever more fluid. Empirical findings concerning the attitude of the receiving society towards multiculturalism will be presented including implications for national identification. We aim to shed light on inter-individual differences in terms of views on immigration among the receiving society, also taking into consideration regional demographic differences. We draw on two different samples, one from the center of Luxembourg (N = 507), where the native population is in the minority and a more regionally diversified sample (N = 238). Similarities and differences will be highlighted and implications discussed. [less ▲]

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See detail“It is in giving that we receive, isn’t it?” – Intergenerational family solidarity, reciprocity and subjective well-being in the context of migration.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July 17)

Research on intergenerational relations has underlined the importance of reciprocity in the regulation of support exchange. The VOC study has demonstrated cross-cultural differences in reciprocity and ... [more ▼]

Research on intergenerational relations has underlined the importance of reciprocity in the regulation of support exchange. The VOC study has demonstrated cross-cultural differences in reciprocity and effects on subjective well-being. Less is known regarding migrant families as intergenerational support patterns could differ from host families due to specific needs or depending on different value orientations and family norms. Here, we focus therefore on the role of reciprocity in intergenerational family support in a sample of altogether N = 152 Luxembourgish and Portuguese (young) adults and their parents, all living in Luxembourg. In general, parents reported providing more social support for their children than they receive; but PT compared to LUX children reported providing as much social support as they receive from their parents. Results will be discussed within an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relationship regulation in the light of migration and ageing: The case of (young) adult children and their parents from Portuguese immigrant and Luxembourgish families.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July 14)

The negotiation of autonomy and relatedness in the relations between children and their parents constitutes a key topic of intergenerational relationship regulation over the whole family life cycle. In ... [more ▼]

The negotiation of autonomy and relatedness in the relations between children and their parents constitutes a key topic of intergenerational relationship regulation over the whole family life cycle. In the context of migration, an acculturation gap between parents and their adult children might lead to different identity constructions and mutual expectations with regard to intergenerational solidarity and support. These differences in expectations and beliefs can affect relationship quality between the family members from different generations as well as their well-being. In the present study, we focus on a sample of altogether N = 152 Luxembourgish and Portuguese (young) adults and their parents from immigrant and Luxembourgish families, all living in Luxembourg. Portuguese adult children were born resp. had grown up in Luxembourg. First results show a high cohesion in both Portuguese immigrant and luxembourgish families; however, enmeshment and normative expectations regarding adult children’s support for their ageing parents were higher in Portuguese families. The findings further suggest that ambivalence might be experienced in particular when individual striving for independence seems difficult to reconcile with norms of family obligation. Implications for well-being of family members from both generations will be discussed taking into account an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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